The Zephyranthes belong to the Amaryllis family. This genus includes approximately 35 species that can be found in Central and South America under natural conditions and prefer to grow in humid areas.
Properties of Zephyranthes
Zephyranthes is a herbaceous bulbous perennial whose leaf plates have a strap-shaped form. The flowers of this plant and the crocus are very similar. The color of the flowers depends on the variety and species of zephyranthes and can be white, red or pink.
And there are also varieties that have bicolor flowers. Different varieties bloom at different times but in general they bloom throughout the year. There are only 10 species of zephyranthes cultivated at home, with 5 of them being the most popular among florists.
Brief description of cultivation
- Flowering. Timing of flowering depends on species and can occur in winter, spring or summer.
- Brightness. Needs plenty of bright sunlight.
- Temperature regime. In spring and fall, 20 to 26 degrees and no more than 12 degrees during the winter months.
During the growing season, water abundantly as soon as the top layer of soil mixture in the pot has dried. During the winter, watering should be less frequent.
- Air Humidity. Grows well at air humidity typical of living rooms.
Throughout the vegetation period as well as flowering, feed the shrub once every 7 days, using a mineral fertilizer for flowering indoor plants.
- Dormant period. It can be observed in December-February or September-November.
- Repotting. Held every year at the very beginning of the growing season.
- Mixed soil. It should consist of sand, humus and sod soil (1:1:1).
- Repropagation. By daughter bulbs.
Zephyranthes is resistant to pests.
- Diseases. Bulb rot.
- Properties. In non-conventional medicine, this plant is used as a medicinal.
Zephyranthes white (popping) - care at home. Planting depth of zephyranthes bulbs.
Home care for zephyranthes
Zephyranthes needs plenty of bright sunlight. Because of this, it is recommended to put it on a south-facing windowsill when growing it indoors. But a western and eastern windowsill is also suitable for growing such a flower.
During the warm season, if desired, zephyranthes can be moved to fresh air or even planted in the garden. Also in summer the flower can decorate your balcony, but in this case you should choose a place protected from rain and draught.
In the spring and autumn period the flower grows and develops well at air temperature from 20 to 26 degrees. If possible, it is recommended that it be moved to a cooler room (no more than 12 degrees) for overwintering.
Within the fall and spring period, water systematically as soon as the top layer of substrate in the pot dries out.
Use well-drained water (for at least 24 hours). During the winter months and the first time after transplanting, watering should be less frequent because excessive moisture in the soil mixture can cause rotting.
Fertilization of home-grown zephyranthes only takes place during intensive growth. For this purpose, a complex mineral fertilizer is used that is put into the substrate three or four times a month.
It is remarkable that different species of this plant have their flowering at different times of the year.
After opening, the flowers fade after about 7 days. To create a continuous flowering effect, several bushes should be planted in the same container.
In early spring, when the dormant period is over, transplant zephyranthes and do this every year. To do this, take a wide and not very tall pot, and plant a few bulbs in it. At the bottom of the container make a good drainage layer, for this use claydite or broken bricks.
A suitable soil mixture for transplanting should consist of turf and humus soil, and also sand (1:1:1). Phosphorus fertilizer is added to the ready-made soil mixture. When planting the bulb, note that its neck should be above the ground.
ZEPHYRANTES. Repotting for further blooms and a little bit about care.
Propagation of indoor zephyranthes by daughter bulbs is done when it has a dormant period. Take a wide and low container, and plant several daughter bulbs in it. The soil mixture used in this case is the same as that used during transplanting (see above). If the bulb has a long neck, it should be planted so that it is above the surface of the substrate. If the bulb has a short neck, then the entire bulb should be submerged.
Diseases and pests
This flower is very resistant to pests.
Therapeutic properties of zephiranthes
The beneficial properties of zephiranthes are known worldwide and are used to treat colds, diabetes, cancer and tuberculosis. Zephyranthes large-flowered is used for liver diseases, and Zephyranthes white in China is used for hepatitis.
Zephyranthes species with photos and names
Zephyranthes atamasca (Zephyranthes atamasca)
In nature the species is found in the southern US. The ovoid bulb reaches a little over 20 mm across, the surface of the neck covered with bark.
One shrub grows up to 6 pieces of narrow, linear-shaped leafplates. The white flowers have lanceolate petals that are about 40 mm long. The species blooms in the first half of spring. It is recommended to grow in cool rooms.
Zephyranthes white (Zephyranthes candida)
The bulb of the species is rounded and reaches about 30 mm across, the neck up to 50 mm long.
The leaf laminae appear on the bush at the same time as the flowers and are more than 0.3 m long. Flowers are similar in appearance to crocus flowers and are usually colored white, they are about 60 mm long. Blooms from midsummer to the second half of fall.
Zephyranthes golden (Zephyranthes aurea)
The ovoid-round bulb reaches about 30 mm across.
The linear leaflets are about 30 centimeters long. The funnel-shaped flowers, dilated towards the middle, are yellow in color. The species blooms in winter.
This species has a short bulbous neck and reaches about 30 mm across. The grooved, narrow, linear-shaped leaflets are about 30 centimeters long and up to 1 centimeter wide.
The pinkish-red flowers consist of lanceolate petals, which are about 50 mm long. The species blooms from the second half of spring to midsummer.
Zephyranthes versicolor (Zephyranthes versicolor)
Long bulb has a diameter of about 30 mm. The leaflets that grow after the flowers reach about 30 centimeters in length. The outer surface of the white flowers has a reddish-green hue.
Blooms in January.
Zephyranthes.Care,propagation,transplanting in the open ground.Zephyranthes.Care,reproduction