Waterlily: Planting And Care In The Open Field, Species And Varieties With Photos

The Asclepias is a genus of the Cuthrus family and is represented by semishrubs, shrubs, and herbaceous perennials. The genus includes more than 200 species that occur naturally in North and South America. Among the species are both deciduous and evergreens, some of which are very popular among gardeners who grow them as ornamental plants. The Latin name of such a plant Aesculapa (Asclepias) was given to this genus because of the fact that some of the species have medicinal properties. Bernardino de Sahagún of Mexico, who was a famous linguist, researcher, missionary, and historian, in his work A General History of the Affairs of New Spain, presented evidence from the Aztecs that the cottonwood was successfully used to treat tumors resulting from bone dislocation.

This plant did not arrive on European soil until the 18th century, it was grown as a technical crop and quickly became popular: its shoot fibers were used to make stuffing for soft toys and furniture, as well as ropes. Later, it was used to make a variety of lifesaving equipment, as well as film. When rubber production began, it was no longer cultivated commercially and its use as a raw material was discontinued but is still cultivated today in gardens.

Features of cotton grass

Waterlily: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

The cotton grass can grow up to 100cm tall. The thick horizontal rhizome spreads out quite far to the sides.

Thick shoots have large leaf blades, which may be oblong, ovate or elliptical in shape, arranged in whorls or opposite (less often in rows). Large red or brown flowers are aggregated in multi-flowered umbrella-like inflorescences. Bushes bloom in the summer or fall. Flowered shrubs produce a fruit with a large number of downy seeds, which is why this plant is called a cotton woolly plant. This down in America is used to fill pillows.

In mid-latitudes and in regions with a harsher climate, the seeds almost never have time to mature. In milder climates with warmer winters, however, the seeds do mature in time and may then drop to the ground and seed themselves abundantly.

All members of this genus have a poisonous milky sap. If it gets on the skin, it causes skin redness and irritation, especially under the influence of direct sunlight. Such a juice in folk medicine is used to remove warts.

This crop is a honeybee, it attracts bees and butterflies to the garden, monarch butterflies especially like it.

Neproductive plants for the garden Fragrant cottonwoods. Garden World Website

Planting the varlet in the open field

Waterlily: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

What time to plant

The varlet is grown through seedlings and also as a seedless plant in the middle latitudes. The seeds of this crop will remain germinating for three years, but they do not mature every year but only if the summer is very hot. But seed can always be bought at a specialized store.

Sow seeds for seedlings in the last days of March or the first days of April. Boxes with drainage holes are used and should be filled with loamy soil. The seeds are sunk into the substrate at 1-1,5 cm, then they are watered with a sprayer. Containers should be covered with glass or film, and then stored in a warm place. Every day the plants are aired, and at the same time removing condensation accumulated on the cover.

Watering is carried out with a sprayer once every two or three days. Good sprouts should appear after 1.5-2 weeks, and then transferred to a cooler place (no more than 18 degrees). Covering from the container is removed after the plants get stronger. Usually seedlings grow very well and do not cause problems to the gardener.

Picking seedlings is carried out when they begin to form two pairs of true leaf plates. For picking, individual cups are used, in which drainage is poured, and the thickness of the layer should be about 20-30 mm. And they are filled with the same soil mixture that is used for seeding. Transplanted plants during the first two days should be protected from direct sunlight. After the seedlings are well acclimatized, you need to prune them.

Before planting the cotton grass in the open ground, it should be hardened for 15 days. The seedlings are planted in the first days of June, following a 50x50 cm pattern. Shrubs grown from seed will flower for the first time in the 3rdor 4th year of their growth. This should be done in early spring, just after the snow has melted. The site should be sunny with cultivated soil.

Cottonwood grows best on slightly acidic, nutritious loam.

Planting rules

Waterlily: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

First, dig the soil to the depth of the bayonet of the spade, selecting all weed stubs. Then the surface of the plot is smoothed and furrows are made in it. The seed should be deepened into the soil by 30 mm, then the furrows should be embedded, and the crops should be well watered. If the seeds were sown in dry soil, it is recommended to cover the sowings with a film, thanks to this the seedlings will appear much faster.

Some species of such plants need a restriction, which is set at the time of planting, because young shoots can germinate almost 100 cm from the parent bush. To prevent the strong growth of such a flower, you can use limiters or plant bushes in containers, dug into the ground, which have holes for drainage. If cared for well, you can grow it in the same spot for about 15 years.

Garden care for cottonwoods

Waterlily: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Growing a wallflower in your garden plot is quite easy. You should water it systematically, weed it, feed it, loosen the ground, shape and rejuvenate the bush and if necessary treat it against pests or diseases.

To make the bushes bloom longer, it is necessary to cut off the flowers that have begun to fade in time. And when they finish flowering remove all stems, but only if you are not going to collect seeds.

How to water

The plot should be watered often enough for the first time after sprouting or sowing seeds. Firmly established bushes form a strong and branched root system, which will be able to extract moisture from the ground, but if prolonged drought, they still need watering, do it in the evening. Water the cottonwood best of all with rainwater.

If you use tap water, let it soak well and warm up in the sun.

Fertilizer

Waterlily: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Fertilizing this crop frequently is not recommended. If the soil is poor, urea, potassium sulfate, and either compost or manure should be added in the spring. Fertilizing is carried out immediately after the first shoots appear. And you can fertilize cotton plants with a mineral complex, which is applied to the soil before flowering begins, and when it ends, Nitrophoska is added.

When growing this flower in fertile soil, it is not necessary to feed it.

Repotting

Waterlily can be grown in the same place for more than 10 years without replanting. If the plant does need to be replanted, it should be done in the spring along with the splitting of the shrub or in the middle to late summer. Watonicum perfectly tolerates transplanting. Preparation of the place for planting should be engaged in advance, and before removing the bush from the soil it should be abundantly watered, because on the root system should remain soil.

Repotting is done as for the initial planting of the cotton bud (see above).

Replanting cotton buds

Waterlily: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

This plant can be propagated by dividing its rhizome. This should be done when repotting the shrubs in the spring or when the flowering period is over. The dug up plant is divided into parts, each part should have a piece of rootstock with a bud and can be planted in the holes that need to be made beforehand. The dividers in the new place take root easily, and flowering of such bushes can start in the second year of growth.

The planted dividers before they develop a powerful root system should be systematically abundantly watered.

Such a plant can also be propagated by cuttings. For cutting cuttings, young shoots are used, they should reach 15 centimeters in length, all the lower leaf plates should be cut, and those that are on top are shortened by ½ part. A container is filled with moistened sand, and then the cuttings are inserted into it with the lower cuttings. The container from above is covered with a transparent cap, which will create greenhouse conditions.

The cuttings should be planted very quickly as they should not lose their milky sap. As a rule, cuttings are fully rooted after 30 days.

After flowering

Preparing the bushes for wintering should be done in the fall. You should cover them with sawdust, fallen leaves, shredded tree bark or other organic materials. Before the cotton plant is covered, the dried stems should be shortened to 10 centimeters from the surface of the ground.

The cuttings can also be used to cover the shrubs.

Diseases and pests

Waterlily: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

The cottonwood has a very high resistance to diseases and pests. In some cases a whitefly, which is a small insect similar to a moth, comes to the shrub. It feeds on the sap of various plants, including cotton grass. To exterminate them, you should use a solution of Fufanon, Aktellik or Rovikurt, and follow the instructions on the package of the drug.

The bushes are sprayed on the leaves.

In prolonged drought, spider mites settle on the cotton plant, these spiders also feed on plant sap. It is very difficult to see this pest on the bush because it is extremely small. But it is possible to understand that such mites have settled on the cotton plant if it has a thin spider web, such bushes begin to fade the leaves, and also the stems are deformed. To get rid of them, plants should be sprayed with a solution of acaricide, for example: Actara, Actellic, Fytoverm and other means of similar action.

In some cases, the cottonwood can suffer due to excessively low humidity. To increase moisture levels during prolonged drought in the evening, spray the bushes with lukewarm water.

Brush varieties and species with photos and names

There are 3 species of cottonwoods cultivated as perennials, but only 1 species as annuals.

The incarnate cottonwood (Asclepias incarnata), or red cottonwood, or meat-red cottonwood

Waterlily: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Native to this perennial are the eastern and central regions of North America. They have foliated, branched shoots that are about 1.

2 m tall. The supratennially arranged leaflets are slightly pubescent and broadly lanceolate or elongate in shape. Fragrant red or purplish-pink flowers are part of umbrella-like inflorescences, reaching about 60 mm across. Flowering begins in July or August and lasts a little over 4 weeks. It has been cultivated since 1635.

The most popular variety is the Ice Bellies: About 100 cm tall with white flowers.

The tuberose varieties Asclepias tuberosa or tuberose corms

Waterlily: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

A variety varying in height from 0.5 to 0.7m. This orange cottonwood has large inflorescences of rich red-yellow color.

Flowering begins in mid-summer and lasts almost the entire fall. This species is very resistant to frost. However, if a very frosty winter is expected, it is better to cover the bushes. The following garden forms are the most popular:

  1. Gay Butterflies. In this variety, the bushes are about 0.

    7 m tall and the color of the inflorescences can be yellow, red or orange.

  2. Magaraja Cottonwood. The half-meter tall bushes are adorned with rich orange-colored flowers.

The Asclepias syriaca, or Aesculapova

Waterlily: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

The native species is from the eastern states of North America, and it has no connection with Syria. It got its name by mistake because it was confused with kendyr, a plant that grows in Syria.

The experts realized that they had made a mistake, but they decided to give the epithet "Syrian" to the flower. The height of this perennial is about 150 cm. The stems are erect and the leaves are oblong-elliptical, leathery leaves seven centimeters wide and 15 centimeters long, dark green in color and very similar to those of evergreen rhododendrons. In mid-summer, in some cases there is leaf fall at the bottom of the shrub. The pale pink flowers are 10 mm across and form part of an umbrella-like inflorescence.

Flowering begins in July and lasts for 35 days. It has been cultivated since 1629 and does not need to be covered for the winter. This species has an unusual odor that resembles that of chocolate cake and is much stronger than that of the meat-red woad.

Curassavica woad (Asclepias curassavica), or flipper

Waterlily: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

This species is cultivated as an annual. If cared for properly, the bush can reach a height of up to 100 cm.

The flowers are orange or red in color and are very attractive to most butterflies. In many people, the pollen of these flowers can cause skin irritation.

Weeds. The cottonwood Syriaca - Asclepias syriaca, a beautiful perennial - turns out to be..

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