Vriesia: Home Care, Propagation And Transplantation

Vriesia is an amazing indoor flower of unusual beauty. It is a very bright and attractive plant. Its distinctive feature is a colorful "feather", a bright flower stalk with multicolored bracts - yellow, orange or scarlet. No less beautiful look decorative dark green leaves. Vriesia is a capricious plant.

In order for it to enjoy its bright blooms, certain care recommendations must be followed.

Cultivation Summary

Vriesia: home care, propagation and transplantation

  • Flowering. February-April or May-July.
  • Brightness. Bright diffused light.

  • Temperature. 24-26 ºC during growing season, 18-22 ºC in fall and winter, but not below 18 ºC.
  • Watering. In summer, warm standing water is poured into the rosette of leaves, but if the water itself does not gradually go away, it must be poured out. Do not pour water into the rosette in winter and when the room temperature is below 20 ºC.

    Water the substrate as the top layer dries out.

  • Humidity of the air. Elevated, regular spraying once a day and keeping on a tray with wet keramzite is recommended. Once a week, the leaves are washed with a damp sponge.
  • Feeding.

    During vegetation - 2 times a month with fertilizer for bromeliads or. other mineral complex with reduced calcium content. No fertilizer is needed in the fall and winter.

  • Dormant period. 2-3 months after flowering.

  • Potting. Only in view of extreme necessity.
  • Ground. Two parts sod soil, one part each of peat, leaf soil and one third of sand.
  • Propagation.

    By seeds and offspring.

  • Pests. Mealybugs and scabworms.
  • Diseases. Problems due to improper or excessive watering, burns from direct sunlight.

Vriesia 🌷 Home care

Home care for vriesia

Vriesia: home care, propagation and transplantation

Flowering

Tiny white or yellow flowers appear on vriesia bract during flowering. They wilt quickly. The orange and bright red bracts do not fade for several months. Cut off the withered bracts. After flowering, the exotic flower will have babies.

The flowering period of the vriesia in most cases occurs in the summer. Also the time of planting of the indoor plant should be taken into account. If the vriesia does not bloom, do not despair. You can stimulate flowering. There is nothing difficult in this.

The plant blooms when ethylene gas is released. Near the tropical beauty, you need to put a few apples and bananas, covering them with a plastic bag or a cap, so that the gas does not escape. But if the plant is properly cared for, you will not have to do anything.

Most often, the vriesia does not bloom if it is in a cool place. If the houseplant is kept cold, flowering will be delayed or absent altogether.

But the babies will develop well, thanks to which the exotic beauty can be multiplied.

Temperature

Vriesia: home care, propagation and transplantation

The vriesia belongs to heat-loving plants. A warm room with a constant air temperature suits it best. In spring and summer it will feel most comfortable at 22-26°C. In the fall and winter the tropical beauty will suit the temperature of 18-20 ° C.

Summer heat has a devastating effect on the vriesia. At high temperatures, the plant may die.

Lighting

The vriezia needs plenty of light throughout the year. In winter, it is better to put the plant on a southern window. In summer it is better to put it in an east window (west at the latest).

Vergesia should be protected from direct sunlight. Otherwise, the leaves will lose their decorativeness, and the pattern may disappear.

The viresia is a shade-tolerant plant. If it is on the south side, it is better to put it in the back of the apartment to provide the flower with diffused light.

Pouring, humidity

Vriesia: home care, propagation and transplantation

The viresia should not only be watered regularly, but also maintain a constant water level in the socket.

In summer, the soil in the pot should be constantly moist. At the same time, you should not forget to fill the rosette with water.  If the inflorescence is just starting to grow, there should be no water in the rosette, so that it does not rot. Tropical flower in summer water 3-4 times a week. Every three days you should change the water in the rosette, removing the old with a napkin.

In winter, watering should be reduced. The plant can only be watered when the top layer of soil dries out, about once or twice a week. If the room temperature is low, the rosette should remain dry. If the room is warm, water can be left in the rosette for several hours a day.

Water should be soft, at room temperature.

Rain or standing water will do for the viresia. It must be free of lime so that lime deposits do not remain on the leaves. If there is water left in the tray after watering it must be poured out.

Continuous humidity is very important for the vrijesia. To maintain the necessary humidity, the pot is covered with pieces of moss or poured into the tray of pebbles or wet expanded clay.

It is equally important to regularly spray the tropical flower with warm water. When spraying, the moisture should not get on the bract. In winter, the pot with the plant should be kept away from hot radiators. Artificial humidification indoors should be used.

Feeding

Vriesia is not a plant that needs constant fertilizing.

Before it starts to flower it is advisable to fertilize it with orchid fertilizer. You can not put fertilizer in the soil, because the roots do not actively participate in the nutrition of the plant. Treat the flower with foliar or rosette fertilisation. Dilute the fertilizer in water and spray or pour the fertilizer into the rosette.

Transplanting Vriesia

Vriesia: home care, propagation and transplantation

The flowering plant should not be transplanted after purchase.

Young specimens should be transplanted every 2 years before flowering. An adult plant should be transplanted every 3 to 5 years, after it has flowered. Soil for vriesia should be loose, breathable. The optimal composition of the earth substrate - one part peat, sand and sod soil and two parts of leaf soil. Chopped sphagnum moss will help improve the quality of the soil mixture.

Vriesia suits wide, shallow pots. One-third of the pot should be filled with expanded clay or brick chips to give the plant good drainage.

Vriesia. Care and replanting after flowering.

Propagation of vriesia

Vriesia: home care, propagation and transplantation

There are two ways to propagate vriesia - by seed and with the help of seedlings.

The seed method is very troublesome, it requires a lot of effort and does not always match the results. Growing the plant in room conditions, it is quite difficult to get seeds. There is no guarantee that you will get good planting material when you buy it in a flower store. Propagated by seed, it can take 5-10 years to flower.

A more acceptable way to propagate viresia is by offspring or sprouts.

It is also suitable for beginner flower growers. As a rule, the offspring appear after flowering of the plant. Young offspring do not have their own root system. For them to grow and develop fully, you should not separate them immediately. If you hold them for 1-2 years, they will take root better.

The optimal size of the detached offspring is at least a third of the height of the mother plant. These offspring already have their own roots. To transplant the offspring, it is necessary to prepare a special soil mixture consisting of three parts of leaf soil, one part of pine bark and sand. Young plants need to maintain a constant temperature (23-24 ° C) and high humidity. These rooting conditions can be created by placing the young viresia in a greenhouse.

The plant can also be covered with a plastic bag. In such conditions, it must be kept for 3-4 weeks. With this method of propagation, the tropical beauty will bloom in 5 years.

dividing the vriesia into babies after flowering

Pests and diseases

Vriesia: home care, propagation and transplantation

The main enemy of vriesia is the bromeliad scab. You can get rid of the pest by removing it with a soft cloth from the inside of the leaves.

For this, a soapy solution should be prepared.

In some cases, the leaves are affected by fungus and turn black. To avoid the problem, move the plant to a well-ventilated room. Brown spots on the tropical flower indicate sunburn. In this case, you need to move the pot away from the window.

Dry, dark tips appear when the air in the room is dry. And if the plant has pale leaves and inflorescences, it lacks light.

Vriesea care at home / Bromeliads

Vriesea species with photos

Vriesea pierced (Vriesea fenestralis)

Vriesia: home care, propagation and transplantation

Leaves in a rosette to 40 cm long and 6-6.5 cm wide, light green, with many dark green veins, transverse and longitudinal stripes, smooth above, finely scaly below, brown-red at the apex. The inflorescence is up to 50 cm tall and 9 cm wide.

Flowers light yellow; bracts in green and dark brown spots.
Brazil. Ornamental species. Cultivated in warm greenhouses.

Vriesea gigantea (Vriesea gigantea)

Vriesia: home care, propagation and transplantation

Leaves in a rosette (towering glass-like above the soil surface), short-stemmed, stout, dark green, light yellow-spotted above, reddish-lilac below.

Inflorescence is a weakly branched panicle, up to 2 m long (panicles 1-1.2 m long). The petals are broad, bell-shaped, yellow. Grows in tropical rainforests in Brazil.Ornamental species.

Cultivated in warm greenhouses.

Vriesea large (Vriesea imperialis)

Vriesia: home care, propagation and transplantation

Leaves in rosette, large, up to 1.5 m long, broad, 10-12 cm wide, green, twisted at the top. The peduncle is very strong, densely covered with leaflets. Inflorescence is a branched panicle; all branches in dense flowers (35-40 in number).

Flowers are large, 15-17 cm long, yellowish-white; bracts red or green. Found in tropical rainforests in Brazil.

Vriesea hieroglyphica (Vriesea hieroglyphica)

Vriesia: home care, propagation and transplantation

South America. A perennial up to 1m tall. Short, hollow stem.

Brilliant, bright green leaves up to 75cm long and up to 8cm wide, with black streaks and gathered in a basal rosette. Yellow, tubular flowers.

Vriesea psittacina (Vriesea psittacina)

Vriesia: home care, propagation and transplantation

Leaves are oblong linear, shortly pointed, broadened at base, full-edged green. The peduncle is bright red. Flowers in inflorescence not densely arranged; calyx yellow, corolla green, petals narrow; bracts as long as calyx, red underneath, orange-yellow above.

Found in tropical rainforests in Brazil.

Vriesea regina (Vriesea regina)

Vriesia: home care, propagation and transplantation

Plants large. The leaves in the rosette are long and broad, 1-1.2 m long and 15-18 cm wide, grayish-green, glossy, with a slightly curled tip. The peduncle is 1.

7-2 m tall. Inflorescence is a branched panicle (branches are descending). Flowers initially white, later yellowing, with a pleasant fragrance; bracts boat-shaped dilated, pink.
Grows in tropical rainforests in Brazil.

Vriesea saundersii (Vriesea saundersii)

Vriesia: home care, propagation and transplantation

South America.

A perennial up to 40cm tall. Short, hollow stem. Leathery, glossy, grayish green, stiff leaves, with purplish lower surface and gathered in a basal rosette. Yellow, tubular flowers surrounded by bright yellow bracts.

Vriesea splendens major (Vriesea splendens major)

Vriesia: home care, propagation and transplantation

Leaves in large rosette, 60-80 cm in diameter, broad, 8-10 cm wide, light green, with brown-red stripes.

Inflorescence large, 70-80 cm tall; bracts light red.

Vriesea splendens var. splendens)

Vriesia: home care, propagation and transplantation

Earthly or epiphytic plants. Leaves broadly lanceolate, dark green, with transverse dark purple stripes and spots, with peaks bent downward. The inflorescence is a sword-shaped, flattened spike.

Flowers arranged in two rows, yellow; bracts scarlet-red, glossy. Grows in tropical rainforests in Guiana.

Vriesea keeled (Vriesea carinata Wawra)

Vriesia: home care, propagation and transplantation

Grows in the forests of eastern Brazil. An epiphytic or terrestrial plant. Leaves about 20 cm long and 2.

5 cm wide forming a funnel-shaped rosette, covered on both sides with barely visible scales, broadly linear, soft, pale green, without pattern. Peduncle up to 30 cm tall, straight or drooping, very slender; short and broad with a triangular notch at apex, small-flowered with a cranked axis. Adventitious leaves erect, densely covering the axis, narrow, thin with a sharp keel, pinkish with yellow or yellowish-green apex and margin. Flowers are compressed, on short pedicels, yellow, green at apex, up to 6cm long. Blossoms in June-July, repeatedly in November-December.


Many hybrids are known. Most of them are characterized by prolonged flowering.

Vriesia splendens (Vriesia splendens)

Vriesia: home care, propagation and transplantation

Epiphytic or terrestrial plant with few lingual leaves (strap-shaped, broad, curved edges, acuminate or rounded at tip; both sides slightly covered with scales; ) leaves 20-40 cm long, green, decorated with transverse (horizontal) purple stripes. The stem of the vrijesia is short, 30 to 60 cm high. Leaves form a dense, wide funnel-shaped rosette.

Flowers are 2.5-5 cm yellow, aggregated in simple spike-like, many-colored inflorescences, appearing at any time of the year on a flat, sword-shaped red bract. Most species of vriesia have long flowering periods (up to several months).

Wriesia houseplant. About care and maintenance.

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