Vertebrate: Planting And Care In The Open Field, Species And Varieties

The genus verticillium is represented by herbaceous plants that can be annual, perennial or biennial. This genus is a member of the primrose family. This plant is called verbeinik because its foliage is very similar to willow (in Russia so called all kinds of willows). As for the scientific name, these flowers were named after Lysimachus, who was one of the generals of A. He became the ruler of Thrace and king of Macedonia.

For many years, experts mistakenly believed that it was Lysimachus who discovered verberries. This genus includes more than 100 species. Most species can be found in the northern hemisphere, more precisely in East Asia and North America. On the territory of China there are more than 70 species of this plant. There are species that grow in South Africa and South America.

Also these flowers can be found in the wild in the European part of Russia, the Caucasus and Central Asia.

Properties of vertebrate

Vertebrate: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties

The herbaceous plant vertebrate can be annual, biennial or perennial. Shoots can be creeping or erect, and simple full-edged alternate leaf plates can be opposite or whorled. Flowers may be part of corymbiform or spike-shaped panicles or solitary axillary. They are yellow, white or pale pink in color.

The fruit is an egg-shaped or globular capsule.

Werbeans are considered a relative of such cultivars as milfoil, primrose, cyclamen and ambilanthus. It is an undemanding plant and although it does not have a too spectacular appearance, it is quite popular with gardeners. The fact is that this culture blooms very lushly and for a long time.

Neprecautionary plants for the garden Verbeinicum spotty, etc.

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Propagation of verbeinum in the open field

Vertebrate: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties

What time to plant

The generative (seed) and vegetative methods are used for verbeinum propagation. Sow the seeds in open soil in June or in September (under the winter). Almost all species of this plant prefer to grow in a shady place or shade. However, the Montane verbeinum is recommended to plant in the penumbra, but it can also grow in a well-lit area. But Verbeinum purpureum can only be planted in an open, well-lit area.

Such as planting

Vertebrate: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties

A site suitable for planting this flower should be moist and have a nutritious loose soil and the ground water should be very close to the soil surface. It is necessary to know that verbeinicum monticum, verbeinum cysticum and verbeinum common if desired can be planted in a not very deep pond to a depth of not more than 10 centimeters. The soil composition can be of any kind, the only thing is that verbeinicum does not grow well in clay soil.

Planting verbeinicum is done after the soil is fertilized with decomposed manure or compost. The planting itself is not different from planting other garden plants.

The root system of the plant should be placed in a small hole dug in advance, which is filled with soil, it should be tamped. Planted flowers need good watering. When planting between bushes, a distance of not less than 50 centimeters should be kept.

Verbeinik. Planting perennial verbeinicum.

Care for verbeinicum

Vertebrate: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties

Growing verbeinicum is relatively easy, and even an inexperienced gardener can handle it. If the flower will be planted in moist soil, it is not necessary to water it at all. However, during prolonged drought, water the verbeinicum is still necessary. Feeding the plant during the growing season is not necessary. However, in deep autumn humus should be added to the soil.

The vertebrate is an aggressor plant, especially the species called ciliate, mottled or brush-type vertebrate. To limit the growth of such a flower, limiters (plastic or metal pieces, or you can take unnecessary sheets of slate) should be dug around the bushes. If this is not done, verbeinum will soon proliferate all over the garden plot.

When the flowering is over, it is necessary to cut out all the faded inflorescences. For upright verbeins, all shoots should be cut back in the fall.


Vertebrate: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties

All species of this plant bloom at different times and have different degrees of ornamentation. This will be explained in more detail in the section "Main species and varieties".


For the vervain to grow and develop normally, it must be transplanted regularly. In the same place, such a flower can be grown for about 10 years. However, in just a couple of years after planting verbeinicum in the open ground, it will become a developed bush that will have a large number of offspring.

Such a bush should definitely be transplanted. It is recommended to transplant verbeinicum at the beginning of the spring period or in autumn, when the leaf fall is over.

Diseases and pests

This plant is highly resistant to both diseases and pests. Only aphids can settle on it, which you can get rid of with a special remedy, such as Antitillin or Biotlin.

Regenerating verbein

Vertebrate: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties

We already said above that verbein can be reproduced by seeds, cuttings, bush division as well as by root sprouts.

Experienced gardeners prefer to propagate this plant by vegetative methods, because compared to the generative (seed) they are more reliable. It should also be remembered that the bush grown from seed begins to flower only in the second or third year after the seedlings appear. Sow the seeds in the last days of May or the first - in June. However, the seeds must first be stratified for 6-8 weeks, so they are placed on the shelf in a refrigerator designed for vegetables. If sowing seeds is scheduled for autumn, there is no need to prepare the seeds because they can pass natural stratification in the soil and in the spring time friendly sprouts should appear.

You can grow verbeinok through seedlings. For this purpose, previously stratified seeds should be sown, distributing them evenly on the surface of moistened soil mixture, which should consist of peat and sand. The container is covered with glass and placed in a cool (about 15 degrees) and well-lit place. After 1.5-2 weeks should show the first shoots.

Stronger plants should be unpacked in individual containers. Planting hardened seedlings in the open ground in June, and you should keep a distance of half a meter between the plants.

Vertebrate: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties

Also these flowers can be multiplied by splitting the bush. This procedure can be done in the early spring or in the fall during transplanting. First the bush that has been dug out of the ground must be separated and then the bush itself is divided into several parts.

Note that each part should have well-developed roots and stems. Then they are planted in pre-prepared wells. Flowering of verbeinicum, grown from the dividers, can be seen already in the next season. Care of the dividers should be the same as of an adult plant.

For propagation of vertebrate mint, as a rule, cuttings, whose length can vary from 0.

1 to 0.2 m, are used. Cuttings are prepared during the pruning process in autumn or in spring. The bottom cut of the cuttings should be immersed in water. When they have formed roots, the cuttings should be planted in moist, loose soil and in a semi-shaded area.

Care of perennial verbein after flowering

It was mentioned above that all wilted inflorescences should be cut off from the flowered plant. In the autumn shoots of upright species should be cut off. Then compost or humus should be added to the soil. Any verbeinum species is highly frost-resistant so it does not need to be covered for the winter.

Verbeinikus punctilus (Lysema punctilus) INSPECTION Care,

Verbeinikus species and varieties with photos and names

The species and varieties that are most popular with gardeners are described in detail below.

Lysimachia vulgaris

Vertebrate: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties

This herbaceous perennial plant can be found in natural conditions in North Africa and Eurasia and prefers to grow near swamps, in meadows, in forests and along the banks of various water bodies. The upright shoot varies in height from 0.5 to 1 m. The rhizome is creeping. Whole-edged leaf blades are lanceolate in shape and may be whorled or opposite.

The lower surface is pubescent, while the upper surface is smooth. The bell-shaped flowers are yellow, with a brown-red spot at the base of the corolla. Flowers are part of apical panicle-shaped inflorescences. Flowering is observed in June or August. This species is considered a honeybee, it is not afraid of stagnant liquid in the ground.

If desired it can be grown in a shallow pond no deeper than 10 cm.

Oakleaves (Lysimachia nemorum)

Vertebrate: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties

This species is found under natural conditions in Europe. It prefers to grow near rivers and reservoirs, with such a plant rising from the foothills to the subalpine belt. This perennial plant reaches a height of about 0.3 m.

Leaf blades are large and broad. Single yellow flowers are arranged on long pedicels. Flowering begins in May and lasts for eight weeks.

Lysimachia thyrsiflora, or kizlak

Vertebrate: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties

This flower prefers to grow in shallow water as well as along the banks of bodies of water. The rhizome is creeping.

Powerful upright shoots reach about 0.6 m in height. Narrow, lanceolate-shaped leaflets are most often planted. The small yellow-colored flowers appear fluffy because they have protruding stamens. These flowers are part of fluffy axillary apical inflorescences that reach about 30 mm in length.

Flowering begins in the last days of May or first days of June.

Lysimachia punctata

Vertebrate: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties

In nature, it occurs in the forests of Central and Western Europe. At the end of a long rhizome there is a whorl consisting of 4-6 underground shoots. The erect shoots have pubescence on the surface. Sessile leaflets are broadly lanceolate in shape.

Lemon-yellow flowers are located on the top of the shoot, which is weakly branched. This species begins to flower in the last days of June or first days of July. The duration of flowering is about 4 weeks. It is recommended to choose sunny sites for planting this species. The most popular varieties:

  1. Alexander.

    A border of white runs along the edge of the green leaf plates.

  2. Golden Alexander. The green leaf plates have a border of golden color running along the edge.

Lysimachia congestiflora

Vertebrate: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties

Native to this species is China. This plant is yellow - because it has many golden yellow flowers with a red dab at the base of the petals.

The lush succulent foliage has a rich green coloration. This species has been known relatively recently - in 1992. The most popular varieties are as follows:

  1. Lissy. The globular inflorescences have a yellow coloration. The foliage is green.

  2. Autback Sunset. This variety is mottled, with a band of yellow coloration on the dark green leaf plates. The flowers are also yellow.
  3. Persian Carpet. Not very large dark green leaf plates show veins of red.

    The flowers are yellow.

  4. Persian chocolate. The leaves are purple and do not die off in the fall. Flowers are golden yellow in color.

Verbeid lily of the valley (Lysimachia clethroides), or verbeid cage-like

Vertebrate: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties

In nature occurs in the southern part of Primorsky Krai.

The pinkish-white rhizome of this flower is similar to that of lily of the valley, but not as slender. Its upright hairy stem reaches a height of only 0.2 m and has pubescence on its surface. Tiny snow-white flowers are part of dense spike-like inflorescences, reaching 0.2 m in length.

Verbeinum blooms in the last days of June. Blossoming lasts about 15-20 days. This species has been cultivated since the end of the 20th century. The most popular varieties:

  1. Lady Jane. The bush is 0.

    6-0.9 m tall. Flowering begins in the last summer weeks.

  2. Geisha. A mottled variety.

    It has a cream-colored border along the edge of the leaf plates.

Lysimachia nummularia, or mint vertebrate, or meadow vertebrate, or meadow tea

Vertebrate: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties

In natural conditions this species can be found in Japan, Europe and North America. This species prefers to grow in shady groves, on the outskirts of swamps, in floodplain meadows, and on the banks of various bodies of water and rivers. This perennial is a groundcover plant. The recumbent stem is about 0.

3 m long. The supropositely arranged oval leaflets have short petioles and are about 25 mm long. Single axillary flowers are yellow in color and reach 25 mm in diameter. When the plant blooms depends directly on the level of light. If the bushes are planted in a well-lit area, the beginning of flowering will be in the last days of May or June.

This species can form a cover both on steep slopes and on a flat surface. The most popular variety is the Aurea: Its leaves are green-yellow in color and are not as hardy as the main species.

Lysimachia purpurea or Lysimachia ciliata5>

Vertebrate: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties

In natural conditions this species is found in North America. A upright perennial plant, it reaches 0.45 m in height.

The paired broad-lanceolate leaf plates have a wine-red coloration. The dense inflorescences consist of axillary small apical flowers, which are lemon-yellow. This species blooms in August and should be grown in well-lit open areas.

Lysimachia atropurpurea

Vertebrate: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties

Homeland of this plant is Greece. The height of this perennial can vary from 0.

45 to 0.9 m. The very beautiful spike-shaped inflorescences include a large number of dark wine-colored, almost black flowers. There is a slight crimping on the edge of the green leaf plates, which is particularly discernible on young bushes. Flowering begins in the last days of July.

The Beaujolais variety is the most popular: its flowers are dark purple.

Lysimachia ephemerum

Vertebrate: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties

Wildly found in south-western Europe. This frost-resistant perennial plant grows very quickly in width and can reach about 0.9 m in height. During the last summer weeks the bush produces spike-like inflorescences made up of florets.

It has been cultivated since the 19th century.

Properties of vertebrate: harm and benefit

Vertebrate: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties

Therapeutic properties of vertebrate

Verbainica common is noted for its hardening, analgesic, wound-healing and blood-relieving effects. However, traditional medicine does not pay any attention to this plant. However, in non-traditional medicine this flower is used for internal bleeding and diarrhea, as well as for treating wounds that do not heal and pus for a long time, stomatitis, eczema and thrush.

This plant contains saponins, tannins, rutin, carbohydrates, silica and ascorbic acid, so it is widely used in homeopathy.

The leaves and flowers of the plant are used to treat boils, and it is recommended to apply fresh leaf plates to wounds. From dried roots, a powder is prepared that has analgesic properties, as well as the ability to heal burns and cuts.

Infusion of vervain can stop internal bleeding. To prepare it, combine 1 tbsp. just boiling water and 1 big spoonful of dried leaves.

Infused and strained mixture should be drunk three times a day before meals on 1-2 big spoons.

Tincture of vertebrate is used to restore strength after a serious illness. To prepare it, combine 1 tbsp of vodka and a couple of large spoons of fresh grass. Well-capped vessel is placed in a dark place for 3-4 days to insist. Strain the tincture is taken 20 drops 3 or 4 times a day.

This plant is also made into a tea, which is used for headaches and colds. The tea is also used for making tea for headaches and colds. Pour the mixture with a couple of glasses of boiling water. After a few minutes, the tea will be ready.


Vertebrate: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties

Medications prepared on the basis of verbeinica should not be used in thrombosis, varicose veins, and people with high blood clotting, with high blood pressure or suffering from sclerosis of limb vessels.

If a child has a dry cough, it is also forbidden to give it to him.


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