Trachicarpus Fortune: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation

The compact indoor palm Trachycarpus fortunei is sure to catch the eye of those flower growers who prefer exotic plants. Its spectacular crown can become a bright decoration of any interior. The life expectancy of this heat-loving palm in domestic conditions is about 10-15 years. At the same time it perfectly endures the winter in a cool place.

The plant is native to the tropical and subtropical parts of India, South-West Asia and China.

At the same time on the coast of the Black Sea it is distributed quite widely. This palm is resistant to frosts, it is not afraid of short-term decrease in air temperature to minus 10 degrees. At the same time the optimum temperature for the development of the plant - about 20 degrees. It is characterized by low intensity of growth.

In natural conditions the palm can reach a height of about 18-19 m, and it has very large fan-shaped leaf plates.

It has a life span of over 100 years. At home, the average height of the shrub is about 100-250 cm.

This spectacular fan palm gets its name from its split leaf plates, which are gathered into brushes that look like a fan. An adult trachicarpus Fortune, growing at home, has a tassel that can reach from 0.6 to 0.

8 m in cross-section. In room culture, the foliage of such a plant is narrower, but with proper care, the tassels grow lush and showy. At the end of flowering, which occurs in summer, large black berry-like fruits are formed in place of the inflorescences.

Brief description of cultivation

Trachicarpus Fortune: home care, replanting and propagation

  1. Temperature. The optimal air temperature for growth and development of the palm is 12-22 degrees.

  2. Humidity of the air. Should be elevated (45 to 50 percent). Particular attention should be paid to this during the cold season, when the air in the room is dry with heating appliances running. Humidify the bush with a sprayer every day.
  3. Lightness.

    The plant should be well lit most of the day. Protection from direct sunlight is necessary.

  4. Watering. Water once every 15 days during the winter months and once every 3 days during the warm season.
  5. Substrate.

    To prepare a soil mixture, combine humus, peat and turf soil in equal proportions. Mix it with perlite crumbs to increase friability.

  6. Fertilizer. Regularly once every 4 weeks, fertilize with magnesium fertilizer. The plant is not fertilized in winter.

  7. Transplanting. While the bush is young, it is transplanted every year in the spring. Then it is transplanted once every 4 years.
  8. Propagation. The seed method is used, and the seeds must be fresh.

  9. Care features. In summer, it is recommended to take the palm out into the garden or on the balcony. Timely cut off withered leaf laminae and remove dust from the leaf surface. During prolonged drought, moisten the bush with a sprayer.

The female trachicarpus has greenish flowers and the male flowers are yellow.

There have been cases of self-pollination.

Palm. trachicarpus forechuna

Home care of trachicarpus forechuna

Trachicarpus Fortune: home care, replanting and propagation

In order for trachicarpus forechuna to grow healthy and look spectacular at home, it should be given optimal growing conditions and proper care.

Temperature

This palm prefers moderate heat. If the room is too hot, it can make the plant sick: its foliage stops growing and becomes dark.

In the warm season, the optimal air temperature for him from 20 to 25 degrees. The indoor trachicarpus is recommended to be moved outdoors in summer, and you can bring it into the room with the onset of the first colds in the autumn.

This spectacular palm differs from all others in that it is the most resistant to frost. In the last years of the last century, a historical fact was recorded - the trachicarpus survived after temperatures dropped to minus 27 degrees.

Please note! As long as the plant does not have a trunk formed, air temperatures should not be allowed to drop below 15 degrees.

Air Humidity

Trachicarpus Fortune: home care, replanting and propagation

The plant feels best when the humidity is high (about 60 percent). Such a palm does not respond well to frequent spraying. Therefore, its foliage is lightly moistened with a sprayer once every 2 weeks. At other times, the leaf plates should be wiped with a moistened soft cloth. If there is a working heating device in the room, we recommend placing a humidifier near the trachicarpus.

Brightness

Direct sunlight is destructive to the palm, especially on hot summer days. However, standing in the shade will slow down its growth. Therefore, a lot of diffused sunlight or a place in slight shade is best for the culture. The bush will feel best on a western or eastern window sill. If it is placed on a window facing south, it should be shaded from direct sunlight.

In winter, the plant may not have enough light. So at this time it is recommended to light it up with special lamps.

The foliage of most plants tends to the light and heat, and trachicarpus Fortune is no exception. So that it grows symmetrically instead of lopsidedly, we recommend turning the pot around its axis once every 1.5 weeks.

Before you put your palm outside in the summer, you should accustom it to the new environment. You do this by first exposing it to 2 or 3 hours of fresh air and then gradually increasing the amount of time it needs. After 7 days, you can leave the plant outside for the coldest fall months. However, it reacts very negatively to excessive watering. Water the plant moderately, making sure that no liquid stagnates in the substrate.

Water well-distilled, soft water that has no chlorine is used. The temperature should be at least room temperature. Pour the water gently under the trunk, being careful not to get any drops of water on the leaves. In summer, water once every 2-3 days, using a small amount of water. In winter watering should be infrequent, but the clod in the pot must not dry out completely.

Pot selection

Pot for Trachicarpus: choose a sturdy pot with low sides. They should not obstruct the light and allow the root system to develop freely.

As long as the bush is young, the pot suitable for it should reach at least 10 centimeters across. Every year during transplanting, the container should be replaced with a larger one. Remember to place a good layer of drainage at the bottom of the pot to prevent stagnant water in the substrate.

Mud

Trachicarpus Fortune: home care, replanting and propagation

We recommend purchasing a special soil mixture for palm cultures for planting Trachicarpus Fortune. If you wish, the substrate can be prepared with your own hands, but it must be well drained. So mix together compost, sod soil, perlite crumb (or coarse sand) and humus in a 2:2:1:2 ratio.

Before planting you should check the quality of the ready made potting soil. So fill the container you have prepared for planting with it and water it.

If the liquid comes out relatively quickly from the drainage holes at the bottom of the pot, then the substrate is ideal for planting palm trees. If not, add a little sand to the potting soil.

Fertilizer

This Trachicarpus houseplant needs regular nutrition almost all year round. It is not fed only in winter. Nutrient compositions with a higher magnesium content are used for this purpose.

Universal fertilizers for indoor crops or mineral complexes in granules with prolonged action can be used.

Fertilizer should be applied to the substrate with a frequency of once every 20 days. The nutrient solution should be poured directly under the root.

Transplanting trachicarpus forchuna

Trachicarpus Fortune: home care, replanting and propagation

As the palm is young, its root system is quite rapidly rooted and develops rapidly, penetrating deep into the soil layers. Because of this, the bush is only planted in a permanent place after it has become an adult.

And while the plant is young, it is grown in containers.

As long as the bush has not formed a trunk, it needs frequent transplanting. They are done once a year in the middle of the spring period, using the method of transplanting. It takes three years to form the trunk. In order not to traumatize the roots during transplanting, the plant should be watered.

The plant is taken out of the container together with the root ball. For each subsequent transplanting, the container should be larger.

After the palm has become mature, it is transplanted less frequently, once every 3 or 4 years. Each time new potting soil is used or the old potting soil is combined with new potting soil.

How to transplant a palm tree/TRAHICARPUS/GIANT Roots:)

Trimming

Trachicarpus Fortune: home care, replanting and propagation

This plant does not need any pruning.

Its crown is shaped by the direction of light. All new shoots should be cut back in good time, as they will draw in some of their nutrients and moisture. It is also necessary to remove the diseased parts of the leaf plates. Do not cut away any yellowed leaves as the plant transfers all of its waste products into these leaves.

To make the crown look tidier and more attractive, it is recommended to cut away all leaves that grow asymmetrically.

Please note! Cut the leaves very carefully to avoid damaging the trunk.

Flowering

Trachicarpus Fortune: home care, replanting and propagation

Blooming begins in May and ends in the last days of June. The light yellow, fragrant inflorescences have a very pleasant fragrance that spills all around. When the shrub blooms, the inflorescences are replaced by black berry-like fruits about 1 cm in size. It is very rare to see trachicarpus blossom, much less fruit, at home.

Storming period

The resting period of trachicarpus Fortune is observed during the winter. During this time it slows down all physiological processes. In winter the substratum in the container is moistened very rarely and sparingly, but it is not allowed to dry out the ground ball. The plant at this time do not feed and provide him with scattered light. Keep the palm plant at a cool temperature of about 15 degrees.

Can it be left untended for a long time?

Trachicarpus Fortune: home care, replanting and propagation

If you are going on vacation and there is no one to take care of your palm tree, the following should be done:

  • install a household humidifier in the room;
  • remove the container with the bush away from the window into a shaded place;
  • in a deep tray you should place a sponge and pour water;
  • place the tray along with the pot in a cellophane bag, which should be tied at the base of the trunk.

This will help to reduce the evaporation of water from the potting soil, allowing the plant to remain untended for longer periods.

Production methods

Growing from seed

Trachicarpus Fortune: home care, replanting and propagation

In natural conditions, Trachicarpus Fortune is propagated by selfseeding. However, in a room culture such a palm is most often cultivated just from seeds, because in this case the grown specimens are highly resistant to diseases.

But it must be remembered that the seed material loses its germination capacity rather quickly.

Therefore, its seeding is recommended to be carried out immediately after purchase. Step-by-step instructions:

  1. Before sowing, the seeds should be kept in a pinkish solution of potassium manganese for 3-4 h to disinfect them.
  2. Then the seeds are poured into warm water for 8 h.
  3. Sow the palm in peat cups: one seed per cup.
  4. The seeds should be covered with foil.

    They are moved to a warm place (25 to 28 degrees).

In order to improve the germination of the seeds, it is recommended to mix the substrate with steamed sawdust. The seedlings should show after 2 months. Once they have grown two leaf plates each, transplant them into permanent pots.

Sprout propagation

Trachicarpus Fortune: home care, replanting and propagation

Trachicarpus sprouts during growth and can be used for propagation.

This method is much easier and faster than the seed method. This crop is propagated by shoots in this manner:

  • will need a sharp tool, which should be sterilized;
  • with a knife, cut a strong root cuttings, the size of which should be about 10 centimeters;
  • Then treat the cut areas with a phytosporin or crushed charcoal;
  • Remove all foliage from the cuttings;
  • Treat the cut with a solution of Kornive and then leave outdoors to dry for 24 hours.

The cuttings are then placed in a solution of growth stimulant for 5-7 hours. It is then planted in moistened perlite chips or sand where it will stay until it is fully rooted. It will take 6 to 7 months for the scion to root well.

During this time, it should be in a little shade, and it should also be provided with regular moistening of the substrate. After the first leaf plates appear, the bush is planted in a permanent pot.

Diseases and pests

Trachicarpus Fortune: home care, replanting and propagation

For preventive purposes, a sterilized soil mixture is used for planting Trachicarpus forechuna. Also, the palm is regularly treated with products that prevent it from being affected by various diseases. It is also important to take proper care of it.

Pests such as thrips, scales, mites or powdery mildew can settle on the shrub if the watering regime and lighting is incorrect. The most active reproduction of mites is observed at low air humidity. To get rid of "uninvited guests", you should treat your palm tree with an insecticide.

Inappropriate care can cause problems such as:

  1. Slow growth. Very cold or too warm in the room, nutrient deficiencies in the substrate, or root injury during transplanting.

  2. Yellowing of foliage. The substrate is moistened with hard water or the room is very hot. If curling of the leaf plates is observed, the bush should be watered as soon as possible.
  3. Dying of the lower leaves. This is a natural process associated with the aging of the leaves.

    It can also be due to a lack of trace elements in the substrate.

  4. Drying out of the tips of the leaf plates. Low humidity and too little watering.
  5. Brown spots forming on foliage. Pests have settled or iron and manganese deficiencies.

  6. Root rot has appeared. Moisture stagnates regularly in the soil mix.

If the palm is deficient in nutrients, then fertilize or transplant it to fresh substrate.

Beneficial properties

Trachicarpus Fortune: home care, replanting and propagation

The spectacular and rather unusual Trachicarpus Fortchuna palm is known for being effective in cleaning indoor air. Most furniture manufacturing uses a lacquer coating that is capable of evaporating harmful substances into the air even at low air temperatures.

The plant absorbs not only harmful formaldehyde, but also benzene and trichloroethylene compounds.

The sharp edge of the leaf plates helps ionize the air, and this plant also enriches the air with oxygen. Experts advise decorating a living room with this plant to improve the microclimate in it.

Fall growth count on Trachicarpus forechuna palms!

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