Tamarindus is a tree native to the tropics. It belongs to the legume family. In nature, the tree can reach up to 25 meters in height, but as a rule, it does not exceed 100 cm in room conditions. The plant is a slow growing one. Its leaf lamellae are pairs pinnatipartite and consist of 10 to 30 individual slender leaflets.
Fruits are formed from tamarind beans with a large number of tough seeds inside. The plant is native to eastern Africa. Today, it is found in nature in most tropical countries. But tamarind became so widespread thanks to its cultivation in the open air.
This perennial slow-growing plant is undemanding in terms of care and growing conditions.
Even a novice grower can handle it. Remember that the domestic tamarind rarely blooms.
Additional facts about tamarind
The tamarind is a rather unusual plant. For example, its beans are edible, and they are added to a number of Asian dishes. In local markets in Asia, tamarind can be bought salted, dried, frozen or candied if desired.
The pulp of the tamarind fruit is also used to clean the surfaces of brass objects.
The wood of this plant is noted for its high strength and density, often referred to as "Mahogany". It is widely used for making parquet, furniture and a variety of interior fittings. In India this tree is often planted by the side of roads resulting in luxurious shady avenues.
In its room conditions, tamarind is often used to grow as a small compact tree and can also be used to form bonsai.
It is quite easy to care for:
- Temperature. In summertime it grows normally at room temperature, but in wintertime it should not fall below 10 degrees.
- Air Humidity. Elevated. Therefore, the tree should be moistened every day with a sprayer.
- Humidity. The location must be sunny, with southern windows being best.
- Pouring. Moisten the substrate regularly and abundantly. Never allow the groundball to become too dry.
- Mixed soil. It must be fertile and friable. Be sure to add some sand.
- Fertilizer. Feed the tamarind in spring and summer with a frequency of once every 7 days.
- Potting. A young bush is transplanted as needed, and an adult bush is subjected to this procedure once every 2 or 3 years.
- Propagation. By branches, by seed and by stem cuttings.
Pruning in springtime.
How to plant and grow Tamarind from a Pod.
Home care of Tamarind
If you decide to decorate your house with a spectacular tamarind, you should learn and remember some simple rules for its care. Neglecting them can lead to the death of the tree.
The flowering indoor tamarind is a great rarity.
As a rule, the tree blooms in early December. At this time, it forms brush-shaped inflorescences consisting of pink or yellow flowers.
In spring and summer, the tree grows and develops best at 23 to 25 degrees. However, it is not afraid of high air temperatures, as it is native to the hot tropics. In winter, you can place the shrub in a cool, draught-free place.
That is why it is humidified daily in the morning and evening with a sprinkler, during the warm months only. Also to increase air humidity level, it is recommended to place an open vessel filled with water not far from the shrub.
House tamarind needs bright light. A southern window sill is the best choice. To avoid a one-sided crown, the container with the shrub should be rotated around its axis by about 1/3 regularly once every 7 days.
Pour the tree so that the substrate in the pot is always slightly moist. Suitable water should be soft and warm.
Bottle and potting soil
Ceramic or suitably sized plastic flowerpots can be used. The only prerequisite is holes for drainage at the bottom.
For planting and transplanting such a crop, you can take any of the ready-made universal soil mixes sold at a specialized store.
The main thing is that its acidity should be from 5.5 to 6.5.
This tropical plant responds best to feeding with organics. Fertilizer should be added to the soil mixture once every 7 days.
This is done only during the warm season, more precisely in May-September.
The mature tree should be transplanted in the spring months, but it is done only if necessary. While the bush is young, it grows quite actively and is therefore transplanted annually.
As a rule, during the winter months tamarind is very elongated and therefore pruned in the first days of March. Each shoot is subjected to a shortening of 1/3 of its entire length.
Tamarind pruning. Part 3
Forming a bonsai
If you have the desire, you can form a bonsai from such a spectacular tree. If so, it will need regular fertilizing with a nitrogen-rich fertilizer. After the height of the bush will be equal to 0,5-0,6 m, prune the top. Then the trunk is formed, and after 12 months the plant is cut off all the leaf plates.
Soon the tree will regrow its leaves, but they will be smaller.
This "tropical guest" has no dormancy period. It is simply moved to a cool place in winter to make the tree less elongated.
Growing from seed
Each tamarind seed is covered with a very dense, tough skin, so you have to notch it up to speed up germination. The seeds are sown in peat mixed with perlite.
On top, the seeds should be covered with clean river sand, the thickness of the layer is about 5 mm. Then they are removed to a warm, bright place, protected from direct sunlight. The first shoots should appear in about 20 days, and do not forget to water the crops systematically. Tip the plants into their individual pots once they have developed pinnate leaflets.
Tamarind from seed.
How to grow tamarind.
Tamarind can have problems such as:
- Tamarind roots rot. It occurs if the shrub is in a cool place and there is regular stagnant liquid in the soil mixture. Move the tree to a warmer place and check whether there are drainage holes at the bottom of the pot.
- Tamarind leaves turn yellow and fall off.
This is because the bush is watered very infrequently or sparingly. Also, these changes happen to the plant in a room with dry air.
- Very slow growth. The tamarind is experiencing a lack of sunlight or nutrients. Move it to a sunny window and don't forget to fertilize the substrate in time.
Aphids, scales, spider mites and mealybugs most often settle on such a tree.
Tamarind: a unique legume for the estate winter garden.