Tabernemontana: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation

The evergreen shrub Tabernemontana is a perennial plant and a member of the Cuthrus family. It is a tall plant that can be up to several meters tall. Under natural conditions it can be found in regions with humid and hot climates. Its homeland is South Asia.

The height of the fast-growing domestic tabernaemontana usually does not exceed 100 centimeters.

The bush consists of many strongly branched stems. They are adorned with large bright green, leathery to the touch leaf plates that grow supronectively.

When grown under favorable conditions, the shrub blooms throughout the year. The inflorescence consists of about two dozen small flowers, their cream or snow-white petals may be corrugated or smooth. The flowers in most varieties have a slight pleasant scent.

Brief description of cultivation

Tabernemontana: home care, replanting and propagation

  1. Temperature regime. In spring and summer, 22 to 25 degrees. And in the cold season, around 15 degrees.
  2. Humidity of the air. Should be high.

    If the room is warmer than 20 degrees, then the plant needs regular moistening from a sprayer at least 2 or 3 times every 7 days.

  3. Lightness. Plenty of diffused bright sunlight is needed. A moderate amount of direct sunlight is allowed in the morning, but in the afternoon hours the shade must be provided.
  4. Watering.

    During the summer, the soil in the pot is moistened abundantly 1 or 2 times every 7 days. During the winter months, water moderately once every 7 days.

  5. Substrate. Ready-made soil mixture with increased acidity is suitable. It is possible to prepare a substrate of sand, peat, sod, leaf and coniferous soil (taken in equal parts).

  6. Fertilizer. During intensive growth, feed the shrub twice or thrice a month with liquid fertilizer with increased phosphorus and potassium.
  7. Transplanting. Carried out only when necessary: if the roots become cramped in the pot or the substrate completely loses its nutritional properties.
  8. Propagation.

    Seeded and by half-tree cuttings.

  9. Care features. Room tabernemontana reacts negatively to sudden temperature changes and drafts. Healthy bushes do not need to be pruned, but they are systematically pruned at the top of their shoots to make them thicker.

Tabernemontana - care at home.

Tabernemontana care at home

Tabernemontana: home care, replanting and propagation

Temperature

This shrub does well in the warmth of about 22 degrees during the growing season. During the winter months, it is recommended to move it to a cooler place (about 15 degrees).

Air Humidity

This plant needs high air humidity, especially if the room temperature is above 20 degrees. It responds well to systematic moistening of the leaves from a sprayer with well-chilled warm water. Spraying is recommended once every two or three days, making sure the moisture does not get on the buds and flowers.

Lightness

Tabernemontana: home care, replanting and propagation

The plant needs plenty of light for lush flowering and intense growth. However, direct sunlight can only reach the foliage in the evening or morning. A window facing west or east is the best place for the shrub to grow. If the Tabernemontana stands on a southern window sill, it will need to be protected from the scorching midday sun.

Watering

Summer and spring watering should be abundant, with a frequency of 1 or 2 every 7 days.

Remember that the substrate can only be moistened when it has dried to about ½ the height of the pot. The plant should be watered with well-distilled clean water at a temperature close to room temperature. During the winter watering should be less frequent to prevent the soil from becoming stagnant.

Pot selection

Tabernemontana: home care, replanting and propagation

The pot should be wide and high, with holes for drainage at the bottom. The pot should be big enough so that the potting soil, including the root system, can be taken out easily if necessary.

Pots of spherical shape or with recesses and hollows on the walls are not suitable for planting such a shrub.

Substrate

The soil mixture should be slightly acidified and well drained. If you wish, a ready-made soil mixture with suitable characteristics can be purchased at a specialist store. To prepare it yourself at home, you need to combine equal shares of coniferous, turf and leaf soil, as well as coarse sand and peat.

Fertilizer

For the shrub to be beautiful and healthy, it needs systematic fertilization, for which potash-phosphate fertilizer in liquid form (the composition should not contain lime) is suitable.

The plant is fertilized during the growing season 2 or 3 times a month.

Tabernemontana transplanting

Tabernemontana: home care, replanting and propagation

The plant has a very brittle root system and therefore it tolerates transplanting rather poorly. This procedure should only be done if absolutely necessary and no more than once every 2-3 years. The reason for replanting can be a too cramped container for the root system or very old soil that has lost its nutritional capacity. Transplanting very gently by turning it over, making sure the clump of soil is left intact.

Trimming

The Tabermontana plant can form a beautiful crown by itself and therefore does not need to be cut. Only shrubs that have been improperly cared for and their stems have become twisted or elongated should be pruned. Crooked and sloppy shrubs are also pruned.

Flowering

Tabernemontana: home care, replanting and propagation

If properly cared for, the home tabernemontana can bloom spectacularly all year round without interruption. Inflorescences are formed on the tops of young stems.

They include from 3 to 20 flowers of cream or snow-white color. The petals can be smooth or corrugated (depends directly on the variety). Most varieties have fragrant beautiful flowers with a scent similar to jasmine.

What to do to make the tabernemontana bloom in winter

In order for the shrub to bloom lushly and effectively even in winter, it should be cared for in the same way throughout the year. Watering should be abundant but not too frequent, the optimal room temperature is about 22 degrees.

The plant is fed twice a month throughout the year. During the cold season, it is recommended to provide the tabernemontana with extra light with daylight lamps.

Dormant period

Tabernemontana: home care, replanting and propagation

For this plant's dormant period in room conditions, winter is the best. During this time, it is quite difficult to create favorable conditions for normal flowering and vigorous growth. During the dormancy period, the culture is kept in a cool place (around 15 degrees), no fertilizer is added to the substrate, and the frequency of watering is reduced.

Tabernemontana multiplication

Growing from seed

Tabernemontana: home care, replanting and propagation

Sow tabernemontana seeds in a moistened soil mixture. Make sure to cover the seeds from above with foil or glass. The optimum temperature for the seeds to germinate is approximately 18 degrees. Under optimal conditions, seedlings will appear in about 30 days.

Sprouts are slow to develop, and they often die due to unfavorable growth conditions.

A bush grown from seed will be able to enjoy its first blossoms only a couple of years after sowing.

Springinging

Tabernemontana: home care, replanting and propagation

Half-trunk stems only are suitable for taking cuttings. Cuttings should be about 10 centimetres long and have 2 or 3 pairs of leaf blades opening on each one. You can root the cuttings in a mixture of sand and peat or in water. After pruning the cuttings, treat the cuttings with a product that stimulates root formation.

Forming new roots takes quite a long time. It can take up to 8-9 weeks for the cuttings to take root. If the cuttings begin to grow actively, you can transplant them into a separate container. And if the plant is given optimal conditions, it will bloom after only one year.

Tabernemontana / Rooting / Shaping / Upkeep

Possible problems

Tabernemontana: home care, replanting and propagation

Tabernemontana is not very demanding.

It grows quite well indoors, but if it is not cared for properly, its appearance will definitely be affected. Problems can occur with the plant to the florist such as:

  1. Chlorosis, with yellowing of the leaves. Developed by poor soil mixture or by watering with very cold, hard water. Repot the shrub in a suitable soil mixture and adjust the watering.
  2. The foliage turns yellow and shrivels up.

    If root rot is developing or the substrate is too acidic. Examine the root system and cut out any damaged parts. Replant the shrub in a suitable soil mixture.

  3. Pulling stems. Poor lighting.

  4. Flowering of unopened buds. The room is excessively hot and humid. Ventilate the room regularly and make sure there is no draft. Also, don't forget to moisten it regularly with a sprayer. This is a natural process and rejuvenates the leaves.

  5. Foliage shedding. This is a severe lack of nutrients or a lack of water in the soil.
  6. White blobs form on the underside of the leaves. Because of sudden temperature changes or because of stagnant moisture in the substrate. It can also be a sign of a pest.

    Inspect the plant and treat it with an insecticide. Ensure optimum growing conditions.

  7. Slow bush growth, yellowing of leaves, refusal to flower. The root system is very cramped in the old container, so urgent repotting to a larger pot is required.
  8. Drying out and darkening of the leaf plate edges.

    Too dry room air and improper watering regimen.

  9. Dark spots on petal surface. As a result of overwatering the substrate.
  10. Holes appear on the foliage. Water the plant irregularly.

    Make sure the clump of earth in the pot does not dry out completely, as this has a negative effect on the appearance of the plant.

  11. Pests. Most often aphids, spider mites, scales and mealybugs settle on the bush. To get rid of them, use a suitable insecticide.

Tabernemontana species with photos

Tabernemontana divaricata (Tabernaemontana divaricata)

Tabernemontana: home care, replanting and propagation

This variety of tabernemontana is the most popular with florists.

Its stems are densely branched and adorned with large leathery leaf plates of a dark green color to the touch. During flowering very dense inflorescences are formed, which may include up to 20 flowers of snow-white shade with a slight pleasant aroma similar to jasmine. Their petals are corrugated.

Tabernaemontana elegans, or elegans (Tabernaemontana elegans)

Tabernemontana: home care, replanting and propagation

The variety is noted for its unpretentiousness. The narrow, elongated leaf plates have a bright green hue.

Its umbrella-shaped inflorescences consist of 3 to 10 large, non-flowering flowers, colored cream or white. Compared to other varieties and species, this plant has flowers with a faint fragrance.

Tabernaemontana coronaria

Tabernemontana: home care, replanting and propagation

The bush is compact but stands out for its strong branching. The dark green oval leaf plates have a scalloped surface. During flowering, umbrella-shaped inflorescences are formed in the upper parts of the stems.

They include no more than 15 small flowers with non-fluted petals of snow-white color. The flowers are very fragrant.

Tabernaemontana holstii (Tabernaemontana holstii)

Tabernemontana: home care, replanting and propagation

This variety is very rare. The rich green leaf plates have an elongate-oval shape. The pure white rather large flowers have fancifully shaped petals: they are curved and relatively long, looking like propeller blades.

Tabernaemontana sananango (Tabernaemontana sananho)

Tabernemontana: home care, replanting and propagation

This variety has a spectacular appearance. The bush is decorated with large, bright green leaf plates that are highly dense. The snow-white flowers have a spectacular and unusual shape: the narrow and long petals are twisted throughout.

Jungle in the apartment. Passion for tabernemontane.

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