The plant Syngonium is part of the Aroideae family. This genus includes about 30 species, but only 2 or 3 species are cultivated in domestic conditions. The plant is found in tropical Central and South America. Syngonium is a relative of philodendron.
This plant is a herbaceous liana that has aerial roots and thin shoots.
The leaf plates are arrow-shaped. In the beginning they are solid, but with age their form becomes dissected. At home, this flower is cultivated as an ampel plant or as a liana. This plant is popular with florists because of its arrow-shaped leaves. During planting or transplanting in a pot set a special support, because without it the flower can not grow normally.
In the center of the container put a support, then fill in a drainage layer and a small amount of substrate. Place the bush and straighten the roots, then fill the pot with soil and compact it slightly.
Brief description of cultivation
- Flowering. In the home, the syngonium is cultivated as an ornamental and deciduous plant.
Bright but diffuse light is required.
- Temperature. During the growing season, 18 to 24 degrees, in winter 16 to 18 degrees.
- Pouring. During the growing season, moisten the substrate immediately after the top layer has dried, and in winter, two days after that.
- Humidity of the air. Must be elevated. In hot seasons, the syngonium is moistened with a sprayer in the morning and evening every day. Once every 7 days the surface of the leaves should be wiped with a moistened soft cloth. Even to increase air humidity in a wet claydite in the tray and put a pot with a flower on it.
- Fertilizer. Fertilize from spring to fall 1-2 times every 30 days, for this use a complex mineral fertilizer for flowering plants.
- Dormant period. From about October to February.
Above the 6-7 leaf plate, prune the top of the stems.
- Transplanting. Young shrubs are transplanted every year and mature ones once every 2 or 3 years.
- Mixed soil. Sand, leaf and sod soil, and peat (1:2:2:2).
- Propagation. By cuttings.
- Pests. Aphids and scabs.
Rotting of shoots and loss of ornamentality due to improper care and disturbance.
- Properties. The sap of this plant is poisonous.
Signonium. Home care
Home care of Syngonium
Syngonium is recommended to grow at home on a windowsill in a western or eastern orientation.
It can also be planted on a northern window. The Southern window will make it too hot and the too bright light will make the leaves fade, which will have a negative effect on the decorativeness of the plant. Protect the flowers from direct sunlight.
The temperature should be 18-24 degrees during the growing season. And in winter, the flower should be kept cool (16 to 18 degrees).
Water the plant with well-distilled (at least 24 h) soft water. During the warm season, water as soon as the top layer of substrate dries out. In winter, watering is reduced and the soil mixture is moistened only when the top layer of the soil mixture has dried for two days. Do not allow the liquid to stagnate in the substrate.
In hot seasons, moisten the foliage regularly twice a day in the evening and in the morning.
And to remove dust from the leaves, they are regularly wiped with a moistened sponge. To increase the humidity in the air, sprinkle moistened claydite or peat into a tray and place a container with the plant on it, making sure the water does not touch the bottom of it. Don't place the plant near a radiator under any circumstances.
This plant should not be fertilized in the winter. At other times of the year, feed Syngonium with a mineral fertilizer 1 or 2 times every 30 days.
As a rule, this plant does not flower when grown indoors. But if it does bloom, it will have a small flowering cob with a white veil over it.
To make the shrub larger and more showy, you should prune the top shoots. Usually they are used after the sixth or seventh leaf blade.
Potting out the Syngonium
When the plant is young, it is transplanted once a year, but older plants need to be transplanted once every two or three years.
At the bottom of the container make a drainage layer, on top of it fill with soil mixture, which can be neutral or slightly acidic. Sample composition of the substrate: leaf and sod soil, sand and peat (2:2:1:2). This plant can be propagated at home on hydroponics.
Propagation by cuttings
Singonium can be propagated by cuttings. When making cuttings, cut off shoots that should have at least one bud each.
For rooting the cuttings you can use water (add an activated charcoal tablet), vermiculite, sand, sphagnum, or a mixture of moss and sand or peat and sand. Cuttings should be rooted in heat (25 to 27 degrees). After rooting, they are planted in separate pots. To make the bush more lush and spectacular, several cuttings are planted in the same container.
HOW TO PLANT THE SINGONIUM. Germination... propagation.
.. care of the Singonium
The sap of this plant is poisonous. Therefore, avoid getting the sap on your hands, in your mouth or in your eyes. If you do, wash the sap off with plenty of running water.
- Leaf breakage. If the humidity in the room where the Syngonium is located is very low, then the tips and tops of the leaf plates will turn brown. After a while, the leaves begin to fall off.
- Drops on the surface of the foliage. If the humidity is too high, water droplets may form on the tips of the leaves.
This will not harm the plant in any way, so it is not necessary to reduce the humidity level.
- Yellowing of the leaves. If the bush lacks nutrients, its foliage turns yellow.
- Singonium rots. If the plant is kept cool and in high humidity, it can cause rot on the shoots.
- Pests. If the humidity is too low, aphids or scabs may appear on the plant.
Syngonium species with photos and names
This species is a liana. The small, velvety, dark green leaf plates have central veins that sometimes turn silver.
Syngonium podophyllum (Syngonium podophyllum)
The young foliage looks like an arrowhead and the adult foliage looks like slings. The middle part of the leaf plate is up to 30 centimeters long and up to 10 centimeters wide.
Syngonium auritum (Syngonium auritum)
Like Syngonium auritum. This plant is a liana. The long branches reach about 20 mm in thickness.
The glossy green leaf plates change shape as they grow. The young leaves look like the tip of an arrow. And the adult leaf plates are split into 3-5 parts with small segments that look like ears at the base.
#Natka_ sun // Syngoniums new and old ..