The ornamental semi-shrub Stephanandra is becoming more and more popular with gardeners in the mid-latitudes every year. This plant is native to East Asia, more precisely to the territory of Korea and Japan. This perennial deciduous plant has a broad crown, curly shoots and spectacular leaves of rich color. The stamens of Stephanandra flowers are arranged in a circle, so this plant is also called "male wreath".
Peculiarities of Stephanandra
The Stephanandra plant is part of the Rosaceae family.
The height of this semi-shrub varies from 200 to 300 cm, with its crown reaching 200-250 cm in diameter. The branches will over time become arch-shaped and bent under their own weight, which makes the plant look even more spectacular. The edges of the ovate leaf plates are serrated. The leaves are greenish or greenish in summer and change to orange or yellow in fall.
In flowering, the small white flowers open on the shrub, they smell very faint.
For the best appearance it should be planted together with conifers.
Putting Stephanandra outdoors
Stephanandra grows best in well-lit areas. If the shrub is planted in the shade or even a little shade, its already slow growth will slow down even more, but it will not die. Also note that if the shrub will grow in the shade, it may have no flowering.
Fragile light soil of neutral acidity is the best option for growing Stephanandra.
For its planting, you can choose areas with light peat-sand as well as with clay soil or loam. However, pay attention to the fact that excessively dense and heavy soil before planting the bush should be loosened. To do this, it is recultivated with the addition of peat and sand.
When choosing a site, pay attention to the fact that this culture extremely negatively reacts to drafts and cold winds. An open plot blown in from all sides is therefore not suitable for its planting.
Dig a planting hole and remember to make a good layer of drainage at the bottom, using small pieces of broken bricks, small stones or crushed stones. If you are going to plant an adult seedling, the dimensions of the hole prepared for planting should be 0,6x0,6 meters. After the drainage layer is poured, it is covered with a ten centimeter layer of sand.
Prepare the soil for planting in advance. To do this, combine garden soil with peat and sand, it is also recommended to add a little organic matter, such as humus or compost.
In the prepared hole, place the seedling and fill all the voids with the prepared soil mixture. Lightly compact its surface and do not forget to water the bush abundantly.
Stephanandra. Planting Instructions. GardenWithYourHands
Care for Stephanandra
Stephanandra grown in the open ground needs regular watering.
It is done 2 or 3 times every 7 days. However, during long droughts on hot days, the plant should be watered 1 or even 2 times a day. Specialists recommend watering as soon as the soil surface has dried out. If the shrub is not watered in time, it will very quickly begin to wilt and its shoots will droop down. But do not over-water, as rotting can occur if liquids remain in the root system on a regular basis.
Watering best with rain or standing water. During prolonged droughts, the shrub responds well to watering from a sprayer. However, this should be done in the early morning or at sunset. Do not spray in the daytime, as this could result in sunburn to the foliage.
Weeding and Loosening
We recommend hoeing regularly around the shrub.
During this procedure, all weeds are also removed. Regular weeding is very important for the young bush that has not yet had time to get established.
In order to reduce the amount of watering and weeding, the surface of the root zone should be covered with a layer of mulch. Mulching is especially important for shrubs that grow in a well-lit area. This prevents the soil from drying out.
Sanitary pruning is done in the springtime. For this purpose, all superfluous, disease-damaged, injured and withered shoots are cut out. At the same time, formative pruning is also carried out. Be sure to cut out all branches that contribute to the thickening of the crown, otherwise the bush will look ungroomed. Also with an overly dense bush, the sun's rays cannot reach the middle of the bush.
This causes some of the foliage to fall off, making the plant less ornamental.
For Stephanandra to bloom abundantly and have a thick crown, it must be fed with nitrogen-containing fertilizers in the springtime. Also during the growing season, it is fed several times with organics. An infusion of chicken manure or grass can be used for this purpose. To make the infusion, you must follow the following plan:
- Get a container of suitable size and put in it chicken manure, which is poured with water in a ratio of 1:10;
- the mixture must stand for about a week and a half;
- Mix the prepared infusion well and pour it on the bush, and under one bush only pour a little liquid fertilizer.
Also for fertilizing this crop can be used mulch. Sprinkle 1 bucket of humus under the bush. Then mix it into the top layer of soil in the growing bed. These can be purchased at a flower store.
Diseases and pests
Stephanandra is highly resistant to both pests and diseases.
However, experienced gardeners recommend that the shrub be systematically preventively treated with a fungicide solution, which will help protect the bush from powdery mildew, grey rot and rust.
The plant is relatively frost-resistant and is able to withstand a drop in air temperature to minus 25 degrees. However, if the frost is more severe, it may cause the bush to die.
In deep autumn, bend the bush branches down to the soil surface and cover them with dry branches, soil, fallen leaves or lapons. This will help protect the plant from frost.
Remove all coverings in spring.
Stephanandra is an ideal plant for hillsides
Gardening Stephanandra can be propagated in several ways: by seed, cuttings and clippings.
Growing from seed
Seeds of this shrub can be purchased at a flower store. The seeds are sown directly into the open ground, and this is done in May. After the seedlings appear, they may need thinning.
And when they have grown a little and become stronger, they can be transplanted to a permanent place. Note that the seed material of Stephanandra is not subjected to stratification.
This plant is also propagated with cuttings. For this you will need:
- find annual or biennial shoots on the bush and cut them off;
- dip the bottoms of the cuttings in a solution of a product that stimulates root growth, pull them out after 6-7 h;
- to root, plant the cuttings in pots filled with earth mixture, with only 30 mm buried;
- Pour the propagated cuttings and cover them with a transparent cover such as cling film;
- Be sure to air the cuttings systematically and also make sure that the soil in the pot is always a bit humid.
Native roots of the cuttings grow quite quickly.
However, they can only be transplanted to a permanent place in the garden after 1 year.
Reproduction by grafts
To obtain a graft of Stephanandra, a suitable one-year old stem is selected first. At the area where the shoot will be in contact with the soil, it should be lightly incised. Bend the stem to the surface of the soil and lay it in a shallow small ditch, which is made in advance. Fix the shoot in this position with a metal staple, then it is covered with a layer of soil and watered.
The top of the shoot should not be covered with soil. If done correctly, the stem will develop its own roots after some time. When this happens, the offshoot is cut off from the parent bush and planted permanently.
Stephanandra varieties with photos
There are 4 species of stephanandra in nature. However, only 2 of them are cultivated in gardens in the middle latitudes: stephanandra incisa and Tanaki.
Stephanandra incisa (stephanandra incisa)
This slow-growing plant reaches a maximum diameter and height of about 200 cm. It takes 25 to 30 years for the shrub to grow to this size. Throughout the summer and into September it retains its decorative qualities. Lush flowering begins in June and ends in August. But in September the bush is decorated with bright foliage.
During the winter, the parts of the plant that are not covered with snow are damaged by frost and die off. However, the plant quickly recovers with the onset of spring, but may not flower throughout the following season.
As a result of selection work, a dwarf subspecies called Crispa has come into being. Such a plant is only about 0.6 m tall and reaches about 200 cm in diameter.
This shrub looks extremely spectacular and unusual in the garden plot, as if a small cushion of leaves. Such a semi-shrub grows many shoots, eventually sloping to the surface of the soil. They often take root, causing the shrub to spread out.
Stephanandra tanaki, or tanake (stephanandra tanakae)
This species, unlike the others, is relatively strong: it can reach about 200 cm in height and up to 400 cm in circumference. Its large leaves can be up to 100 mm long and its luxuriant inflorescences also reach about 100 mm across.
Flowering of this plant does not last so long compared to other species. It begins in July and ends in late summer or early fall. With the onset of the autumn period, the bush does not lose its effectiveness. At this time, its foliage is colored in various bright shades: burgundy-red, yellow and brown. The frost resistance of this shrub is not high.
In order to preserve the shrub until spring, it must be covered and covered.
Stephanandra in landscape design
Stephanandra shrub looks spectacular in the garden in both summer and fall. But the shrub looks the best against a background of conifers with dark green crowns. Such a shrub can be used to create a hedge. Dwarf Stephanandra is used as a groundcover plant.
STEPHANANDRA and its SOCIETY, BAND OF BARBARISES😂