The plant Statice, or Limonium, is a member of the family Piperaceae, and previously this genus was part of the family Kermekaceae. According to information taken from various sources, this genus includes 166-350 species. In nature such plants can be found in Eurasia and on other continents. Sometimes even in sand dunes kermek can form half-meter-high thickets. The scientific name of this flower means "unbending, resistant".
In Russia this plant is also called by the Turkic word "kermek", sea lavender, Tatar white lemongrass as well as immortelle. Cultivated since 1600
Peculiarities of Statice
Statice is represented by semi-shrubs or perennial herbaceous plants. Large, often root-like leaf plates form a large rosette. The densely pubescent shoots may reach a height of 0.3-0.
9 m; they are erect and leafless. Five-membered small flowers are part of spikelets, which are combined in paniculate or pinnate inflorescences. The flowerpans may be yellow, blue, salmon-colored, crimson, white, blue, purple, pink or purple. The plant blooms in July and continues to bloom until frost sets in. The seeds remain germinating for 4-5 years.
This flower is unpretentious, so it looks like a weed. However, gardeners like it not only for this. Kermek is very resistant to various pests and diseases, as well as to the lack of moisture and other unfavorable external factors. Such a flower can be grown in any soil, it almost does not need to be cared for, and if you want, you can not feed it at all. However, when growing it, you should take into account that it reacts extremely negatively to stagnant liquid in the root system, to strong shading and to sub-zero temperatures.
Because of this, statice is grown as an annual in the middle latitudes.
Garden flowers. Statice (limonium or kermek)
Growing statice from seed
The perennial plant statice is able to propagate itself well by self-seeding. Its blooms are very lush and its fringed paniculate inflorescences stand well in cuts for a long time. Because of this, florists often use kermek to create bouquets and compositions, including dry ones.
Seeding for seedlings
Seeds are covered by a rather tough shell, so they must be scarified before sowing. Take a coarse saw or emery board and run it over the spouts of the seeds. Then immerse them in a solution of Epin for a few hours or keep them in moistened sawdust for two to three days.
Sow the seedlings in February or the first days of March. Peat or humus pots filled with moistened sterile loose soil mixture are used for this purpose and only one seed should be placed in each pot.
Then the seeds should be covered with a thin layer of soil. A container with pots should be covered with glass from above and put it in a place with an air temperature of 16 to 21 degrees. If everything is done correctly, the first seedlings can be shown after 1.5-2.5 weeks from the time of sowing.
In case you want the seedlings to show up much earlier, then use a bottom heat system.
Growing seedlings, do not forget to air them systematically. Once the seedlings have emerged, they will need to be watered regularly, and after this process, do not forget to carefully loosen the substrate surface around the seedlings. Nesting seedlings in individual pots or cups is needed only if a container, box or cassette of small size was selected for its cultivation. It is carried out when the plants will form 2 true leaf plates.
It is important to pick seedlings in good time because their root system grows very quickly and they are quite large and have a long tap root.
The seedlings should always be hardened and this should be done in mid-April. To do this, the container with the plants should be taken outside every day and the time the plants spend outside should be increased little by little. Once the seedlings can be left outdoors for a whole day, they will be completely ready for planting in open soil.
Growing statice from seed(statice, limonium, kermek)! / Grow statice from seed
Potting statice in the open ground
When to plant
Please choose a well sunny location as in a shady place it can die.
This flower does not require protection from gusts of wind. The land can be absolutely any, but the best plant will feel in a sandy or loamy, well-drained, slightly alkaline or neutral soil. Planting seedlings in open soil should be done in June, the fact is that in May there is a high probability of night frosts.
Precautions for planting
This plant rather poorly tolerates transplanting. Therefore, when preparing the planting holes, take into account that their size should be such that all the contents of the pot (root system and clump of earth) can fit freely into them.
Plastic cups should be carefully cut and removed, their contents should be dropped into the wells, which are filled with soil. Planted flowers need watering with salted water (1 big spoon of salt per bucket of water). The distance between the holes depends on the type of statice and may vary from 0.25 to 0.4 m.
Sow the statice seedlings in the ground.
Care for the statice
After planting the kermek in the open soil, you can practically forget about it, as it will grow and develop well without care. All that will be needed is to water it occasionally, as well as to do a timely weeding with simultaneous loosening of the soil on the plot. Water the bushes only when the leaf plates lose their turgor. In rainy summer you can forget about watering such a plant in general, but do not forget at least sometimes to loosen the soil surface near the bushes.
If you have long dry periods in summer, you'll have to water the plant twice a season, and one of the waterings should be made with salted water (7 spoons of salt per 10 liters of water). The bushes should be watered under the root in the evening, and you should take for this purpose well-distilled water, which has warmed up during the day.
Feeding such flowers is not necessarily necessary, but it is recommended to do, if they are grown in poor soil. The first feeding of kermek is done 7 days after the seedlings have been planted in open soil. Subsequent feeding is carried out with a frequency of 1 time in 15-30 days (depends directly on the nutrient content of the soil).
Fertilize the plant with a solution of complex mineral fertilizer. Do not fertilize in autumn.
Diseases and pests
If the summer time is damp or the bushes were watered too often and too abundantly, vegetable rot called Botrytis may develop. In this case the affected bushes should be treated with a fungicide solution. Such a disease as oidium can be recognized by the appearance of white mold.
To cure the bushes, they should be treated with a sulfur-containing agent. When growing kermek, you should consider that it is very resistant to diseases and pests, and it does not get sick often. If such a plant is properly cared for, there will be no problems with its health at all.
The main thing is to grow strong and healthy statice seedlings, and after transplanting them into open soil, you can no longer worry about the plants.
There are frost-resistant types of kermek, which are not afraid of frost up to minus 30 degrees.
However, such flowers should be prepared for wintering in a certain way. After the bush becomes yellow and begins to dry out, its leaves and shoots should be cut to the level of the ground. Then cover the area with needles, twigs, straw or fallen leaves and cover it with fleece. This material is not so much to protect the plant from hard frosts, but from melt water in the spring. Do not forget to fix the material by pressing it with something to the surface of the plot.
Kermek's trimmed inflorescences can go for making dry bouquets. In this case, cut the inflorescences before they begin to fade and their rich color fades under the scorching rays of the sun. The cut inflorescences should be put away in a dark room, and they should be turned upside down and hung up. The flowers will remain in this condition until they are completely dried. Well-dried inflorescences are able to enjoy their bright and very beautiful flowers for more than 1 year.
The species and varieties of statice (kermek) with photos and names
Popular with gardeners are the species of statice described in detail below.
Statica suworowii (Limonium suworowii), or plantain (Psylliostachys suworowii)
The bush reaches about 0.6 meters in height. The long spikes include lilac-pink or pink flowers.
Gmelinii (Limonium gmelinii)
This perennial winter-hardy plant rarely exceeds 0.
5 meters in height. The large shields consist of purple-blue flowers.
Kermek broadleaf (Limonium latifolium)
The bush, which has large, root-like leaf plates, can vary in height from 0.6 to 0.75 m.
The paniculate spreading inflorescences consist of purple-blue flowers. The most popular varieties:
- Violetta. The bushes are decorated with inflorescences of a rich purple hue.
- Blue Cloud. The color of the flowers is lavender.
Kermek perezii (Limonium perezii)
Home of this species is the Canary Islands, where it began to be cultivated. The stems of this plant reach about 0.6 m in height. The large, showy inflorescences are colored purple. They are very often used by florists in creating dry and fresh compositions.
Kermek bonduellii (Limonium bonduellii)
Native to this species is North Africa. This perennial plant reaches about 0.9 m in height. The brittle shoots have no crested outgrowths. The loose inflorescences consist of large white or yellow flowers.
It has been cultivated since 1859. It does not have any cultivars but its seeds are often found in flower mixtures.
Kermek Chinese (Limonium sinensis)
This species has not been cultivated very long. In middle latitudes, this perennial plant is grown as an annual. Its root rosette is made up of dense, shiny leafy plates with a great number of thin peduncles growing from the central part of the rosette; their height varies from 0.
5 to 0.7 m. These flower stalks have delicate inflorescences consisting of small yellow flowers surrounding funnel-shaped perianths of white or cream color. The most popular varieties:
- Confetti. The height of the bush is about 0.
45-0.5 m. The color of the graceful inflorescences is creamy white.
- Elegant. The height of the plant is about 0.
7 m. The inflorescences are colored cream-white.
Kermekus emarginatus (Limonium sinuatum)
Native to this species is the Mediterranean and Asia Minor. This perennial herbaceous plant is grown as an annual. The shoots are about 0.
6 m tall. There are numerous thin root leaves of oblong shape and pale green color. They are pinnately divided or pinnately lobed and have short petioles. Upright or ascending pedicels branch at the top. Small flowers (up to 10 mm in diameter) have pubescent, dry, wheel-shaped calyxes of white, pink or violet-blue color, their corolla light yellow or white.
This species is the most popular and has been cultivated since the 1600s. You can buy flower mixtures of this species, both domestic and foreign. For example:
- Kermek Crimean. In this mixture, the height of the flowers varies from 0.3 to 0.
8 m. The color of the inflorescences is blue, purple, pink or yellow.
- Mixt Hybrids. The bushes are about 0.45 m tall.
The color of the flowers is white, blue, pink, purple and yellow.
- Kermek Suprem. This series of varieties is represented by plants not exceeding 0.6 m in height, in a variety of colors.
A series of varieties with bushes about 0.7 m high, the inflorescences colored in various shades of salmon color.
- Fortress. The bush reaches a height of 0.7-0.
8 m. The color of the flowers is yellow, blue, purple, white or pink.
- Compinidis. A series of varieties with plants about 0.5 m tall.
Inflorescences of blue, blue and pink coloration.
- Petite BouquetSeries. The compact bushes are about 0.3 m tall. They produce a very large number of inflorescences, colored in bedding tones: blue, light pink, white, lilac or cream.
Besides such multicolor mixtures, you can buy varieties presented in one color if you wish:
- Blue River. The height of the bush is half a meter. The color of the flowers is sky blue.
- Epricot. Bushes 0.
6 m high are decorated with pink and salmon inflorescences.
- Lavendel. Shrub height 0.8 m, color of inflorescences lavender.
Bushes 0.75 m tall, flowers colored white.
- Nachtblau. Bushes reaching 0.9 m in height are adorned with dark blue flowers.
- Rosenshimmer and Emeriken Beauty. The bush reaches 0.6 m in height. The color of the inflorescences is pink and carmine.