Spatiophyllum: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation

The rather spectacular plant Spathiphyllum is a member of the Aroideae family. This genus includes about 45 species. In nature such a plant can be found in the tropical forests of Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela, as well as on the Philippine island. The genus name is derived from the Greek words "spata" and "phyllum", which respectively translates as "veil" and "leaf".

Spatifillum features

Spatiophyllum: home care, replanting and propagation

The genus spatifillum includes perennial plants that are stemless.

Their leaf plates grow from the root itself and can be oval or lanceolate. In spring flowering begins, and the inflorescence appears on the shrub, which is a cob covered by a veil. When the bush is finished blooming, cut the flower stems as low as possible.

This plant is very popular with florists because it is easy to care for when it is cultivated in the room. It also has decorative leaf plates, which also influenced its high popularity.

Although considered an unpretentious flower, it requires abundant watering and a high level of humidity in the room to grow and develop properly.

Brief description of cultivation

Spatiophyllum: home care, replanting and propagation

  1. Flowering. It is observed in April-July.
  2. Brightness. Needs plenty of bright sunlight.

  3. Temperature. Approximately 22 degrees (not below 18 degrees) in spring and summer, 16-18 degrees (not below 10 degrees) in winter.
  4. Watering. During the growing period watering is carried out as soon as the upper layer of substrate in the container dries up to 10-15 mm. During the winter time watering should be more scanty and less frequent, however, it must not be allowed to dry out the ground in the pot.

  5. Air humidity. It should be high. It is recommended to put the pot with the bush on wet keramzit, which is poured into the tray, and also spatifillum should be systematically moistened with a sprayer. When the buds are formed, spraying must be done very carefully so that the water drops do not get on them.
  6. Fertilizer.

    During the vegetation period fertilise once every 7 days with either compound fertiliser (1/2 of the dosage stated on the package) or liquid cowpea. During winter time decrease the amount of fertilizers to 1 time in 30 days.

  7. Dormant period . Starts in October and ends in January.
  8. Repotting.

    In the springtime, but only when necessary, or rather when the roots become too crowded in the pot.

  9. Mixed soil. Muck, peat, river sand, and also sod and deciduous soil. All components are taken in equal proportions.
  10. Propagation.

    Shrub division and cuttings.

  11. Pests. Spider mites, mealybugs and aphids.
  12. Diseases. If water stagnates in the substrate, brownish-yellow spots will form on the leaves.

    And if the air in the room is too dry, the foliage will lose its decorativeness. The flower also reacts negatively to excess or lack of nutrients.

Spatifillum. Care and propagation.

Home care of spatifillum

Spatiophyllum: home care, replanting and propagation

Brightness

When growing spatifillum at home, it is recommended to choose a south-facing window for it.

Experts advise, protect it from direct sunlight. The fact is that if the flower will grow in diffused light, it will bloom much longer, and the bush itself will be larger. If you grow it in the shade, its leaves will become elongated and will be colored dark green. This is also detrimental to flowering, which may not occur at all.

Temperature regime

In the spring and summer period, the room temperature should not be below 18 degrees, but it's best if it stays around 22 degrees.

During the cold season, make sure that the room is not colder than 16 degrees, otherwise the development of the bush will slow down. If the air temperature drops to 10 degrees and below, rot may appear on the flower, which leads to its death. Draughts can also kill the plant.

Watering

Spatiophyllum: home care, replanting and propagation

All year round, use only well-drained water for watering (must stand for at least 24 hours). In spring and summer, and throughout the flowering period, watering should be abundant, and spend it after two days after drying of the top layer of soil.

In winter watering is reduced, but the substrate in the pot should not dry out. Because of stagnant liquid in the soil mixture, the plant can die. If the flower needs water, its leaves droop, and when watering is excessive, dark-colored spots appear on their surface.

Wetting

Spatiophyllum: home care, replanting and propagation

When growing in room conditions, the culture needs systematic spraying. To maintain high air humidity, it is recommended to put wet pebbles or claydite in a tray and place a container with the flower on top.

In the summertime he can arrange a warm shower. Note that even if the flower is systematically moistened twice a day from a sprayer, the tips of its leaf plates can still wither. When the bush is flowering, make sure that the moisture does not get onto the veil and cob when moistening.

If the optimum humidity is maintained in the room, the bush will produce flowers from the second half of fall to the middle of winter, despite the dormant period.

Feeding

Spatiophyllum: home care, replanting and propagation

From early spring to September the plant will need regular fertilization with mineral fertilizer.

In doing so, the nutrient solution should be in a weak concentration (1 to 1.5 grams of fertilizer per liter of water). Spathiphyllum responds well to alternating fertilization with mineral fertilizer and cowpea solution (4-6%). The shrub will need plenty of water before and after the fertiliser application.

In winter, only fertilise if the shrub has flowers and they should be infrequent (once every 4 weeks).

Remember that if there is too much nutrient in the substrate, brown spots can form on the leaves.

Potting Spatifillum

Spatiophyllum: home care, replanting and propagation

Potting is only done when the plant's root system becomes very crowded in the container. The springtime is perfect. This should be done very carefully so as not to traumatize the roots. Suitable for transplanting a soil mixture consists of deciduous and turf soil, as well as humus, peat and river sand, which are taken in equal proportions.

And for this purpose, a substrate consisting of humus and a small amount of small pieces of bricks and charcoal will do. The new container should be slightly larger than the old one, and do not forget to make a good drainage layer at its bottom before planting. In order that after transplanting the plant adapted and took root much faster, it is necessary to increase the frequency of moisture from the sprayer, as well as to provide him with warmth and moderate watering. It's best to put plastic on the plant for this time and air it twice a day. PART 2

Spatifillum propagation methods

Propagation with cuttings

Spatiophyllum: home care, replanting and propagation

Wet sand is recommended for rooting spatifillum cuttings.

They need heat (at least 22 degrees). Once the cuttings have grown roots, they are planted in individual pots filled with a mixture of leaf, peat and sod soil and sand (2:2:1:1).

Spatifillum division multiplication

Spatiophyllum: home care, replanting and propagation

At the time of transplanting in the spring, the flower is multiplied by root division if desired. Young growth points form at the shortened stem, and new leaf plates emerge from them. If necessary, divide the root into several parts, and each division should have 2 or 3 leaf plates and one growth point.

The division should be done in a warm place (about 21 degrees). For planting dividers use pots, in cross section reaching 15 centimeters, as well as soil mixture consisting of peat, sand, mulch and leaf soil (2:1:2:2), and still it must add a few pieces of bricks, charcoal and bark. You can also use a substrate of coniferous and leaf soil, peat, sand and humus (2:2:2:1:2). And another suitable earth mixture of leaf, peat, coniferous and humus soil and sand (2:4:1:1:1). A small amount of charcoal is recommended.

SPATIFICILLUM PLANTING. CUSTOM DIVISION. Waiting!)

Possible problems

Spataphyllum not flowering

Spatiophyllum: home care, replanting and propagation

There are several reasons. Problems with flowering are usually due to low holding temperatures and insufficient moisture. Spatifillum will not bloom if it is not fertilized with mineral and organic fertilizers.

Also, older Spatifillums rarely bloom.

How to make a Spatifillum bloom. What does a "lady's happiness" need to bloom?

The leaves turn black

Spatiophyllum: home care, replanting and propagation

Blackness on the leaves indicates a dying root system. More often than not, this problem is due to improper watering. Leaves can turn black either by underwatering or by overwatering.

Black leaves can also appear with a lack of phosphorus and nitrogen. Remember not to spray the plant in a cold room. To save the flower's life, it should be removed from the pot and new roots removed, then transplanted into a container with new earth substrate.

Leaves yellowed

Spatiophyllum: home care, replanting and propagation

Dried and yellowed leaf tips indicate underwatering. To correct this problem, you should give the plant a weekly bath.

This procedure will not only help with the yellowing on the leaves, but will also protect the flower from pests. If you have not watered the plant for a long time, you can save it. But do not pour water on the flower right away. After soaking the dry soil, the amount of water is increased gradually. Spathiphyllum can also wilt with insufficient moisture.

In this case, spraying and wiping the leaves will help. The plant can be placed in a tray with moist expanded clay. Yellowing can also occur if the plant is attacked by pests.

Pests

Spatiophyllum: home care, replanting and propagation

The main pests for spatifillum are spider mites and aphids. To get rid of them, the plant should be scrubbed with a soapy solution with nicotine sulfate.

Only when treating against parasites, you should cover the ground cover with a film, the liquid should not get into the soil. If you regularly wash and wipe the leaves of the plant with a damp sponge, you can forget about the pests forever.

SPATIFILLUM has black and dry leaves ❖❖❖❖ Problems and solutions

Views Spathiphyllum with photos and names

Spathiphyllum cannifolium (Spathiphyllum cannifolium)

Spatiophyllum: home care, replanting and propagation

Native to Venezuela and Thailand. The coloration of the ovate leaves is deep green. The fragrant yellow-green cob is covered by a blanket of greenish-white coloration.

Spathiphyllum cochlearispathum)

Spatiophyllum: home care, replanting and propagation

In nature, the species is found in Brazil. The bush is about 100 cm tall. The glossy, elongated, lanceolate, dark green leaf plates are up to 0.4 m long and up to 0.2 m wide, with a wavy edge.

The petiole is long, about 0.7 m. The inflorescence is a white cob that is covered by a long oval veil.

Spathiphyllum floribundum (Spathiphyllum floribundum)

Spatiophyllum: home care, replanting and propagation

Native species from Colombia. The bush is about half a meter tall.

The foliage is oval-lanceolate in shape, about 12 centimeters wide and up to 25 centimeters long. The cob is covered by a blanket of white color.

Spathiphyllum charming (Spathiphyllum blandum)

Spatiophyllum: home care, replanting and propagation

In nature, the species is found in tropical regions of America. The dark green leaf plates have an elongate-lanceolate shape and a bent tip. The cob is covered by a white-greenish veil.

Since the flower's veil is similar in appearance to a flag, the plant is also called a phlagolite. A flowering shrub has several inflorescences. Flowering is observed from the second half of April to early June.

Spathiphyllum wallisii

Spatiophyllum: home care, replanting and propagation

The species is native to the rainforests of Colombia. The bush is about 0.

3 m tall. The shape of the dark green foliage is oblong-lanceolate. The white cob is covered by a coverlet that is longer than it is. The color of the veil changes from white to green. Excellent for growing indoors, with lush and long blooms.

Spathiphyllum heliconiifolium)

Spatiophyllum: home care, replanting and propagation

Wild is found in the humid rainforests of Brazil. The bush is about 100 cm tall. The dark green, glossy leaf plates are up to 25 cm wide and up to 50 cm long, their shape elongate-elliptical slightly pointed at the top, the edge is wavy. The petiole is a little less than 100 cm long. The inflorescence reaches 10 centimeters in length, it is a calyx, the color of which passes from white to almost black.

The oval coverlet is about 10 centimeters wide and up to 15 centimeters long. Grows quite well in room conditions.

Spatifillum varieties. The most popular varieties of "lady's happiness."

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