Skimmia: Care At Home, Photos Of Species, Reproduction

The evergreen shrub Skimmia (Skimmia) is directly related to the Rutaceae family. It is native to Southeast Asia as well as Japan.

This shrub has a dome-shaped crown, and its height usually does not exceed 100 centimeters. The full-edged, dense, glossy, oblong-shaped leaves are similar in appearance to laurel leaves. They are dark green on the front side and pale green on the back.

Leaf blades may have a reddish border. Leaves may vary in length from 5 to 20 centimeters and in width equal to 5 centimeters. There are glands on the underside of the leaves, and they are clearly visible to the light. If they are touched, the leaves become fragrant. The dense panicle-like inflorescences bear small flowers which have a sweet odor.

The fruit is a red knuckle with only 1 seed in it.

This shrub has a spectacular appearance throughout the season. At the beginning of the spring period, flowers form on it, and in the autumn time rich red berries appear. The fruits on the skimmia can last the entire winter period. Often this plant has flowers, buds and last year's fruits all at the same time.

Home care for skimmia

Skimmia: care at home, photos of species, reproduction

Bright light

Need bright light, but it must be diffused. This plant can be grown in the penumbra, but then its stems will become elongated and some of the foliage may fall off. It is necessary to protect from direct rays of the sun, because they are capable of leaving severe burns on the surface of the leaves.

Temperature regime

This shrub simply needs fresh air. For this reason, experts advise moving it outside during the warm season.

In winter time it feels the best in a cool place (not more than 10 degrees).

Humidity

Grows and develops normally in low air humidity, which is typical for city apartments.

How to water

In spring and summer the plant needs regular watering, with the soil being slightly moist all the time. During the winter, watering is reduced, especially if the wintertime is cold.

Skimmia: care at home, photos of species, reproduction

Fertilizer

Fertilizer is applied to the soil from April to September 2 or 3 times every 4 weeks.

Use fertilizer for flowering plants.

Perfect transplanting

Skimmia: care at home, photos of species, reproduction

Transplanting is done annually in the spring, with the container being commensurate with the shrub.

The suitable soil should be acidic, rich in humus and well drained. It reacts negatively to the lime content of the soil. To prepare the earth mixture, combine loam, peat and sand.

Spreading methods

Can be multiplied by cuttings and seeds.

Before sowing, the seeds should be stratified (treated at low temperatures). The seeds are sown into a mixture of peat and sand with a pH of 5-5.5. The container is placed in a cool place.

Rooting is done in August and February and half-timbered cuttings are used. They should be treated with drugs that stimulate root formation and then planted in sand. The favorable temperature is 18 to 22 degrees.

Pests and diseases

The plant can be settled by scales, aphids and spider mites. Panonychus citri is the most dangerous.

This type of pest affects citrus crops. Such shrubs may contract grape oidium or powdery mildew.

Main species

Skimmia japonicathis dioecious plant may be 100 to 150 centimeters high. To get berries from this type of skimmia, a female and a male plant will have to be planted side by side. Small star-shaped female and male flowers are gathered on different plants in apical panicle-shaped inflorescences.

Flowering begins in March or April. By the beginning of the fall, glossy red berries form on the bush.

The most popular varieties:

"Rubella"

Skimmia: care at home, photos of species, reproduction

The purple leaf plates, the flower buds are dark red while the exclusively male white flowers have yellowish anthers.

"Foremanii"

Skimmia: care at home, photos of species, reproduction

This is a hybrid plant with female florets and produces large showy bunches of berries.

"Magic Marble"

Skimmia: care at home, photos of species, reproduction

Lots of yellowish strokes on the surface of the mottled leaf plates, the buds have a bronze coloration and the flowers are creamy.

"Fructo Alba"

Skimmia: care at home, photos of species, reproduction

The berries are colored white.

"Fragrans"

Skimmia: care at home, photos of species, reproduction

The flowers have a lily-like smell.

"Smits Spider"

Skimmia: care at home, photos of species, reproduction

The green buds become mango-colored by November.

"Brocox Rocket"

Skimmia: care at home, photos of species, reproduction

The large ball-shaped inflorescences consist of green-colored flowers that begin white in November.

Skimmia reevesiana (Skimmia reevesiana)

Skimmia: care at home, photos of species, reproduction

This dwarf plant is self-pollinated.

It has both male and female fragrant flowers, colored light white. The fruits are represented by oval, raspberry-colored berries.

Fruits are represented by oval berries..

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