Sisygium: Care At Home, Photos With Species, Reproduction

The plant Syzygium (Syzygium) is represented by evergreen shrubs as well as by trees belonging to the Myrtaceae family. In nature it can be found in tropical countries of the Eastern Hemisphere (e.g. Malaysia, Madagascar, Australia, India and Southeast Asia).

The name of this plant comes from the Greek word "syzygos" - "paired".

It refers to the leaves, which are arranged in pairs.

This evergreen plant can reach a height of 20 to 30 meters. The young growth is highly ornamental, so its color is reddish. The glossy, leathery leaves are simple, and they are arranged in a suprotective manner. The glands of the leaves contain essential oils, which have found wide application in cooking, medicine, as well as in perfumery.

Inflowers are arranged in axillary inflorescences and are pink, white or mauve. They have four sepals and a large number of stamens. Flowers can reach 10 centimeters in diameter. A large number of varieties of this plant produce edible fruits.

Home care for the Sisigium

Sisygium: care at home, photos with species, reproduction

Brightness

Prefers very bright light, but not very much direct sunlight will do it any harm at all.

However, it needs shade from the midday scorching sun in the summertime. In winter the plant should be extra-lighted by daylight lamps, with the duration of the light day being 12 to 14 hours. It grows well under intensive artificial light without sunlight at all.

Temperature regime

In spring and summer, the plant needs moderate temperatures ranging from 18 to 25 degrees. With the onset of fall time, the temperature should be gradually lowered.

At the same time, it is recommended to keep it in a cool 14 to 15 degrees during the winter.

Humidity

Necessitates high humidity, as well as systematic moistening of the leaves from a sprinkler. If the winter is cold, spraying should not be done.

How to water

Sisygium: care at home, photos with species, reproduction

Spring and summer watering should be systematic. Thus, the plant is watered after the top layer of substrate has dried.

With the onset of fall time, water less. If the winter is cool, watering should be very sparing, but to allow complete overdrying of the ground ball should not be allowed. Water with soft, filtered or well-drained water at room temperature.

Feeding

Feeding in spring and summer once every 2 weeks. Mineral fertilizers are used.

In autumn and winter, no fertilizer is applied to the soil.

Repotting features

Potting is done in the springtime. Young specimens once a year and adults as needed. The soil mixture should have the following composition: 2 parts of sod soil and 1 part each of leafy soil, peat and humus, as well as sand. Be sure to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the container.

Propagation methods

Sisygium: care at home, photos with species, reproduction

Propagation can be by cuttings, seeds and air sprouts.

Sow only fresh seeds. They should be immersed in a fungicidal solution for some time before sowing. Sow in January or February. Container should be covered with cling film or glass and put it in a well-lit warm (25 to 28 degrees).

Systematic airing and spraying with a sprayer is necessary.

Seedlings are sprouted after 2 true leaves have grown. Pots with a diameter of 7 to 8 centimeters are used for planting. Watering should be abundant. Place the plants in a brightly lit place, and the temperature at night should not fall below 16 degrees, and during the day - less than 18 degrees.

Rooting semi-woody cuttings at a temperature of 24 to 26 degrees. Once they are rooted, transplant into containers 9 centimeters in diameter.

Diseases and pests

May be settled by scab and aphids.

If the humidity is too high, spots will form on the leaf plates and this will cause them to die off.

Main species

Syzygium fragrant, or Clove Tree (Syzygium aromaticum)

Sisygium: care at home, photos with species, reproduction

This evergreen tree can reach 10 to 12 meters in height.

The elongated, full-edged, dark green leaflets can reach 8-10 centimeters in length and 2 to 4 centimeters in width. The florets are gathered into semi-ozones in groups of a few and are white in color. The unopened buds are the most valuable. They are a quarter of the essential oils. As soon as they begin to turn reddish, they are harvested and dried in the sun.

The dried fruit is dark brown in color, has a pungent taste and spicy smell. Such a spice is commonly known as cloves.

Syzygium cumini (Syzygium cumini)

Sisygium: care at home, photos with species, reproduction

This evergreen tree can reach 25 meters in height. The bark and branches are grayish or white in color. The dark green, leathery, slightly thickened leaves are oval in shape, 15-20 centimeters long and 8-12 centimeters wide.

Collected in false umbrellas whitish florets, in diameter can reach 15 millimeters. The purplish-red oval fruit is 10-12 millimeters in diameter.

Syzygium jambosa (Syzygium jambos)

Sisygium: care at home, photos with species, reproduction

This evergreen tree can reach about 8-10 meters in height. The green, dense, glossy leaves are oblong-lanceolate in shape, reaching 15 centimeters in length and 2 to 4 centimeters in width. It has whitish, umbrella-shaped inflorescences at the top of its stems.

The yellow round fruit is oval in shape.

Syzygium paniculatum, not so long ago called Eugenia myrtifolia

Sisygium: care at home, photos with species, reproduction

This evergreen shrub or tree can reach a height of 15 meters. The young growth has a red color and the new branches are tetrahedral. As the plant matures, the bark begins to peel off slightly. The glossy leaf laminae can reach 3 to 10 centimeters in length.

They are supropositely arranged and elliptical or lanceolate in shape. On the surface of the leaves are glands with essential oils. Colored white flowers are part of the paniculate clusters. The florets have 4 petals as well as protruding stamens. The fruit is a berry which reaches 2 centimeters in diameter.

It is colored violet or purple and can be eaten. The berries are part of bunches similar to those of grapes.

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