The shady places in a garden plot are not easy to beautify. The fact is that relatively few crops are known to grow and develop normally in such conditions. If the shady place is located near a large tree, the soil in such a place, as a rule, is not very fertile and also has high humidity. To successfully ennoble such a place, you need to think carefully. For arrangement of shady ledges or corners, located in the northern part of the garden, it is recommended to use fern, ivy or periwinkle.
These types of plants thrive well even in very dark areas. If you want more variety, you can look for other shade growing crops and prefer shade perennials which are easy to grow. But the shade-loving varieties will have to look for. Most species can grow in a partially shaded area with little sunlight, but the bushes do not bloom as lushly or the foliage becomes faded. Crops planted near shrubs and trees or growing near the north wall of a building are in these conditions.
Ferns do well in a shaded area, but they need moderately moist soil. The following fern species are the most popular with gardeners:
- Masculine fern;
- Masculine bentgrass;
- Brushberry brittlebrush;
- Strawberry common;
- Spiny fern.
What plants to plant in a shady area
The perennial groundcover plants below will be described in detail, which are soil-draining and shade-tolerant.
European hoofgrass, ivy and periwinkle
Ivy, common barberry and European hoofgrass do not need much light for normal growth. They grow best in nutritious, humid and nutritious soil, but can also grow in the worst conditions.
Even when growing in a shady spot, such cultivars grow and develop normally.
A perennial plant like creeper grows in large groups. It forms creeping shoots under the soil surface, thus it is often used for soil protection against landslides. Uvula grows well in the shade.
In its flowering time the shrub is decorated with small blue flowers which are part of the spike-like inflorescence.
Flowering is observed in May-August. Varieties with reddish-brown foliage are often grown in gardens.
The shade-tolerant cinquefoil blooms in April and ends its flowering in June. Its small florets are gathered in cluster-like inflorescences. The hollyhock has an aroma similar to hay.
An evergreen plant like pachysandra apex is also called Japanese milkweed. Flowering is observed in May, and the flowers are of no ornamental value. Such a shade-loving culture can be used to ennoble the area under trees. The bushes grow strongly, covering the ground in a beautiful green carpet.
A member of the Stonebrush family, the shade-loving spleen has both perennial and annual varieties.
This crop gets such an unusual name because it is used for diseases of the spleen. The perennial varieties prefer to grow in moist soil. Their shoots are decorated with evergreen leafy plates that are leathery to the touch. Flowering is observed in May, small star-shaped flowers appear on the bush. They are colored white, with the central part of them being red.
The flowers are part of loose panicles.
Sunflower Stonebrush is a small, compact bush. It often forms a rather extensive turfgrass that does not flower. This plant is most widespread in the Northern Hemisphere. The lush inflorescences consist of small pink-colored flowers.
This flower prefers to grow in the penumbra and is best suited to nutritious and moist soil. Stonecrop can form dense extensive thickets that are highly decorative.
Plants for shade and penumbra. Shade garden
Greens that tolerate shade
Some herbaceous crops feel quite well in shaded areas. Shade-loving grasses will be described in more detail below.
Forest and snowberry
Forest and snowberry is a fairly popular shade-loving perennial plant among gardeners. It is often planted under shrubs or trees. However, the bristlewort will die if left in deep shade the whole time.
The bristlewort is an evergreen plant with long hairs on its leaves.
Marsh fescue or common fescue or low sedge is a semi evergreen or evergreen perennial herb in the grass family.
It grows well in shaded areas.
Low shade-loving perennials
Garden areas are often decorated with the shade-loving scented violet. Its small purple-blue flowers have a very pleasant fragrance. The plant is unpretentious and fast spreading. Flowering is observed in March and May.
When planting violets you should remember that they spread very quickly around the site and can easily take up territory not intended for them.
Red medunica is about 0.3-0.4 m tall. Flowering is observed from March to May, at which time the bushes are decorated with small red-brick flowers.
The crop can be planted under shrubs or trees.
Sugar Honeydew grows in shade and semi-shade. It prefers nutritious soil with increased moisture. Its dark green, showy leaf plates have specks of contrasting silvery-white hue. When formed, the flowers have a red-coral hue.
But when they open, their color changes to blue, pink or purple. Flowering occurs in March or April. Such honeysuckle forms lush and dense bushes that will hold up the soil.
Honeybush noble is an evergreen herbaceous plant. It forms low carpets.
Under favorable conditions, the foliage persists throughout the winter: the plate is green at the top and light yellow at the bottom. Lacewings are often planted under tall trees to create a green carpet.
Lacewings prefer to grow in shady areas. Their reproduction occurs by rhizomes. However, in dense shade, lily of the valley blooms are sparse, but the foliage grows beautifully.
To plant this culture, you need to choose a place that will be in the shade at least half the day. The bushes are decorated with small bell-shaped flowers with a distinctive scent.
Garden hellebore is one of the first to bloom with the onset of spring in the garden. If the winter period is relatively warm, the flowers may bloom as early as December. This plant should be planted in a shady area and the location should be sheltered and very damp.
Flowering of the eastern cornice in May with golden-yellow flowers. It will do best in loose garden soil with plenty of moisture. It is recommended to choose not too dark, semi-shaded areas for planting.
The shade-tolerant small-toothed primrose grows poorly in sunny areas and may even die. A slightly shaded area is fine for it.
The soil should be loamy, neutral and nutritious, and it should be constantly moist (even in summer).
What to Plant in Shade 🌺 The Most Shade-Loving Plants 🌸
The following will describe in more detail those high perennials that can be grown in partial shade.
Japanese hosta (fungia) is best suited to growing in soil that is not too moist and nutritious, and a shaded location is best. However, the hosta also grows well in well-lit areas. Bushes are decorated with large leaf plates which often have an unusual color.
The common dense thickets of common daphne forms, which can reach a height of about 200 cm. From June to July, the bushes are decorated with long paniculate inflorescences. This herbaceous crop is a very shade-loving one. It is unpretentious and undemanding in care. At the same time the flower grows in any soil and does not need replanting for many years.
It is highly resistant to pests and diseases, and it also withstands severe frosts.
Brushberry is part of the Buttercup family. For its cultivation, it is recommended to choose sites that are in the penumbra or shade. Flowering is observed from August to September. The luxuriant, candle-shaped inflorescence is made up of small flowers which have a pungent scent.
The inflorescences are about 0.6 m long.
Busulnik dentate grows and develops best in a shaded area with high humidity. If grown in a sunny location, the bush may wither. From August to September the bush is decorated with yellow flower baskets.
The large leaf plates are also highly decorative.
Japan anemone prefers to grow in a partially shaded area in loamy sandy soil with increased moisture. The bush is about 0.9 m tall. Flowering is observed in the last summer weeks, most often with flowers tinged pink.
Zarzhitsa (Cortusa Mattioli)
A medium height perennial plant, Zarzhitsa is not often found in garden plots. The bush is decorated with showy purple-purple bell-shaped flowers. Blooms in May-July. It prefers a semi-shaded area with nutritious and moist soil.
Venus slipper orchid (true slipper)
Gardeners do not often choose Venus slipper for their garden decoration.
The plant belongs to the Orchid family. Prefers to grow in shady areas and in thickets. Flowering is observed in May. The flowers have a pleasant scent of lemon and vanilla.
Nedotroga Wallerian (Impatiens Valerian)
Homeland of the herbaceous perennial plant Nedotroga Wallerian is Africa.
In middle latitudes it is often cultivated as an annual. It grows best in a shaded area. The crop blooms lushly and long, and its highly decorative flowers can be colored in a variety of colors.
Astilba (false spirea)
The perennial astilba plant has bright inflorescences that can beautify even dark parts of a garden plot. The plant requires moist and nutritious soil for normal development.
Often astilbe is planted on the banks of reservoirs and ponds.
The shade-loving lilies have flowers similar in appearance to lilies. They are easy to care for and unpretentious. This perennial plant grows well even in a partially shaded area. This culture has many spectacular varieties with unusual flowers.
Some varieties have flowers as if decorated with golden brocade, other varieties have flowers similar to exotic butterflies, others have velvet petals.
Bulb and tuber plants for shade
Bushes of snowdrops are not tall and decorated with small dangling white flowers. This shade-loving plant blooms in March. Its flowers are among the first to open in the garden in spring. The crop is highly frost-resistant.
The tuberous crop Dodecateon common is not often seen in middle latitude gardens. The bushes bloom very beautifully and are highly resistant to frost. The crop can be grown in a semi-shady place. It is recommended to be planted with other perennials because when the shrub blooms, it wilts.
The creeper plant is part of the subfamily Dymyanka.
This herbaceous crop comes in medium to low-growing varieties. Regions with a temperate climate are suitable for its cultivation. In May the bushes are decorated with blue, white, pink and purple flowers.
The herbaceous perennial Chess grouse plant is decorated with spectacular drooping flowers whose petals are decorated with an unusual rowdy pattern. Wet and shady areas of spring flower beds and rockeries are suitable for its cultivation, and it can also be planted in the garden lawn or under shrubs.
15 SHADE BLOODS / SHADE FAVORITE
Shade loving perennial shrubs
Grow the wolfberry in a shady spot. The flowering of this shrub is lush and early. The flowers are colored white or pink. The fruits appear from June to July.
Please note that the fruits of such a plant contain a strong poison.
That is why one of the names of such a shrub is the lethal wolfberry. Never plant it in areas where there are children.
Hortensia is a beautifully flowering shrub. It can be grown in shaded areas, but flowering is poorer in these conditions. Hydrangea panicula is best suited for shady spots.
The shade-tolerant rhododendron grows well in shady and semi-shady places. It is better to choose a secluded place for it that has protection from the wind. Such a beautifully flowering shrub delights with its flowers from May to early June. The soil is best suited sandy-humus, loose and moderately moist. It should also be acidic.
Padula sharpleaf is an ornamental shrub that belongs to the holly family. It can be grown in a shady spot under tall trees. Secluded areas that are protected from the wind are best suited for its cultivation. Also consider the fact that the plant can be harmed by drastic fluctuations in temperature. Bright sunlight in the afternoon can cause burns on the leaves.
Ostrolifers are ornamented with spherical shaped fruits, which look impressive against the dark green leaves. They stay up all winter long. That said, the holly can be killed by severe frosts.
Homeland of the perennial shrub fuchsia is America. In middle latitudes, it is cultivated as an annual because of its low frost tolerance.
In summer, fuchsia can be planted in the open ground, with the choice of an area that is in the penumbra or shade. The plant does not feel well in sunny areas.
This culture needs systematic feeding, as well as the need to ensure optimal humidity of the soil. The shrub pleases with its blossoms throughout the summer and autumn period. The shrub is brought indoors in a cool place to overwinter.
The best way to grow beech is in a slightly moist, nutritious soil. It can be cultivated in a shady area.
Mountain Ash is a fast growing tree that is resistant to polluted air. A nutritious soil is best, but can also grow in moderately fertile soil. A semi-shaded area may be selected for planting ash trees.
A relatively low and stable ash tree is a shrub or tree. This shade-loving crop is undemanding to the quality of the soil. In summer and fall the branches of the shrub are decorated with spectacular red-orange berries.
Mountain Elm as well as European Elm prefer to grow in a nutritious and moist soil. They are highly resistant to low temperatures as well as shade-loving.
They are susceptible to the Dutch elm disease.
Canadian hemlock is a coniferous shrub or tree. It grows best in areas of high humidity and nutritious soil. Dwarf varieties are grown on small garden plots. As a rule, they are planted in shady rockeries or in squares.
Plants that can be grown under trees
Crops such as these can be planted under tall trees that form extensive dense shade:
Plants for coastal areas with high humidity
The following plants are most commonly grown in shady coastal areas with high humidity:
- marsh stunted grass;
- wortleaf broom;
- Iris siberian, Japanese, common yellow;
- cucumber European;
- Tradescantia virginica, Anderson.
Fruit shrubs, trees and vegetable crops
There are relatively few fruit crops that grow and grow well in shady areas. If the shaded area is under a tall tree, the soil there is usually not very fertile, and it is also excessively wet. As for agricultural crops, there are far fewer shade-loving varieties compared to ornamental varieties.
But even in shaded areas you can try to grow some herbaceous, vegetable and fruit crops. For this purpose it is recommended to choose those crops that are able to grow normally in partial shade.
Berry shrubs, nuts
The most shade tolerant varieties of agricultural crops are found among shrubs. The fact is that they either were or still are part of the forest floor.
Currants are unpretentious, but should be given plenty of compost in the ground for normal growth.
The plant is hardy and does well in partial shade. Popular varieties:
- white currants - berries are very sweet, because of which they are adored by children;
- red currants - taste of fruits is sour;
- black currants - contains a lot of vitamin C, excellent for canning.
It is best to plant currants in deep autumn. Medium to heavy sandy, humus and loamy soil is excellent for the shrub. The ground should be sufficiently moist.
In partial shade, the gooseberry grows within limits. It is more demanding of soil than currants: it must be slightly acidic, nutritious and have optimum moisture. Berries may be yellow, green or pale red; they often have glandular hairs on their surface. Some varieties have glossy, smooth berries.
Joshta is a hybrid of gooseberry and blackcurrant.
It grows well in partial shade. Gooseberries and joshtas are often planted under cherry trees.
Buckthorn grows well in the shade. They are undemanding to the soil: acidic, humid, sandy (light), humus soil with good air permeability is suitable. Planting the culture is recommended in groups, as it needs another plant for successful pollination.
Berries contain valuable macro- and microelements: phosphorus, calcium, potassium, B-group vitamins and vitamin A.
Woodnut is undemanding and frost-resistant. However, overly moist soil and peat are not suitable. It does well in partial shade and in sunny areas. It can also be grown in shady places, but the yield of nuts will be more sparse.
The crop is susceptible to frequent pest attacks.
Malina grows well in partially shaded and sunny areas. The frost- and drought-resistant shrub is undemanding of soil.
Ezhevika prefers light, dry and sandy soil. Gives tasty berries.
The shrub is very sprawling, so its growth should be kept under control.
Aronia is undemanding to the soil. Grows beautifully in any soil. It is not afraid of frosts up to minus 35 degrees and pests. Planting is recommended in an area from partly shaded to sunny.
Sensitive to growing conditions, the garden dogwood grows well in semi-shaded and sunny areas. It does not suffer from polluted dry air and limey soil. On shady plots fruit bearing is sparse, the crown becomes loose. The fruit can be eaten raw, or made into jam, tinctures, marmalade, jam and compote.
Most fruit trees need plenty of sunlight.
Apple trees can be grown in partial shade. Although all varieties are sun-loving, they grow and bear fruit normally in a little shade. Also, trees such as cherries and cherry trees are suitable for planting in semi-shaded areas.
Growing and vegetable crops
There are relatively few shade-loving vegetable plants. Still, there are choices:
Can be grown in sandy, dry and light soil.
- Red beets. Best for growing in moist and light soil.
- Medicinal sage. Can be grown in a partially shaded area.
The soil should be sandy, dry, and light, and slightly alkaline or neutral.
- Curly cabbage (Kale). This biennial is a member of the Cabbage family. Cold climates are favorable for its cultivation. The plant can be grown in almost any soil, as long as it is well drained.
This cabbage is shade-loving, but does not tolerate drought. Resistant to diseases and pests. Once the foliage is frozen, it becomes more tender, and its taste is improved. More sugar appears in the foliage and the bitterness disappears. In this regard, it is recommended to harvest curly sprouts after frost.
The best time for its growth is November and December.Pearmint. Prefers relatively moist and heavy soil.
What should be considered when planting a crop in the shade?
Specialists advise, when planting a plant in a shady location, to consider the following tips:
- Most shade-tolerant garden crops have dark green colored (sometimes glossy) foliage.
- Perennials with variegated or bicolored foliage are not recommended for shade planting.
They will lose their decorative quality and need more attention from the gardener.
- Cultures with large flowers should not be planted (exception: Hydrangea and Rhododendron).
- Healty planting distance should be maintained, as crowding increases the chance of fungal diseases and increased mosquito activity.
- To make the shady areas lighter, perennials with light colored flowers or foliage should be planted.
- Gardeners most popular foliage shrubs include: hydrangea with white flowers, azalea with pink or cream flowers, dogwood, ligustrum, boxwood, dogwood and privet.
- To diversify the bed, it is advisable to plant shade hardy conifers such as yew.
10 best shade perennials for the garden