Landscape designers often use decorative spruce varieties in their work. The most popular species is the Serbian Pendula spruce. It is often used to decorate public gardens and parks, and this variety can also be seen in private gardens, and in the areas around the house. And it enjoys such popularity in culture due to undemanding to the conditions of cultivation and to the composition of the soil. Also this plant attracts attention with its extremely unusual shape of the crown.
The Picea omorika pendula is a collective name: All Pendula spruces with climbing branches and a rather bizarre crown shape belong to this group.
Properties of the Pendula fir in Serbia
That is the narrow, weeping crown shape of the Serbian Pendula fir. This plant is among the most highly ornamental spruce species. Its height can be up to 15m, its crown is about 1.5m across.
This type of tree is characterized by slow growth; in 12 months its height increases only by 10-15cm. The main features of such a spruce include the absence of a central trunk. Gardeners choose it from a large number of shoots and form it independently, for this purpose tying it to a support. Thanks to this, landscapers can give the tree a variety of unusual shapes. It is most commonly shaped like a column-shaped tree.
It has an incredibly dense crown: the side branches pressed tightly together make it difficult to see the central trunk. The bark is grey with a reddish tint. The flat needles are 0.8-1.8 cm long and bluish-green in color.
Breeding has produced a variety of varieties based on the basic species. The variety picea omorika pendula bruns deserves special attention. It was born in Germany in 1955. The Bruns spruce stands out for its rapid growth and bizarre appearance. If the plant is left untied it will twist its shoots to a very unusual and spectacular shape.
Often this variety is used to create group plantings. Over the years, each of these plants curves and takes an unusual shape. As a result, such a planting becomes a real highlight of any garden. Young Bruns spruce has needles colored greenish with a pale blue tint, their length is about 2 cm. Compared to the base species, the needles of this plant are denser.
Such a variety as picea omorika pendula kuck also arouses considerable interest. It differs from the Bruns Spruce in its slower growth: it grows only 50-100 mm tall per year. At the same time, the maximum height of an adult spruce is about 10 meters. If the thin and weakened branches of this variety are not tied up, it leads to their strong curvature. As a result, the plant takes unusual spectacular forms.
This kind of spruce is also often referred to as a "dancing" spruce. While the tree is young, it requires mandatory garter. Otherwise, the trunk will immediately warp at the base and will not grow vertically. And this will negatively affect its shape.
Spruce Pendula / Spruce planting and care / conifers
Serbian Spruce Pendula is most widely distributed in European territory.
It is also found in large gardens in North America, where the main value of this plant is considered its crown of whimsical shape and undemanding of soil composition.
The variety as Serbian Spruce was discovered in Serbia by the Serbian botanist Pančić. This occurred in 1875. In western Serbia the tree has the widest distribution, covering about 60 hectares. It is also found in eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Pendula, on the other hand, is a combination of weeping-shaped trees. Because of its extremely unusual appearance, the Serbian Pendula spruce is widely distributed in large city squares and parks.
Planning and care
Serbian Pendula spruce seedlings are sold in horticulture facilities and specialty stores. It is best to plant it outdoors in the fall or spring. The main condition for successful planting: the average air temperature should be about 15 degrees.
Seedlings at the age of 2 years adapt most quickly to new conditions. For planting, it is advisable to choose seedlings with a closed root system (in a container) that look strong and healthy. If the needles have begun to dry out or there is damage to the crown, it is better to refuse the purchase of such a plant.
Selecting a planting site
This tree is unpretentious about soil composition and undemanding in its care. However, if well cared for, the plant will have the best possible appearance and growth.
This tree reacts negatively to large amounts of bright sunlight. This must necessarily be taken into account during the search for a place for planting. A little shade is best for it.
Dig a hole and be sure to make a drainage layer at its bottom, because this spruce can suffer from regular moisture stagnation in the roots. To fill the hole, use a fertile loose soil mixture, which includes sand, peat and nutritious soil.
Gently remove the tree from the container and place it in the planting hole. Next, fill the hole with the prepared soil mixture. Do not forget to support the seedling when planting it. Carefully tamp the soil surface and water the planted plant. Pay attention to the fact that after planting the root neck of the tree must be at the same level with the soil surface, otherwise it will not be able to develop normally.
When the water after watering has been absorbed, loosen the surface of the soil and cover it with a layer of mulch. This will protect the root system from heat and frost as well as prevent the soil from drying out too quickly.
Serbian Pendula spruce is undemanding. It only needs timely watering, feeding, and treatment for pests and diseases. Watering should be abundant.
About one bucket of water is poured under one seedling. On hot summer days, sprinkling the crown is recommended - this helps to prevent the appearance of pests.
Fertilizer is applied 2 times per season, and more precisely, in the spring and autumn time. Mineral fertilizers for coniferous plants are suitable for this purpose. The foliar feeding is also suitable for such a spruce, in this case using Zircon or Epin.
The plant needs systematic sanitary pruning. For this purpose, all dry and injured branches are cut out, and also the lower shoots that lie directly on the surface of the soil are shortened. All cuttings can be placed on top of the planting circle as mulch.
This spruce is afraid of frost and therefore needs to be covered during the winter months. Agrovolok is used for this purpose.
The soil surface is covered with peat, and the layer should be quite thick.
To propagate Serbian Spruce Pendula, only grafting method is used. No such plant is found in the wild. In this case, grafting is carried out only in horticultural farms, and it is carried out by highly qualified specialists. Most of the seedlings of such a plant are brought from abroad.
Diseases and pests
Serbian Spruce Pendula, like other conifers, is not highly resistant to pests. Spider mites, Hermes, spruce sawflies, spruce leafminers and aphids are the most common pests. For preventive purposes, it is recommended to inspect trees systematically, as well as to treat them with systemic insecticidal preparations, for example: Spark, Biotlin. All affected parts of the plant should be cut out. To protect the spruce from pests, it is systematically irrigated during the hot summer months.
The most common diseases of the plant are: wound cancer, schutte, fusarium, necrosis and rust. To save the tree you must cut out all the diseased areas and then treat it with fungicides such as: Agat-25K, Alirin-B or Bactophyt.
Application and importance
Since the Serbian Pendula spruce is unpretentious and grows well even in a polluted environment, it is often grown in urban environments. This spruce can decorate any city square, park or landscape garden with its whimsical appearance. It can be planted singly or in groups and each specimen will have its own unique and unusual shape.
The use of various supports during the active growth of the spruce allows you to give it the shape you want. For example, it can be shaped like a canopy, an arch or any fantastic creature. This variety of spruce can be used to create living columns, thanks to which the area becomes similar to fairy gardens. This tree is especially loved by landscape designers, as it allows you to easily create a variety of shapes and forms.
The needles release valuable phytoncides into the air, which help to clean the air from pollution, as well as they revitalize the respiratory system.
The lush pine needles absorb all harmful substances and dust from the air. And the pleasant and healing scent of spruce makes resting near these trees especially beneficial.
Spruce Pendula, Serbian Spruce, Serbian Brunsa, Glauca pendula - similarities, differences, uses