The bulbous plant Scilla (Scilla) is a perennial and belongs to the family Liliaceae. In nature, they can be found in temperate regions of Asia, Europe, South and Central Africa. This plant is often used in ornamental gardening. These plants are winter-hardy and are usually grown outdoors or as bunting. But there are varieties that are afraid of frosts and are only grown at home.
This plant differs from most other bulbs in that its internodes are slightly elongated and the stem is quite long-lived, and it becomes a thin rhizome on which bulbs are placed in large numbers as it grows. The florets may be colored pink, blue, and sometimes white.
Scilla peruviana (Scilla peruviana)
This bulbous plant is a perennial. It has a fairly large bulb size. The shiny, finely crescented leaves along the edge are part of the rosettes and are dark green in color.
The star-shaped flowers are coloured dark blue.
The most popular varieties are:
- "Albida" with light blue flowers;
- "Alba" with white flowers.
Scilla purple (Scilla violacea)
Lebouria socialis - This evergreen bulbous plant, which is a perennial, can be 15-20 centimeters tall. The glossy bulb, which has a purple color, usually protrudes above the surface of the ground. The bulbs have many side shoots, which can result in the formation of an entire group in a short time.
The short-petioled, lanceolate-shaped leaf plates are spectacularly colored. They can reach a length of 3 to 5 centimeters and a width of 1.5 to 2 centimeters. Their lower surface is an intense violet or green (depends on the variety), while the upper surface has dark-green speckles against a mulled background. The panicle-like inflorescences each bear 10 to 20 light green flowers with purple anthers.
Home care for Scylla
Necessary rather bright light. In summer, however, it will need to be protected from scorching midday direct sunlight.
The plant most prefers a temperature of 22 to 25 degrees in spring and summer. From the beginning of the fall period, the air temperature should be gradually lowered. In winter, it needs a cooler temperature (10 to 12 degrees), but if the wintering is warm, the scilla shoots will become very elongated.
It is quite comfortable with low humidity and should not be additionally humidified. For hygienic purposes, the leaf plates should be wiped regularly with a moistened sponge.
How to water
Spring and summer watering should be moderate to help prevent bulb and root rot. During the winter, watering should be reduced, even more so when the winter is cold, but take care not to let the leaves fall off. Water with well-drained, soft water at room temperature.
Feed in spring and summer once every 2 weeks and use succulent fertilizer for this purpose. Fertilize less often in the fall and do not fertilize in winter.
Precautions for transplanting
Potting is done only when necessary, after the bulb has become crowded in the pot. During planting, the bulb should be submerged one-third of the way into the substrate. Loose soil should have good air permeability.
To prepare the earth mixture, you need to combine 1 part of humus and 2 parts of leaf soil. For planting, a purchased soil for succulent plants will do. At the bottom of the container, do not forget to make a good drainage layer.
Daughter bulbs are usually used for propagation. They can be separated when needed no matter what time of year it is.
It is worth remembering, however, that bulbs that do not have a root system will gradually develop roots anyway. In the case where the bulb stops growing and this lasts from 4 to 8 weeks, this is the time when root growth occurs. To speed up root formation, it is advisable to place the plant in a warm (20 to 25 degrees) well-lit place. Water in moderation. When the leaves form, start watering harder.
Pests and diseases
The plant may be infested with scabies and aphids. It can become diseased and even die because of a too-large plant pot, too much water or too much peat soil. Resistant to disease and pests if cared for properly.
- Faded leaves become elongated like the internodes-sufficient light.
- Leaves fall off-sufficient watering.
- Root or bulb rot-excessive watering.