Ruscus: Planting And Care In The Open Field, Species And Varieties With Photos

The plant Cytisus is a shrub or a deciduous or evergreen tree, belonging to the Legume family. It prefers to grow on sandy or sandy loam soils. In nature it is found in Western Asia, Europe and North America. According to information from various sources, this genus includes 30-70 species. The scientific name of this plant comes from the toponym of the island where it was first discovered.

Gardeners cultivate about 15 species of rakitnik. Most of them are used for decoration and landscaping, but this plant is also used to strengthen sandy slopes.

Peculiarities of the buttercup

Ruscus: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

The buttercup is a shrub or a low tree varying in height from 50 to 300 cm. Its leaves may be trifoliate or reduced to a single lobe. There are some species that have leaves with leaflets.

In some cases, the surface of the leaf plates and branches is covered with light gray pubescence. On the ends of the stems there are pinnately or capitate inflorescences consisting of moth-like flowers, usually white or yellow but also purple, pale pink or bicolor. Virtually all varieties of this crop are considered melliferous. The fruits are multiseeded, linear beans which crack at maturity. The fruits contain glossy, kidney-shaped seeds that are flat in shape.

Ruckleberry. Features of the periwinkle. Care of the buckthorn.

Planting buckthorn in the open ground

Ruscus: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

What time to plant

Locating buckthorn seedlings in the open ground is done in the springtime. A site for such a crop should be chosen that is well lit and also has reliable protection from the wind.

Suitable soil should be slightly acidic (pH from 6.5 to 7.5), and also light and well-drained. The knapweed grows best in sandy loam soil. Near a body of water in which fish live, this plant can not be planted, because its composition includes poisonous substances.

Prepare in advance the soil mixture that will be needed to fill the planting hole, it should include sand, sod soil and humus (2:1:1). In this soil mixture should be poured full mineral fertilizer, for example, you can use Kemira-Universal, with 120 grams of the substance per 1 square meter of land. Before planting, the potting mix should be thoroughly mixed.

Towing instructions

Ruscus: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

If several plants are planted, the distance between them should be at least 0.3 m.

The size of the planting hole should be twice the size of the root system of the plant taken together with the root ball. If the planting is done in heavy soil, a good drainage layer should be made on the bottom of the planting hole, the thickness of which should be about 20 centimeters. When planting a seedling in sandy soil, the drainage layer should have a thickness of about 10 centimeters.

The seedling should be placed in the middle of the planting pit. Then the free space is filled with the prepared soil mixture.

Fill the hole gradually, all the time tamping a little soil mixture. After planting the root neck of the plant should be at the same level with the surface of the plot. When the planting of the seedling is complete, it should be liberally watered. And after the liquid has been absorbed into the soil, its surface should be covered with a layer of organic material, which should be 30 to 50 mm thick.

Garden care of the rockitnik

Ruscus: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Growing a rockitnik in your garden plot is quite simple.

Such a plant will need timely watering, feeding, trimming, loosening and mulching the surface of the root circle, removing weeds and preparing for winter. Don't forget about preventative treatments for diseases and pests.

How to water and feed

Water the bush after the top layer of soil in the root zone dries out. Watering should be quite abundant. You should pay attention to the fact that hybrid rocket plants compared to the species are more demanding to watering.

However, this plant in general has a high resistance to drought, so if it rains regularly in summer, the bushes can do without watering. But if there is a prolonged drought in the summer, it will need to be watered systematically. From the beginning of September, watering should be gradually reduced. Please note that lime must not be present in the water used for watering and must be retained.

When the plant is watered or rained upon, the root zone should be thoroughly loosened to a depth of 8 to 12 centimeters and all weeds should be pulled up.

In the springtime such a plant needs nitrogen, and from the beginning of the second half of the summer period - phosphorus and potassium, this must necessarily be taken into account when choosing fertilizers. In spring it is necessary to pour under the bush a solution of urea (30 grams per 1 bucket of water), and before the plant blooms, it should be fed with a solution consisting of 1 bucket of water, 60 grams of superphosphate and 30 grams of potassium sulfate. The third feeding will be needed only when the bushes will develop relatively slowly. For this purpose 300 grams of wood ash should be evenly distributed on the surface of the bedding circle.


Ruscus: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

The rockery shrub can be repotted if necessary.

This procedure is similar to primary planting. First you must prepare a planting hole that should be a couple of times the size of the knapweed root system. At the bottom of the pit it is necessary to make a good drainage layer. Before removing the bush from the soil, it is necessary to prepare a nutritive earth mixture, which will fill the planting pit. To do this, the soil should be combined with fertilizer.

The dug up plant is moved to a new place, then the root system together with a root ball is placed in the prepared pit, then the free place is filled with earth mixture.

Raturation of knapweed

Ruscus: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

The seed and vegetative method (green cuttings and grafts) is used for propagation of knapweed. Seeds are taken from mature beans in August/September. For sowing, a soil mixture consisting of peat and sand (1:1) is used, and the seeds should be deepened by 0.5-0.

6 cm. A container with seeds from above should be covered with a film. It is moved to a shady and warm (19-21 degrees) place, and the seeds should be systematically aired and watered (sprayed). Seedlings picking on individual pots, in cross section reaching 70 mm, made during the formation of their one or two true plates. During the picking, use a soil mixture consisting of sand, sod soil and humus (1:2:1).

In the spring, transplanting plants in larger pots, across reaching 11 centimeters. Then spend their pruning, so that the bushes were more lush. Transplanting seedlings into open soil is made in the third year, and young bushes should reach a height of 0.3 to 0.55 m.

Barking plants are prepared in summer time. For this purpose, half-timbered shoots should be cut from an adult shrub, each of which should have 2 or 3 leafy plates. Leaves should be shortened by ½ part, then they are planted in a substrate consisting of sand and peat, and the container from above should be covered with a transparent cap. To ensure that the cuttings properly rooted, they need to provide a temperature of 18 to 20 degrees, they also need systematic ventilation and spraying with a sprayer. After 4 to 6 weeks, when the cuttings are rooted, they should be transplanted into individual pots, reaching a cross section of 80-90 mm.

Cultivation in the open ground of such plants shall be made only after 2 years. To do this in the spring time, you need to select the branches located at the very bottom. They should be placed in the boles made in advance under the bush, fix and fill with soil. Throughout the season, the branches should be watered. During the feeding of the parent bush, fertilize the offshoots as well.

They should be thoroughly covered before winter, and in the springtime the offshoots should be cut off and set.


Ruscus: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

When the bush blooms, its branches should be cut off to the strong side branches, but try not to touch the woody part. In deep autumn, when the cold weather arrives, young shrubs that are less than 3 years old should be covered for the winter. The fact is that only mature plants are highly frost-resistant. Shrubs should be dipped in dry peat or soil, then the branches should be carefully pulled down, tied and slowly bent to the surface of the site, and then fixed in this position.

Shrubs should be covered with spruce paws, dried leaves or covered with fleece covering material, while its edges should be pressed to the soil surface with bricks or stones. The adult knapweed does not need to be covered for the winter.

Diseases and pests

The knapweed has a high resistance to pests and diseases. However, moths or cocklebur moths can infest the shrubs. As soon as you notice that a moth has settled on a plant, it should be sprayed with Chlorophos.

To get rid of moths, the shrub should be sprayed with a bacterial insecticide.

The greatest danger to this shrub is powdery mildew and black spot. If the knotweed plant is affected by powdery mildew, a whitish-colored coating is formed on the surface of the shoots and leaves. In early spring, sick plant should be treated with a solution of copper sulfate (5%), doing it before the sap starts sowing. In summertime, bushes are sprayed alternately with colloidal sulfur, Fundazole solution and copper-soap liquid to prevent black spot in the beginning of spring, bushes are treated with iron or copper vitriol solution.

In summer time Fundazol, Bordeaux mixture, copper chloroxide, Captan or any other fungicide preparation of similar action will help to get rid of the disease. To treat bushes on the leaves, the solution should be prepared by strictly following the instructions on the drug.

Buckthorn species and varieties with photos and names

Buckthorn is quite popular with gardeners, but there are species that are found very often in garden plots.

Buckthorn (Cytisus scoparius)

Ruscus: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Home to Central and Southern Europe this species. The plant is about 300 centimeters tall.

There is pubescence on the surface of the thin green stems while they are young. The successive petiolate leaf laminae are trifoliate in shape. The lobes of the leaves are entire, oval, obtuse or oblong-lanceolate. The upper part of the leaves most often has a single leaflet. Yellowish irregular flowers form in pairs or singly in leaf axils, placed on pedicels that are pubescent.

The fruit is a narrow, long, flattened pod with seeds inside. This species has been cultivated for a long time. There are many ornamental forms, but they can only be cultivated in regions with mild climates and warm winters:

  • Burkwoodii - scarlet-red flowers have a yellow border;
  • Killiney Red - color of flowers is deep red;
  • Andreanus Splendens - shrubs are decorated with yellow and scarlet flowers.

Stalking Sagebrush (Cytisus decumbens)

Ruscus: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

In natural conditions this species grows in southern Europe, such a plant descended from the pine light forests of the Dalmatian Mountains. This prostrate shrub is about 0.

2 m tall and reaches 0.8 m across. The surface of the green five-ribbed stems is pubescent. The shoots are easy to root. The dark green leaflets are oblong-lanceolate in shape and pubescent on their lower surface.

They reach a length of 20 mm. Flowers are yellow, about 15 mm long, and occur in the leaf axils singly or in groups. It has been cultivated since 1775. This species is frost hardy but the bushes may become damaged in extremely cold weather.

Olderberry (Cytisus praecox)

Ruscus: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

This species is very unpretentious.

The bush reaches a height of about 150 cm. The branching is very slender and arch-shaped, forming a lush crown. The greenish, narrow leaves reach up to 20 mm in length and are lanceolate in shape. The root system is superficial. The shrub is adorned with a large number of flowers of rich yellow color, and their fragrance is very strong.

This species is highly resistant to frost. The most popular varieties are such as:

  1. Olgold. The rich yellow flowers open before the leaf plates appear.
  2. Boscope Ruby. The bush reaches a height of about 200 cm.

    The foliage has an oblong-lanceolate shape. The outer surface of the flowers is ruby and the inner is purplish-pink.

The dwarf bunting (Cytisus aggregatus)

Ruscus: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

This dwarf species is native to Eastern Europe. The bush is 0.3 to 0.

5 m tall and reaches about 0.8 m across. The flowering and fruiting of this species begins at three years of age. The color of the flowers is deep yellow. This plant is fairly frost-resistant but in some cases frost heaving of the stem tips can be observed.

Sedate-leaved marigold (Cytisus sessilifolius)

Ruscus: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Borrows this species from Western Europe. The bush is about 150 centimeters tall and has triple leaf plates on the branches. The rich yellow flowers are about 15 mm long and form on shortened pedicels. The frost-resistance of this species is very low, the stems, towering over the snow cover, get frosty. This is why it is imperative to cover the plant when cold weather arrives.

Blackroot Thistle (Cytisus nigricans = Lembotropis nigricans)

Ruscus: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

This species occurs naturally in Ukraine, western Europe, Belarus and the European part of Russia. Its name derives from the black coloring of its leaves during drying. The height of the shrub may reach up to 100 cm. On the surface of the stems there are many pressed short hairs. At the ends of the stems there are vertical spikes consisting of 15-30 golden-yellow flowers.

During flowering, such a shrub is very showy.

Zingera marigold (Cytisus zingerii)

The species is found in the upper Dnieper in mixed forests. The height of the shrub is about 100 cm. Young stems are covered with golden-colored pubescence and also have greenish trifoliate leaf plates. The flowering bush has yellow flowers growing out of all the axils, and the stems become similar to golden spikes.

At the moment this species is not very popular with gardeners.

Gardeners also cultivate elongated (or elongated), projecting-flowered (or marginal-flowered or floating-flowered) and cusk.

Another species are called cressifers in a related genus Chamaecytis (Chamaecytisus). Such plants often decorate garden plots. For example:

Russian rockery (Chamaecytisus ruthenicus = Cytisus ruthenicus)

Ruscus: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

This deciduous shrub is about 1.

5 m tall. There is gray bark on the surface of the bending branches. The stems are covered with pubescence, represented by a silky pile. The ternate leaf blades are composed of lanceolate-elliptical leaflets, up to 20 mm in length, with a spike on top. The front surface of the leaf blade is green-gray, while the reverse is covered with dense pubescence.

Yellow flowers are about 30 mm long, and they form in the leaf axils and are aggregated in groups of 3-5. Flowering lasts about 1 month. This species is unpretentious and tolerant of drought.

Magenta purpurea (Chamaecytisus purpureus = Cytisus purpureus)

Ruscus: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

This plant descended from the mountains of southern and central Europe. It is a creeping shrub that reaches 0.

6 m in height. The ascending branches form a spreading crown. A large number of trifoliate leaf lamellae cover the shaped lobes broadly elliptical. This species is a fast-growing one. The plant is severely frosted in winter, but it is able to recover quickly in spring.

This species has a variety with high ornamental value - Atropurpurea: the bush is sprawling, it is decorated with pink-purple flowers. Another popular among gardeners is a hybrid rakitnik, called Golden Rain, it has a second name - Adam's rakitnik. Popular varieties:

  • Albus - the variety was born in 1838, the bush is about 0.45 m high, the flowers are colored white;
  • Roseus - the color of flowers is pink;
  • Albocarneus - flowers colored pinkish;
  • Amzaticus - flowers colored bluish-purple;
  • Eloganthus - dangling stems adorned with red-purple flowers;
  • Plena - this variety has terry flowers;
  • Depressa - this dwarf variety is about 20 centimeters tall, and the fruits and leaf plates are very small.

Regensburg knotweed (Chamaecytisus ratisbonensis = Cytisus ratisbonensis)

Ruscus: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

In the wild, this plant can be found in the Dnieper basin.

The height of such a prostrate shrub is about 0.3 m. The leaves are trifoliate in shape. Stems are covered with pubescence, so they have a silver color. The color of the flowers is deep yellow.

A very popular garden form of this species - Biflorus: on the surface of the young leaves there is a silver pubescence. This plant is winter- and frost-resistant and can be found in gardens from Novosibirsk to the midlands. This species has been cultivated since the 1800s

Also popular are such species as Roshal's, Podolsky, Lean, Long-necked and Blotsky. The species known to gardeners under the name of golden knapweed is not a member of the knapweed family. This plant is the Anagirolistum anagirolistum, either anagirolistum or Golden Rain, this species belongs to the genus Bobovnik.


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