Pteris: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation, Species

Ferns such as Pteris (Pteris) are directly related to the Pteris family. There are about 250 species of these plants. Under natural conditions, they are found in subtropical and tropical areas of Tasmania, USA, New Zealand, as well as Japan.

This plant has graceful leaves, which have different sizes and contours. There are ferns with green foliage as well as mottled foliage.

All several species of pteris are used for cultivation in the home, and most of them are quite undemanding in care. However, it should be taken into account that such a plant needs increased humidity in the air. Experienced florists therefore recommend that it be placed close to other plants that like moisture.

If this spectacular fern is properly watered, it is quite easy to grow in room conditions.

Home care for pteris

Pteris: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Lightness

We recommend choosing a well-lit place, but it requires shading from direct sunlight.

It can also be placed in a slight penumbra. Pteris can also grow in the shade, but its leaves will not be as decorative.

Temperature regime

In the warm season it is quite suitable for a temperature between 20 and 22 degrees. In winter it can tolerate a decrease in temperature to 10 to 13 degrees. At the same time you should take into account that variegated forms should be protected from lowering the temperature below 16 degrees.

The plant does not like draughts.

Humidity

Likes increased air humidity, like all ferns (except for pellia). Because of this, pteris should be sprayed regularly with lukewarm and soft water.

How to water

Pteris: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Watering should be done exclusively with distilled water. Water abundantly during the warm season and moderately during the cold season, but remember to keep the substrate lightly moistened at all times.

Make sure that there is no stagnant water in the soil, as this can lead to the formation of rot on the roots. The excess liquid should quickly leave the pot.

Feeding

Feed the plant from May to August twice a month. Use liquid fertilizer for ornamental deciduous houseplants (take ½ of the recommended dose).

Potting

Pteris: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Potting should be done in the spring and only when necessary, such as when the roots no longer fit in the pot.

A slightly acidic or neutral earth should be used.

Mixed earth

A mixture of leafy earth, sod, humus and peat, plus sand in equal proportions would be adequate for planting.

How to propagate

With spores or by dividing the bush.

Pests and diseases

May be visited by a scab, less often by aphids and mealybugs. It is not recommended to touch the delicate leaves of Pteris as they are quite easily damaged.

Pteris species

Pteris cretica

Pteris: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The most common variety of this fern is called Pteris cretica. Its peristhapically dissected leaves are half a meter long and have from 2 to 6 pairs of segments. In the wild it prefers to grow in woodland or on rocks or riverbanks. There are many garden forms.

Pteris longifolia (Pteris longifolia)

Pteris: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Her pinnate, dark green leaves have 20 to 30 pairs of feathers.

The leaf lamina is slightly longer than the petiole. Found in the wild in forests and on slopes or rocky cliffs.

Pteris sword-like (Pteris ensiformis)

Pteris: home care, replanting and propagation, species

It is very similar in appearance to Pteris cretus, but has darker colored foliage.

Pteris tremula (Pteris tremula)

Pteris: home care, replanting and propagation, species

It has very long leaves (up to 1 meter long), which are split and have straight petioles.

Pteris multifida (Pteris multifida)

Pteris: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The plant has many very narrow, dark green leaves.

The petiole is about 30 cm long. It ends with five narrow, lanceolate leaves, up to 45 cm long. Varieties for indoor cultivation:

  • Variegata - there is a double white band at the top of each leaflet;
  • Cristata - each leaflet is wider and pectinate at the top;
  • Tenuifolia - there is a grey band in the center of the leaves.

Pteris ribbonis (Pteris vittata)

Pteris: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The plant forms tall and spreading shoots. The willows are 70-100 cm long and have a drooping shape.

The peristome-split long leaves are arranged in alternating rows and are dark green in color.

Pteris dentata (Pteris dentata)

Pteris: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The delicate light green plant is composed of pinnate, folded leaves. The leaves are 30-80 cm long and 20-40 cm wide. The blades are perpendicular to the petiole. The fern grows quickly and is highly ornamental.

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