Pseudoeranthemum: Home Care, Transplanting And Propagation

The foliage of Pseudoeranthemum is decorated with spectacular, unusual patterns. This plant is one of the largest ornamental foliage crops. It grows continuously and is very demanding to care for. Hence, Pseudoeranthemum is suitable for cultivation only for experienced flower growers. However, for all the work and care, the plant will give its owner an incredibly spectacular appearance.

The better you take care of it, the more spectacular its appearance will be. The plant is decorated with large dark-coloured leaf plates on which small pale red, pink or yellow spots are shining. They are as if drawn by an invisible artist. If you want to decorate your house with pseudo-eranthemum, you should consider that it needs systematic rejuvenation procedures, and it is also quite demanding and capricious.

The genus of flowering plants Pseudo-eranthemum (Pseuderanthemum) is part of the Acanthus family.

The plant is often called pseuderanthemum at home, and the name is also found in some literature. However, the name is a misnomer but in spite of this, it is well-established in Russian.

Peculiarities of the pseudo-eranthemum

Pseudoeranthemum: home care, transplanting and propagation

The evergreen semi-bush or shrub pseudo-eranthemum is native to Polynesia. It combines both beautiful foliage and the ability to bloom spectacularly. Experts consider such a shrub to be one of the most beautiful indoor ornamental and deciduous crops.

The bush is quite large, spectacular and looks unusual.

The average height of this plant is from 0.8 to 1 m. The annual growth of the bush is 10 to 15 centimeters. In domestic culture, its flowering is extremely rare.

But if it does bloom, it will form amazingly beautiful delicate flowers on its branches, which are as if made of porcelain. However, the non-blooming pseudo-eranthemum also looks quite spectacular, thanks to its dark foliage studded with bright spots. The plates are about 15 centimeters long. They are oval in shape, with a pointed tip.

Forming inflorescences are observed on the upper parts of the branches.

The rare small spike-like inflorescences include simple tubular-shaped flowers, the petals of which are highly dense, as if they were made of plastic or porcelain. The flowers are star-shaped and look like large lilac flowers. But looking at them closely, they bear a lot of resemblance to the spectacular flowers of orchids.

The flowers may be pink, white or violet in color. All colors are soft, muted and delicate.

Most often, the colors of the flowers are watercolor shades with soft smooth transitions.

Home care of Pseudoeranthemum

Pseudoeranthemum: home care, transplanting and propagation

When growing Pseudoeranthemum in room conditions, only a florist with great experience can cope. This plant is characterized by its capricious character and high demandingness. Since it is native to the tropics, you need to create the right conditions for its growth.

This shrub grows perfectly in terrariums and florariums, and even in greenhouses with other "capricious" tropical plants.

At home it will grow and develop normally only if carefully cared for. It is a fast-growing plant plus it is prone to stretching, which can lead to rapid denudation of the branches. Also pseudo-eranthemum loses its decorative value over the years. That is why it requires close attention from the florist. Buying such a culture, you should be prepared for the fact that you will have to systematically conduct cuttings, as well as give it a lot of time and effort.

Brightness

Pseudoeranthemum: home care, transplanting and propagation

For this shrub, it is recommended to choose a sunny place, because it needs a large amount of light. However, the light should be diffused, and the shrub must necessarily be protected from direct sunlight. The fact is that they reduce the decorativeness of the leaves, and also leave burns on its surface. The best light for this plant on the window of the western and eastern orientation. At the same time, it can also be put on the southern window, but the pot is placed farther away from the glass.

You can also put a scattering screen on the window. Inside the room, the shrub can only be placed in a well-lit area, close to a large panoramic window.

In winter it is particularly difficult to provide the Pseudoeranthemum with a proper level of light. Only with sufficient light in winter it will not lose its highly decorative appearance, and its exotic pattern on the foliage will remain as bright. If the shrub grows in a normal living room, it is recommended to use special phytolamps or daylight lamps for additional lighting.

It should be taken into account that the plant needs to create the same level of light as in the summer. The main thing is not to go overboard. If the lighting is more intense in the winter months than in summer, then this can lead to a halt in the development of the bush and to the loss of the characteristic color. So, instead of purple or dark green, the leaves become a deep red color.

Temperature

Pseudoeranthemum: home care, transplanting and propagation

This plant is highly thermophilic.

It shouldn't be colder than 15 degrees in the room, either in winter or in summer. And it is especially dangerous for it if the ground is too cold. If the pot with a shrub stands on a cold window sill or other cold surface (e.g. on a stone floor), then you must provide the plant with a warming stand for autumn and winter.

The optimum temperature throughout the year is 22-25 degrees. In autumn and winter it is acceptable to reduce the air temperature to 20 degrees, but it is undesirable to have colder temperatures in the room. And yet the plant can harm the presence near a working heater, sudden changes in temperature due to a draft, as well as the usual airing of the room. Cold drafts in the fall and winter can be the most harmful to the shrub, causing partial shedding of leaves.

Watering

Pseudoeranthemum: home care, transplanting and propagation

Because the plant has lush foliage, this encourages heavy evaporation.

This is why pseudo-eranthemum is a moisture-loving plant. Like many other indoor plants native to the tropics, this shrub needs an abundant and frequent moistening of the substrate. You can tell by looking at the top layer of substrate: If it has dried out well, you need to water. All the more so if the temperature in the room is almost the same throughout the year. The bush can suffer from regular stagnation of liquid in the substrate, while a single overwatering does not harm it.

However, the greatest danger to it is a complete overdrying of the ground rump. Even if the clump of soil dries out to only half the height of the pot, it can cause the leaves to partially shed.

Monitor the plant regularly throughout the year and, if necessary, make adjustments to its care programme. Also note that too much substrate moisture combined with relatively low air temperatures can lead to rotting at the base of the leaf blades and shoots and damage to the root system. Also, the shrub can suffer due to frequent but too sparse watering.

So it's up to the grower to choose the watering pattern that suits the plant.

Air Humidity

Pseudoeranthemum: home care, transplanting and propagation

The indoor pseudo-eranthemum needs high air humidity. If the air in the room is dry, this will cause the tips of the leaf plates to dry out and the plant to lose its ornamental quality. It is especially important to monitor the humidity level during the winter months. During this time, the plant takes it extremely hard when the humidity level in the room is less than 75 percent.

Popular ways to increase air humidity:

  1. Place the plant in a room where humidity is always high.
  2. Use a household humidifier. A tray filled with sphagnum or clay pebbles can be used instead.

Most of the humidity in the room needs to be high and the shrub also needs to be moistened regularly and quite often with clean water from a sprayer. This plant also responds very well to regular warm showers and also to systematic wiping of the leaflets with a moistened soft cloth or sponge.

How to moisten both the plant itself and the substrate in the pot with good quality soft water at close to room temperature should be used. It is strictly forbidden to use cold water for these procedures, even when the room is relatively cool. The water with which the plant is sprayed is recommended to be passed through a filter.

Fertilizer

Pseudoeranthemum: home care, transplanting and propagation

This shrub does not need a constant supply of nutrients, so fertilizer is infrequently applied to the substrate. Fertilizing is done only in the spring and summer.

If the standard dosage is used then the plant is fertilized once every 20-30 days, but if you add ½ of the recommended dose to the soil mixture, the procedure is carried out once every 15-20 days.

It is very important to choose a suitable fertilizer. The mineral complex should be high in potassium, because if it will be insufficient for the plant, this will lead to a partial loss of color of the leaf plates. And a large amount of nitrogen will negatively affect the condition of the bush. You can choose a classic mineral complex for ornamental foliage crops, and be sure to study the manufacturer's recommendations, which should specify whether this product is suitable for pseudo-eranthemum.

If possible, pseudo-eranthemum can also be fed with organic fertiliser. You can cover the surface of the substrate in the pot with it as mulch and a water based solution (such as decomposed manure) will also do.

Trimming

Pseudoeranthemum: home care, transplanting and propagation

As the plant grows over the years it might start to shed its lower leaf plates. This causes the base of the branches to become noticeably bare. Remember that this type of shrub has a very fast growth and that if it is not pruned, it will soon be over 100 cm tall instead of the compact shrub.

To prevent the plant from stretching out, you need to give it regular formative pruning. You should try to make sure that the bush branches actively. Pruning involves pinching the tops of young branches and shortening the too long old stems.

As a rule, the side shoots of Pseudoeranthemum grow straight up. To improve its appearance, it is recommended to gently bend the shoots and fix them with sisal or flexible cord by tying them to a flower pot.

If the shrub has irrevocably lost its attractiveness, experienced florists recommend, a rejuvenating procedure. Cut a few shoots from the aged shrub and use them as cuttings. When the cuttings take root, the old bush is thrown out, and they are put in its place. Remember that this crop will not be able to recover from drastic pruning.

Pseudoeranthemum transplanting

Pseudoeranthemum: home care, transplanting and propagation

This plant must be transplanted every year, as not only its stems, but also its root system, are characterized by rapid growth.

When transplanting an adult shrub, a slight shortening of its roots should be carried out, which will help contain its growth. The fact is that it is simply not realistic to use a larger pot for each transplant.

The beginning of the spring period is best for this procedure. While the shrub is young, its old pot is replaced by a new one, which should be a couple of times larger in cross-section. If the bush is already an adult, you should also try to increase the size of the container used for planting each time.

If the root system is too crowded, it will cause all the foliage to fall off.

The soil mixture should be light, loose, slightly acidic and well-drained, prepared on the basis of leafy soil. Don't forget to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the pot when transplanting. It will keep the plant from stagnant liquid in the soil mixture, as well as from the appearance of rot on the root system.

House flowers / Pseudoeranthemum / Transplanting, care,

Propagation methods

Pseudoeranthemum: home care, transplanting and propagation

For reproduction of room pseudoeranthemum use cuttings.

They are taken in the spring and summer and young shoots are used for this purpose. In this case, the younger the bush itself and its stems, the better the cuttings will root. The length of the cut - from 10 to 15 centimeters. It should have 2 or 3 internodes, and the shoot is cut at an oblique angle.

For rooting, the cuttings are planted in a substrate of sand and peat, and from above it is covered with a transparent cap or film.

It must be kept in a warm place (22-24 degrees). At the same time, when rooting in a glass with water, the cuttings should be in a place where it is not colder than 25 degrees. The rooted cuttings are planted two or three pieces in one pot. After a few weeks, prune the tips of the shoots to improve branching.

Pseuderanthemum dark marigold: Transplanting + replanting rooted cuttings

Possible problems

Pseudoeranthemum: home care, transplanting and propagation

If the home pseudoranthemum is not cared for properly, it will cause it to lose its decorativeness and may also cause pests, which prefer low humidity.

The most common pests that settle on the shrub are spider mite, scale, whitefly and powdery mildew. That is why it is recommended to regularly check the foliage for the presence of pests. To get rid of pests that have appeared, the leaf plates are moistened with cold water, conduct their washing, and you will also need an insecticide treatment. If the shrub is growing in a greenhouse, as a pest and disease prevention, it is kept under a UV lamp for a couple of minutes every few weeks.

Some problems can occur with the plant such as:

  1. Foliage shedding.

    Stagnant water in the substrate or drying it out, cold draught, etc.

  2. The tops of the leaf plates wither. The bush is exposed to direct sunlight or the room has low humidity.
  3. The foliage has brown spots. Too much light.

  4. Leaves turn yellow. Very low humidity or stagnant water in the roots.

Pseudoeranthemum species with photos

About 120 species of Pseudoeranthemum have been found and described in the wild. However, only 4 species are cultivated in the home. For a long time there has been confusion in the botanical classification of this shrub.

Today it is a member of the Acanthus family. Not so long ago, however, it was part of the genus Eranthemum, which led to regular confusion with other plants. After Pseudoeranthemum was moved to the Acanthus family and made a separate genus, there was less confusion.

Pseudoeranthemum carruthersii (Pseuderanthemum carruthersii)

Pseudoeranthemum: home care, transplanting and propagation

This species was once quite well known. Today it is still sold under a name such as Pseuderanthemum darkbad (Pseuderanthemum atropurpureum).

This basic species is the most popular in room culture. This showy plant can reach about 100 cm in height (it can also be slightly taller).

The distinctive feature of this shrub is the large, broadly ovate leaf plates, the top of which is pointed. They are about 10 centimeters wide and up to 15 centimeters long. Their surface is covered with exotic beautiful patterns.

Whole-edged leaves have thin petioles, their basic coloration is dark green or dark purple, which is very similar to the ink shade. The surface of the plates is irregularly covered with asymmetrical spots of whitish, yellow, pink or red hue. The shrub needs plenty of sunlight to make the color of the leaf plates and pattern most vivid.

Pseudoeranthemum longifolium (Pseuderanthemum longifolium)

Pseudoeranthemum: home care, transplanting and propagation

Nearly this species was called Pseudoeranthemum emarginate (Pseuderanthemum sinuatum). This compact plant has an average height of about 50 centimeters.

The leaf laminae are about 15 centimeters long, but only 20 mm wide. Because of this, the leaves are similar in shape to the leaves of cereals or bulbs. On the edge of the leaf blades there are spectacular small notches. Their front side is greenish-olive in color, and the reverse side is pale red. During flowering, asymmetrical beautiful flowers form on the bush.

One of the petals of each flower is speckled with purple spots.

Pseuderanthemum seticalyx

Pseudoeranthemum: home care, transplanting and propagation

This evergreen shrub is decorated with graceful egg-shaped leaf plates that are approximately 10 centimeters long. The leaves are arranged in a suprotective pattern. At the time of opening the leaves are pubescent, but after a while they become smooth. This species differs from the others in that it has more lush paniculate inflorescences.

The snow-white, large flowers are about 10 centimeters across. However, this species lacks a beautiful pattern on the foliage.

Pseuderanthemum kewense (Pseuderanthemum kewense)

Pseudoeranthemum: home care, transplanting and propagation

This shrub is decorated with spectacular egg-shaped leaf plates with pointed tops that are colored purple or chocolate. The underside of the leaves is greenish in color. This species blooms very, very rarely at home.

#Pseuderanthemum blooms!!! Pseuderanthemum. My flowers. #Доминикана.

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