A plant such as Pseuderanthemum (Pseuderanthemum) is directly related to the Acanthaceae family. It is represented by herbaceous plants or shrubs. In nature it can be found in tropical regions throughout the world.
These shrubs are branched and erect, and have spectacular leaves in a wide variety of forms such as narrow-lanceolate, elliptical or obovate. The leaves can measure anywhere from 10 to 15 centimetres in length.
The glossy leaves have a textured (sometimes swollen or wrinkled) waxy surface. To the touch, they are very delicate and fairly brittle. Leaf blades can vary in color from very dark to almost black to green. On their surface also have spots of varying size and color shades (purple, purple, etc.).
Most often grow apical inflorescences, but there are also axillary inflorescences. The flowers can be colored pink, white or purple.
Such plants are recommended to grow in florariums.
Home care for pseudoranthemum
Bright light is needed, but it must be scattered. Shading from direct sunlight will be needed.
In winter, such a plant must be provided with good lighting. In this regard, experts advise to use dosvetku special lamps of daylight. It is recommended to place such a shrub on the windows of eastern and western orientation. When placed on the southern window, shading from direct sunlight will be required. If the lighting will be sparse, the leaf plates will lose their mottled color.
If the light is too intense, the leaves of the pseudoranthemum will take on a deep red tint, but it will stop growing and developing on its own.
Summer the plant feels best at a temperature of 22 to 25 degrees. In the fall and winter, the temperature should not fall below 20 degrees. This plant reacts negatively to sudden changes in temperature and should also be protected from drafts.
Higher humidity is necessary for normal growth and development.
The plant should therefore be moistened regularly and all year round using a sprayer. In warm winters, the foliage should be sprayed more frequently, as heating appliances dry out the air. To increase humidity, you can also put clay pebbles, pebbles or sphagnum in a wide tray and pour some water on it. However, make sure that the bottom of the tray does not come into contact with the liquid. For hygienic reasons you can wipe the leaves with a wet sponge.
How to water
Pour liberally throughout the year. It is done as soon as the top layer of soil dries out. As a rule, the substrate in the pot dries out relatively quickly, all because Pseudaranthemum evaporates large amounts of moisture through its leaves. Take care not to over-dry the soil, otherwise the plant can drop all the leaves. If water stagnates in the soil, rot may form on the root system.
Feeding in spring and summer once every 4 weeks. It is recommended to use a houseplant fertilizer that has a higher potassium content. This will help to make the leaves richer in color. You do not need to fertilize in the fall and winter.
This is a fast-growing plant and you should therefore repot it once a year in the spring.
During the transplanting process, the roots must be pruned, which are also characterized by a rather fast growth. Suitable soil should be light, slightly acidic or neutral. Do not forget to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the container. The new container should be 2 sizes larger than the old one. If the pot is too small, all leaves will die off.
The leaves underneath will fall off as they grow, exposing the lower branches. To do something about this, systematic pruning and pruning should be done. This will get rid of the bare branches and increase the branching of the plant, which will have a positive effect on its appearance.
Please note that lateral shoots can only grow upwards. To improve the appearance of the bush, experienced florists recommend that the branches be bent to the surface of the ground with a flexible cord, with one end tied around the container.
Propagation can be done with both semi-tree and herbaceous cuttings.
To ensure successful rooting, a mini greenhouse is needed. The soil temperature should be kept around 25 degrees at all times. Until the cuttings have roots and begin to grow, it is strictly forbidden to air the greenhouse. Often stimulant hormones are used for rooting.
For rooting such cuttings, you can take a glass of water. But it must be placed in a very warm place (25 to 28 degrees).
Pests and diseases
If you water too abundantly, rot can form on the roots.
Low humidity very often spider mites settle on the plant. Scabies, mealybugs and whiteflies can also settle on the Pseudaranthemum if not properly maintained.
- Fleafletting- Drying out of the ground.
- Leaf tips drying out-Low air humidity.
- Leaflet tips dry out and brown spots appear on surface - intense light.
- Leaflets turn yellow and die off - dry air, stagnant water in the ground.
Pseuderanthemum atropurpureum (Pseuderanthemum atropurpureum)
This shrub can reach 120 centimeters in height.
The rather large, short-petioled, full-edged, oval-shaped leaflets measure 7 to 15 centimetres in length and 4 to 10 centimetres in width. They are colored reddish pink and have yellow or green spots on their surface. The white florets have purple spots.
There are such varieties as tricolor and variegatum. They have become popular among florists for their variegated leaves (of various colors).
Pseuderanthemum reticulatum (Pseuderanthemum reticulatum)
The height of this shrub can vary from 50 to 100 centimeters. The short-celled leaves are 12 to 15 centimeters long and have an oblong, pointed shape. Their green, wavy surface has a dense network of stripes colored in golden yellow. The white flowers are about 3.5 centimeters in diameter.
They have short pedicels and the corolla yawn is red in color.
Pseuderanthemum sinuatum (Pseuderanthemum sinuatum)
This herbaceous plant reaches half a meter in height. The leaf plates are 12-15 centimeters long and 2 centimeters wide. They are narrow-lanceolate and emarginate at the edges. The front side of the leaf blades is greenish-olive, while the underside is light red.
There are reddish-purple spots on the surface of the white florets.