Primulina: Care At Home, Photos Of Varieties

Such lovely, delicate, magical, exotic and unusual flowers as primulines used to be called chirits. The leaf plates of such plants have an extremely unusual symmetry. They are distinguished by their incredibly graceful flowers, as well as by their unpretentiousness. In such a plant, almost everything is unique, incredibly delicate and beautiful. These flowers are perfect for those flower growers who seek to find a cute, compact and extremely unusual plant, which can become the "pearl" of the home collection.

However, do not be frightened by the fact that primulina is quite a rare plant, because it is relatively simple and easy to take care of. Such a flower has not yet had time for flower growers to appreciate, but it is rightly considered one of the best rare plants.

Peculiarities of primulina

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

With such unusual beauties as primulina flower growers are just beginning to get acquainted, and therefore they have not yet gained the popularity they deserve. So, for example, spirulina could meet not so long ago, except in single collections. Today it is considered a little-known and very exotic plant, but many florists already know that such a cute "baby" has a very unpretentious disposition and can become a decoration of any collection.

Such a name as "primulina" is known only to a small number of flower growers. However, those who have seen such flowers at exhibitions or in home collections will always remember their unusual and very tender beauty. There are many examples when a florist, for the first time acquainted with such a beauty, has returned home with several specimens.

Primulins (Primulina) are quite rare southeastern exotics, which are grown in domestic conditions. Their homeland is Asia.

Even today, new species are being discovered and are found in mountainous areas of Malaysia, India, China, as well as Sri Lanka. That said, the largest number of such species come from Thailand and China. Primulines are directly related to the family Gesneriaceae. Such plants in the home began to grow no more than 20 years ago. A few years ago, changes were made in their classification, which was perceived as a revolution in botany.

Thus, this genus was previously considered monoecious, but thanks to research it has expanded into more than 100 species of plants, which were formerly called Chirita. This name is still often used by florists to this day, for example, this beauty is often referred to as Chirita primulinae, or sometimes simply Chirita. In spite of the confusion of names, however, such pretty flowers are quite easy to recognize, even considering the variety of their species.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

This plant has a very showy rosette of leaves. It is often compared to the leaf rosette of the Usambara violet, but apart from the size and type of development they have nothing else in common.

Note that these flowers bear virtually no resemblance to violets, especially these plants differ in their leaf plates. However, there are such species of primulin, which from a distance looks something like a violet. In this flower the leaves are arranged symmetrically, which is unique. They are almost always arranged perfectly in pairs-supronate. Thus, each leaf plate necessarily has an "opposite".

Outwardly, this symmetry makes the plant spectacular and very ornate, with the flower itself being mistaken for a small miracle by many. In most species, rosettes have no stems. And there are species that form short stems. Also, these plants are different in that all the time growing in breadth, so there are species and varieties in which the leaf rosette is quite large (diameter of about 40 centimeters). There are species that create peculiar tiers, due to the fact that they grow lateral plants.

It is also worth remembering that the adult plant does not lose its spectacular appearance. So, its unique symmetry does not go anywhere. In different species, the size of leaf rosettes can vary from very large to miniature (dwarf). The height of such plants usually does not exceed 20 centimetres, but most are much lower.

Only in some species do the leaflets look remotely similar to violets.

They are arranged in opposite lines and have short to medium-length petioles. Their surface may be glossy, slightly hairy or velvety (with dense hairs). The shape of the leaf blades varies directly from species to species and can be ovate, rhombic, rounded, linear, spatulate, or tongue-shaped. Most species have streaks and veins of light or silver color on the surface of their leaves. Photographs do not show the full beauty of the leaves.

The thing is that the light patterns seem to shine, and if one looks at such a plant in person, it looks like liquid silver flowing continuously on the leaves. This effect is somewhat similar to that of the precious orchids.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

The graceful florets of this plant can compete in their beauty with orchids, but their structure and form are quite simple. Such florets bear a certain resemblance to gloxinias as well as gentians. Five-petaled flowers have a tubular shape, with the tube they have quite narrow.

And they have a light pastel or whitish color. On the surface of the flower itself and the asymmetrical pharynx, there are bands of purple and dark purple. On fairly long flower stalks, the height of which is always greater than the height of the leaf rosette, there are inflorescences in the form of brushes. They are quite loose and consist of 3-7 florets. In the inflorescences, the flowers as well as the leaves are arranged symmetrically and not very densely, which helps to emphasize the beauty and grace of this plant during flowering.

Flowers can be colored not only in species lilac-white tones. Thanks to breeders, a large number of varieties have emerged whose flowers can be colored in pink, yellow, blue, white, blue, as well as lilac. The main color of the flower is distinguished by its gentleness, pastelness and dimness. But the veins have a brighter and more saturated color shade.

For all its advantages described above, this plant also blooms for a very long time.

Thus, it can compete with phalaenopsis for the duration of flowering. Thus, flowering lasts almost constantly and is interrupted only during the rest period, which is quite short. As a rule, flowering of species primulines begins in the summertime, and in order for it to continue in the wintertime - backlighting will be required. Species plants flower all the year round with one break for a short resting period in winter.


Chirits and Primulines, Agrotechniques (I. Rachkov)

Home care for primulines

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

Primulines can be grown in room conditions both by experienced florists and beginners. They adapt rather quickly to new conditions and do not react too negatively to care mistakes. The most spectacular appearance can be achieved if the plant is well cared for. Such a flower is less capricious and demanding in care compared to senpolia.

It is tolerant of cold, lack of light, and short-lived drought.


This plant grows well in lighted places as well as in the penumbra. But just remember it must be protected from direct sunlight.

This flower can be grown without natural light, replacing it completely with artificial light. Daylight or phytolamps are suitable for this purpose.

The light duration varies from 8 to 12 hours and the plant blooms as usual on the windowsill. So you can put the primulina indoors or put the collection on stands. As the winter comes and the day becomes shorter the flower will have a short dormancy period. If extra light is provided (if desired), flowering continues through the winter.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties


This flower needs normal room temperature all year round.

Keep in mind that it should not be exposed to temperatures less than 0 degrees (even for a very short period), nor should it be kept at less than 10 degrees for a long time. Thus, in the spring-summer period is recommended a temperature of 21 to 26 degrees, and in the winter - from 15 to 20 degrees.

Drafts are tolerated quite well. However, it is still recommended to protect the plant from a cold draught. If you air the room more often, the plant will have a more spectacular appearance.

How to water

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

Watering such a plant, you should remember that it will feel best in a constantly slightly moistened substrate. Avoid not only stagnant water in the soil, but also excessive watering, as primulina can be harmed by even short-term overwatering of the soil. It is very resistant to drought. Thus, the flower can withstand even complete drying of the soil in the pot. However, for abundant and continuous flowering, watering should be systematic and moderate.

Thus, the plant should be watered after the top layer of soil dries well. During the resting period, watering should be reduced.

Water without getting liquid on the leaves or at the base of the rosette. Therefore it is recommended to water the primrose via a tray or the container with the flower can be submerged in water. Drip irrigation is excellent for such a plant.

Pouring water at room temperature is recommended, but it is better if it is lukewarm. Cold water can kill the flower.


It is not too demanding of humidity. So, it is enough that such a figure exceeds only 35%. But if the air in the room is even drier, the primulina is likely to dry out the ends of the leaf plates.

It is forbidden to moisten the plant from a sprayer, even if it has smooth leaves. Other ways to increase humidity are perfectly acceptable. But remember, the flower does not need excessive humidity.


Fertilize during intensive growth 2 times a month. A universal multi-nutrient fertiliser will do (it is best to halve the recommended dosage on the package).

A long-lasting fertilizer can be used. During the dormant period, do not fertilize.


Leaves, stems and flowers that begin to fade should be cut back or cut off as quickly as possible.

Soil and transplanting details

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

Purchased soil mixture designed for violets can be used for planting. However, any soil can be used for these flowers as long as it is light, loose and porous.

There must be a large amount of peat and also a loosener (e.g. moss or vermiculite). To prepare the soil mixture it is advisable to combine sod and leaf soil, peat and sand in a 1:1:2:1 ratio.

The diameter of the planting container should be 3 times less than the leaf rosette.

This rule applies to both small and large specimens. The width and height of the pot should be approximately equal (a wider, but not taller pot can be used).

Younger specimens need to be transplanted once a year, and older specimens need to be transplanted as needed. Repotting is done by transplanting, leaving the root ball in one piece. The root neck is sunk to the same level.

But if the lower leaves have fallen off and the stem is bare, you can fill the soil to the leaf rosette. Don't forget to make a good drainage layer at the bottom and add some kind of loosener to the soil.

Pests and Diseases

Root rot is the most dangerous enemy of primulin. It spreads fairly quickly through all parts of the plant and is caused by over-watering or by leaves coming into contact with water. It is advisable to remove the damaged parts of the plant and treat the cuts with charcoal.

Put the plant in a dry place and definitely repot if the substrate has become too hard or if it starts to go mouldy. Fungicide is often powerless in this case. If the base of the rosette rots, the primulina usually dies.

Resistant to pests.

Possible problems

  1. Dry pale spots appearif you water the flower with cold water.

  2. Yellow lower leaves in young specimens- transplanting required; in adults it is natural.
  3. Leaf blades curl-too hot or too much light.
  4. Greens vigorously growing but blooming poorly-too large pot or plant not properly fertilized.

Spreading methods

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

Can be propagated by seed or leaf cuttings. Water, a mixture of peat and sand or sand and soil will be suitable for rooting the leaf plate with the petiole.

It is recommended to cover with a hood or film. After 6 weeks there will be many offspring, which can be separated and planted in a separate pot. Particles of the leaf plates that are separated by lateral veins are also suitable for rooting.

There are some species that produce a daughter plant at the base of the rosette as they grow. It is separated and planted in a separate container.

Sow the seeds in the last winter or first spring weeks. A mixture of sand and earth (1:1) or soil is used. Sowing is done superficially, and the seeds do not need to be covered with soil. The container is covered with glass or film and placed in a well-lit, warm (over 25 degrees) place. In the warm place the first seedlings will appear after half a month.

The lower the air temperature, the longer this process will take. Young plants should be illuminated, and the daylight hours should not be less than 12 hours. Watering should be done by drip, without disturbing the flower itself. When the first true leaf appears it is necessary to make a picking. The plant is very fragile, so note with care.

Stypes of primulines

Species primulines are less popular than the varieties, but they also have a very showy appearance, which is why they are grown with great pleasure by florists as well.

Primulina tabacum (Primulina tabacum)

This is the one species of primulin which has been included in this genus from the beginning. Such plants are often referred to today as true plants, and all because other species have passed over from the genus chiritus. Such a species is native to China and is endangered and protected. The plant has round-shaped leaf plates that give off an odor reminiscent of a mixture of mint and tobacco.

They are fairly broad, almost round and painted a deep green color. They form a stemless leaf rosette. The spectacular toothed-veined edge is symmetrical with respect to the centrally located vein. A network of veins is clearly visible on the surface of the leaf plate. Flowers (up to 7 pieces) of tubular shape are located on fairly long peduncles.

They have a narrow tube, and the diameter of the corolla slightly exceeds 1 centimeter. They consist of 5 petals which are rounded and have ray-like stripes on their surface.

Primulina tamiana

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

This species was formerly called Chirita tamiana. This compact species is considered semi-miniature. Its leaves are most similar to those of the violets.

Thus, they have a round-oval shape, are fleshy, and there is pubescence on the surface. Perfectly symmetrical rosette forms a compact bush. The twenty-centimeter-long flower stalks bear 5 to 7 flowers, which are white in color and have purple-blue dark stripes on their surface.

Primulina gemella (Primulina gemella)

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

This variety is a dense-leaved variety. The dense rosettes are made up of small, oval-shaped leaves, placed just as symmetrically.

As a result, they create almost tiled circles. On the surface of the velvety leaves there are lettuce veins, and their basic coloring is very bright. Also, these plants have the ability to constantly produce daughter rosettes and become a tiered plant. Such features of this flower are unique. The flower stalk has only 1 or 2 white flowers.

Primulina chinensis

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

Her botanical name is Primulina dryas, but it is most commonly called Primulina sinensis or also called "silver primulina". This species has a symmetrical rosette composed of leaves, on the surface of which is located a beautiful pattern. They are placed suprorotective and create a rosette that can reach 20 centimeters in height. The leaves are oval in shape and have a serrated edge, and they reach 10 centimeters in length. They are either rich or silvery in color and have dense pubescence on the surface as well as a network of silvery patterns.

The lavender flowers are no more than 4 centimeters long and are part of the inflorescences, which are placed on tall, light red pedicels.

Primulina linearifolia

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

This species is an abundant bloomer. Its flowers are creamy white or pale pink. The dark colored stiff leaves are lanceolate in shape and have silvery pubescence on the surface.

Primulina longgangensis)

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

This species is unique, its narrow, rich green leaves have a lanceolate shape.

The pale lilac flowers have a yellowish stripe at the top of the phloem and dark colored veins at the bottom.

Primulina minutimaculata (Primulina minutimaculata)

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

This species was only discovered in 2008. The dark, tongue-shaped leaf plates have an unusual velvety-glossy surface. On their surface, there are short veins of light color that are unique. They create a kind of "twig" in the center of the leaf plate.

Primulina spadiciformis (Primulina spadiciformis)

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

The shiny, broad leaves of this compact plant are richly colored. The flowers are quite large and have a broad corolla and are colored lilac.

Primulina subrhomboidea (Primulina subrhomboidea)

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

This species is quite rare. The spectacular glossy leaves are lanceolate in shape. The tube at the flower has a white color and the corolla is a rich lilac-blue.

Primulina varieties

The most popular compared to the species forms are the various varieties and varieties that have appeared thanks to breeders. These plants differ from each other in color, shape of leaf plates, size. Because of this you can build an entire collection of these beautiful plants, which will differ from each other, but remain the same beautiful. When buying primulines, note that the variety is listed as a species name, instead of the usual name of the plant, and next to the cultivar. So, for example, the primulina variety "Aiko" is simply called Aiko (without quotation marks), with the abbreviated form Primulina Aiko used in the Latin name, instead of the accepted Primulina tamiana cv.

Aiko. Because of this, it is not easy to distinguish between cultivars and species, because catalogs list the cultivar name as species.

The following are the best cultivars.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

"Atsuko"The rounded, satiny leaves, having a serrated edge, are colored emerald. They are arranged perfectly symmetrically and create an exemplary leaf rosette.

They also have very showy, large, lilac-blue bell-shaped flowers. Their throat is colored white and they have yellowish stripes on the surface.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

"Aiko"The velvety leaf plates are elongated-oval in shape and they make a very compact rosette. The long peduncles bear flowers of deep yellow with a peachy cast, with reddish spots at the throat.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

"Junko"-similar to the preceding variety.

It differs in its more compact size and also its leaf plates are somewhat wider.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

"Kazu" - The velvet leaves of this compact plant are lanceolate in shape. It has rather large lavender-colored flowers with a prominent lower lip.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties
"Kitaguni" (Kitaguni)

"Kitaguni" (Kitaguni) -the flowers are colored in a creamy yellowish color. The leaf plates are medium-sized and have a silvery green coloration.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

"Hisako"This spectacular plant has mottled foliage. There are large, broad teeth along the edge of the leaf plates, and there are silvery veins on their surface. The florets are lavender colored and have a lemon neck.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

"Mineko" - oval shaped leaflets have an almost smooth surface and a rich color. The bell-shaped flowers have a deep lilac color and a white neck, the petals are rather large and elongated.

There are yellowish-orange spots and stripes scattered across the surface of the flower.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

"Vertigo"This unusual variety has deep blue-colored flowers and a whitish throat. The mottled leaf plates have a serrated edge and there is a divergent herringbone of veins in the center, colored in lettuce.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

"Destiny" - This variety has mottled foliage. The broad leaf plates are lanceolate-oval in shape and have a serrated edge.

On the surface in the central part, there are stripes of silver coloration. There is also a spectacular light-colored pattern, as well as an unusual almost black border. There is still burgundy pubescence on the surface, but it can only be seen up close.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties
"Sweet Dreams"

"Sweet Dreams"the large, shiny leaves are olive coloured. The florets are a light pale milky color.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

"Betty" - The shiny leaf plates have a dark colored border and a prominent vein running down the center. On the whole surface there is a silvery thin pattern. The flowers are light blue.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties
"Souvenir" (Souvenir)

"Souvenir" (Souvenir)The small plant has narrow, oval-shaped leaves with a band of rich lettuce-silver coloring running down the center. The flowers are pale lilac.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties
"Marble Leaf" (Marble Leaf)

"Marble Leaf" (Marble Leaf) - The oval heart-shaped leaves have a serrated edge as well as a luminous band of silver color running along the central vein. The lilac-pink flowers have a light yellow neck.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties
"Jade Moon"

"Jade Moon"is a miniature variety. Its small rhombic-shaped leaves are part of a perfectly symmetrical rosette. The large florets are lavender in color.

The rosette diameter of an adult specimen does not exceed 15 centimeters.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

"Moonlight"This variety is considered the most aquarelle. Its oval-shaped, elongated leaves, which are rich in color, have a light marbled pattern on the surface. The long flower stalks carry not quite ordinary flowers. The corolla is colored dark purple around the edge, transitioning to an almost white base.

The neck is white, and there are spots of orange coloration on the surface.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

"Piccolo"This compact variety is more popular. In the center of its spectacular dark-colored leaf plates runs a luminous olive-salad-colored stripe. The florets are lilac in color and there are spots of orange in their light yawn.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties
"Diane Marie"

"Diane Marie"This compact variety is a mottled variety.

The dark emerald oval leaves have large denticles along the edge and have a marbled silvery-white pattern on the surface. The rather large florets are colored lilac, and they have bands of yellow as well as dark purple on the surface.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties
"Huba" (Huba)

"Huba" (Huba)The rather large egg-shaped leafplates have oval edges. They are colored dark green and decorated with a large network of silvery patterns, the pattern being almost invisible in the central part, but becoming brighter closer to the sides.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

"Lola" - Rhomboid-shaped leaflets, having a steel tint, decorated along the edge with large teeth.

They are gathered into a rosette with perfect symmetry. The bell-shaped flowers are colored in dark lilac and on their surface there are intense bands of purple and orange.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

"Nimbus" - this compact plant has pearlescent-colored stripes on the surface of the oval leaves. The very pretty florets look like gramophones and are colored lilac-white.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties
'Rachel' (Rachel)

'Rachel' (Rachel) -This plant is a miniature plant.

The small leaves are almost lanceolate in shape, and there is a white stripe in the center. The lilac flowers are decorated with stripes and a spot that is orange or yellow.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties
"Patina" (Patina)

"Patina" (Patina) - the leaf plates are tongue-like and oval in shape. A patch of mother-of-pearl is clearly visible on their surface, and a bronze patina effect is noticeable (due to the pink pubescence). There are orange stripes on the surface of the lavender-colored flowers.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties
"Erika" (Erika)

"Erika" (Erika) is a watercolor variety. The leaves are elongated with a wrinkled surface. The light lilac petals of the florets have a veined pattern.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties
"New York" (New York)

"New York" (New York)The broad, richly colored leaf plates are drooping and have veins of light color. The dense inflorescences consist of watercolor pinkish-white florets.

There is a hump of crimson color on the outer surface on the tube.

Primulina: care at home, photos of varieties

"Periwinkle"The richly colored, brilliant leaves have a pointed shape. The flowers are quite large, lavender-colored.


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