Planting And Caring For Tulips In The Open Ground

When fall arrives, all gardeners begin to think about spring, when tulips begin to bloom. After all, the most appropriate time to plant tulips is in the fall. If properly planted in the fall, these lovely flowers will bloom in the spring with their delicate buds. Breaking the rules of planting the bulbs will cause problems that will be very difficult to eliminate.

Time for planting

As a rule, in late September - early October the soil temperature drops to 7-10 ° C.

This time is ideal for planting tulips. However, you should take into account that it takes from three weeks to a month for the bulbs to form a root system. And the weather in the fall is unstable. If the bulbs are planted late in November, they will need a good cover for the winter (with leaves or lapnuts).

Planting and caring for tulips in the open ground

Early as well as late planting has its disadvantages.

If you plant tulips too early, the rooting process will take too long. In addition, because of the high temperature, the bulbs are susceptible to a disease called fusarium. When it is warm outside, the bed is well overgrown with weeds. In the spring, they will grow and prevent the tulips from growing and gaining strength. If the bulbs are planted too late, there is no guarantee that a root system will form.

They may freeze or rot. The tulip will bloom poorly and the new bulbs will be small and of poor quality.

Bulbs that are planted in the spring begin to bloom later than those planted in the fall. For tulips to germinate well, they need a cooling off period to produce substances that promote active plant development. Under natural conditions, wild species of tulips germinate when snowdrifts melt.

Experienced gardeners take this into account when growing these unpretentious plants in their flower garden.

Selection of location and soil

Planting and caring for tulips in the open ground

The humble flowers prefer well-lit sunny areas. They must be protected from the wind, as they are afraid of drafts. Any cultivated garden soil is suitable for these beautiful flowers. The main thing is that it should be loose and water-permeable.

Optimal would be sandy loam or loamy soil. Soil rich in humus is excellent. Heavy clay soils - no problem. They can be improved by introducing peat or compost.

Good drainage is an important condition when planting tulips.

Groundwater must not stagnate in the soil during the cold season. Otherwise, the bulbs will get soaked and freeze. If the site is overwatered, it is better to make high beds.

Tulips are suitable for slightly alkaline or neutral soils. Acidic soils are not suitable for them.

It is very important that the soil settle before planting. For this purpose, it is thoroughly recultivated to a depth of 25-30 centimeters (preferably a month).

To ensure that the flowers are not disturbed by perennial weeds, before recultivating the plot, it is treated with a special product "Roundup". Nutrients the plant begins to absorb from March, so you should provide direct access to them in advance. A year before planting tulips, organic fertilizers are added to the soil.

Fertilizer such as manure is contraindicated for tulips.

Spring fertilizer

Planting and caring for tulips in the open groundTulips need mineral nutrients. It is best to feed them with a special compound fertilizer that is designed for onion plants. They contain a complex of necessary microelements and nutrients. If there is no possibility to buy complex fertilizer, ash, bone meal, superphosphate, poultry manure, nitroammophoska are added to the soil before planting.

Before you start planting tulip bulbs, they are well inspected. The planting material must be of good quality. Large, healthy bulbs are considered suitable. Sick, rotten bulbs are not suitable for planting. They will infect the neighbors and you may be left without flowers in the spring.

Before planting, treat the bulbs with 0.5% solution of manganese or soak them in an antifungal agent. If the time is missed, the roots will become brittle due to bulb swelling. For planting, prepare furrows 10-15 cm deep. The interval between the bulbs should be 9-10 cm.

If the soil is heavy, plant the bulbs at a shallow depth. Conversely, they should be planted deeper in light soils. The depth of planting also depends on the variety of tulips. Bulbs belonging to extra-class varieties are planted to a depth of 15-18 cm. The planting depth of bulbs of II and III classes is 12 cm.

The seedlings are planted very shallowly.

Planting and caring for tulips in the open ground

In dry soils, the furrows are liberally watered. Bulb fertilizer is applied to the bottom of the hole, provided it has not been applied under digging. Then cover it with a thin layer of sand. Afterwards, place the bulbs 8-10 cm apart with their bottoms facing down.

To avoid damaging the swollen roots, the bulbs should not be pressed hard into the soil. For even flowering, plant large bulbs in the center and small ones on the sides.

The bulbs are lightly powdered with ashes, covered with sand on all sides and covered with soil. To obtain a tulip pattern, it is worth removing the top layer of soil from the entire plot and leveling the surface for planting. Having laid out the bulbs in a certain order, they are covered with the soil that was removed before.

To make it easier to take care of the flowers, tulips are planted by variety.

Tulips can be returned to their former place after 4 years. To avoid cracking of the soil in the period of stable frosts, a thin layer of peat is put into it. It will not only protect the plant from frost, providing the bulbs with an even temperature, but also preserve the root system and reduce the growth of weeds. The soil will remain loose.

When spring arrives, do not remove the peat.

Right Planting of Tulips - Video

Right Planting of Tulips


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