Plantain: Growing In The Garden, Planting And Care, Medicinal Properties

The plantain (Plantago) belongs to the Plantain family. This genus is represented by semi-shrubs as well as perennial and annual herbaceous plants. According to information taken from various sources, this genus includes 150-250 species. Representatives of the genus Plantain in natural conditions can be found in every corner of the planet Earth. Most species are referred to as weeds.

However, among them there are some that have medicinal properties, namely: Plantain flea, or flea plantain, and also plantain large, or great plantain. In nature, this crop prefers to grow in vacant lots, in the steppes, along roads, and also in the sands. Some of the plantain species are listed in the Red Book.

Peculiarities of the herbaceous plantain

Plantain: growing in the garden, planting and care, medicinal properties

The plantain has a short rhizome, from which lace-like, thin spines depart. The root-leaf rosette is composed of petiolate leaf plates.

As a rule, the peduncles of representatives of this genus are leafless and erect. However, sometimes there are species with lobed and branched pedicels. The dense terminal globular or spike-like inflorescence consists of very small flowers which have no decorative value. The fruit of this plant is a multiseeded boll. As a rule, wind is involved in the process of plantain pollination.

The plantain. Medicinal properties and contraindications.

Growing plantain

Plantain: growing in the garden, planting and care, medicinal properties

How to plant

A species like plantain is noted for its undemanding nature to soil composition. But it is not recommended to grow it on heavy or boggy soil. Bear in mind that in the same place this herb can be cultivated not more than 2 or 3 years.

Before sowing the plantain should be prepared. To do this it should be recultivated and fertilized so that for each square meter of soil 30 grams of superphosphate, 4-6 kg of compost and 15 grams of potassium fertilizer should be added. After the recultivation of the plot is finished, level its surface, and it should also be tamped.

Sowing plantain seeds into the open soil is recommended by gardeners to produce under the winter. For this purpose, furrows should be prepared, the depth of which should be about 0,5 centimeters, and the distance between them should be 0,45 to 0,6 meter.

Once the furrows are ready, plantain seeds should be distributed in them, which are covered with a not very thick layer of soil. The advantages of winter planting are that in the cold ground the seeds undergo natural stratification, and with the onset of spring, friendly sprouts appear on the plot. If it was decided to postpone the sowing of seeds until spring, then they will need stratification. To start the seed a couple of days removed in a place where the air temperature is 18 to 20 degrees. After that, the seeds are placed in a glass jar or plastic bag, which is filled with moistened sand at a ratio of 1:4.

Then the resulting mixture should be placed for 2 winter months on the shelf of the refrigerator, designed for storing vegetables. Systematically, the container with the seed should be taken out of the refrigerator and well shake its contents. Also from time to time it is necessary to check the condition of the sand, and if there is such a need, it should be moistened.

Sow the seeds at the beginning of the spring period immediately after the soil thaws. Before sowing the soil on the plot should be well loosened to a depth of 30 to 40 millimeters, then its surface is rolled.

When sowing, the seeds should be buried only 1 centimeter into the ground.

Care for Plantain

Plantain: growing in the garden, planting and care, medicinal properties

Garden plantain is very easy to care for. So that this herbaceous plant grows and develops well, it should be watered in good time, weeded and loosened up between bushes. Particular attention should be paid to weeding in the first year of its growth, because at this time, the bushes are still relatively weak, and the weed can choke them much faster. The first time to loosen the surface of the plot, and also to pull out all the weeds should be after only the first seedlings will appear.

Plantain crops do not need to be thinned, even if they are excessively dense.

This herbaceous plant needs regular feeding. The first time to feed the plantain should be at the beginning of the spring period. The second time should be after the first leaf laminae have been picked. Plantain can be given Nitrophoska fertilizer and the dosage can be stated on the package.

Plantain can also be given 15-20 grammes of any nitrogen fertiliser per square metre instead of Nitrophoska

Growing Plantain in your own yard should not be too difficult either for an experienced gardener or a beginner. The main thing is to follow all the rules of agrotechnics of this crop and take good care of it, and then you will definitely have no problems with this plant.

Gathering Plantain

Plantain: growing in the garden, planting and care, medicinal properties

Specialists advise to collect medicinal raw materials from plantain bushes only after the rain has passed. You should, however, wait until the plants have dried well before collecting them. In its first year, the plantain is harvested only once a season.

The first harvest is made when the plantain begins to bloom and the second 6 to 8 weeks before the plantain is due to blossom in autumn. New leaves should grow on the plantain bushes before the end of the growing season.

Cut only those leaf blades, which are about 10-12 cm long. To dry the cuttings you need to place them in a shaded area or in a well-ventilated or ventilated room, with a drying temperature of 40 to 50 degrees. The leaflets can also be bundled together and hung from the ceiling for drying if desired.

When trimming the leaves when collecting medicinal raw materials, it is extremely important not to injure the rhizome as well as the leaf rosette of the plantain. When dry, the material should be greenish-brown or green in color and slightly scented and with a bitter taste.

After the lower part of the inflorescences is well ripened, collect the seeds of the plantain because they have medicinal virtues, like the leaf plates. The inflorescences should be cut at their base and threshed when dry for 3-5 days.

Gathering Plantain Seeds July 26 2013

Stypes and varieties of Plantain with photos and names

One of the many Plantain species is cultivated, only 2 that provide medicinal raw materials.

Their detailed descriptions will be given below.

Sandy plantain (lat. Plantago arenaria), or rugged, or Indian, or fleabane, or fleabane

Plantain: growing in the garden, planting and care, medicinal properties

This species of plantain is represented by an annual herbaceous plant. The branched shoots can reach a height of about 0.4 meters.

The shoots are glandularly pubescent at the top. Supropode leaf blades of this species are linear and smooth-edged, reaching a length of about 70 millimeters. Leaves are serrated in the upper part. Headed inflorescences, having an ovoid shape, consist of small flowers. The surface of the inflorescences also has dense pubescence consisting of glandular hairs.

The fruit of this plant is an ellipsoidal box with seeds inside. Both the grass and the seeds of this plantain species have medicinal properties that are used in alternative medicine.

Big Plantain (lat. Plantago major), or greater plantain

Plantain: growing in the garden, planting and care, medicinal properties

This species is a herbaceous plant that is a perennial. From a short rhizome, filamentous roots depart.

The root rosette is made up of leaf lamellae with a broadly oval shape and relatively long petioles. The upright flower stalk is 0.15 to 0.45 m tall and bears a cylindrical, terminal spike-like inflorescence composed of small flowers. The fruit of this species is a multiseeded boll.

The medicinal properties of this species of plantain are possessed by fresh grass as well as by its leaf plates.

The properties of plantain: harm and benefits

Plantain: growing in the garden, planting and care, medicinal properties

Therapeutic properties of plantain

The fact that plantain has medicinal properties has been known to man for a very long time. Thus, it is very widely used in non-conventional medicine during the therapy of pleurisy, acute respiratory diseases, bronchial asthma, catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, as well as tuberculosis. Preparations made on the basis of plantain help to relieve inflammation, improve gastric secretion and purify the blood. This herb is also very effective for gastritis, peptic ulcer, whooping cough, enteritis, enterocolitis, malaria, hemorrhoids, skin diseases, as well as inflammatory processes in the bladder.

The fresh juice obtained from plantain grass helps accelerate regeneration processes in damaged tissues, and also disinfects wounds and pus removal. It is also known that this herb is characterized by a sedative effect, in this connection it is used for neuroses, insomnia and increased irritability. Preparations made on the basis of this plant contribute to the normalization of pressure, as well as the removal of edema.

Also the medicinal properties of this plant are quite widely used in gynecological diseases. So, plantain is used to eliminate inflammation of the mucous membrane and the muscular membrane of the uterus, and they also stop uterine bleeding and eliminate the disorder of the ovaries.

Also, this plant is used to normalize potency in men. Plantain is also very highly effective in the treatment of nephritis, enuresis and diarrhea

The plantain is also quite widely used externally. So, if there are cracks or cuts on the heels, this plant will contribute to their fairly rapid healing. To this end, it is recommended to use an infusion made from Plantain, it should be mixed with water, which is used for foot baths. If there are abrasions and corns, in this case, to problem areas for the night is recommended to apply fresh leaves of the plant.

Already the next morning, the damaged skin should be restored.

The plantain is also used to care for the skin of the hands. It can be used at home to prepare a fairly effective cream, which has healing properties. To do this, you need to combine cow's oil or honey with plantain infusion. The fresh juice obtained from the plantain is great for dry skin.

Before applying the juice to the skin, it is recommended to dilute it with clean water. From the resulting solution you can prepare a mask for the face, for this purpose, in the mixture of juice and water should be poured the necessary amount of starch. The resulting mass should be applied to the skin and kept for a third to half an hour. After that the face is washed well with cool running water.

The leaflets of this plant contain flavonoids, provitamin A, ascorbic acid, vitamin K, enzymes, polysaccharides, uronic acids, tannins, bitterness.

Plantain seeds contain fatty oils, mucilages, carbohydrates, amino acids and oleanolic acid.

Whom plantain is contraindicated

Plantain: growing in the garden, planting and care, medicinal properties

While plantain is certainly a useful plant with medicinal properties, it, like all medicinal plants, has several contraindications. This plantain-based medication is strictly prohibited for people with increased secretion and acidity of gastric juice. If a person has an increased blood clotting, then such preparations can also harm him. They also can not be used by those who have an individual intolerance to plantain.

Specialists advise, before using plantain for the first time in the treatment of any ailment, be sure to consult a qualified specialist.

The plantain. Therapeutic properties and contraindications.

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