Pine: Planting And Care On The Plot, Growing From Seed, Diseases And Pests

Pine (Pinus) is a type genus of conifers, trees or shrubs, which is a member of the Pine family. There are about 120 species in this genus. In nature you can find such plants in the whole Northern Hemisphere (from the equator to the polar regions). In regions with temperate and subarctic climate pines form vast forests both in mountainous areas and on plains. And in the regions with subtropical and tropical climates the crop can be found in the nature in most cases in the mountains.

There are three different versions of how the genus takes its name:

  • from the Celtic word "pin" which translates as "rock, mountain";
  • from the Greek word pinos, mentioned as early as by Theophrastus;
  • from the Latin word "picis, pix", translated as "resin".

There is an ancient Greek myth which says that the pines came from Pythis, the nymph of the morning dawn; she was very much jealous of the north wind god Boreas, and so he decided to turn her into a tree. According to the Chinese, such a coniferous tree protects the house from trouble and also brings longevity and happiness. In this regard, it is recommended to plant this crop near the house. Nowadays pine is very popular among gardeners of all countries and therefore breeders work hard to obtain new unusual varieties and hybrids.

Peculiarities of pine

Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

Pine is a monohered evergreen tree. The crown of young plants is pyramidal, changing to spherical or umbrella-shaped with age. This genus is represented by shrubs, trees or climbing shrubs. The height of this plant varies from 2 to 50 meters. Developed system of roots is of anchoring type or tap root.

The trunk is covered with brown-red deeply fissured bark, while the branches are finely flaked in light yellow or pale red. Such trees are characterized by whorled branches and their shoots are divided into 2 types: elongated (auxiblasts) and shortened (brachyblasts). The needles are placed only on the shortened shoots. Shoots are also divided into 3 types according to the number of needles on them: biconifers (littoral pine and common pine), five-conifers (Japanese white pine and Siberian pine), and three-conifers (Bunge pine). Needles vary in length from 50 to 90 mm, they sit in bunches of 2-5 pieces, and are surrounded by a filmy sheath.

On long shoots there are scaly brown-colored leaves. In some cases, because of mechanical damage, rosellate shoots form on the tree: they are shortened and have tufts of short and relatively wide needles.

At the base of young branches, male strobils form spikes. Female strobils are symmetrical drooping cones, ovoid-conical or oblong in shape, placed in the upper part of the tree. When the seeds are fully mature, the buds fall off.

The cones consist of woody or leathery fruiting scales, which are arranged in a tortoise-like pattern. The tips of the scales have thickenings in the form of a faceted shield. As a rule, the seeds of this crop are winged, but species of pine with wingless seeds also occur. Pollination of this plant is carried out with the help of wind. The seeds remain germinating for four years.

Pine trees are long-livers. There are specimens found in nature that are several thousand years old.

Pine planting in the open ground

Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

When to plant

Three to five-year-old seedlings with a closed root system are ideal for planting in the open ground. If a seedling's roots are exposed to the open air, they will die in as little as 10-15 minutes. We recommend buying seedlings only from specialist nurseries located in your region.

We immerse the plant's root system in water before planting, where it should stay for three hours, and it is not necessary to take it out of the container. Pine trees can be planted in the open ground from the last days of April to the first days of May or from the end of August to the second half of September.

Planting rules

Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

The depth of the planting hole should be approximately 100 cm. If the soil on the plot is heavy, a twenty centimetre thick drainage layer of broken bricks or expanded clay should be made on the bottom of the pit and then covered with sand. Soil mixture for filling the pit should be prepared in advance.

To do this, you need to combine the fertile topsoil with clay or sand and turf soil in a ratio of 2:1:2. In the prepared mixture of earth should be poured 100 grams of Kemira-Universal or 50 grams of Nitrophoska, all mixed well. If the soil is acidic, then it is necessary to make it another 200 to 300 grams of quicklime. Part of the earth mixture should be poured into the pit, and then a seedling is placed in it, which should be very carefully pulled out of the container, while trying to keep the earth clod intact. The remaining voids should then be filled with earth mixture, this should be done gradually, with the soil mixture slightly compacted.

When the pine is planted, an earth dump is made around it, then 20 liters of water is poured into the root circle. After complete absorption of the liquid and settling of the soil, the root neck of the seedling should be at the same level with the surface of the plot. It should be taken into account that when planting large-sized seedlings, the root neck should be 10 centimeters above the surface of the plot. After some time it will descend to the level of the ground. When several seedlings are planted, it is necessary to keep a distance of at least 4 meters between them, but an interval of only 150 cm between trees of small varieties is sufficient.

Powering a mountain pine. Care of mountain pine

Garden care of mountain pine

Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

Pine trees are highly drought-resistant, so they do not need watering as they are quite sufficient with natural precipitation. However, plants planted in the open ground last year or this year need an autumn watering when the leaves have ended. The fact is that the moist soil during hard frosts does not freeze very much. Another thing to remember is that if water stagnates in the soil, it can cause the death of the tree.

Rumelian pine is less resistant to drought, during the season it will need 2 or 3 waterings, and 1.5-2 buckets of water should be poured under one tree at a time.

For the first two years, young trees planted in the open ground need nutrition. It is carried out once a year, with a solution of complex mineral fertilizer (40 grams per 1 square meter of land) applied to the root circle. In subsequent years, in the coniferous litter will accumulate organic matter, which will be quite enough for the pine.

To prune such a tree is not necessary, but to make the crown more lush, and the growth of the pine was not so fast, experts advise to manually break down the light (young) branches by 1/3 of the length.


Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

Transplanting conifers is recommended in the springtime, more specifically from the second half of April to the first days of May. This is because conifers take root more slowly than deciduous trees, and therefore pines need more time and a longer, warmer period to adapt to a new location.

If you want to dig up a young pine tree in the forest and plant it in a garden, then you need to take into account a few rules. To start with the plant you need to dig around the perimeter of the crown projection, gradually exposing the root system of the pine trying not to traumatize it.

A circular trench should be at least 0.6 m deep and 0.3 to 0.4 m wide. After that, the pine tree is carefully pulled out of the soil together with the root ball and transported to the new planting site as soon as possible.

Remember that it is very important that the roots of the plant are constantly in the ground during transportation and planting. Dug pine should be placed in a pre-prepared pit, on the bottom of which a drainage layer has already been laid, as well as 500 grams of manure, while the top should be covered with a layer of forest soil, which should be combined with coniferous litter and fertilizer. When preparing the hole, it should be taken into account that its size should be 1.5 times the size of the pine tree root system together with the clump of earth. The remaining voids in the hole should be filled with forest soil.

The planted tree needs abundant watering. The first 15-20 days it will need to be watered often and abundantly (at least 2 times in 7 days).


Diseases and pests of pine

The crop much more often suffers not from pests or diseases, but from failure to follow proper cultivation and improper care. Gardeners sometimes complain that a pine plant that has taken root suddenly begins to turn yellow, or a seedling planted last season suddenly dies in the spring. This is usually because the plant was not planted in time or planted incorrectly or could have been damaged if care was not taken properly.

Such trees are very often attacked by fungal diseases, usually caused by dense planting, lack of light or water stagnation in the soil.


Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

Rust is the disease that most often affects this plant. The affected specimen has orange-colored blisters on the lower part of the crown, with spores inside. As a preventive measure, it is not recommended to grow this tree near gooseberries or currants and it is also necessary to carry out timely preventive spraying of the plant with agents containing copper.

Pine Vertune

Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

Pine Vertune - oblong swollen yellow-golden shades form on infected young shoots.

Over time, there is an S-shaped curvature of the shoots, and wounds form on their surface in which resin accumulates. Pine is treated with fungicides, and microfertilizers and immunostimulants are also used. The needles that fall off infected plants must be collected and destroyed.

Rust cancer (resin cancer)

Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

Rust cancer (resin cancer) - This disease poses a great danger to pine because the infected plant usually dies. The diseased tree suddenly has cracks in the bark in which yellow-orange colored bubbles form.

If the plant has been infected quite recently, you can try to cure it. To do this, the wound on the bark of the trunk should be thoroughly cleaned to healthy tissue, then the wood is treated with a solution of copper vitriol (3-5%), and then a protective composition is applied to the wound, so, you can use garden brew mixed with fungicide or paste Rannet. Sick branches are recommended to be cut down, and the cut places are disinfected in the same way as the wounds on the trunk. Plant debris must be destroyed.

Zontic disease (scleroderma)

Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

Zontic disease (scleroderma) - The affected plant exhibits the death of the apical bud on the shoots, then the needles die and the disease spreads throughout the branch.

The disease develops most intensively in the warm fall or during the wet season, and mountain and cedar pines are most susceptible to it. In order to prevent the infection from spreading throughout the tree, timely sanitary pruning should be done throughout the season, and dead shoots should be cut back to a healthy bud.

Snow Stucco

Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

Snow Stucco - This disease affects only young trees that are less than 8 years old. Signs of the disease appear in the springtime immediately after the snow cover has melted. Affected pine needles are stained brownish-red in color, black dots of fungus spores form on their surface, and then a white-colored plaque.

If the infestation is massive, it can cause death of a cuttings or seedling. The pathogens of infection are in the fallen off the affected pine needles, so it is so important to collect and destroy it in time. Seedlings should be treated twice in May and then in mid- to late summer with a treatment containing copper.

Bark necrosis

Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

Bark necrosis is when an infested plant develops yellowing, desiccation and death of branches and bark. This disease usually develops on trees weakened by frost, drought or mechanical damage to the bark.

Infested plants need at least 3 treatments per season (in spring, first summer weeks and autumn) with fungicides. Before treatment, it is necessary to remove pathogenic growths from the bark surface by using a swab moistened in fungicide solution, and also to cut dead shoots and branches to live buds.

Pests that can settle on bark are divided into four groups:

  • suckers: aphids, chermes, pine worms, pine scales, pine underbark mites and spider mites;
  • bark eaters: red pine sawflies, pine silkworms, shootworms, pine moth caterpillars and pine miniature moths;
  • cone pests: cone fireflies, cone smolts;
  • stem and subcutaneous pests: big and small bastards, whiskers, mites, elephants and spot smolts.

To protect the plant from these pests it is necessary to follow all the rules of agronomy of this crop, to take proper care of the trees (especially the young ones), and to conduct systematic preventive spraying of pine trees with acaricides and insecticides.

9 pine pests and how to deal with them Part 1

Pine Propagation

Pine trees can be propagated, by grafting, cuttings and seeds.

Generally, vegetative methods of pine propagation are reliable and have faster results. But most often such a tree is propagated by seeds.

Growing pine from seeds

Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

Sow well matured fresh seeds. The cones should be harvested in the last days of October or the first few days of November, at which time they will be fully mature and ready for sowing. Note that the cones must always be plucked from the pine tree, not collected from the ground.

You will need to let them dry well by laying them out in a room on a piece of paper or cloth and placing them next to a heater. From the well dried cones you can easily extract the seeds. For storage they are poured into tightly closed glass jars, which should be kept in a cool place. Eight to twelve weeks before sowing, discard the seeds and put them in a jar filled with water. Floating seeds should be collected and thrown away.

The same seeds that have drowned should be stratified. To begin with, they are placed for 30 minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate, which should be colored faintly pink. After that, they are washed and kept for 24 hours in clean water, then they are combined with moistened sand. The mixture is poured into a kapron stocking, which is placed on the refrigerator shelf for at least 4 weeks.

Sow the seeds during the second decade of April.

The substrate should be light, but not necessarily saturated with nutrients. So, for sowing, you can use river sand, which one-third of an hour should be calcined in an oven heated to 200 degrees. The container is first filled with sand, then a two-inch layer of sawdust is poured on top, on the surface of which the seeds should be evenly distributed, with their pointed tip pointing down. Each seed should be slightly pressed into the substrate, and then its surface is covered with a layer of fallen needles, the thickness of which should be 10-15 mm. Seeds are watered abundantly with a sprayer, and then the container is covered with a film from above.

The first seedlings usually show up as early as April, but they may show up somewhat later. Seedlings need systematic airing and watering, and condensation accumulated on the foil should also be removed in time.

After the first seedlings appear, the container should be moved to a warm and well-lit place, which should have reliable protection from draughts. During the formation of the second pair of needles, the seedlings will need to be transplanted into a real pine soil mixture. Planting seedlings in the open soil is carried out after 2-3 years in the spring time, and a distance of 0.

3-0.5 m between them should be observed. When planting must be extremely careful not to expose the roots of plants and not to be injured, and still we should try not to shake off their microzoo, which depends on the normal growth and development of the tree. Root of the seedling should be carefully cut, then it is immersed in a putty, consisting of humus and garden soil (1:2), water is added as much, to get the consistency of thick sour cream. Then the pine trees are planted in the holes, which should be prepared in advance.

Water the seedlings on the school bed once every 7 days. When the trees are watered, you should loosen the soil surface around them, and also pull out all the weeds. And the second year in the spring, before the sap starts to flow, pine trees should be fertilized by adding 25 grams of superphosphate, 0.5 kg of decomposed manure and 10 grams of potassium nitrate per 1 square meter of soil. Fertilizer must be sown to a depth of ten centimeters.

Four years after transplanting in a seedbed, the seedlings may be planted in a permanent position, either in spring or in the early fall.

Mountain pine from seed to seedling.

Pine propagation by cuttings

Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

Cutting of this crop is recommended in autumn. Cut woody cuttings, which can vary in length from 80 to 120 mm, and take them with a heel (a piece of wood from the branch on which the cuttings were taken). For their harvesting, you should choose a cloudy day.

The cuttings are cut from the apical side shoots of the middle part of the crown, which face north. The cuttings should not be cut, but should be torn off with a piece of wood and bark (heel) in a strong, rapid downward and sideways motion.

Before planting the cuttings, their heels will need a slight scraping of burrs and needles. The cuttings should then be soaked for 4-6 hours in a two percent solution of Fundazole, potassium manganate (dark pink) or Kaptan. And shortly before planting, the heel and the lower edge of the cuttings should be treated with a solution of Epin, Kornevin or Heteroauxin.

Cuttings are planted in the soil mixture, which includes humus, leaf soil and sand, taken in equal parts. They are planted at an inclination, and then the top is covered with a transparent cap to create the necessary greenhouse conditions for rooting. Every day the cuttings should be aired, and the cap should be removed from the condensate. For the winter, a container with cuttings is recommended to be removed to the basement, and in the spring it should be moved outdoors. Cuttings will take root after 1.

5-4.5 months, and they will grow both young shoots and roots at the same time. With the onset of the next spring in May cuttings need to arrange a watering solution of Kornevin or Epin. The pines can be planted in the open soil after another year.

Rooting conifers with cuttings (spruce, pine)

Pine trees can be grafted

Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

Generators with experience usually graft pine, but even beginners can do it if they wish.

Grafting has a very important advantage, namely by using this method, the grafting will maintain all the varietal characteristics of the mother plant.

A four to five years old pine scion can be taken as scion. The scion is cut from a 1 to 3 year old scion. All needles should be cut off from the scion and only the buds near the top should remain. All side buds should be cut off and the long shoots should be removed from the rootstock.

Grafting should be done in spring as soon as the sap starts to flow or in mid-summer. The pine is grafted on last year's shoot in the spring and on the current season's shoot in the summer.

Grafting a pine. Mountain Pine Pops

Wintering pine on the property

Care rules for fall

Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

All pine species are frost-resistant except for the Thunberg pine. When it gets cold outside, all processes in the plant slow down, but they do not stop completely.

Because of this, pines need to be prepared for overwintering. Approximately in the last days of November, before severe frosts begin, you will need to make moisture watering. If the height of the tree is less than 100 cm, then under it you need to pour 20 liters of water, for higher copies the rate of consumption increases to 30-50 liters. Before watering the perimeter of the perimeter of the rootstock circle, it is necessary to make an earth dump, this will prevent the spillage of liquid on the plot. One-year-old and two-year-old seedlings have underdeveloped root system, so watering in autumn time is especially important for them.

It is also essential for plants that have been subjected to formative pruning this season and for varieties and forms characterized by low frost tolerance. And in the autumn, it is necessary that the existing shoots should grow and mature, otherwise they will die in the winter time. So that they quickly become woodier, in September arrange feeding with phosphorus-potassium fertilizer, it will also help to make the plant root system stronger.

When preparing young specimens for wintering, do not forget to cover the surface of the root circle with a layer of mulch. Experts advise to mulch the soil with tree bark, which should be crushed.

The fact is that such mulch allows air to pass through, which is necessary for the root system, and during the thaw evaporation is also not retained in the soil, this prevents the root neck or roots of the plant, which quite often happens if the soil is covered with sawdust.

Coniferous trees. Preparing for winter.


Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

If there is a heavy snowfall during the winter, the heavy wet snow can cause injury to the thin branches and may cause breaks in the skeletal branches. Pulling pine branches and shaking them in winter is prohibited, because during this period it is very fragile, and even from a small effort on the branches can appear cracks.

Remove snow from branches that you can reach with a broom or broom with a long handle, moving from the tip of the branch to the trunk. To remove snow from the branches growing relatively high, you should use a long stick or board, one of its ends should be wrapped in cloth, then she picks up the branch, which should be rocked up and down. Fractures can also form due to the ice crust, which appears on the plant during the thaw or when the daytime temperature is above zero and at night - below zero. To prevent the branches from being traumatized, you should put props under them, as you do with fruit crops during the formation of a large number of fruits.

pine varieties.

how to choose pine trees in a nursery . how not to go wrong in choosing a pine

Pine species and varieties

There are a very large number of pine species and varieties, in which it is difficult to understand not only the beginner, but also the experienced gardener, especially considering that new hybrids and varieties come into being every year. The following will describe those that are most popular with gardeners.

Bristle pine (Pinus aristata), or Pinus aristata

Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

This American species can be found in nature in New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, the dry regions of Utah, Nevada and California. The height of this bushy tree is about 15 meters, but it does not grow as tall in Europe.

Rarely this species is represented by stunted shrubs, while they are young their bark is smooth and green in color, as they age it becomes scaly. The short limbs are stiff and raised. Five-tree type dark green needles lie very densely, their length varies from 20 to 40 mm. The cones first appear when the tree is 20 years old and are cylindrical-ovoid in shape and 40-90 mm long. Trees of this species need a lot of light, they are undemanding to growing conditions, resistant to drought, but they react negatively to the smoky air in the city.

Garden forms:

  • Bushful - crown shape rounded;
  • Jose Best - crown shape conical;
  • Razek Doll - loose conical crown;
  • Sherwood Compact - small tree has a dense conical crown.

Flexible pine (Pinus flexilis)

Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

Native to this species is North America. The height of such a tree is about 26 meters. The crown of a young plant is narrow-conical, eventually becoming spherical in shape. The dark brown bark is thin and smooth to begin with and then becomes finely scaly and coarse.

Slightly curved branches of adult specimens hang at an acute angle to the trunk. The bristle-shaped young shoots are pale brownish-red in color; they may be naked or have curly blond hairs on their surface. The needles, which are arranged in bundles of five, are 30-70 mm long, rigid, triangular, curved and dark green. The needles stay on the plant for 5 to 6 years. The hanging glossy cones are about 15 centimeters long, their shape is ovoid-cylindrical, and their color is light yellow or pale brown.

The species has been cultivated in Europe since 1861. Its ornamental forms are:

  1. Glenmore. This form has longer needles than the main species, and is colored bluish-gray.
  2. Nana. This is a bushy dwarf form.

    The needles are up to 30 mm in length.

  3. Pendula. The height of such a tree does not exceed 200 cm, the limbs are hanging.
  4. Tiny Temple. This form is very stunted.

    The needles are 60-70 mm long and their front surface is dark green and the underside is bluish gray.

The European Pine (Pinus cembra), or European Cedar

Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

In natural conditions, this species can be found in the middle belt of Europe. The height of such a tree varies from 10 to 15 meters. The shoots are rusty red or brown in color. The needles have one side green and the other light blue or mauve, with stomatal stripes on its surface.

The globular ovoid cones are 50-80 mm long and 40-60 mm wide. This species is frost-resistant, long-lived and shade-loving. There are ornamental forms:

  • single-leaved - this dwarf shrub has needles gathered in bunches of five;
  • green - the needles are colored in deep green;
  • golden - the glossy needles have a yellow color;
  • Spotted - the needles are mottled golden;
  • Aureovariegata - the needles are colored in various shades of yellow;
  • Glauka - the crown shape is pyramidal and the needles are bluish-golden;
  • Globe - this dwarf plant does not exceed 200 cm in height;
  • Pigmea and Nana - representatives of these compact forms reach 0.4-0.6 m in height, the branches are short and thin and needles are similar to those of the shrub;
  • Stricta - The crown shape is columnar, the limbs are almost vertical and pointing upward, the branches are pinned very tightly.

Korean cedar pine (Pinus koraiensis), or Korean cedar

Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

In nature, this species is found in Northeast Korea, on the Amur coast, and in Japan. This pine is about 40 meters tall and reaches 100-150 cm across. Branches can be ascending or prostrate. The bark is thick and smooth, colored either dark gray or brownish gray. There is slight pubescence on the surface of triangular brownish young shoots.

Conifers are arranged in bunches of five, one side being green, the other light blue or grayish-blue with stubby stripes. The cylindrical cones are 10 to 15 centimeters long and 5 to 9 centimeters wide. Cultivated since 1846. This shade-loving tree is ornamental and resistant to urban conditions. Seedlings of this species should be planted in nutritious fresh overwatered soil.

Ornamental forms:

  1. Spotted - part of the needles are golden-edged or golden-spotted and the other part is pale golden in color.
  2. Curved - needles are spirally curved, especially evident at branch tips.
  3. Glauca - tree is about 10 m tall, spectacular conical crown reaches 3-5 m across. The dense bluish-gray needles are gathered in bunches of five. Male spikelets are yellow in color.

    The cones are 10 to 15 centimeters long and are pale red at first, then turn purple and turn brown at maturity.

  4. Silverii - The long needles are colored blue-silver.
  5. Anna - crown shape is broadly oval.
  6. Winton - dwarf tree no taller than 200 cm, crown can reach 400 cm across.
  7. Variegata - The needles are yellowish or yellow-stained with a yellow edge.

Stem pine (Pinus pumila)

Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

In natural conditions this species is found throughout Western Siberia, in Korea, Japan, the Far East and Northeastern China. Such pines have an unusual appearance, for which they have been nicknamed the northern cedar, the lying forest and the northern jungle. The trees are no taller than 5 meters and their crowns are intertwined and pressed to the ground. They form dense thickets. The branches are lobed.

The light green short shoots eventually turn brownish-gray, with reddish pubescence on their surface. The greenish-blue slender needles are about 10 centimeters long, they are gathered in bunches of 5 pieces. Purple-red cones turn brown when mature. It has been cultivated since 1807. This species is light-loving, resistant to frost, diseases and pests, and undemanding to the soil.

Ornamental forms:

  1. Glauca. The shrub is about 150 cm tall and its crown can reach 3 meters across. The needles are bluish-gray. The powerful shoots are climbing.
  2. Chlorocapra.

    The size of the tree is similar to the main species. The needles are greenish gray, and the young cones are greenish yellow.

  3. Dreyer's Dwarf. Compact tree has blue needles and a broad, funnel-shaped crown.
  4. Dwarf Blue.

    Not very tall, but a wide tree has bluish-white needles, reaching 30-40 mm in length.

  5. Globe. This form is noted for its rapid growth. Tree height is about 200 cm, and its crown reaches 200 cm across. Effective thin needles are colored in green-blue.

    The flat, broadly spreading crown has a nest-like depression in the middle. The needles are pressed against the shoots, their upper surface green and the lower surface white-blue.

  6. Nana. This shrub has a dense crown and red colored spikelets. The curled needles are colored in a rich greenish-gray color.

  7. Sapphire. The form is characterized by irregular growth. The short needles have a blue coloration.

Common Pine (Pinus sylvestris)

Pine: planting and care on the plot, growing from seed, diseases and pests

The species is found in Siberia and Europe. The tree is 20-40 meters tall.

The straight trunk has a naturally shaped high bough. Young pines have a cone-shaped crown shape, with age it becomes rounded and wide, and in some cases umbrella-shaped. Stiff, flat, slightly curved needles reach 60 mm in length and have a greenish-blue color. The ovoid-conical symmetrical cones are 70 mm long and about 35 mm thick. The light-loving, frost-resistant species reacts negatively to polluted air.

This species is fast-growing, which is uncommon among pine species. Garden forms:

  1. Alba. The tree is about 20 m tall, the needles are bluish gray, and the crown has a broad umbrella shape.
  2. Albins. This dwarf tree has greenish gray needles.

  3. Aurea. The shrub is about 100 cm tall and the crown shape is rounded. The young needles are greenish yellow, and the mature ones are yellow-golden.
  4. Compressa. This dwarf tree is about 200 cm tall, the crown is columnar, and the needles are flattened.

  5. Fastiguata. A tree possessing a strictly column-shaped crown, about 15 meters in height. The branches and limbs are pinned very tightly. The needles are greenish-blue.
  6. Glauca.

    The powerful tree has blue needles and a wide-crested crown.

  7. Globosa viridis. The dwarf plant is about 0.5 m tall. The crown shape is ovate or rounded.

    The stiff long needles are dark green in color.

  8. Rependa. The flat, broad and spreading tree has sturdy shoots. The needles are about 80 mm long and their coloration is greenish gray.
  9. Japonica.

    This upright tree is a slow-growing tree. Its crown is similar to a spruce, it has obliquely rising limbs and short green-colored needles.

  10. Camon Blue. The plant is medium-sized and has a keg-shaped crown. The boughs are dense and the needles are rounded in a rich blue color.

Also cultivated by gardeners are the following pine species: Koch's, hooked, small-flowered, dense-flowered, Murray's, Pallas's (Crimean), burial, twisted, resinous, Sosnovsky's, flattened (Chinese), Friesa (Lapland), black, Balkan (Rumelian), Banks, Wallich's (Himalayan), Virga, Geldreich's, mountain, hill (western white), yellow (Oregon), Pinia (Italian), Siberian cedar (Siberian cedar), etc.

Mountain Pine. Top 10 best varieties!!!


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