The perennial herbaceous plant Tanacetum vulgare is a member of the Asteraceae family and a type species of the genus Pisces. It is also commonly referred to as privet, wild rowan and elecampane. This crop of the forest and forest-steppe zone can be found in natural conditions in the fields, on forest edges, in birch forests, on roads, in bushes and in dry forests. And it grows on the territory of Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Japan, Europe, Kyrgyzstan, Korea and Turkey. In ancient times, peoples such as the Egyptians, Persians and Greeks used tansy for embalming corpses, and the roots of the plant were used to make a green dye.
Marals, marmots, sheep, deer and gophers enjoy eating it, but if an animal consumes large quantities of the herb, it can be poisoned. In part of the developed world, this crop is grown as an essential oil plant, and is used in the food and chemical-pharmaceutical industries.
Peculiarities of Pixie
The height of a pixie bush varies from 0.5 to 1.5 m.
The woody, long rhizome is creeping and branching. There are numerous erect shoots, they are branched and faceted at the top, and their surface is somewhat pubescent or glabrous. The twice pinnately dissected, alternately arranged leaflets are oblong-ovate. They consist of 5 to 12 pairs of oblong-lanceolate leaves, which are pointed, serrated or smooth-edged. Their front surface is dark green, while the reverse is covered with dots and glandules.
Lush flat apical corymb-like inflorescences consist of baskets, which in their turn consist of small yellow tubular monoventate flowers. Flowering occurs in July and September. The fruit is a pentahedral seed of elongated shape.
Tips of the best physicians of the USSR! Tansy is the great cleanser of the organism!
Growing from seed
Propagation of common tansy
Mild tansy is very undemanding. For example the lightness, the soil conditions and the amount of water do not play a major role in its cultivation.
The seeds are sown directly into the open soil in the last days of April or early May. But a large number of gardeners are advised to sow the tansy in the middle of the autumn period. For sowing seeds, the scheme 20x40 is used. Seed should be sown to a depth of 20 to 30 mm. Such a plant can also be propagated by vegetative methods.
A 2 or 3 year old shrub should be taken out of the ground in May or August and divided into parts to be planted in new locations.
Taking care of tansy
Taking care of this herbaceous plant is very easy. For example, it needs timely watering, loosening of the soil around the bushes and weeding.
In the early spring, and still after it has bloomed, the tansy plant needs top dressing. Superphosphate and ammonium nitrate (20 grams and 10-15 grams respectively per square meter) are used for this purpose.
Grown from seed, the plant starts flowering only in the second year of growth. This crop is extremely resistant to diseases and pests. If, however, any changes have been noticed on the leaf plates, they will need to be cut back and all.
Gathering of tansy
The only inflorescences-baskets of tansy are usually used as medicinal raw materials, with their collection in July-September, when the bushes begin to bloom. Cut raw material should be placed in a thin layer under a canopy for drying.
If desired, the cut inflorescences should be bundled up and hung from the ceiling in a well-ventilated drying room. The dried inflorescences should be freed from the remaining scraps of shoots and then placed in a container of glass, paper or wood for storage. They retain their useful properties for 2 years. Those baskets that have turned brown should be thrown away, because they can not be used as medicinal raw materials. In some cases, the leaves and shoots of common tansy are also used in alternative medicine.
Stypes and varieties of tansy with photos and names
Gardeners do not only cultivate the common tansy but also cultivate other species:
Silver tansy (Tanacetum argenteum)
This garden plant is an ornamental-leaved plant. Its leaf laminae are pinnate and erect. Some specialists classify this species as a member of the genus Yarrow.
Balsamiticum tansy (Tanacetum balsamita), or canuper, or kalufer
This plant is cultivated almost throughout Eurasia. It is a food and spicy-aromatic plant.
Some experts consider this species to be a member of the genus Chrysanthemum.
Sheeted Daisy (Tanacetum corymbosum), or Caucasian Chamomile
This species, which is unpretentious, is quite popular among gardeners. In appearance, it looks like a disheveled daisy.
Dense daisy (Tanacetum densum)
This low-growing species is highly decorative as well as unpretentious. The feathery leaf plates have a silvery coloration.
The loose baskets are colored yellow. This species has many varieties and varieties.
Maiden's fir (Tanacetum parthenium), or maiden's pyrethrum
This decorative species is also quite popular among gardeners. This herbaceous plant is a perennial. The fragrant shield-shaped inflorescences are white in color.
Haradjani fir (Tanacetum haradjanii)
This highly ornamental plant is native to Syria. The low, dense, lush bushes are decorated with silvery gray leaves as well as short-petaled yellow daisies.
Large-leaved fennel (Tanacetum macrophyllum)
This popular species is native to Southeastern Europe and Turkey. The lush shields have a whitish color, and are similar in appearance to yarrow flowers, but the firn has larger foliage and the entire bush.
Sneezing-flowered firn (Tanacetum ptarmiciflorum)
This garden plant is very popular with gardeners.
It is native to the Canary Islands, and was formerly classified in the genus Chrysanthemum. This shrub is a perennial. Its leaf plates and shoots are velvety, because on their surface there is a small pubescence. The flowers have a whitish color and an irritating fragrance. There are many varieties that differ in size and color of their leaves.
Purposes of tansy: harm and benefits
Beneficial properties of tansy
The fact that tansy has medicinal properties has been known for a very long time. It is used in alternative medicines, cookery and cosmetics. It is also used in pharmaceutical and chemical applications. During the opening of the flowers of common tansy, the composition includes alkaloids, polysaccharides, proteins, glycosides, organic acids, bitter and tannins, vitamins, gallic acid and tannacet. The essential oil of this plant contains poison, but it is distinguished by its antimicrobial effect.
The plant is used for inflammatory processes in the liver, kidneys and stomach, as well as for intoxication of the body. The inflorescences of tansy are part of such medicinal gatherings as gastric, choleretic and renal.
In traditional medicine, tansy is used during the therapy of joint aches, bladder diseases, and low acidity of gastric juices. It is also used to stimulate appetite and increase blood pressure. In alternative medicine, the tansy is used for colitis, tuberculosis, hemorrhoids, epilepsy, diabetes, malaria, diarrhea, cramps and worm infestation.
It is used to prepare remedies such as an infusion, decoction, or powder:
- Decoction. A couple of large spoons of dried inflorescences of tansy must be combined with half a liter of water that has just boiled. The mixture is boiled for about 10 minutes, after which it is covered with a lid. Allow the mixture to infuse for about 60 minutes. Take the decoction one-third or one-quarter cup three times a day before a meal.
- Tincture. One small spoonful of the inflorescences of tansy must be mixed with one glass of water that has just boiled. Wait until the mixture has cooled completely. This remedy is suitable for rubbing, compresses, baths for gout and bruises.
- Brew for enemas for worms.
It is necessary to combine 1 large spoonful of crushed seeds of fennel with a couple of garlic cloves, which should be crushed. The mixture should be boiled for one third of an hour in a couple of glasses of milk. The remedy is used in a warm form.
Medications from this plant should not be used by pregnant women, as well as children. If the dosage is exceeded, it may cause poisoning: cramps, vomiting and digestive disorders will occur.
If symptoms of poisoning occur, you should rinse the stomach as soon as possible and take an absorbent medicine. In the case of heart problems, abnormal heart rhythm or high blood pressure, a qualified specialist should be consulted before the first use of tansy preparations.