Pereskia: Home Care, Transplanting And Propagation, Species

Pereeskia, or peyreskia, is a genus of Cacti native to South and Central America. The representatives of this genus were first described by Charles Plumier in 1703. The genus was named after Nicolas-Claude de Peyresque, who was a French scientist. Carl Linnaeus first assigned these plants to the genus Cactus, but in 1754 they were distinguished as an independent genus by Philip Miller.

A total of 18 species of Peyrescae have been found and described to date.

This genus is represented by both arboreal and bushy forms. Only a few species are common in the home.

Brief description of cultivation

Pereskia: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

  1. Flowering. It is prolonged. Often lasts throughout the summer and fall period.

  2. Brightness. In the morning hours the shrub needs direct sun rays, in the afternoon it needs slight shading or diffused light. It is recommended to put the cactus on a southern window, and it will need shading.
  3. Temperature regime. During the growing season, 22 to 23 degrees.

    Shortly before and during the dormancy period, move the bush to a cool place (about 15 degrees). Make sure the room is no colder than 10 degrees.

  4. Watering. During active growth, water the Pereskia frequently, and moisten the substrate only when it has dried to a depth of 15 mm. Water in the tray must not be left.

    With the onset of the dormancy period, watering should become more sparing and infrequent.

  5. Air Humidity. Grows normally when the humidity level is typical for a living room. For hygiene purposes, the plant should be showered periodically. On hot summer days moisten the shrub with warm water if desired, but only in the evening.

  6. Fertilizer. Fertilizing is carried out in May-September 1 time in 4 weeks. For this purpose, a solution of a mineral complex designed for cacti and succulents is used. In the rest of the months fertilizers are not applied to the substrate.
  7. Transplantation.

    While the bush is young it will have to be transplanted up to several times a year. Repot the adult bush only when necessary, when the pot becomes too small. The bush is transplanted by the method of transfer.

  8. Propagation. By cuttings and by seed.

  9. Pests. Spider mites and mealybugs.
  10. Diseases. Gray and root rot.

Persiskia features

Pereskia: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

Persiskia is a leafy cactus.

As such, its appearance bears little resemblance to the prickly cactus most commonly associated with the word. The color of the leaf plates is purple or green. In the leaf axils areolae with needles are arranged in a bunch or individually. Under natural conditions, they help the plant to cling to trees. As the leaf laminae age, their color becomes more faded and they begin to wither.

With the onset of the dormancy period, the plant sheds these leaves.

The bush can be about 10 meters tall, with an annual growth of more than 20 centimeters. This evergreen leafy cactus looks like a branched shrub, with a massive rhizome. Over the years, the upright shoots become woody, with glossy red-brown bark forming on the surface.

The shoots are decorated with ovate or oval, full-edged leaf plates, which are pointed at the top.

They can be petiolate or sessile and up to 50 mm long. The foliage folds slightly along the median vein. Its surface is glossy, which protects it from too rapid evaporation of moisture.

Flowering is observed in the summer or fall. A large number of axillary flowers appear on the bush, which have no tube, which also distinguishes Pereskia from other cactus species.

The flower consists of 8 petals of lanceolate shape, which are widely opened. This is why the flowers of such a cactus look more like rose hips. After pollination, cone-shaped or round berry-like fruits are formed instead of flowers, which are covered with glossy beige or yellow skin of high density. These berries are not edible. Inside them are several black seeds.

Persiskia godeceffa is an ancient cactus with foliage .Care Features

Home Care for Pereskia

Pereskia: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

Lighting

Pereskia is a light-loving plant, so it is recommended to choose a south-facing window for it. But do not forget to shade the bush from the midday scorching sunlight, as it can leave burns on its foliage. Such a cactus needs a regular inflow of fresh air, so the room will have to be aired often. In the summertime it can be moved to the garden or balcony, with a reliable place protected from precipitation chosen for the bush.

Temperature regime

In the warm season the plant feels comfortable at a temperature of 22 to 23 degrees. With the onset of fall, it should be moved to a place where the temperature will be around 15 degrees all the time. During the winter months, make sure that the room is not too cold (below 10 degrees). During the dormancy period, provide the bush with systematic airing and plenty of light.

Pouring

Pereskia: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

For the vegetation period, the leaf cactus should have a relatively frequent moistening of the substrate.

At the same time, it is advised not to let the surface of the soil mixture dry out more than 15mm deep. To prevent the development of fungal diseases, the water that has run down into the tray after watering must always be removed.

When the bush is placed in a cool place, it is watered more rarely and less abundantly. However, if the leaves suddenly begin to fall off, it means that the plant is suffering from a lack of moisture. If you use tap water for irrigation it should be very well strained or filtered.

Its temperature should be close to room temperature. You should only give it a regular warm shower to remove the dust that has accumulated on its stems and leaves. On hot summer days the cactus responds well to evening moistening with still soft water.

Feeding

The Pereskia houseplant needs systematic nutrition. It is fed regularly once every 28 days, starting in May and ending in September.

A solution of a special mineral complex for cacti is used. Remember that the fertilizer must contain a minimum amount of nitrogen, otherwise the root system of the shrub can get rotten. In September, stop the fertilising and only start again in May.

Repotting the cactus

Pereskia: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

When the cactus is young, it is sometimes necessary to transplant it into a bigger pot several times a year. Transplant the bush by the method of transplanting, taking care not to damage its root system.

An adult bush needs to be transplanted only when necessary. For example, when its root system will no longer fit into the old container.

Since the system of roots in pereschia is large and powerful, for its planting, choose a voluminous capacious pot. At the bottom of the container is placed a thick layer of drainage, for this fit pieces of Styrofoam or expanded clay. Next, carry out a cactus transplant from the old container into the new one.

Put the bush in the middle of the pot and carefully fill all the voids with fresh fertile soil mixture. To make it, combine mulch, leaf and clay sod soil with sand (2:2:2:1). If you have done everything correctly, the Pereschia will quickly adapt and grow.

Pereschia Godsefa BEASTING

Blooming

Pereskia: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

In a room this leaf cactus usually makes flowerers happy with regular blooms. The bush blooms during the summer or early autumn period.

Sometimes it happens that the bush itself is distinguished by lush growth, but it does not want to bloom. This is because the plant is cared for either incorrectly or not in optimal growing conditions. If you care for your cactus properly and in the right conditions, it will bloom for sure.

Transplantation methods

Seeds and cuttings are used for propagation.

Growing from seed

Pereskia: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

Sowing the seeds in spring time, using a small container filled with a loose potting soil.

The seeds are placed in a warm place (20 to 22 degrees). After the seedlings appear, the container is moved to a warm and well-lit place, but at first, they need to be protected from direct sunlight. When the seedlings have grown and become stronger, they are potted into individual pots.

Picking

Pereskia: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

Picking cuttings is done in the spring or summer, just cut off a few shoots. Then they are planted for rooting in perlite or peat and covered with a transparent cover.

For a faster emergence of roots, cuttings are provided with an air temperature of about 25-28 degrees.

Rooting cuttings can be placed in a glass with water. In this case they will have roots after about 20 days. After rooting, the cuttings are planted in permanent containers.

Persei Godsefa Cuttings

Pests and diseases

Pereskia: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

Diseases

With domestic Persei, problems can occur if care rules are violated.

For example, moisture stagnation can lead to rotting on the neck and root system of the plant, especially if the room is cold. Also the plant can rot due to poor drainage or lack thereof. To prevent this, follow the rules of watering and remember that the cooler the room, the less often you moisten the potting soil.

Mildew can appear on the shoots, which is a symptom of a fungal disease such as grey rot. The disease develops due to excessively high humidity with insufficient ventilation.

Using a sharp, sterilized tool, cut out the rotten parts of the bush. Then spray the pereskia with a fungicide solution.

Pests

Pereskia: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

The most common pests settled on the leaf cactus are sucking pests such as mealybugs. They use plant sap as food. Symptoms of such an insect are a whitish coating on the shoots and foliage.

The worms themselves live on the underside of the leaf plate. If there are few insects, then it is recommended to remove them from the bush with a cotton swab soaked in alcohol, then it is treated with garlic infusion. If the number of pests is already very high, then you can not do without insecticide treatment (Actara, Actellic or Fitoverm). It is recommended to spray the plant outdoors very abundantly.

If the air in the room is constantly dry, then the cactus can be infested with spider mites, which belong to the spider family.

They are very small and cannot be seen with the naked eye. But if you see a thin spider web on the bush, this is a clear sign that it has a lot of pests. In this case, folk remedies will no longer help. The best way to deal with spider mites is moisture. Give the flower a warm shower, moisturize it daily in the evening with a sprayer of soft well-drained water.

If the pests still remain, then treat with an acaricide.

Growing difficulties

  1. Leaves turn pale- Lots of light.
  2. Stopping growth-sufficient watering in summer or overwatering in winter, the plant was not replanted in time.
  3. Branches stretch out- lack of light.
  4. Bottom of shoot shrivels and soft rotting spots can be seen at the bottom- stagnant water in the ground (especially in winter).

Photo varieties of Pereschias

Not all the Pereschias species are cultivated at home but only few. They are described in detail below.

Pereeskia grandifolia (Pereskia grandifolia)

Pereskia: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

In nature, such a plant is about 5 meters tall, with a trunk up to 25 centimeters across. The glossy, leathery-to-the-touch leaf laminae begin to fall off when the air temperature drops to 10 degrees or lower. Numerous needles grow on the stems, which are about 30 mm long.

The pink flowers are part of small inflorescences.

Pereeskia orange (Pereskia bleo)

Pereskia: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

The large leaf plates of this species are decorated with a vein pattern. Flowering is observed in the summer, at which time flowers are formed on the bush that look like small roses of an orange-red hue. The rich yellow cone-shaped fruits have an unusual pineapple aroma. The first description of this species dates back to 1823.

Pereeskia weberiana (Pereskia weberiana)

Pereskia: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

This succulent is about 3 m tall and has a thickened rhizome. The bush blooms in the first weeks of March and fades in early June. The white flowers are about 10 mm across.

Pereeskia aculeata (Pereskia aculeata)

Pereskia: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

The shoots of this curly bushy species are fleshy, reaching up to 15 mm across. The oval-lanceolate, dark green leaf plates are about 9 centimeters long and up to 4 centimeters wide.

The lower part of the stem becomes bare over the years, but it continues to be decorated with areoles of a brown hue with 1-3 straight stiff needles. In the first weeks of fall, the bush blooms. Cup-shaped, fragrant white-yellow flowers with a pinkish cast are formed on the tops of the current year's stems. After pollination, a gooseberry-like yellow fruit, about 20 mm long, is formed in place of the flower. They can be eaten.

Pereskia godseffiana (Pereskia godseffiana)

Pereskia: home care, transplanting and propagation, species

This plant with golden foliage is a variation of Pereskia spiny, yet it is very rare. Its berries can be eaten, and they are similar to unripe gooseberries.

The plant is a variety of the peresquiana..

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