The evergreen shrub Pavonia (Pavonia) is directly related to the Malvaceae family. It is native to tropical regions of America, Asia, Africa and Australia as well as to islands in the Pacific Ocean.
This plant can be found in collections of florists not so often. And this is due to the fact that it is quite problematic to propagate it. So, cuttings are rooted very difficult.
For this purpose, greenhouse conditions are used, where the temperature is maintained at 30-35 degrees. Phytohormones will also be needed. Another complication for propagation is that the stem of the flower, as a rule, grows only one, and side ones are formed very rarely, even with pruning.
Stems of such evergreen shrubs can be both bare and pubescent. As a rule, the leaf plates are entire, but lobed ones are also found.
The flowers grow at the tops of the stems.
Care for pavonia at home
Pavonia needs bright light, which must necessarily be diffuse. Shade from direct sunlight is necessary. In winter, too, it needs good light, so experts advise, during this period, to illuminate the plant.
In spring and summer, this plant needs a temperature within 18-22 degrees.
With the onset of the fall period, it simply needs to be lowered to 16-18 degrees. In winter, it is recommended to move the flower to a well-lit and sufficiently cool place (at least 15 degrees). Protect it from drafts.
High air humidity is necessary. To increase the humidity, moisten the foliage regularly from a sprayer, using soft water at room temperature, making sure that the moisture does not get on the surface of the flowers.
Take a relatively wide tray and lay its bottom sphagnum or expanded clay, then pour a small amount of water. In this case make sure that the bottom of the container does not come into contact with the liquid.
How to water
Water abundantly in spring and summer and only after the top layer of substrate has dried. In autumn, water less and usually only after 2-3 days when the top layer has dried out. Make sure that the clod does not dry out completely, and it should not stagnate and liquid.
After the flower is watered, wait 10 to 20 minutes and pour the water out of the tray. Water with soft water that should be at room temperature.
Feeding is done in spring and summer once every 2 weeks. Comprehensive fertilizer for flowering house plants is great for this.
Potting is done in the spring and only when necessary, for example when the root system no longer fits in the pot.
Suitable soil should be nutrient-rich, light and have a pH of 6. To prepare the earth mixture, you will need to combine leaf, turf and mulch soil with sand, which should be taken in a ratio of 3:4:1:1. Do not forget to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the container.
Propagation can be done by seeds and by cuttings.
Top cuttings are cut in early spring and placed for rooting in a mini greenhouse, in which a fairly high air temperature (30 to 35 degrees) is maintained.
The use of phytohormones will be required. Rooting is quite long and difficult.
Pests and diseases
Thrips, spider mites, aphids and whiteflies can settle on the plant.
Root disease can develop if watered too much and kept cool.
If water is high in calcium and chlorine, chlorosis can develop.
In general, difficulties in growing pavonia are due to improper care:
- dropping of unopened buds-sufficient watering, too cold or needing nutrition;
- blooming does not come-wintering in warm temperatures, high nitrogen in the soil, poor lighting, insufficient watering during intensive growth;
- droopy, lost turgor leaves-sufficient watering.
This evergreen shrub is often single-stemmed. Its leaflets are lanceolate-ovate in shape, with strongly serrated edges. Their length varies from 15 to 20 centimeters and width equals 5 centimeters, the underside surface is rough. The axillary florets have linear-tongued petals, which are arranged in 2 rows, with the inner ones being somewhat longer than the rich red outer ones.
The inner surface of the closed corolla is colored dark red and the outer one is dark purple. There are also deep red bracts.
Pavonia spearwort (Pavonia hastata)
This is a compact evergreen shrub. Its dark green, pointed leaves have a triangular base and a serrated edge. They can reach 5-6 centimeters in length.
The most common flowers are white, but occasionally pinkish, with a bright burgundy or red midrib. The flowers are 5 centimeters in diameter.