Pachistachis: Home Care, Propagation And Transplantation, Species

The evergreen flowering plant Pachystachys belongs to the Acanthus family. This genus includes about 12 species which can be found in natural conditions in Eastern India and America, but prefer to grow in tropical and subtropical climates.

In room conditions Pachystachys yellow began to grow already in the 19th century, but even today this plant is not very popular among florists. "Pachistachis" translates as "thick thorn" or "thick spike." This is due to the fact that the inflorescence of this plant is a lush dense spike.

In Russia, this plant is also called golden shrimp or golden candle.

Brief description of cultivation

Pachistachis: home care, propagation and transplantation, species

  1. Flowering. Starts in February and ends in November.
  2. Brightness. Plenty of bright, diffused light.

  3. Temperature. The plant does well at room temperature during the growing season. During the dormancy period, the bush is moved to a cooler temperature of 16 to 18 degrees. Make sure the room temperature is at least 10 degrees.
  4. Watering.

    Water abundantly and systematically throughout the growing season. During dormancy, the bush is watered either moderately or sparingly.

  5. Air Humidity. High. To increase humidity, the pot with the bush is placed on a tray filled with damp pebbles.

  6. Fertilizer. In the period from spring to autumn, feeding is carried out once every 2 weeks, using for this purpose a mineral complex for flowering crops in liquid form. In winter time the plant is fed the same way, but already 1 time in 1,5 month.
  7. Period of rest. From the middle of October to the end of February.

  8. Potting. It is carried out in the last weeks of winter. Young shrubs are transplanted once a year and adults once every 3 years.
  9. Trimming. It is done systematically at the very end of the growing season.

  10. Propagation. Cuttings and seed method.
  11. Diseases. Loss of ornamentality, lack of flowering or root rot due to unsuitable keeping conditions or violations of care rules.
  12. Pests.

    Mealybugs, thrips, spider mites, scale and whiteflies.

Pachistachis yellow. Home care.

Pahistachis yellow is a semi-shrub that is an evergreen. It varies in height from 0.

2 to 0.9 m. The slightly wrinkled, oval-shaped leaf plates are pointed at the top and have a dark green hue and are about 10 centimeters long. The bracts look fresh and attractive throughout the flowering period.

Home care for pachistachis

Pachistachis: home care, propagation and transplantation, species

Brightness

Pachistachis is one of the light loving plants.

In order for it to grow and develop well, it needs plenty of bright light, which should definitely be diffused. An excellent place for this plant will be a window sill northeast orientation. If you place the shrub on a southern window, then you will have to shade it from direct sunlight, and you must do this necessarily in the midday hours.

Temperature regime

In nature, such a plant can withstand a decrease in air temperature to 10 degrees. However, if the shrub stays out in the cold for long enough, all of its leaf plates will fall off.

In this regard, under room conditions during the dormancy period, the air temperature should not fall below 16 degrees. During warm season the shrub feels quite comfortable at room temperature, typical for summer.

If desired, during summer pachystachis may be taken outside (on a terrace or a balcony). This is very helpful to the flower. However, do not forget to protect it from wind, rain and drafts.

Wetting

Pachistachis: home care, propagation and transplantation, species

Wet the potting soil thoroughly and systematically during the growing season, on average once every 3-7 days (it depends on the room temperature). If the plant is cool in winter, watering may vary from sparingly to moderately. If pachistachis in winter is in heat, then the watering regime should be the same as in summer. You can tell that the flower needs urgent watering by its foliage: it loses its turgor and hangs down. But it is better not to over-dry the soil in the pot, it is recommended to moisten it as soon as the top layer dries out.

Water Pachistachis only with filtered, melted or well standing (at least 24 hours) water. Make sure the water is warm (1 to 2 degrees warmer than room temperature).

Feeding

Feed houseplants are essential. During intensive growth, feed once every 15 days and use a mineral complex. It is used to prepare a nutrient solution, which is poured into the moistened soil mixture in advance.

Also for fertilizing, organic matter is suitable. You can, for example, find chicken manure or cow dung in specialized stores and it is completely ready to use. If the shrub is kept warm in winter, it also needs systematic fertilizing, but every 4-6 weeks. Transplanting Pachystachys

Transplanting Pachystachys

Pachistachis: home care, propagation and transplantation, species

Since the bush is young, transplant every year in the spring months, but it must be done before the plant blooms. An adult pachystachis does not need frequent transplanting.

As a rule, it is carried out once every 3 years, or even less often.

For the flower to develop normally, it needs a suitable soil mixture: turf and leaf soil, peat, humus, coarse river sand (taken in equal proportions). When 15 days remain before transplanting, disinfect the substrate, for example, it can be burned in an oven or soak a solution of manganese in a rich color. Do not forget to make a good layer of drainage at the bottom of the new container.

Before transplanting itself, prune the shrub.

The procedure is carried out by the method of transplanting. When the bush is placed in the new pot, fresh substrate should be added and lightly tamped down. Make sure that there are no voids left. Water the pachystachis well. Protect the transplanted bush from direct sunlight for several days.

177. Magical Pachistachis, the "golden shrimp." Transplanting Growing and caring at home.

Trimming

Pachistachis: home care, propagation and transplantation, species

The plant should be pruned systematically. Otherwise, the lower part of the stems becomes bare, causing the whole bush to suffer from ornamentation.

When the dormancy period is over, all stems of the pachystachis plant should be shortened, leaving only 10 to 15 centimeters of twigs. The remaining sections can be rooted as cuttings, if desired.

Flowering

Pachistachis: home care, propagation and transplantation, species

The flowering of such a plant is quite long: February-October. If you want your pachistachis to bloom also during the winter, additional lighting must be provided.

The spike-like flowers are very striking and unusual, similar to those of the aphelandra.

However, the inflorescences of pachistachis are more elongated. The yellow bracts look most spectacular in the spikes, which can retain their freshness and brightness for several weeks. The spongy flowers, which are almost white, will fall off rather quickly, after about three or four days.

Pahistachis may not bloom if there is little light. Stems that are very elongated, old and bare on the underside produce few inflorescences.

And active spike formation is observed on young stems. In this regard, if you want to achieve lush flowering, then force the bush to produce new shoots.

Flowering is already observed in young plants. It also happens that the cuttings form inflorescences only 2 months after rooting. Once the inflorescence has faded, new spikes can be seen branched off, so that the bush will flower for a very long time.

However, if you want your shrub to look neat then trim off the faded flowers in good time. Why does pachystachis not bloom at home? | toNature.Info

Transplantation methods

Pachistachis: home care, propagation and transplantation, species

The most common way to propagate pachystachis is by cuttings. As cuttings, stems cut in the spring during pruning can be used. Note that each apical cuttings should have 2 internodes and as many pairs of leaf plates.

Put the cuttings in a jar filled with water, cut side down, and give them an air temperature of about 22 degrees. Then the rooting will go as quickly as possible. During the rooting process, leaf loss may occur. To avoid this, shorten each leaf by ½ part. However, despite all efforts, the foliage may still fall off.

But do not be discouraged, because after planting the rooted cuttings in the soil mixture, new leaf plates will form on their upper part.

For rooting cuttings you can also use a light soil mixture consisting of: leaf and turf soil, perlite, peat and humus (taken in equal parts). Cut off the top of a plastic bottle and fill it with potting soil. Treat the cutting point of the cuttings with Kornevin, and then plant it in the substrate. From above, cover the cuttings with a transparent cap, for example, film.

Ensure that the cuttings are regularly aired and watered. Instead of the film, you can put the top of the bottle on the cuttings. Then, to ventilate the plant, you will only need to unscrew the cork. Rooting cuttings are placed in a well-lit place (the light should be diffused).

As a rule, cuttings of Pachistachis root very well.

Even cuttings that have lost their leaves will develop roots. After rooting is completed, plant the cuttings in a permanent pot. To do this, take a low and wide pot, in which planted 3 or 4 plants, so pachistachis will look more effective. Remember to regularly prune the upper parts of the shoots so the bush will branch more.

Pests and diseases of pachistachis

Pachistachis diseases and their treatment

Pachistachis: home care, propagation and transplantation, species

If you choose a heavy soil mixture for growing pachistachis at home, stagnating water in the root system occurs if it is frequently and abundantly moist.

This results in the development of root rot. Take the bush out of the pot and inspect its roots. If they are not completely rotten, then cut out the damaged areas and soak the root system itself in a solution of fungicide. Carry out planting the flower in a new soil mixture suitable for it.

But remember that it will not be easy to save pachistachis, as it can die even after transplanting.

The first time it is recommended to water the bush less often and abundantly, and you can also use a fungicide solution instead of water. In order to prevent root rot, you should make sure that there is no stagnant liquid in the soil mixture, and also that it is light and loose. Do not forget to pour water out of the tray some time after moistening the substrate. If you have moist pebbles in the tray, make sure the bottom does not come into contact with water.

Mismanagement or poor living conditions can also cause problems with pachystachios such as:

  1. Foliage loss.

    The bush has been exposed to a draft or the groundball has become too dry.

  2. Twisted leaf plates and withered tips. The air in the room is very dry.
  3. The shoots are elongated, the foliage is shallow, and the bush does not flower. This is all due to excessively sparse light.

  4. Delayed bush development, stunted growth. Plant needs replanting urgently.
  5. Bottom part of stems completely bare. The bush needs rejuvenating short pruning.

Pests

Pachistachis: home care, propagation and transplantation, species

The most common pests on the plant are scabies, mealybugs and spider mites.

All of these pests are suckers. If small yellow dots appear on the leaves or if cotton balls with a whitish tint appear in the leaf axils, this indicates the presence of pests. Remove worms and scaleworms with a cotton swab moistened in alcohol.

Mites are very small and their presence can only be recognized by the finest cobwebs or tiny dots (bite marks) on the leaves. Wash the bush with a soap solution and wrap the soil in cling film to prevent water from getting into it.

When the pachistachis is completely dry, it is sprayed with Fytoverm or Actellic. Treatment is recommended in a well ventilated area.

Thrips and whiteflies are very rare. They are also sucking pests. They can be eliminated by the same methods as caterpillars, cutworms or mites.

Pachystachis species

Pachistachis: home care, propagation and transplantation, species
Pachystachis yellow

Most popular with florists is Pachystachis yellow (Pachystachys lutea), which you can find described in the beginning of the article. However, this is not the only species grown in indoor conditions.

Pachystachis red (Pachystachys coccinea)

Pachistachis: home care, propagation and transplantation, species

This species is usually grown in greenhouses because it can be up to two meters tall. The short-petioled, deep green leaf plates reach about 0.4 m in length.

They have maroon-colored streaks on their surface. When flowering, it will have green bracts and tubular, elongated, red flowers similar in appearance to the feathers that were used to decorate hats in the recent past. It is because of the unusual inflorescences that the species is also called "Cardinal's guardsman".

Pachystachys spicata (Pachystachys spicata)

Pachistachis: home care, propagation and transplantation, species

This species can be found in botanical gardens, but is very rarely grown as an indoor plant. Its dark green leaflets are about 25 centimeters long.

During flowering, rich red flowers open on a cone-shaped bract. Some experts believe it to be a variety of pachistachis red.

Premonies and superstitions

Pachistachis: home care, propagation and transplantation, species

Pachistachis is said to have magical powers. It helps one's home to be filled with vitality and also has a beneficial effect on the nervous system of its owners: it fills passive people with energy and calms excessively active ones. Its yellow bracts also strengthen marital relationships: they can help you find compromises and quarrelsome solutions.

There are also a few omens associated with this plant. If you take good care of a shrub, but all of a sudden its florets begin to fall off and the leaves wither away, it means that soon your relatives might have a big trouble. If the bracts will be colored in a very bright shade, it means that soon something very nice will happen. If you have been given pachistachis, it means that the giver wishes you happiness in your personal life, and it is believed that this will surely come true.

Pachistachis room flowers will easily grow

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