Oregano: Planting And Care In The Open Field, Growing From Seed, Species

Many gardeners grow a variety of herbs in addition to vegetables and greens on their garden plot. Oregano, which is also called oregano, is especially popular with them. It is used in cooking various spicy dishes, and also from this fragrant herb makes an excellent tea. Additionally, oregano deters most garden pests by its scent and also looks very impressive when in bloom.

Special features of oregano

Oregano: planting and care in the open field, growing from seed, species

Oregano is also commonly referred to as the frankincense, or mother, or oregano.

This perennial can vary in height from 0.3 to 0.7 m. This plant has a powerful root system, so it is able to rapidly take over new areas, quickly spreading over the site. The egg-shaped small leaf plates have a pointed apex.

During flowering, various inflorescences can adorn the bush because there are currently more than two dozen ornamental varieties of this plant.

Medicinal properties

Oregano is a medicinal plant. It has the following medicinal virtues:

  1. Activating the nervous system, it improves sleep and general well-being and relieves headache.
  2. It improves the digestive system and also increases appetite.
  3. It has positive effects on the respiratory system while greatly improving well-being even in bronchitis.

  4. Heals female organs: helps with delayed menstruation, with menopause and PMS.
  5. Heals stomatitis.
  6. Heals the skin: helps with dermatitis in adults and with diathesis in children.

Oregano is also used in daily life. For example, oregano can be put in the closet to repel moths.

It is also used as a spice for different dishes, such as pizza. And oregano is also added to jars during canning vegetables. It also makes a fragrant and healthy tea. This plant is also a great honey maker and makes excellent honey. The first flowering of this plant occurs in the second year of growth and is repeated every year.

When the flowers fade, they bear fruit in their place, which are small roundish nuts. Inside each fruit is a huge number of incredibly small seeds: 0.1 gramme has about 1,000 seeds.

Long life herb in your garden - Oríganum vulgáre (Oreganum vulgaris), health benefits, uses

Putting oregano in the open field

Oregano: planting and care in the open field, growing from seed, species

Selecting a good spot to sow oregano

When selecting a good location, attention should be paid to the fact that it must fully meet all requirements, but the most careful attention should be paid to the composition of the soil. The fact is that in a fertile soil the leaves of the plant are able to accumulate a large number of useful substances.

For oregano you should choose a sunny place. The fact is that bushes growing in the shade have elongated stems, and the leaves do not have its characteristic rich flavor. The type of soil for the plant does not matter much, because it can easily take root in almost any place. But if you are going to grow oregano as a perennial, choose a place with a soil rich in nutrients and systematically moistened. Plots with a high waterlogged or very dry should not be used for growing oregano as it can degenerate into a common weed or die off.

Do not forget to prepare the site in the autumn, for this purpose compost or manure should be added to the soil on the selected site, in a pinch you can also use saltpeter to fertilize the soil.

Flowers also try to grow oregano, but not in the open ground, but in the window. It grows there quite well, but only to get the raw material of satisfactory quality, cultivate it for at least two years. The thing is that this perennial only blooms in its second year of vegetation.

Growing through seedlings

Oregano: planting and care in the open field, growing from seed, species

As a rule, grow oregano from seeds, and most gardeners prefer the seedling method of propagation.

This is because the young, immature seedlings that appear in the open ground are easily swamped by weeds. This is why it is recommended to grow seedlings of oregano at home in spring and plant them in the ground in late spring or early summer.

To ensure that the seedlings are strong and well developed, the seeds should be sown in a timely manner. Sow oregano seedlings can already be in March, and use a seed box or ordinary plastic pots. If you delay sowing, by the time the seedlings will need to be planted on a bed, they will still be very weak.

Selected for growing seedlings containers are filled with fertile substrate. You can buy it at the store, but do not forget to add a small amount of sand. Moisten the soil mixture with a sprayer and lightly tamp its surface. Then make rows in it, in which the seeds are evenly distributed. The seeds are sown to a depth of about 10 mm.

The first seedlings usually appear only after 1.5-2 weeks. Do not forget to put the seeds in a sunny window, and the air temperature should be between 20 and 22 degrees. If you like, you can cover the containers with seeds from above with glass or film, but it is not obligatory. Seedlings which have emerged from the ground are very thin and delicate.

However, after a while they will grow and become more robust.

Elderberry, monard, hyssop. Sowing and picking. I plant.

Sow outdoors

Sow oregano seeds directly into the bed only in the last days of May, in well warmed soil.

Start by digging the plot and removing all weeds. Create rows with a width of about 0.45 m. Sow the seeds rather densely.

Seeding care

Oregano: planting and care in the open field, growing from seed, species

While the seedlings are small, they are very sensitive to weeds.

The fact is that grass can easily choke the tender seedlings and they will die. In this regard, seedlings growing in pots should be systematically inspected, pulling out all the weeds. And if seedlings grow in the open ground, then you should pay special attention to this procedure. If oregano has sprouted too densely, do not forget to thin it, only in this case the seedlings will grow powerful and well developed.

Sprouts need regular watering, which is carried out with a sprayer.

The fact is that normal watering can wash out the delicate seedlings, which will lead to their death. And spraying the plants will not suffer and get a sufficient amount of moisture. Only a well-lit window sill is suitable for growing the seedlings, and the container with them should be rotated systematically, so that the bushes are not one-sided.

Sprouting seedlings in individual containers can be only after they have formed two or three true leaf plates. Seedlings planted in time will be able to grow and get very strong up to the time you are going to plant them out in the bed.

You can use peat pots for picking if you like. When planting seedlings, the root system is not removed from such pots, and planting bushes together with them.

Commence planting of mature seedlings in the open ground can be in the second half of May. For this purpose, it is better to choose a cloudy day. Don't forget to moisten the plantlings as soon as possible.

Grooming for oregano

Oregano: planting and care in the open field, growing from seed, species

In its first year of growth, give oregano a good and timely care, paying particular attention to weeding, watering and fertilizing.

Watering

This crop does not need regular watering, but make sure that the soil does not dry out completely. Therefore, moisten the soil as needed when its surface is dry.

Oregano can be harmed by stagnant liquid in the root system. Particular attention should be paid to this during heavy rains.

For this reason, it is recommended to make not very large hollows in the ground around the bushes.

Fertilizer

Start fertilizing oregano in early spring, and it will also need nutrients after harvesting. During the first year of growth, young bushes do not need additional fertilizer, because they quite enough nutrients in the soil prepared from the fall. From the second year of growth, fertilization of bushes should be carried out regularly. In early spring, when the bushes are just beginning to wake up, it is recommended to feed them with a small amount of cowpea solution or saltpeter.

The same fertilizer can also be used in summer. Oregano cultivated as a decorative plant in a bed does not need any fertilizer because it makes the bushes grow too much and makes them less decorative.

Weeding and loosening

Oregano: planting and care in the open field, growing from seed, species

The soil in a bed with oregano should be constantly lightly loosened. During the first year, while the bushes are still quite weak, they should be systematically weeded. The fact that oregano grows not very fast, and weeds on a nutritious soil rapidly grows and begins to choke the plants.

However, once the perennial bushes get stronger and older, they will no longer be afraid of any grass. If you want to water your bed with oregano less often and reduce the number of weeding, then cover it with a layer of mulch (straw).

Please note that if flowers appear on the bushes during the first year of growth, they have to be cut off. This is because they take a lot out of the young plant and it is still weak.

Wintering

Oregano is very frost-resistant.

As a result, it does not need to be covered for the winter. If the snow cover falls early in the fall, you will still see green leaves on the shrubs when it comes off in the spring.

Repotting

Oregano: planting and care in the open field, growing from seed, species

You can grow this perennial in one place for about two decades. But in the case when oregano is grown for medicinal raw materials, its transplanting to a new place should be carried out regularly: once every 5 years. On the plot, freed from oregano, you can plant anything, and be sure that in this place, the culture will not be afraid of both diseases and pests.

The fact is that oregano helps to kill pathogenic bacteria and pests in the soil.

Trimming

To improve bush growth, experienced gardeners advise in the spring time to break off some of the stems left over from the previous year. New, stronger stems will soon begin to grow and will have very dense foliage.

Aromatic oregano, From A to Z,

Production methods

How to propagate oregano by seed (generative) has been explained in great detail above. However, you can also use vegetative propagation methods.

Splitting a shrub

Oregano: planting and care in the open field, growing from seed, species

Remove the mature bush from the soil and cut it into two pieces. Be very careful because the shoots should not be broken up and the root system should not be damaged too much.

Splitters

Oregano: planting and care in the open field, growing from seed, species

If you want to split oregano, pick out individual strong stems throughout the growing season, bend them to the soil and bury them. Over time, they should all give their own roots. With the onset of the following spring, prune the new bush with a sharp spade and plant it in a new permanent place.

Whether the offshoots or dividers are transplanted to a new place is recommended in the spring time or in the first weeks of autumn. This gives the bushes enough time to take root in a new location before frost arrives.

Gathering oregano

Oregano: planting and care in the open field, growing from seed, species

The best time to gather the raw material is when it is in bloom, which is most often in July. Note that you can only pick three stems from one shrub which are about 20 centimeters long. If you pick more shoots, it can be harmful to the plant.

The cut shoots are bundled together and hung in a well-ventilated place to dry. If desired, the stems can also be dried by spreading them thinly on paper sheets, but then they will need to be turned over regularly. When the branches are completely dry, strip off all the leaves and put them in a glass jar and seal it hermetically. The remaining bare shoots should simply be thrown away. Dried oregano leaves have a shelf life of two years if stored correctly.

Gathering seeds

If you want to gather seeds from oregano bushes, do so in September when they are fully mature. At the time of harvest in July, leave a few of the strongest and best developed stems on the bushes to provide good quality seeds. In autumn, cut these stems together with the seed pods and dry them well. Then rub them with your hands and sift them with a sieve. The seeds need to be dried if necessary.

Store them in paper bags in a dry, dark place.

Aromatic Oregano plants. Website "Garden World"

Species of oregano with photos and names

Although the genus oregano includes over fifty species, gardeners and gardeners prefer to cultivate on their plots varieties of this plant, which also exist quite a lot. The reason is that during their breeding plant breeders try to add special aromatic and gustatory qualities or resistance to drought, frost etc.

Orea common (Origanum vulgare)

Oregano: planting and care in the open field, growing from seed, species

The height of this herbaceous perennial varies from 0,5 to 0,7 m.

Its root is well branched and creeping. The lower part of the erect shoots is pubescent with soft tufts. The upper part of the stems is strongly branched. Supropositely arranged ovate or oval leaves have petioles. It is dark green in color and can vary in length from 10 to 40 mm.

Flowering occurs between June and July. Dense shields of fragrant flowers form on the tops of the shoots and also in the upper leaf axils. Their petals are pinkish and their calyxes are dark purple. Best varieties:

Oregano: planting and care in the open field, growing from seed, species

  1. White oregano. Blooms lushly, flowers white.

  2. Caramel. Possesses a bright rich aroma and a very pleasant taste.
  3. Oregano Bunch. The short (about 0.3 m) bush has a pungent smell, the flowers are light purple.

  4. Rainbow. The bush is about 0.6-0.7 m tall and its rich purple foliage contains many beneficial anthocyanins.
  5. Gold tip.

    The dwarf plant is 10 to 15 centimeters tall and the shoots are covered with small leafy plates of green color with yellowish tops. The flowers are pinkish.

  6. Aureum. The bush is about 25 cm tall. The flowers are yellow and the foliage is a golden hue.

Aureum of Crete (Origanum dictamnus)

Oregano: planting and care in the open field, growing from seed, species

The bush reaches an average height of 20 to 30 centimeters, but in some cases the perennial can be up to a meter high. The stiff stems have silver-colored pubescent leaves. Their shape is oval, almost round. Very small pinkish flowers are gathered in inflorescences, which are covered with pinkish-green bracts. They are formed on a flexible flower stalk and look very similar to hop cones.

The sap of this species has a powerful antibacterial effect. Since the time of Hippocrates it has been used for stomach pains.

Oregano (oregano) medicinal properties, tea recipe, contraindications

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