Orchid Stangopeia: Home Care, Transplanting

There are about 30,000 different species of orchids on the planet Earth, varying in shape, size, and color. However, all of them are undoubtedly very beautiful. Since ancient times, people have been fascinated by these delightful beauties. Despite their whimsical character, people grow orchids at home and give them all the conditions they need in order to admire their beautiful flowers one day.

In the big orchid family, the stanhopea has a very special place.

And this plant is distinguished by its flowers of very large size (diameter from 15 to 20 centimeters), not quite ordinary coloring, as well as an incredible chocolate-vanilla smell. There are about 50 species in this genus. Under natural conditions, they can be found in tropical regions of South and Central America. Such an orchid grows and develops normally in room conditions, and with proper care, it will delight the florist with its annual blooms.

Home care for the orchid stangopeia

Orchid stangopeia: home care, transplanting

Stangopeia, like most of the vast orchid family, requires high humidity and bright, but necessarily diffuse lighting.

Temperature regime

This plant feels fine in summer at 23 to 25 degrees and in winter at 17 to 18 degrees. Specialists recommend to provide the plant with a daily temperature difference, and the difference between the temperatures should be about 3-5 degrees. This contributes to normal flowering. In warm seasons the plant can be taken out into the fresh air on a loggia or balcony or suspended from a tree in the garden.

Humidification

The plant responds very well to regular moistening with a sprayer.

However, care must be taken to avoid getting any water droplets on the young shoots or flowers, since they can rot quite quickly. Experienced orchidists advise to use the smallest sprayer because this kind of dew will appear where the orchid comes from.

Selecting a container

Orchid stangopeia: home care, transplanting

The best way to plant the stangopee is with a hanging plastic or wooden basket and a grid with large meshes. Such a container will hold the flower well and also provide free access of air to its root system. Due to the fact that in natural conditions this kind of orchid prefers to grow on rocky ledges or in the forks of trees, it has flower stems directed downward.

Therefore this flower should only be cultivated in a suspended container.

Earth mixture

There are two types of earth mixture used to grow this plant:

  • dry leaves and tree bark, sphagnum;
  • wood bark, fern roots, sphagnum, and charcoal.

The second type of earth mixture is best used for planting. These ingredients will provide the substrate with a good moisture capacity and a loose structure. And also this earth mixture has a large number of different nutrients that the plant needs.

Orchidia stangopea (Stanhopea) . Transplanting.

Fertilizer

Fertilizing the stangopea is recommended only in the springtime when there is a strong growth as well as flowering. Fertilising can be done with a specialised orchid complex fertiliser, ½ the amount recommended on the bottle.

How to water

This plant is very fond of moisture.

Therefore, you should water it systematically without letting it dry out. If the watering is sparse, this will have a very negative effect on the roots of the orchid, deformation of the leaf plates will occur, and there will be a delay in flowering. If the watering is too abundant, it will also have a negative effect on the plant. Thus, its pseudobulbs shred and flowering may not occur at all.

When the resting period begins (at the end of the autumn period), water the stangopee somewhat less.

As a rule of thumb, at this time, water only after the soil has slightly dried up around the edges of the pot. For watering and moistening, it is necessary to use water of room temperature, which can be rain, well-drained or boiled.

Orchid stangopeia: home care, transplanting

Pests

Spider mites or scale mites can settle on this plant. If you find pests on the stangopeia, the leaves will need to be gently washed with a lukewarm soapy solution and then treated with an insecticide.

Propagation method

As a rule, this flower can be propagated by dividing its rhizome into parts.

In this case, the division is recommended during repotting. And the plant should be transplanted once every 3 years in the spring time. The rhizome is divided so that each division has a few pseudobulbs. Use a well-sharpened, disinfected knife for dividing. The cut areas of the divisions should be treated with crushed charcoal to prevent infection.

Completely this kind of orchid blooms only when her rhizome is well proliferated and will be at least 5 or 6 psevdobulb. Because of this, the stangopeia needs to be planted in a "growing-out" container.

This is an incredibly beautiful plant. It has splendid large flowers with a whimsical color and shape. Blossoming flowers of stangopeia are able to fascinate by their beauty.

Tiger stangopeia, or bull orchid, blossomed in "Aptekarsky Ogorod"

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