Orchid Cuttleia: Home Care, Propagation And Transplantation

The herbaceous plant Cattleya is a perennial belonging to the Orchid family and is related to the genus Laelia. The genus Cattleya includes about 40 species, among which there are both lithophytes (plants that grow on rocks) and epiphytes (plants that grow on other plants).

This plant is one of the most spectacular orchids. It appeared in Europe in the nineteenth and century and almost immediately fell in love with a huge number of florists. Cattleya was named after William Catley, who was an importer of plants and a gardener, and it was he who was able to grow this orchid in his own greenhouse.

What sets this plant apart from other orchids is that it has a very unusual lip shape, with it and the flower itself painted in contrasting colors. Blooming orchid looks just perfect, it happens that on a mature bush blooms about 10 flowers. Its flowers can be of many different shades, from mauve (almost black) to snow-white. The flowers smell simply magical. They can have the scent of lily of the valley or lily of the valley and some species and varieties have a perfume that cannot be compared to anything else.

Brief description of growing

Orchid Cuttleia: home care, propagation and transplantation

  1. Flowering. The cattleya plant is a beautiful flowering plant.
  2. Brightness. The flower needs direct sunlight before noon and after 4 pm. From May to August the orchid is placed on a southern window sill (from midday shade), and from August to May on a window with southwest or east orientation.

  3. Temperature regime. Grows well at temperatures typical of a living room. When preparing the bush for flowering, a difference of 5-7 degrees between night and day temperature is needed.
  4. Pouring. Throughout the growing season, water the orchid as the substrate in the pot dries out.

    Do not allow water droplets to drip onto the bush. During the resting period, watering should be more infrequent, switching to moistening the surface of the substrate from a sprayer. As soon as the flower buds appear, watering should be resumed.

  5. Air Humidity. The flower is systematically moistened with a sprayer and occasionally given a warm shower.

  6. Fertilizer. Feed the cattleya during the growth of the pseudobulbs, after which the plant stops being fertilized. Re-apply fertilizer to the substrate begins after the flower stalk appears. Orchid complex mineral fertilizer is used.
  7. Storming period.

    Usually in the fall or winter after the bush has blossomed. During this period it is not fed, and instead of watering it is sprayed on the surface of the substrate. The flower needs bright light, and the light day should be long (it is recommended to install additional artificial light).

  8. Repotting. Most often the bush is transplanted if the soil in the pot becomes sour and caked.

    Repotting is extremely poorly tolerated by the flower.

  9. Repropagation. By shoots and bush division.
  10. Pests. Aphids, spider mites, scales, mealybugs and whiteflies.

  11. Diseases. Gray rot, bacterial blotch, black rot and powdery mildew.

Cultivation features

Orchid Cuttleia: home care, propagation and transplantation

If you decide to decorate your home with a cattleya, you must consider that it requires good care and special cultivation conditions. Many flower growers complain about the fact that this orchid does not bloom at them, and among them there are both beginners and those who grow flowers not the first year. This is due to the fact that flowers appear only on a mature, healthy and strong bush, which has enough strength to bloom.

If you want, you can check if it is worth waiting for your orchid to start blooming in the near future. A plant is able to start flowering in the current season if:

  • You purchased a whole plant with intact roots and intact blossoms;
  • The plant or the dividers have at least four bulbs and intact roots and there should be some trace of previous flowering.

Anywhere else the cattleya may or may not have begun flowering in the current season. In order for the flower to develop and grow properly, four conditions have to be observed:

  • Direct sunlight is necessary;
  • Feed and water properly;
  • Be sure to give the shrub a 5-7 degree night-time and day-time temperature difference before flowering;
  • For the resting period the plant has to be given optimal conditions.

Cattleya orchid.

Getting to know )

Home care of the Cuttleia orchid

Orchid Cuttleia: home care, propagation and transplantation

When growing the Cuttleia you should remember that it needs to strictly follow the agronomic rules of culture.

Lightness

The plant needs plenty of bright light, so it is recommended to place it on an east or southwest oriented window. A southern window will also do, but in the hottest heat the flower must be shaded. You can tell if the plant gets enough light by the color of its leaves: their yellowish color indicates too intensive light; if they are dark green, they don't get enough light. In a normal light situation, the color of the leaves should be just green.

Temperature regime

This orchid grows normally at a normal room temperature. When preparing the plant for flowering, provide a temperature difference of 5-7 degrees between moderate temperatures at night and warm temperatures during the day (this is the difference in natural conditions at this time of year).

Air Humidity

The cattleya is undemanding to the level of air humidity. However, in the spring and summer, it is recommended to put its pot on a tray filled with water, into which it will drain its airy roots.

Pouring

Orchid Cuttleia: home care, propagation and transplantation

Pour the flower as the substrate in the pot dries out, making sure no liquid gets on the foliage surface.

With the onset of the dormancy period, at first watering is gradually reduced, and then instead the surface of the substrate in the container is moistened with a sprayer. Once the flower stems begin to grow, the flower will be watered again regularly.

In hot days, the bush itself and the surface of the substrate can be moistened with a sprayer, using distilled, rainwater or well-distilled water. This procedure will not only increase the moisture level, but also reduce the temperature. It is also recommended to give the flower a warm shower once every 30 days and to clean the substrate in the pot with plain clean water.

If water suddenly gets on the above-ground part of the shrub, wipe it off gently, otherwise dark spots may form on the flower. If the liquid gets into the center of the growth, it will cause the roots to rot and the flower will die.

How to water orchids. Part 3. How to water cattleyas (Cattleya).

Transplanting a cattleya

Orchid Cuttleia: home care, propagation and transplantation

This orchid reacts extremely negatively to transplanting, but you still have to do this procedure sometimes. Even if very carefully transplanted into a new container, it will still take a very long time to recover.

As a rule, the flower has to be transplanted when the substrate falls into disrepair, or rather, becomes oxidized and strongly compacted. In this case, once the young shoots have reached a length of 20-30 mm, the shrub should be replanted. But before you start transplanting a cattleya, think about whether you will separate it.

You can use any container for planting, but most often florists choose translucent pots made of plastic that do not absorb light. However, the orchid grows best in a pot made of clay, which is not covered with a glaze. A suitable substrate should include a fine and medium fraction of tree bark and sphagnum. Before transplanting, the bark is poured with water for 2 days. After that, the liquid is drained and the bark is washed with running water.

At the bottom of the planting container make a layer of drainage 20 mm thick, which should consist of expanded clay or pebbles. Fill it with pieces of Styrofoam and medium bark, then place the flower in the container and sprinkle its roots with finer bark. If the humidity in the room where the plant is to stand is not very high then add a small amount of Perlite, which absorbs the moisture and holds it in.

Planting your plants from A to Z (3 in 1)

Feeding

Feed the plant when the pseudobulbs are growing actively. Once they stop growing, the fertilizing of the substrate should be discontinued.

Feed again when the plant has a flower stalk and stop again when flowering begins. A suitable fertilizer should contain potassium and phosphorus, using the minimum dosage indicated on the package.

Propagation methods

Orchid Cuttleia: home care, propagation and transplantation

Kattleia is propagated by bush division, which is done together with transplanting the plant into fresh substrate (once every 3 or 4 years). It is best to divide the plant shortly before the young roots appear.

First remove the shrub from the container, but be aware that this is quite difficult to do.

If the cattleya is growing in a plastic pot, start by kneading and rubbing it from the sides and then try to take the plant out. If the pot is made of clay then very gently poke the plant between the substrate and the pot with a knife and move it to remove the roots from the container. After about 30 minutes the substrate should be soaked, then try to gently loosen and disassemble the roots, being careful not to injure them. It is advisable to disassemble the roots directly in the water, replacing it with clean water as it gets dirty. Once the roots are almost completely cleaned from the substrate, they should be inspected and any injured, dead, dry and rotten areas should be cut out.

If young sprouts already have rotted roots, it indicates that the watering is too abundant. Sprinkle cinnamon or charcoal powder over the cuts, do not use antiseptics containing alcohol. After this treatment the root system should be dried very well in a warm place.

Only when the root system is dry can you begin to divide the bush. Make sure that each division has a living bud and at least three pseudobulbs and live roots.

To divide the plant use a very sharp instrument disinfected with alcohol or fire beforehand. If it is dirty, it can cause bacterial or viral disease to infect the shrub. Sprinkle cinnamon or charcoal powder over the cut areas. Plant the dividers in separate pots in the same way as you transplanted the bush (see above).

Cattleyas, cutting, dividing.

... Dividing my cattleyas

Cattleya varieties with photos and names

Cattleya is a very showy plant that can decorate any room. At the same time very beautiful as those varieties and species that were born thanks to breeders, as well as natural ones.

Nowadays there are more than a thousand varieties of cattleya and below are the most popular ones:

Cattleya bicolor (Cattleya bicolor)

Orchid Cuttleia: home care, propagation and transplantation

The plant is 0,3 to 0,6 m high and has flowers about 10 centimeters across. The flowers are colored reddish-brown, the lip is purple with an edge of a lighter shade. Flowering is observed in the fall and winter.

Cattleya bowringiana (Cattleya bowringiana)

Orchid Cuttleia: home care, propagation and transplantation

The bush is about 0.7 m tall and the flower reaches up to 70 mm across.

It is colored with a purplish-pink hue, and there is a yellow spot on the purple lip. It blooms in fall and winter.

Cattleya trianaei (Cattleya trianaei)

Orchid Cuttleia: home care, propagation and transplantation

The bush is about 0.5 m tall and the flower diameter is about 20 centimeters. The flowers are colored with a pinkish-white hue, with a rich crimson lip with a white border.

Flowering begins in winter or spring.

Cattleya forbesii (Cattleya forbesii)

Orchid Cuttleia: home care, propagation and transplantation

This miniature plant reaches only 10 to 20 centimeters in height. The olive flowers are about 10 centimeters in diameter and the lip is white with a pinkish patina. It blooms in the summer and fall period.

Cattleya ( Cattleya, Cattleya).

Orchid. Propagation of Orchids (Cattleya). Уход Каттлея

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