Onions: Growing At Home And In The Greenhouse, The Benefits

Green onions not only can improve the appearance of any dish, but they also provide the vitamins the human body needs, especially in winter and spring. For example, vitamin C, which is so necessary for the human body during deficiency, in a green onion is more than in the onion. In order to have tasty and healthy greens at your fingertips all year round, you should definitely learn how to grow onions for quills in a greenhouse or on a windowsill.

Features of green onions

Onions: growing at home and in the greenhouse, the benefits

If you need to get lots of green onions, then it is best to grow them in a greenhouse. But in case you only need them for cooking, you can plant them in a container and put them on your windowsill.

Man started to grow onions about 5 thousand years ago so he knows very well how to grow them properly not only in a bed but also indoors. Green onions on the windowsill can be grown in water (on hydroponics) or in substrate. Both of these options are fairly simple, but there are still a few tricks to get the best results.

Onions to feather in 15 days.(The best way to grow onions to feather).

Growing onions for feathering (greens)

Preparing for planting

Onions: growing at home and in the greenhouse, the benefits

If you decide to grow onions for feathering, then the first thing to do is to prepare the planting material. To do this, sort it by removing all bulbs that are diseased, deformed and injured. Inspect each bulb, suitable for planting should be dense, with glossy scales and on them in no case be present rot. Next, the top of each selected bulb is cut off (1/4 of the whole bulb). Thanks to this air will get to the buds faster and as a consequence, the greens will appear in the shortest possible time.

If sprouted bulbs are used for planting, they do not need to be trimmed. Also to make the feathers appear faster, soak the material intended for planting in warm water (35 to 38 degrees), there it should stay about 12 hours.

If you will plant onions in a soil mixture, then it should also be prepared. The substrate must necessarily be loose. And the best onions grow in humus, which is combined with vermiculite.

Take a container and pour the soil mixture into it with a layer of 7 to 10 centimeters, but before this, do not forget to disinfect it. To do this, the substrate is poured with a hot solution of manganese potassium, the color of which should be dark pink. After that, it is poured with very cold clean water.

Planning rules

Onions: growing at home and in the greenhouse, the benefits

For greenery, the bulbs are planted in a container using the bridge method. To do this, they are placed almost side by side, keeping a distance of 10-20 mm between them.

Place the bulb on the potting soil with the bottom and press it in a little. Do not bury or deepen it too much as this can lead to rot. When the onions are planted, sprinkle the soil mixture with slightly warm water.

To grow onions in water, take a tray, put the bulbs close together in it and fill it ΒΌ full with water. After about half a month, the onions will have sprouted greens that can be cut and used in cooking.

Watch the water level in the pan and top up if necessary.

What time to plant

The average speed of green onions is 15-20 days. In the greenhouse and indoors, onions are planted for greens from October to April, in spring and summer they are grown in open soil. If you follow certain rules, you will always have fresh herbs on your table.

Green onion bulb

Growing onions at home

Onions: growing at home and in the greenhouse, the benefits

To place the container with onions in it in heat (from 25 to 30 degrees) for 7 days.

Once the length of the leaf plates is 10-20 mm, the planting should be moved to an unheated veranda or balcony. The speed of feather growth from this moment will depend on the temperature of water used for watering and air.

How to take care

The onion grows best at water temperatures of 20 to 25 degrees and air temperatures of 18 to 22 degrees. Water 1-2 times every 7 days. There is no need to feed onions when growing them as the greens take nutrients from the bulb.

Once the leaves reach 25-35 centimeters in height, you can start harvesting. Cut the greens gradually, starting from the edges, as the growth of leaves is observed from the central part of the bulb. If you plant the bulbs systematically once every 15-20 days, you will have fresh herbs on your table all the time.

Greens on PERO: The secrets of a good harvest of herbs!

Growing onions for feathering in the greenhouse

Onions: growing at home and in the greenhouse, the benefits

Greenhouse onions are thrown out in October-April; they can be annuals or biennials. Do not forget to prepare the planting material before planting (see above for details).

He is planted in boxes in which humus, peat or compost is poured. The bulbs are covered with a thin layer of peat, and to prevent mold, it is powdered with lime-powder. When planting is finished, place the boxes one on top of the other and put them in a corner.

General rules of care

Onions: growing at home and in the greenhouse, the benefits

Before the greenery appears, the plantings have the following temperature regime: 12 to 15 degrees during the night and 18 to 20 degrees during the day. Watering is carried out only when it is necessary, and the greenhouse should be systematically aired.

When 10 to 12 days pass, the length of the leaves will be 50-80 mm, and the bulbs will grow roots. Note that the color of the leaves will be white. At this stage, the boxes are placed on racks, and the air temperature is increased to 20-22 degrees, watering from this point on systematically.

To grow and develop feathers within the norm, the light day should be equal to 12 hours. Note, however, that the lamps used for extra light must be placed vertically, only then the foliage will not crimp.

The color of the foliage will eventually change from white to green.

When two days have passed, after the boxes have been placed on the racks, fertilize the onions. To do this, sprinkle dry nitrogen (20 to 40 grams of ammonium nitrate per square meter) and potassium (10 to 15 grams of potassium chloride per square meter) fertilizer on the surface of the soil mixture. During watering, the fertilizer will get into the substrate itself. The leaves can be cut once they are 35 centimeters long.

Winter greenhouse. Growing onions.

Growing onions for greens in the open field

Onions: growing at home and in the greenhouse, the benefits

Winter planting of onions for quills

The onions for greens can also be grown in open soil. In this case, choose bulbs that are 25-40 mm across for planting. Planting into the soil is carried out in late autumn, when before the severe frosts will be about half a month.

Before this, the planting material is prepared by treating it with warm water and cutting off the tops.

The bulbs can be planted in the ground using the bridge method. For this purpose, they are placed almost close to each other with their bottoms facing down. Put a thin layer of soil on top of them (20 to 30 mm). You can also use the strip method for planting.

In this case the bulbs are planted in furrows with a distance of 10-40 mm between them and then covered with soil. The width between the rows in this case should be 10-20 centimeters.

Care rules in autumn

To prevent the bulbs from freezing during the winter months, in autumn the plantings should be covered with a layer of manure or mulch on top, which should be at least 35-50 mm thick. With the onset of spring, this layer is carefully removed, and a film frame is installed over the plants. Before the onset of severe frosts, regularly water the bed, so that the soil at all times was a little damp.

This is to allow the bulbs to grow a root system.

Greens from seed

Onions: growing at home and in the greenhouse, the benefits

You can grow onions for greens from seeds, which are much cheaper than picking onions, but this method does not allow you to get greens quickly. Sowing seeds of perennial onions for greens is carried out in the summer time, and more precisely in the middle of July. The plot should be digged in advance, with all the necessary fertilizers in the soil. Make rows, evenly distribute the seeds in them and cover them with soil.

The width between the rows should be 0,3-0,4 m. After the seedlings have their first leaf plate, carry out their thinning. The distance between them should be 35-50 mm. In late fall, cover the surface of the bed with straw or a layer of peat. In the spring, fresh greens will grow on the bed immediately after the snow falls.

Green Onions to Feather in the open field. After 18 days

Sorts of onions for quill (greens)

Onions: growing at home and in the greenhouse, the benefits

What kinds of onions are grown for quill

Gardeners most often grow the following kinds of onions for quill:

  1. Bathoon (onion blow, either tartar or winter or sandy). It gives even greens. The annual varieties are cut only once during the growing season, while the perennials are cut 2 or 3 times.
  2. Multigrade Onions (Canadian or Egyptian).

    This species is among the most unpretentious and winter-hardy. In yield and in feather quality it surpasses the butterbur.

  3. Schnitt onion (chives). The species has a fairly high yield. The fragrant leaves are about half a meter high and remain tender for a long time.

  4. Snith Onion. This early-ripening species is frost-resistant and yielding. The broad, flat leafy plates have a delicate texture and a faint garlic odor.
  5. Leeks(pearl). The species is productive.

    Its succulent broad leaf plates are very similar to garlic foliage.

  6. Shallots. This productive species, characterized by its unpretentiousness, has foliage that does not wilt for a long time.

The best varieties of onions for greens

The onion varieties grown for the pen are the multi-stemmed ones that form a large number of leaves, and the single-stemmed ones that grow very few greens as well. The best multi-seeded varieties are: Bessonovsky, Rostovsky, Spassky, Arzamasovsky, Strigunovsky, Danilovsky, Ryazansky, etc.

Myths and reality review on onion varieties for feathering What is the best variety to choose for feathering

Properties of onion greens: Harm and benefits

Therapeutic properties of onions

Onions: growing at home and in the greenhouse, the benefits

It was already mentioned above that onions contain a large number of macro- and microelements and also vitamins, so they are very useful for avitaminosis, which is most often observed in winter and in early spring. Also experts advise to include it in the diet of people suffering from respiratory diseases, as a general tonic. It contains a lot of phytoncides, which actively fight pathogenic bacteria and viruses, effectively cleaning the human body and also the room where the onion itself is grown.

The composition of such greens includes chlorophyll, which together with other useful substances contained in feathers, participates in the process of hematopoiesis. That is why it is recommended to eat these greens regularly for people suffering from anemia.

Onion leaves also contain essential oils that can cope with viruses and infections of dysentery, diphtheria, tuberculosis and sore throat. Such oils disinfect the oral cavity and normalize the heart.

The feathers of such a vegetable also contain zinc, nitrogen, calcium, potassium, phosphorus and magnesium, if they will be lacking in the human body, hair loss will begin, and nails will become brittle and will break down. In addition, the following vitamins are present in greens:

  1. A (beta-carotene). This powerful antioxidant helps improve vision and skin health as well as hair and nails.

    It normalizes heart function and protects the body from the damaging effects of free radicals.

  2. B1 (thiamine). This vitamin is involved in regulating fat, protein and carbohydrate metabolism.
  3. B2 (riboflavin). It helps to neutralize toxins that irritate the respiratory tract and to maintain reproductive function.

    It is also involved in the formation of red blood cells.

  4. B3 (vitamin PP, either nicotinic acid or niacin). Removes excess cholesterol from the body, strengthens the immune system, and is involved in the breakdown of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates.
  5. B9 (folic acid). It participates in protein synthesis and regulates the nervous system.

  6. C (ascorbic acid). This biologically active substance is a powerful antioxidant. It takes part in the production of hormones and helps the body fight viruses and bacteria.
  7. E (tocopherol). It normalizes the work of male and female reproductive organs.

    It helps to rejuvenate the body and makes hair, nails and skin supple.

What are the benefits of green onions?

Contraindications

Specialists advise against including fresh onion leaves in your diet if you have digestive ulcers and gastritis with high acidity. Hypertensives should better refrain from eating large quantities of green onions, as they contribute to high blood pressure. In diseases of the cardiovascular system and bronchial asthma one should be careful about eating green onions, and during exacerbation of diseases it is better to give them up altogether.

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