Nolina: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation, Species

in wild it mainly found southern part united states as well mexico. this plant has another botanical name bocarnea. popularly called tail because shape and placement leaf plates for trunk foot>

The cottage nolina is a not very tall bush. Such a bottle plant has an expanded trunk at the base. This extension acts as a reservoir for water, it is used by the plant during prolonged dry periods, and the thin leaf plates allow the liquid to evaporate not very quickly, so this crop is distinguished by its drought tolerance.

Cultivating nolina is very simple. A container for planting is used low, because the root system is not deeply buried in the soil, because in wild conditions, such a plant prefers stony soil. Nolina is grown as a decorative and deciduous plant, as it almost never blooms in domestic conditions. It looks great as a solitary plant.

Cultivation Summary

Nolina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

  1. Flowering.

    Nolina is grown as an ornamental deciduous plant and does not bloom at home.

  2. Brightness. The plant needs bright, diffused light throughout the year.
  3. Temperature regime. In the spring and summer time the temperature should be room temperature, and in the winter time such a culture needs coolness (from 10 to 12 degrees), but the temperature should be reduced gradually.

  4. Pouring. Watering should be done by the method of bottom watering. In spring and summer time, water the bushes abundantly as soon as the ground lump is completely dry. In winter time, water it sparingly.
  5. Humidity of air.

    Normal.

  6. Fertilizer. Feeding nolina is not necessary. It is done only rarely as needed, using a solution of mineral fertilizer, the concentration of which should be 4 times less than written in the instructions.
  7. Dormant period.

    November-March.

  8. Potting. Repotting should be done at the end of the dormancy period. Up to three or four years old must be transplanted every year, older plants once every two or three years. Leafy soil, peat and sand (1:1:2).

  9. Raising. By seed method and by shoots.
  10. Pests. Mealybugs, scabs and spider mites.
  11. Disease.

    Trunk rotting.

NOLINA (BOCARNE) CARE AT HOME 🌱 BOTTLE TREE

Home care of nolina

Nolina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Light exposure

Diffuse and bright light all year long. When growing indoors, it should be protected from direct sunlight. In this regard, it is recommended to choose windows with a western or eastern orientation to grow this flower. If you choose a southern window sill, the pot should be placed away from the window.

In winter the shrub needs bright light during its dormancy period and will therefore most often require additional artificial light.

Temperature settings

In the spring and summer, during the growing season, the plant needs room temperature and does not need any special conditions. If you can grow the flower in the winter in a cool (10 to 12 degrees), then from September the temperature should be lowered, but do it gradually. This way you will prepare the bush for the dormancy period. If nolina will be at a temperature above 18 degrees in winter, then there will be no dormancy period, and its growth will last the whole year.

In summer, the bush can be moved to fresh air, it should be protected from gusts of wind and precipitation. Drafts are destructive to this crop.

How to water

Nolina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

In the spring and summer time, water abundantly, but not very often. To do this, the container with the flower should be completely submerged in the liquid, pulling it out after the soil has completely soaked. Then you need to wait 30 minutes until the excess liquid drains off.

Water the bush only when the clump of soil is completely dry. Stagnant water in the substrate can kill the plant. The same watering regime is required if the Nolina is in a room with a high temperature during the winter. If the room is colder than 15 degrees in the winter, then watering should be careful and more infrequent. If the flower is overwintering at 10 degrees or below, and he has a dormant period, then suspend watering until spring.

Keep in mind that if the plant kept in a cool room during the winter, it is more likely to die.

Spraying

If Nolina grows at home, it is not necessary to moisten it from a sprayer, because this procedure is more likely to moisten the soil. In the wild, the foliage of such a flower collects morning dew, which then runs down to the middle of the rosette and along the trunk to the ground. Spraying is recommended only for hygienic purposes, for this bush is moistened with a sprayer, and then its leaves are wiped with a moistened clean sponge or rag. Experts recommend watering such a culture with well-distilled soft water, better to use boiled.

Feeding Nolina

Nolina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

If the room nolina is given proper care, it will grow and develop quite normally without fertilizer. If desired, fertilization can be done in the spring and summer, and the concentration of the nutrient solution used should be half as much as recommended. Complex mineral fertilizer is used for this purpose, and you can feed Nolina not more often than once in 3 weeks. Fertilizing is recommended immediately after watering the shrub or it is watered immediately before the fertilizer is applied.

Potting Nolina

Nolina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Low but wide pots are used for planting and transplanting because this crop has a surface root system.

This is due to the fact that in natural conditions nolina prefers to grow on stony soil. At the bottom of the pot you need to make a thick enough drainage layer, thanks to him after watering from the substrate will be able to escape excess water. To prepare the substrate must combine peat, leaf soil and sand (1:1:2). You can take a mixture of peat, sand, sod, leaf and humus soil, all taken in equal parts. Even there is a simpler option: combine garden soil and coarse sand (1:1), it is recommended to pour a small amount of small pebbles into the mixture.

Transplanting is carried out as necessary, when the root system becomes cramped in the pot. Repot every year until the bush is 3 or 4 years old, but older plants should be replanted once every 2 or 3 years. The plant is planted at the same depth as before and the first watering only takes place 4-5 days later.

Planting Nolina (BOCARNEY)🍆 BOTTOMS

Raising Nolina

Growing from seed

Nolina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Another rule of thumb, When growing indoors, florists prefer to propagate Nolina by seed, even though it is quite complicated. To sow seeds, you need to take a substrate consisting of sand and peat (1:1).

Immediately before sowing the seeds for 1-2 days placed in a solution of growth-promoting agent, or in clean water. Then the seeds should be evenly distributed on the surface of the soil mixture, the distance between them should be not less than 20 mm. Then they are covered with the same soil mixture, with the thickness of the layer being equal to the width of the seed. The pot is removed to a well-lit place, and at night the seedlings will need to be illuminated with fluorescent lamps. The seedlings should be kept warm (at least 20 degrees), and it is better if the temperature is kept at 24-25 degrees.

Container from above should be covered with a film. Seeds should be systematically aired, which is carried out after the appearance of condensation on the cover. Water the substrate should be very carefully, it should not be observed stagnant liquid, but also to allow it to dry out as well can not. The first seedlings should appear within 4 weeks.

The stronger seedlings should be sprouted into individual pots, and the same substrate should be used as for transplanting Nolina (see above).

The seedlings need the same care as the adult plants.

How to grow nolina from seeds? / Bottle tree

To propagate nolina by offshoots

Sprouts are used to propagate this crop. First, you need to carefully cut off the lateral offshoot from the parent bush, then it should be planted in a container filled with a soil mixture that includes sand, vermiculite and peat (1:1:1). Take a peg and make a small hole in the soil mixture, in it place the scion, around which then good compact the substrate. The pot should be removed to a warm (about 24-25 degrees) and well-lit place, from above the scion should be covered with a glass jar.

The cover should be systematically removed to air the plant and moisten the substrate with a sprayer. After the flower grows a pair of young leaf plates, the cover is removed for good, and the bush is cared for in the same way as for adult plants.

Bocarnea. Nolina. Elephant's foot.

Propagation by cuttings. Rooting in the ground.

Possible problems

Nolina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

When growing Nolina, it can have problems when it is not properly cared for.

Young leaves grow faded and shallow. The most common reason for this problem when growing Nolina is that it is grown in a poorly lit, warm place.

The tips of the leaf plates turn brown. This problem is seen in most indoor flowers. This is because the humidity in the room is excessively low.

The trunk becomes very thin. Like all bottle plants, Nolina's trunk becomes thin when there is a lot of water in the substrate all the time.

If the bush is watered very often, without waiting for the soil to dry out completely, the trunk becomes thin because no liquid accumulates in it because there is no need to do so. In order for the shape of the trunk to remain bottle-shaped, water the Nolina only when the clod of soil is completely dry.

Stem rotting. Stagnation of liquid in the substratum, caused by too frequent watering, will cause the trunk to rot. This is done only when the root ball is completely dry.

Pests

Nolina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The plant is highly resistant to pests, but in some cases it may be infested by scabies, mealybugs or spider mites. As a preventive measure, the air in the room should not be allowed to become excessively dry and the foliage should be wiped regularly with a moistened sponge.

Noline bocarnea - elephant foot, bottle, what else? There are many nicknames, let's sort out why it is so)

Nolina longifolia (Nolina longifolia)

Nolina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

It is also called bocarnea longifolia (Beaucarnea longifolia). In the middle latitudes, this species is most commonly grown in greenhouses, as it is almost impossible to create optimal conditions in an apartment. In the wild this species is a tree with a strong trunk covered with cork-like bark.

The old leaf leaves wither and droop down along the trunk to form a sort of skirt. The large panicle-shaped inflorescence consists of many creamy white flowers.

Nolina lindheimeriana (Nolina lindheimeriana)

Nolina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Libo bocarnea lindheimeriana (Beaucarnea lindheimeriana). This plant has almost no trunk. The thin, long leaf plates are notable for their durability.

This species is also popularly called "devil's cord". This species compared to the others is the lowest. Not very large inflorescences of paniculate form include small flowers. This species is cultivated only in botanical gardens and greenhouses.

Nolina matapensis (Nolina matapensis)

Nolina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Like bocarnea matapensis (Beaucarnea matapensis).

Plants of this species are somewhat taller than Lindemeira nolina, but they are also stunted, as they do not exceed 200 cm in height. The withered old leaf plates sag, resulting in something similar to a skirt being formed on the trunk. The large panicle-shaped inflorescences consist of whitish-yellow flowers. This species cannot be cultivated at home.

Nolina recurvata (Nolina recurvata)

Nolina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Like bocarnea recurvata (Beaucarnea recurvata).

The trunk is bottle-shaped, extending to the base. Its height in the wild is up to 10 meters, but in domestic conditions it does not exceed 2 meters. On its top there are linear long narrow hanging leaves, which are assembled in a rosette. The dark green foliage is about 100 cm long and about 20 mm wide, it is leathery to the touch. The lower part of the trunk gradually becomes bare.

The leaves are used as raw material in the manufacture of baskets and sombreros. It hardly blooms at home. In the wild, the plant displays a panicle-shaped inflorescence of cream-colored flowers.

Nolina

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