The plant Nertera is part of the Marene family. According to information taken from various sources, this genus includes from 3 to 12 species. Under natural conditions this plant can be found in various parts of the world with tropical climates. The name of this flower is derived from the Greek word "nerteros", which translates as "small".
Peculiarities of nertera
Nertera is a herbaceous perennial stalked plant that has suprotectively arranged oval-shaped leaf plates that reach about 5 mm in cross.
The single flowers may have four or five parts, and the green corolla is tubular or funnel-shaped. The white flowers are poorly colored and therefore of no ornamental value, and they open in late spring or early summer. Once the plant has finished flowering, it will produce small red (up to 10 mm) berries, which are also sometimes called "coral moss". As a rule, nertera can be cultivated for only one season. The bushes are bought before the fruits form on them, and when they fly off, the plant is discarded.
However, if this culture is properly cared for, it can delight the florist with its unusual appearance for more than one year. There is a suggestion that the room nerther helps to increase the energy of people living in the apartment. And to increase this favorable effect of nertera on people, you only need to buy a few bushes.
Brief description of cultivation
- Flowering. April-May.
- Brightness. Needs plenty of bright light, which should be diffused.
- Temperature. During the spring-summer period - about 20 degrees, and with the beginning of autumn gradually decrease temperature in the room up to 10-12 degrees.
During the growing season, the substrate in the pot is moistened as soon as a couple of days have passed after its top layer has dried.
- Air Humidity. During the active growth of the plant before flowering begins, it is advisable to moisten systematically with room temperature water from a sprayer. Wet clay pebbles can also be put into the tray to increase the humidity and the flower pot can be placed on top of it.
During the period of intensive growth, the plant is regularly fertilized once a month, for this purpose using a complex mineral fertilizer. It does not need any fertilizer in winter.
- Dormant period. Starts in October and ends in February.
It is carried out at the end of the dormancy period, but only as needed when the root system of the bush becomes crowded in the pot.
- Potting. A good drainage layer is made at the bottom of the container. A suitable substrate has the following composition: turf, humus and leaf soil, as well as peat and sand, which are taken in equal proportions.
By dividing the rhizome and by seed.
- Pests. Scabies, mealybugs, whiteflies and spider mites.
- Diseases. If the plant is not properly cared for, then it may have problems.
- Properties. The fruit contains poison!
Orangebump, Nerther Astrid
Home care of Nerther
Nerther plants grown at home need bright, diffused light. During the warm season (or better yet, from early spring until fruit formation), move the shrub outdoors, and choose a place for it that is protected from direct sunlight, precipitation, and drafts. In autumn and winter, the plant also needs a lot of light and should therefore be backlit with fluorescent lamps, which should be about 0.5 m away from the shrub.
If the light is too sparse, this will have a very negative effect on the decorative qualities of the flower.
The nerther feels best at home in a cool place. Throughout the spring and summer, a temperature of about 20 degrees is recommended for her. And when autumn comes, conduct a gradual decrease in temperature to 12 degrees, and in winter it should be even lower - 10 degrees.
From the second half of the autumn period until spring, the room where the flower is located must be systematically ventilated.
At the end of winter or the beginning of spring, when the temperature outside will no longer fall below 6 degrees, the plant is transferred to fresh air, and for it choose a well-lit place with reliable protection against draughts. Follow the weather forecasts carefully, since even a slight frost can kill the flower. Do not take the plant back inside until it has blossomed and the fruit has started to form.
How to water
The plant needs systematic watering during its vegetation period as soon as the top layer of potting soil has dried out for two days. In winter the amount and abundance of watering is reduced, but only if the plant is in a cool (about 10 degrees) place.
When the first new leaves grow in spring, the plant is watered as in the warm period (see above).
While the plant is actively growing, it is systematically watered with a sprinkler, using boiled or still water whose temperature should be close to room temperature. Regular spraying of the plant is carried out until the beginning of flowering, note that the surface of the flowers and fruits should not get water droplets. To increase the humidity in the air, pour wet pebbles, peat or expanded clay into the tray and then place the container with the plant on it. The bottom of the pot should never touch the water in the tray.
Fertilization of the flower is carried out systematically 1 time in 30 days, use a complex mineral fertilizer. Fertilizer is put into the substrate only during the period of active growth of the nerther.
Transplanting the nerther
The overwintered bush is transplanted in early spring, and it must be done in time before the flowers open on it. Use a wide and low container for planting. Suitable soil mixture should be loose, and its optimal composition: peat, sand, humus, turf and leaf soil (taken in equal parts).
A good drainage layer must be made at the bottom of the pot, and the soil mixture must not be tamped down after planting.
Nerther fruit must never be eaten as it is poisonous. Great care should be taken if you have children or pets in the house.
Growing by seed
Growing from seed
Nerther can be propagated by seeding in the last winter weeks. To do this, use a wide flatbed, which is filled with a substrate consisting of peat, sand and leaf soil (1:1:1), and at the bottom of it necessarily make a drainage layer.
Distribute the seeds evenly on the surface of the earth mixture (try not to overgrow the sowing), on top of them covered with a thin layer of substrate, which is slightly compacted. Seeds moisten from a sprayer and cover them with film (glass) from above. Then they are transferred to a warm (about 22 degrees) place.
The seedlings do not appear at the same time, for example, some of them may show after a month and a half, and others only after 2. Once the seedlings have emerged, take them to a well-lit place, protected from direct sunlight.
If the light is scarce, the plants are illuminated by daylight lamps. Water as the soil mixture dries.
Spreading by division
When the bush is fully fruitless, it can be multiplied by dividing the rhizome. The divisions are planted in separate containers filled with a mixture of peat, sod and leaf soil, and coarse sand (taken in equal parts). Do not forget to make a drainage layer at the bottom of the pot with small pieces of brick or claydite.
Diseases and pests of nervosa
- Foliage. If the nerther is kept warm during the winter, it will not begin its dormancy period. This will result in all leaves falling off.
- Pests. Most often powdery worms, spider mites, scales and whiteflies settle on such a plant.
Nertera species with photos
Nertera granadensis (Nertera granadensis)
Litera granadensis. The plant is native to Mexico and Central America. Its shoots are thin and creeping. The lanceolate-round leaf blades are 3-7 mm long, with petioles no longer than 2-4 mm. In June, yellow-green flowers appear on the bush.
When the plant blooms, it produces orange berries that do not fall off throughout the fall and, under favorable conditions, throughout the winter.
Nerthera depressa (Nertera depressa)
This perennial climbing plant is native to South America. The creeping shoots are adorned with small, suproposed, rounded leaves that are about 5 mm long. The small flowers are greenish-white in color. During the summertime, fruits appear on the bush, which do not fall off until the second half of fall.