Nerine: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation, Species

The bulbous plant Nerine is a member of the Amaryllis family. This genus includes about 30 different species. This bulbous ornamental perennial is naturally found in South Africa and also in its tropical belts. In regions with cool climates such a culture is grown on terraces or in room conditions. And in areas with a relatively warm climate it is grown in the open air throughout the year.

It blooms in the first half of the fall. The flower stalk with inflorescences and foliage grow at the same time. The length of the flower stalk is about 50 cm. The dark green leaf plates are narrow and long. The funnel-shaped flowers are arranged in umbrellas in groups of a few.

The color of the flowers is white, pink, red or orange.

Brief description of cultivation

Nerine: home care, replanting and propagation, species

  1. Flowering. Early to mid-autumn.
  2. Lighting. Bright diffused light.

  3. Temperature. 23-25 ºC in spring and summer, 8-10 ºC after flowering and until early spring.
  4. Watering. During vegetation - regular, as the top layer of substrate dries out, then watering is gradually stopped and resumed only when the bulbs begin to sprout.
  5. Humidity.

    Normal.

  6. Feeding. With a solution of mineral fertilizer for flowering plants: once a week during flowering, once a month after flowering until mid-spring, no fertilizer from May until new flowering.
  7. Dormant period. After flowering, from late December to early February, and in midsummer.

  8. Potting. It is better not to transplant, but annually change the top layer of substrate in the pot. If necessary, transplanting is also carried out in August. The head of the bulb when planting does not deepen.
  9. Substrate.

    Ready soil for amaryllis or substrate of equal parts of humus, sod soil and sand.

  10. Reproduction. By seeds and daughter bulbs.
  11. Pests. Aphids.

  12. Diseases. Bulb rot.
  13. Properties. The plant is poisonous!

Home care for nerine

Nerine: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Lighting

From the last fall to first spring weeks, nerine needs bright light, but it should be diffuse. This is because during this period, the bush has an intense growth of leaves.

Temperature regime

For the summer period, the bulbs of this plant should be stored in a warm (23 to 25 degrees) and dry place. After the bush has flowered and before the first spring weeks, the plant should be placed in a cooler place (8 to 10 degrees), but if it is kept warm, there may be no flowering next season.

How to water

When the plant has flowered, its watering should be gradually reduced, and by the onset of spring it should be reduced even further. Then the plant should be stopped watering altogether and only resumed when the bulbs sprout.

Fertilization

Nerine: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Feed Nerine with liquid fertilizer.

During the flowering period, fertilize once every 7 days, when the plant has finished flowering and until the second half of spring, fertilize once every 2 weeks. From May until flowering, stop all feeding.

Potting Nerine

The dormant period lasts from May to August. During this period, all feeding is discontinued and the plant is placed in a warm place (about 25 degrees). In the first days of August, you should start a new bout of flowering.

At the beginning of the awakening of the bulb, it will have a bronze color on its neck. After that, the bulb should be planted in fresh substrate, and it should also be started systematically watered. The best suited soil mixture, consisting of old clay, sand and compost soil or humus (1:1:1), it is also necessary to pour a little bone meal and sand. Add a little chalk to 10 liter of the resulting substratum (to decrease the acidity of the mixture), 25 grams of horn shavings and superphosphate each, and 8 grams of potassium sulphate. If you use an overly bulky pot for planting, it will slow down the bulb's growth.

Therefore, the pot across should not be more than 13 centimeters. When planting the bulb, its head is left not dug in. If everything is done correctly, the flower stems and buds should appear in about 4 weeks. If not rooted properly, the buds will remain closed.

Growing from seed

Nerine: home care, replanting and propagation, species

As soon as the seeds are mature, they should be sown immediately.

The seeds are sown in pots filled with a substrate consisting of vermiculite and sand. The seeds are placed in a warm place (21 to 23 degrees). After about half a month the first seedlings should appear, then they should be unpacked in separate pots filled with a special soil mixture (see composition above). The plants should be put in a cooler place (16 to 18 degrees) and under bright, diffused light. For 3 consecutive years young plants should be grown without a dormancy period.

Poisonousness

This plant contains poison, so when you are finished with it, make sure you wash your hands well with soap.

Diseases and pests

When the nerine bulbs are planted after their dormancy period, they must be watered very carefully, otherwise rot may appear on them.

This plant is very resistant to pests, but aphids do occasionally settle on it.

Nerine species with photos

Nerine bowdenii (Nerine bowdenii)

Nerine: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Native to South Africa. The bulbs are about 50 millimeters long, with most of them elevated above the surface of the ground.

The dry outer scales are glossy and colored brownish. Long leaf sheaths form a false stem, which reaches 50 mm in height. The linear leaflets, tapering toward the apex, are slightly grooved, about 0.3 m long and 25 mm wide. The surface of the glossy leaves is completely covered by veins.

The flower stalk is about 0.45 m long, it bears an umbrella-like inflorescence. There are no leaves on the flower stalk. The inflorescence has a bractal leaf that turns pink over time. The inflorescence contains about 12 flowers.

On the surface of the swirled pink perianth leaves is a band of darker coloration. This species blooms in mid-autumn.

Nerine flexuosa (Nerine flexuosa)

Nerine: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This species occurs relatively infrequently. It has inflorescences on long peduncles with bell-shaped, wavy petals that may be painted pink or white. This species blooms in the fall.

Nerine curvifolia

Nerine: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Linear lanceolate leaves reach their maximum length only after the plant has flowered. The flower stalk is about 0.4 m long. The umbrella-like inflorescences include approximately 12 lily-like flowers. The flowers have glossy red petals and their stamens are long.

Nerine sarniensis (Nerine sarniensis)

Nerine: home care, replanting and propagation, species

There are red, orange or white flowers at the top of the flower stalk. Their petals are twisted and narrow.

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