The genus Neoregelia (Neoregelia) includes epiphytic and terrestrial plants directly related to the bromeliad family. In nature they prefer to grow in the moist tropical forests of eastern Colombia, eastern Peru, Brazil, and Ecuador (in swampy areas).
The leaflets of this herbaceous, perennial, rosette plant are strap-shaped, broadly linear, and their edges are strongly serrated or have many small spines on them. The center of the rosette is very often light white or pale purple.
The inner part of the rosette or leaflet tips turn a deep red when the inflorescence appears.
It emerges from the leaf axil and is brush-shaped. The florets are very numerous and are placed in the bracts' axils.
- Temperature. The flower can be kept at 20 to 27°C all year round.
Direct sunlight should not hit the plant during the daytime hours - but sunbathing for 3 - 4 hours a day in the morning and evening will be mandatory.
- Watering and Moisture. Water regularly in spring and summer directly to the center of the leaf rosette. Dry the rosette as fall arrives or during bud formation. Humidity is high.
- Trimming. Sanitary - remove old withering leaves and fading flowers.
- Ground. Perfectly drained, nutrient-rich substrate.
Feed once a month in spring and summer with mineral fertilizer for bromeliads, applying the nutrient solution directly to the leaves of the neoregelia.
- Propagation. Most often by separation of daughter rosettes.
Home care for neoregelia
Wants bright, diffused light. In summer, the plant should be shaded from direct sunlight.
In winter the light must also be good and the plant should be extra-lighted with fluorescent lamps. The room should be ventilated systematically, but there should be no draughts.
In spring and summer, neoregelia grows and develops well at a temperature of 20 to 27 degrees. In winter, it is recommended to place the plant in a cool place (about 16 degrees); under these conditions, it can bloom much longer, about six months to be exact.
Need high humidity of at least 60 percent.
This is why it is recommended to grow the Neoregelia in greenhouses or terrariums. If kept at home, fill the tray with expanded clay and add some water (don't let the bottom of the pot touch the water). It is also sprayed regularly. For hygienic reasons you should wipe the leaves with a wet cloth.
How to water
In the warm season water regularly in the morning and pour the water directly on the leaf rosette.
In winter, water moderately and pour water under the root, otherwise the plant will begin to rot. Water should be warm and soft.
Feed in May-September once every 3 or 4 weeks. We use bromeliad fertilizer which we dissolve in water and then water the plant.
Potting out the Neoregelia
Transplant only when necessary and make sure the neck is not buried in the loose soil.
For terrestrial species, a suitable mixture consists of humus, leaf earth and also sand and peat, taken in the proportion 1:2:0.5:1. Epiphytic plants need a mixture that includes sphagnum moss, pine bark, humus and leaf soil, and peat (proportion 1:3:0,5:1:1). The drainage layer should fill the flower pot one-third full.
Propagation of Neoregelia
Propagation can be done by seeds and daughter rosettes.
When flowering ends, a large number of daughter rosettes are produced. A lateral sprout that has 3 or 4 leaves can be set off. To do this, take a separate pot, which is then placed in heat (25 to 28 degrees). It is covered with a bag or glass. Every day you need to air the soil.
The young plants are cared for as adults (but they are accustomed to such care gradually).
Seeds before planting should be immersed in a weak solution of manganese potassium, and after a while dry. Sowing is done in crushed sphagnum moss, and the top is covered with glass. It is placed in the heat (25 degrees), every day you need to spray and air it out. They will emerge after about 2 or 3 weeks.
Seedlings at the age of 2-3 months transplanted into separate pots, using soil for bromeliads. Such neoregelia will bloom for the first time at the age of 3-4 years.
May be settled by powdery mildew, aphids, scab or spider mites.
When the bromeliad scab infects, the pests are found on each side of the leaves, which turn yellow and fall off.
Treatment can be done with a special solution consisting of 1 liter of water and 15-20 drops of Actellic.
You can spray the plant with it or moisten a sponge in it and wipe the leaves.
When the mealybug infestation, the leaves suffer. It leaves sugary secretions and then a sooty fungus forms on them. Flower growth is slowed, the leaves turn yellow and the plant gradually dies.
Pure alcohol or laundry soap can be used to control such pests.
Apply the substance to a cloth and wipe the entire plant. If the infestation is very strong, you can use insecticides such as: actellic, fufanon, carbophos.
The red spider mite can settle on both sides of a leaf. It wraps the leaf in cobwebs and the leaf turns yellow and falls off.
To kill the pest, wipe the leaves with a soapy solution.
Decisse can be used. Systematic spraying is recommended.
Inhabiting on the outside of the leaves, aphids suck the sap. Leaves turn yellow and fall off.
An aphids can be treated with Actellic solution (15-20 drops per liter of water).
May fall ill with Fusarium, which causes the lower part of the flower to collapse leading to its death. Caused by too much moisture.
Sunburn leaves light brown spots on the leaves.
Too dry air dries out the leaflet tips and makes them brownish.
What a surprise the neoregelia gave out! Vriesia and anthurium are blooming.
Species of Neoregelia with photos and names
Neoregelia carolinae (Neoregelia carolinae)
This epiphytic plant is a perennial. The leaf rosette is wide-branched and funnel-shaped, up to 40-50 centimeters in diameter. Glossy leaves of deep green color have a tongue-like shape and pointed apex. There are numerous spikes around the edges.
Before the plant begins to flower, the upper part of the leaf rosette takes on a deep red hue.
Headed, simple, multi-flowered inflorescences are deep in the leaf rosette.
Long, white-green bracts have a pointed or rounded apex. They may be glabrous or have numerous scales on their surface. The four-centimeter-long inflorescences are colored pale lilac. The slightly swollen greenish sepals are rounded and have a pointed tip.
There are varieties with longitudinal stripes of pink, white or green.
This ground plant is perennial and has a broad dense funnel-shaped leaf rosette. The strap-shaped leaflets are up to 60 centimeters long and have a pointed tip and broadly serrated edges. They have many light scales on their surface and are green with reddish spots.
Headed, simple, multifloral inflorescence is placed deep in the leaf rosette.
The linear bracts are ½ as long as the sepals and slightly pointed. The four-centimeter flowers are pinkish or white in color.
This epiphytic plant is also a perennial. The narrow leaf rosette, consisting of 10-12 leaflets, is funnel-shaped. The green, tongue-shaped leaves are up to 60 centimeters long, with rounded ends with a short, sharp tip.
The front side is bare and the underside, having dark broad stripes, is covered with small light dense scales.
The inflorescence, buried deep in the leaf rosette, is glabrous and multifloral. The elongate, thinly flaped bracts are dark red in color and have rounded and slightly pointed ends. Their edges are solid, and they are longer by half the length of the sepals. Bare sepals are asymmetrical in shape.
They are fused at the base and reach about 2 centimeters in length. The petals of the flowers are narrow and their tip is pointed, and they are colored bluish at the apex. The petals in this case are fused with the stamens.
Neoregelia beautiful or ornate (Neoregelia spectabilis)
This epiphytic plant, which is a perennial, has a rather broad rosette of leaves. The tongue-shaped leaves are very strongly bent, reaching up to 40 centimeters in length.
The underside is red-green with gray stripes of scales, the front side is green, and there is a deep red spot on top.
Headed inflorescence is deeply embedded in the leaf rosette. The elliptic bracts with a pointed tip are almost as long as the sepals, and their apex is covered with brownish scales that are strongly curved.
The florets, located on pedicels, reach 4 to 4.5 centimeters in length.
The elliptical sepals are asymmetrically shaped, slightly accreted at the base, and have brown-red pubescence. The blue-flowered flowers have angled, tongue-shaped petals.
Neoregelia pauciflora (Neoregelia pauciflora)
This epiphyte is a perennial. It has a narrow, funnel-shaped leaf rosette. The tongue-shaped leaflets have a rounded apex, the tip of which is pointed.
Their finely serrated edges are covered with millimeter-long dark-colored spines. There are numerous small scales on the surface of the leaves, and on the front side there are sinuous whitish stripes.
The inflorescence, which is placed on a short pedicel, is spindle-shaped and has few flowers. The oval, thin-flaped bracts with pointed edges are shorter than the pedicels. Narrow-lanceolate sepals are asymmetrical, with a pointed tip and slightly accreted at the base.
They reach 2 centimeters in length. The long (about 5 centimeters) petals are colored white.
Neoregelia offshoots (Neoregelia sarmentosa)
This terrestrial plant is a perennial. It has a thin and dense, funnel-shaped leaf rosette. And the elongated stems have offshoots (daughter rosettes).
The tongue-shaped leaflets have a rounded tip with a pointed tip. The edges of these leaves are finely serrated, they are green in color, and they have a reddish spot on the top. On the underside, the leaves are dark green, and there are small light scales on their surface in a dense layer.
This plant has a multi-flowered inflorescence. The entire, slender-flattened bracts are round-long in shape.
They are colored in a light shade, and their tips are a rich crimson color. They have a layer of scales on their surface.
Flowers are placed on pedicels and reach 2.2-2.9 centimeters in length.
The naked, green sepals are rounded and asymmetrical at the base, slightly accreted. The partially fused petals are bluish or white and have pointed tips.
Neoregelia ampullacea (Neoregelia ampullacea)
This epiphyte is a perennial. Its leaf rosette is very dense. The bent, linear leaves are green in color and have narrow red stripes and small brownish scales.
The tip is pointed and the edges are broadly serrated.
The inflorescence is deeply planted in the leaf rosette. The whole-edged, slender-flattened bracts are elongated and their tip is pointed. They are larger than the sepals. The pointed, narrow-lanceolate sepals are green and white along the edge.
They are slightly accreted at the base. The petals are also slightly fused at the base, their edges are bluish and the top is pointed.
Neoregelia blue (Neoregelia cyanea)
This perennial epiphyte has a narrow, dense leaf rosette that consists of a large number of leaflets. The leathery, acuminate, tongue-shaped leaves can be broadly serrated or full-lipped. They are of a single color, with many whitish scales on the underside.
Multiflorum inflorescence is deep in the leaf rosette. The dense, linear bracts are bluntly pointed and are the same size as the sepals. Bare, broadly pointed tepals, slightly accreted at the base, are asymmetrical. The short-lanceolate petals are bluish or red in color.
This epiphyte is a perennial and has a round, dense leaf rosette.
The leaves are tongue-shaped and have rounded tips with sharp tips, and there are short brownish spines along the edges. The leaves are green-yellow in color and have irregularly shaped brownish stripes and are covered with small scales at the base.
The multi-flowered inflorescence is simple. The finely slender spatulate bracts have pointed tips and red tips, and they are also asymmetrical. The leathery, glabrous light green sepals are oval in shape with a pointed tip.
They are fused at the base and have red spots on their tips. The petals at the base are fused into a tube, and they are colored light purple.
Bromeliae . Bromeliae, part 1.