Nandina: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation, Species

Such a plant as Nandina domesticais an evergreen tree and the only representative of the genus Nandina. It belongs to the Berberidaceae family. In nature it is found on the mountain slopes of eastern China and Japan.

This plant is distinguished among others by the fact that it changes the color of its leaves depending on the season. In fall and winter it becomes a deep green-red color, in springtime it acquires a brownish tint.

And then gradually the leaves become green again.

In wild conditions the tree can reach a height of 5 meters. It has numerous undergrowths which make it look like a shrub, but also quite dense. The crown is cylindrical due to the upright, shortly branched stems.

The bark of Nandina is also of interest.

On young shoots it is colored purple-brown, over time it acquires a lighter shade and eventually becomes brownish-gray with longitudinally arranged grooves. Supropode fairly long (up to 40 centimeters) leaflets have elongated petioles, and they are found only on the tops of shoots. They are unpaired. It consists of 3 dense lanceolate-rhombic leaves with a pointed apex. They are joined together by short petioles 1 centimeter long.

Small florets are present in large numbers. They are about half a centimeter in diameter. The petalless flowers have whitish sepals, which are gathered in loose inflorescences in the form of a brush. They flower during the first few weeks of summer and later produce small, round, deep red fruits, which are said to be the true jewels of the nandina.

There are about 50 varieties of this plant.

They differ in size, color of fruits and foliage. There are varieties with pink or red leaves all the time, with small or variegated leaves, dwarf varieties with whitish fruits etc.

Home care for nandina

Nandina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This plant is not very popular with florists because it is very difficult to create conditions suitable for growth and development.


Need bright but diffused light, and all year round. The plant can be exposed to direct sunlight in the morning and evening hours.

In winter, when there is not much light, extra light is needed. Varieties with variegated leaves especially need it.

In the warm season the tree can be moved outside (on a balcony or garden). However, you should consider that it requires obligatory shading from the scorching midday sun rays.


In spring and summer it needs coolness (up to 20 degrees).

Overwintering should be quite cold (10 to 15 degrees).

Maintaining this temperature especially in summer is the main difficulty that flower growers have to face.

How to water

Nandina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Pouring in spring and summer should be abundant. Make sure that you only water after the top layer of substrate has dried out. With cold overwintering it is necessary to water much less.

For softening, use citric or acetic acid.


Needs extra humidity. It is advisable to put the tree close to a water source or you can put some clay pebbles in the tray and put some liquid in it. Moisten the foliage in the morning and evening hours using lime- and chlorine-free water.


Nandina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

To prepare the mud, combine leaf and sod soil and coarse sand, taken in equal parts.

Don't forget a very good drainage layer, which must necessarily be thick, which will help avoid stagnant moisture in the soil.


With the onset of spring, nandine fertilization should begin and continue through the mid-autumn period. Fertilizing is done 2 times a month, using organic fertilizers as well as mineral fertilizers. Experienced growers also recommend feeding the tree with bonsai fertilizer.

In winter you should feed it once every 4 weeks.

Potting Nandina

Nandina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Younger plants should be transplanted once a year. Mature specimens are subjected to this procedure much less frequently, i.e. once every 3 or 4 years, and the top layer of substrate in the pots must be replaced annually.

Propagating Nandina

Nandina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Most commonly used for propagation are root shoots.

It is carefully separated from the mother tree and planted in a separate container. Semi-woody cuttings are also suitable for propagation, but they root very badly.


Trim the plant because it hardly branches, even if you pinch off the top parts of the shoots. Because of this, the adult nandina will not be able to have a tree-like shape even if the existing root shoots are cut off.

Diseases and pests

Nandina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Nematodes and aphids may settle in.

If pests have been noticed, you should treat the plant with special chemicals as soon as possible.

Most often the plant becomes diseased if it is not properly cared for. If water stagnates in the soil, the roots will begin to rot, and if the plant is in a room with a temperature of more than 20 degrees and low humidity, it can drop all its leaves.

In fact, this plant can be grown as a bonsai.

Nandina species with photo

Nandina domestica is a very nice and beautiful plant that comes in several varieties:

Nandina Richmond (Nandina domestica Richmond)

Nandina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The shrub has a red predominate color, so the leaves turn scarlet towards the fall, which looks very good with red berries.

Fire Power (Nandina domestica Fire Power)

Nandina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This poetic name describes well the appearance of this plant. The red tone of the leaves will look particularly unusual in various bonsai.

Alba (Nandina domestica alba)

Nandina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

It differs from other plants in its family because it has not red but white fruits. However, this prevents them from being eaten as they are still poisonous.

The Nana PurpureaNandina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The leaves of this nandina have a color that is closer to crimson than to red.

Stark changes in the color of the foliage can be seen toward the end of summer.

Harbour Dwarf

Nandina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The name says it all. The small plant rarely exceeds 1 meter, but even with such a modest size, the nandina can surprise you with leathery leaves that are also colored in mottled scarlet.

We previously talked about the leafy bromeliad plant.

Nandina magnificent

Nandina: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The pompous name, oddly enough, matches its owner.

The adult bush is shaped like a ball of long, slightly reddish foliage.

All of these varieties are freely available and successfully sold off the shelves of most flower stores.

Nandina domestica


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