Mountain Pine: Description, Planting And Care, Species And Varieties, Landscape Design

A lot of landscape designers enjoy using mountain pine in their work. It is also quite popular among gardeners. This is due to the fact that it has a number of advantages: it has a relatively compact size, can become a spectacular accent in any garden composition on the plot, and the plant remains green all year round and fills the garden with a pleasant aroma.

But most gardeners do not dare to decorate their plot with mountain pine because they think that it needs a special complicated care. However, this is not the case at all.

Peculiarities of mountain pine

Mountain pine: description, planting and care, species and varieties, landscape design

The mountain pine (Pinus mugo) is most widespread in northern and southern Europe. The plant has an unusual spherical shape. In the wild, the plant is in the form of a tree, while in culture it is usually represented by shrubs. The tree can reach a height of up to 8 meters and the shrub up to 4.5 meters.

Effective needles have a green coloration. They are part of not very large bunches that last about five years. The root system of the plant is branched and superficial. Small cones appear on the branches of already adult shrubs (not younger than seventy years). As with other conifers, the cones are brown in color and can grow to between 40 and 50 mm in length.

Although there are quite a few varieties of mountain pine with their own advantages and disadvantages, they all share common characteristics:

  • tend to be frost- and drought-resistant, and they are not afraid of wind gusts;
  • does not require soil composition;
  • branches have high strength, so that they do not break under the weight of snow in winter;
  • lives up to 1,000 years;
  • the plant is highly resistant to pests;
  • does not suffer from polluted air;
  • takes pruning well.

Mountain Pine || Usefulness and uses

Mountain Pine varieties

The various varieties of mountain pine are very similar to each other. That said, each of the varieties has its own distinctive features and characteristics. But before we take a closer look at the varieties, we need to know that the garden mountain pine is subdivided into bush pine and creeper pine. These subspecies have many varieties that differ in appearance, shape, crown, etc.

The most common varieties will be described below.

Varella

Mountain pine: description, planting and care, species and varieties, landscape design

This ornamental variety has an unusual spherical shape, making it very popular in culture. Most often the height and width of the plant does not exceed 0.4 m. At the same time, the branches are decorated with dark green needles, which are about 12 centimeters long.

Since the adult crown is much longer than the younger ones, there may appear to be a halo around the crown.

Winter gold

Mountain pine: description, planting and care, species and varieties, landscape design

The shape of this dwarf shrub is spherical. This species is characterized by a seasonal change of needles, which turn greenish or greenish in spring and yellowish-brown in autumn. The shrub is about half a meter tall and can grow to 1 meter across.

Pinus mugo gnom

Mountain pine: description, planting and care, species and varieties, landscape design

This variety grows vigorously in its first years of life and only begins to grow taller after a few years.

The plant can reach a diameter of about 300 cm, and its height varies from 300 to 400 cm. The branches are decorated with rather stiff needles 40 to 50 mm long. This sun-loving variety is very winter hardy.

Pinus mugo Compact

Mountain pine: description, planting and care, species and varieties, landscape design

This variety is very similar to mountain dwarf pine but still they have differences. The fact is that this variety is a slow growing variety and its crown has a pillow-like shape.

Throughout the whole year its needles are of a deep green color.

Pinus Columnaris

Mountain pine: description, planting and care, species and varieties, landscape design

This variety is perfect for garden landscaping, it looks excellent against a background of rocks and stones. It can be up to 200 cm tall but has a diameter of about 250 cm. The needles, pointed at the tips, are dark green in color.

Pinus mops

Mountain pine: description, planting and care, species and varieties, landscape design

The shape of this plant is rounded and smooth.

The height and diameter of the shrub are about the same and can reach up to one and a half meters. The branches are not too long. The needles on the branches are of varying length, being very close together. This slow-growing plant is densely branching.

Pinus mugo mughus

Mountain pine: description, planting and care, species and varieties, landscape design

It grows to approximately the same size (200 to 300 cm), both in cross-section and height.

The annual growth of the variety is approximately 10 centimeters. Branches are decorated with dense needles. The needles are in bunches (two needles each) and are about 40 mm long. The first cones on the branches begin to form at the age of six years. In hot and dry weather the plant should be watered systematically.

It is very unpretentious and undemanding to its soil type.

Pinus ophir

Mountain pine: description, planting and care, species and varieties, landscape design

Branches of this decorative variety are decorated with needles of deep green color. During the cold season, they turn a brownish-yellow tint. The rounded shape of the crown is characterized by high density. The short tree is about two meters tall.

The plant is light and drought tolerant, it is able to survive for some time without water. It is a heat and light loving plant and tolerant of frost. It is characterized by slow growth.

Pinus mugo pumilio

Mountain pine: description, planting and care, species and varieties, landscape design

This miniature shrub is decorated with very dense needles. The needles have a deep green color and increased stiffness.

This dwarf plant can reach a maximum height of 150 cm. The cone-shaped, fairly wide cones first form on the branches about 7 years after planting. The plant reacts negatively to too wet and dense soil. It develops and grows well in urban areas.

Pinus mugo chaochao

Mountain pine: description, planting and care, species and varieties, landscape design

Dense and rigid needles arranged in bunches on the branches.

This variety is relatively widely cultivated due to its ability to release phytoncides into the air, which actively kills pathogenic bacteria. It is an undemanding variety, but you should plant it in a spot with good light so it will feel at its best.

Litomysl

Mountain pine: description, planting and care, species and varieties, landscape design

This is a dwarf variety. The bush has a relatively tall trunk, but its crown height is only about half a meter. This variety is most commonly cultivated in room conditions.

Every year the height of the shrub grows about 30 mm. This sun-loving plant reacts extremely negatively to stagnant moisture in the root system.

Mountain pine. Top 10 best varieties!!!

Sorts for planting in the garden

Mountain pine: description, planting and care, species and varieties, landscape design

In order to choose the variety of mountain pine most suitable for a particular garden, special attention should be paid to the soil composition, site decoration and the personal wishes of the gardener.

Benjamin, Kissen, Grune Kugel, Litomysl, Mops (Midget, Mini), Hnizdo, Scherwood Compact, Jezek, Kostelnihek, etc.

are the varieties most often chosen by gardeners for planting.

Potting the mountain pine

Mountain pine needs to be well looked after to maintain its rich color and pine aroma all year round.

Site for planting

Mountain pine: description, planting and care, species and varieties, landscape design

Before planting the plant directly, you should choose the best spot in the garden for it. Special attention should be paid to the location of the chosen place and the soil composition. The place should be well sunlit and open.

If these conditions are not maintained, the seedling will not take root normally and will die after a short time.

After you have decided on the place for planting, you should pay attention to the soil. In general, this culture differs unpretentious to the composition of the soil, but for its best development and growth it is necessary to adhere to the advice of experts.

It is good if the soil on the site will be drained sandy or sandy loam. However, it is difficult to find soil of an optimal composition and structure.

Therefore, if you wish, you can make the soil mixture yourself: mix sod soil, clay and sand.

If the soil on the plot is excessively heavy, then it is necessary to make a high-quality drainage layer at the bottom of the planting hole, the thickness of which should be about 20 centimeters.

Planting rules

Mountain pine: description, planting and care, species and varieties, landscape design

For mountain pine seedlings to take root well, certain rules should be followed during planting:

  1. Select the most suitable location for planting. A distance of at least 4 meters should be kept between seedlings.
  2. Make not very large holes of 80x80 centimeters in the soil.

  3. The bottom of the planting hole should be well loosened.
  4. For the seedlings to take root faster and grow well, it is recommended to put any fertilizer, such as compost, in the bottom of the hole. However, such a layer should not be more than 20 centimeters thick.
  5. Mix the fertilizer with ordinary soil.
  6. Place the seedling in the hole and fill all voids with the prepared soil.

    Note that seedlings take root with a root ball best.

  7. To keep water in the root ball during watering, you should make a soil rim around the bush.

Powering the mountain pine. Mountain pine care

Mountain pine care

Mountain pine: description, planting and care, species and varieties, landscape design

planting a mountain pine seedling on your property is half the job. It is important to give the plant timely and good care so it does not die.

Feeding

For a short time after planting your seedling in the ground, you should feed it with growth stimulants. Thanks to this, the plant will quickly take root and develop a good root system. Then regular feeding with complex minerals is recommended.

Watering

In summer, water the shrub once every three days. And during the winter months, it should be watered no more than once.

To make mountain pine grow faster, warm water is recommended to water it.

Soil care

Undercutting the surface of the bedding circle is not a necessary procedure. However, experienced gardeners recommend it in spring after the snow has fallen.

Trimming

Mountain pine: description, planting and care, species and varieties, landscape design

Trim the bush regularly once a year. The culture tolerates this procedure quite well but only 1/3 of the shrub can be trimmed.

Mountain pine PINUS MUGO. Pruning. Experiment with buds.

Preparing for wintering

This shrub is highly frost-resistant, so it does not require any special care at this time. No or only little watering is required.

Transplanting

The best time for transplanting is in the first days of March, after the snow has melted. For the best take up, transplant the plant in the same soil it grew in.

Propagation methods

The choice of propagation method is directly linked to the variety of mountain pine. This plant can be propagated by cuttings, grafting or seeds.

Growing from seed

Mountain pine: description, planting and care, species and varieties, landscape design

The easiest and easiest way to grow seedlings is from seed.

The seed can be sown in the open ground or in a box in the soil of the home greenhouse. The best time for sowing is spring. It should be taken into account that when sowing into a box the seeds germinate better, and therefore there will be a larger number of seedlings. The seeds should not be used for sowing until two years after pollination.

The seeds should be sown about 50 mm apart.

Sowings should be covered with foil. The first seedlings may appear as early as 30 days after sowing. After the first seedlings appear, remove the cover and ensure timely watering. One or two years later, you can transplant the seedlings into the open ground.

Transplanting

Mountain pine: description, planting and care, species and varieties, landscape design

Mountain pine is extremely reluctant to propagate by cuttings.

The cuttings need a large amount of time to grow their own roots. However, they often never appear.

Rules for cuttings:

  1. Young plants are suitable for making cuttings. The length of the cuttings should be about 10 centimeters, and they should be cut together with part of the bark.
  2. The cuttings should be put in a jar of water for three days.

    If possible, they should also be treated in a solution of a root-stimulating agent.

  3. The prepared cuttings are planted for rooting in a box filled with soil, keeping a distance of about 10 centimetres between them.
  4. To root more successfully, cuttings should be heated below or set up in a greenhouse.

Raising mountain pine with cuttings at home

Grafting

Mountain pine: description, planting and care, species and varieties, landscape design

The most difficult way to propagate this crop is by grafting. This method of propagation is most often used either by landscapers or by experienced gardeners.

This process is rather complicated and cannot be described in a few words. The main thing to know is that during grafting, the young plant adopts all the parental qualities.

Specialists advise, inexperienced gardeners for the reproduction of mountain pine to use the seed method. The fact is that it is the most effective and simple.

Grafting pine.

Mountain Pine Pug

Diseases and Pests

Mountain pine: description, planting and care, species and varieties, landscape design

It has been said above that most varieties of mountain pine are very resistant to disease. If, however, the plant does become diseased, treat it with a suitable remedy.

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