Succulent Monanthes (Monanthes) is a perennial and is directly related to the family Crassulaceae. It is native to the Canary Islands. The name monanthes is derived from 2 Greek words: "mono" for "one" and "anthus" for "flower".
Monanthes are compact shrubs or herbaceous plants that are perennials. The short shoots can be stalked or erect, and there are leafy rosettes on their tops.
They can form cushion-like, rather dense clumps.
Massy, succulent leaves are arranged in opposite directions, but more often in rows. They are club-shaped or egg-shaped. The inflorescence is shaped like a brush or an umbrella. Small brush-like inflorescences consist of 6-8-membered flowers, which are colored brownish-green, light green or light pink.
The flowers have fairly long pedicels.
Home care for monanthus
Grows and develops normally only in good light. It is best to prefer southern windows for placement. If there is little light, the leaf rosettes lose their density and with it their spectacular appearance. In winter, monanthus also needs good light.
Spring and summer are quite comfortable at room temperature. In the summer, however, it is quite normal in the heat. In winter it is recommended to put it in a well-lit, cool place (10 to 12 degrees). If wintering will be warm, it will lead to mass yellowing and leaf death.
Feels well when humidity is not high.
There is no need to increase it additionally.
How to water
Spring and summer watering should be moderate. Water only after the substrate in the pot has dried to the bottom. With the onset of fall, watering should be reduced. In winter it should be sparing, but the leaves must not be allowed to dry out.
Monanthes fertilize very rarely, or rather 1 or 2 times a year. Apply cactus fertilizer.
Transplant only when necessary, for example when the pot has become too small for the overgrown plant. Suitable soil should be loose and light and contain plenty of coarse sand. Combine leaf soil, sand, and small pieces of charcoal to make a soil mixture.
Choose a low and wide container for planting. Remember to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the pot.
Can be propagated by cuttings, clippings or by dividing overgrown bushes. The bush can be divided at any time.
Cut off the top part of the shoot with the leaf rosette to a cutting piece.
The cuttings are dried for several hours outdoors. For rooting, use pots filled with slightly damp peat, over which a layer of clean sand should be placed. For rooting, the cuttings are removed to a bright and warm place. After rooting, they are planted several at a time in one small and flat container.
Transplants should be rooted in the spring, when the plant is in a period of intensive growth.
Only plants with a large number of rosettes that hang down from the container should be separated from the brood. In small containers, pour soil mixture and place them near the mother bush. The leaf rosettes should be placed on the surface of the soil of this container and secured with a wire. When the rosettes have taken root, they are carefully separated from the mother bush.
The propagated specimen should be removed from the container and the ground clump carefully divided into several parts.
The divisions are transplanted into separate pots and put away in a well-lit place.
Diseases and pests
It is resistant to diseases.
The plant may be infested with powdery mildew. Whitish, sticky, cotton lumps form in the leaf axils and on the shoots and the bush stops growing. Spider mite can also settle.
In this case, thin cobwebs form on the shoots and the leaf plates turn yellow.
- Leaf plates wilt and shrivel - poor watering.
- The leaves that are in the rosettes from below become yellow and die off - overflow.
- The surface of the foliage has dry brown spots - burns left by direct sunlight.
- The leaves become faded and the stems - elongated, the rosettes lose their spectacular appearance - scarce light.
This herbaceous plant is a perennial. It is capable of forming fairly dense cushion-shaped clumps. On the tops of the branches there are dense leafy rosettes of conical or ovoid shape, varying in diameter from 1 to 1.5 centimeters. Fleshy, juicy, wedge-shaped leaves are arranged very densely (their arrangement is similar to that of a tile).
Leaves reach a length of 0.6 to 0.8 millimeters and a width of 0.2 to 0.25 millimeters.
There are papillae at the tip of the leaf plate and along the edges. The flower stalk is 8 centimeters long and grows from the central part of the leaf rosette. The tassel-shaped inflorescence bears 4 to 8 flowers. The 6- to 8-member flowers are 1 centimeter in diameter and colored brownish green or pale green.
Monanthes walled (Monanthes muralis)
This compact shrub is a perennial.
Its height does not exceed 8 centimeters. The juicy, alternately arranged leaves are lanceolate-ovate with a blunt end. They reach a length of 0.7 millimeters and a width of 0.3-0.
4 millimeters. The inflorescences bear 3 to 7 pale green florets.
Monanthes thickened (Monanthes subcrassicaulis)
This herbaceous shrub is a perennial. It is capable of forming very dense mats and turfgrasses. Dense leafy rosettes 1 centimeter in diameter are located at the tops of the stems.
The dark green, glossy, overlapping, alternately arranged leaflets are club-shaped or wedge-shaped. They can reach a length of 0.7 to 1 centimeter. The peduncle is 3 to 4 centimeters long and grows out of the central part of the leaf rosette. The inflorescence bears 1 to 5 centimeter diameter purple flowers.
Monanthes amydros (Monanthes amydros)
This grassy, compact shrub is also a perennial. It has leaf rosettes on the tops of strongly branched shoots. Leaflets with obovate shape and pointed or rounded tips reach from 0.4 to 0.7 cm long and 0.
2 to 0.4 cm wide. The apical inflorescences in the form of tassels bear from 1 to 5 flowers, and they grow from the central part of the leaf rosettes. The reddish-brown or pale green flowers are 1 to 1.5 centimeters in diameter.