The fern is a very ancient plant that never ceases to amaze with its not quite ordinary and very spectacular appearance. Among such plants, there are both species with familiar to all wyes, and with very unusual and original ones. For example, microsorum stands out from other ferns for its opulence and originality. The leaves have a very unusual shape, they are wide and wavy. These shiny leaf plates are collected in a dense, almost tangled plexus.
And the crocodile pattern on the surface of the glossy foliage adds to the strangeness of the plant itself. This plant is still not very common, but its popularity is becoming more and more every day. Thus, it is ideal for decorating both normal living rooms and kitchen or bathroom. This fern is very easy to take care of and is also a fast growing plant.
The first time everyone admires the microsaurus for its thick, curly leaves and its spectacular appearance.
These plants are very easy to care for. Over the years they acquire more and more spectacular appearance, so, slender bushes become very lush and curly. This fern is an excellent addition to any style of apartment, and it can decorate almost every room and, importantly, its appearance always retains its strangeness and individuality. These plants are popularly nicknamed "crocodiles", and all because on the surface of their unusual leaf plates there is a reticulate veining, which gives a clear resemblance to the skin of such predators. Such ferns are directly related to the family Polypodiaceae and are native to Oceania, Australia and also Southeast Asia.
Such compact plants as Microsorum can be 25 to 50 centimeters high and also have a creeping rhizome. It is not uncommon for the roots of this plant to extend from the soil to its surface. In length, the leaf plates of microsorums reach no more than 60 centimeters, but this is in room conditions. In a wild plant, the length of the vai can reach 100 centimeters. Spectacular clumps are formed of sessile or petiolate leaves.
Leaf blades can be simple, narrow-elliptical or pinnate, divided into fairly wide and large lobes (usually 3 to 5 segments).
Young (juvenile) whorls look very similar to a plant such as sorrel. As they grow, the leaves change, becoming dissected, more openwork, and more showy. The surface of the leaf plates is wavy and irregular, with an edge that is just as irregularly wavy. Such leaves curl and curl up, making the fern have an unusual curly appearance.
Sporules, which are reddish-brown spots on the surface of leaflets, are located along the central vein in a row or on the underside surface (irregularly). Uncovered sporangia are the reproductive organ where spore formation occurs. They can be both unicellular (in a large number of lower plants and fungi) and multicellular (in higher plants). The word sporangia itself means "spóra" in Greek for "sow, seed" and "angéion" for "vessel, receptacle".
Growing microsporum at home
Microsporum is suitable for cultivation by experienced florists and beginners alike.
This genus of plants is not capricious and is quite hardy, even though it requires high humidity. So, if not very big mistakes in care are made, the plant will recover quite quickly.
One of the disadvantages of such a plant, which distinguishes it from other ferns, is light-loving. The fact is that for its normal growth and development requires good light, but it should not be forgotten that it should be diffused. So, experienced flower growers recommend choosing for him a window of eastern or western orientation.
In winter, experts advise the use of afterglow, so that the fern retained its spectacular appearance.
At the moment in the flower store you can buy microsorum, which normally grows in a slight penumbra or in light shading. To be sure of the exact degree of light the plant needs, ask the retailer about it.
This fern is very fond of heat. So, the minimum allowable air temperature in the room where it is located is 20 degrees.
Heat they are not afraid, but overcooling can lead to death. The recommended temperature is 21-28 degrees. It is worth remembering that you can not allow a strong cooling of the soil in the pot. In order to maintain it at the proper level, the pot with the flower is recommended to put it on a special stand. This will help to avoid cooling the soil in the container from the window sill.
Microsorum is a very heat-loving plant and it should never be transferred to fresh air in the summertime. It is also necessary to protect the plant from draughts when airing the room.
How to water
This plant, like other ferns, likes plenty of regular watering. However, you should make sure that there is no stagnation of liquids in the soil. So, it is recommended to water in the warm season after the top layer of soil dries out.
Short droughts are not terrible for such a plant. In winter, watering is made as soon as a couple of days have passed after the drying of the upper layer of the substrate.
Pour such a flower should be exclusively with soft water. So, melted or rainwater will be the best option.
Grows normally in ordinary flower pots on the windowsill as well as in humid florariums with paludariums.
If the microsorum is growing as a potted plant, it should definitely be moistened as often as possible (at least 2-3 times) with a sprayer. You can also add pebbles or sphagnum and pour some liquid into a wide tray to increase the air humidity. Humidifiers can also be used.
Fertilize such ferns only during the growing season which lasts from April to August (inclusive). This procedure should be carried out once every 2-3 weeks.
Organic, universal complex fertilizers or such that are specially designed for ferns are suitable for this purpose.
Peculiarities of transplanting and the choice of potting soil
Microsporum is usually transplanted after its root system does not fit into the pot anymore. This procedure is usually done once every 2 or 3 years. This is best done in February or March, when the fern starts to grow strongly.
This plant does not need the usual flower pot but a very low and wide container.
So, for its planting, a vase on legs, a hanging trough, as well as a decorative stand will be excellent.
For planting, it is recommended to choose a purchased soil for ferns. You can also prepare the soil mixture yourself, but remember that it must be loose and well air permeable. Optimal composition of the substrate: leaf soil, sand and peat, taken in the proportion of 1:1:1 or 2:1:1:1. It is also recommended to add charcoal, moss or pine bark to the substrate.
The pH of the soil should be 5.5-7.0.
Before placing the plant in the pot, a good drainage layer should be made at the bottom, which should be two to three centimetres in height. Transplanting must be done very carefully, because the fern reacts negatively to the slightest damage to its root system.
Experienced florists recommend transplanting by the method of transplanting. When the plant is transplanted, it should be placed in a shaded area with fairly high humidity for 3-7 days. If you like, you can make the plant a greenhouse or a film hood.
Pests and diseases
A plant like Microsorum is highly resistant to diseases but very low humidity can do it harm. If a plant infested with scales is placed next to the microsorum, these pests can move in on it quite quickly.
You should also remember that if you don't regularly moisten the foliage with a sprayer, this can cause a spider mite to settle on the plant. In order to get rid of these pests, experts advise, be sure to increase the humidity in the air, as well as try to remove them mechanically. If the fern is very heavily infested, it may be necessary to treat with an insecticide preparation of appropriate action. Infestation by common pests such as whiteflies, thrips and mealybugs is also not excluded.
As a rule, the flower only becomes diseased if the care rules are violated.
- The tips of the leaf blades dry out-most likely the ground has dried out, water regularly and abundantly.
- Leaves change their color to yellow-too much light.
- The plant stops growing - due to being exposed to direct sunlight.
- Leafplates drying up - excessively low humidity in the room.
- Leaflets lose their rich color, become pale and flaccid - improper application of fertilizer to the soil.
- The flower grows very slowly or does not grow at all, its leaves loose their beautiful appearance-this is usually caused by lack of light.
Microsporum is most commonly propagated by dividing the rhizome. However, it is worth remembering that such a procedure is recommended in the process of replanting, and it can be done every time. The divisions must necessarily be left in the fresh air, so that the cut sites are well dried. After that, it is necessary to treat such places with crushed charcoal.
The divisions should be planted according to the same rules as the adult microsporum during transplanting.
On very rare occasions, florists try to grow such a plant from spores. However, this is a rather laborious and complicated process. So, to make the seedlings appear, you will need to ensure that the container is heated underneath. It is also often used to dry the seed (spores) and germinate it on peat, placing the container in a darkened place with sufficiently high air humidity.
This genus includes about 50 plant species, but only 3 are usually grown at home.
The short root-root of this plant is creeping. The short-petioled, rather stiff leaves are narrowly elliptical in shape. Formed clumps reach only 30 centimeters in height and look similar to sorrel.
This species is not very popular.
Over time, such a plant begins to produce shoots that reach 1 meter in length. Its leathery leaves have an unusual appearance. They have netted veins on their surface, and this species' foliage looks most like crocodile skin. Also, the leaves look a lot like banana leaves.
Microsorum diversifolium (Microsorum diversifolium)
The richly colored leaves are divided into segments of 3 to 5 pieces, which have a wavy-oval shape.
If you touch them, you can feel a very pleasant aroma.
Microsorum winged (Microsorum pteropus)
Also a species called Microsorum winged (Microsorum pteropus) is gaining increasing popularity among aquarists. It is widely used to decorate aquariums, more precisely their back or middle part.
Not so long ago, the Microsorum scolopendria was particularly popular. However, today this plant is referred to the Phymatodes scolopendria family.
This is because the wyles and growth form of this plant are more similar to Nephrolepsis and not to Microsorum.