Medinilla: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation, Species

The evergreen plant Medinilla is a beautifully flowering shrub that is considered part of the Melastomaceae family. There are 100 known species of this plant, some of them in the form of lianas. Medinilla is native to the Philippines. In nature it is found in Africa, Asia and the island of Madagascar, and prefers to grow in the jungle. This plant was first planted in Europe in the mid-19th century in Mr.

Veitch's greenhouse in England.

The growth and development speed of such a perennial is medium. Medinilla is considered the largest epiphyte, in nature it can reach a height of about 150 cm. The size of the indoor plant can vary from 70 to 120 cm, with an appearance similar to wild specimens. Care for such a shrub is quite difficult, but if everything is done correctly, the bush will bloom for a long time and very spectacular.

Flowering lasts from the last days of April to mid-summer. The large showy tassel-shaped inflorescences are similar in appearance to lilacs.

Brief description of cultivation

Medinilla: home care, replanting and propagation, species

  1. Temperature regime. About 17 degrees in winter and 21 to 25 degrees in spring and summer. If the room is too hot, it will negatively affect the development of the bush.

    With the onset of the autumn period, conduct a gradual decrease in temperature.

  2. Humidity of the air. It should be elevated (about 75 percent). The potted bush is placed on a deep tray filled with damp pebbles, and it should also be moistened regularly from a sprayer.
  3. Lightness.

    Lighting should be bright but diffuse. Be sure to protect from direct sunlight. During the winter months provide additional extra light.

  4. Pouring. The substrate in the pot is moistened immediately after its surface dries up.

    Water abundantly from spring to fall, and moderately in winter.

  5. Fertilizer. A purchased earth mixture for epiphytes will do. To prepare your own substrate, mix peat, perlite, humus and leafy soil (1:1:2:2).
  6. Fertilizer.

    Fertilization is done from mid-April to early September with a frequency of 2 times per month. Universal fertilizer in liquid form is used for this purpose. In winter, fertilizer is not applied to the substrate.

  7. Transplanting. A young bush needs annual spring transplanting.

    And the adult plant is transplanted once every 2.5 years.

  8. Propagation. By seed (from February to March) or by semi-tree cuttings (from January to May).

For the shrub to grow healthy and showy, it needs optimal growing conditions.

Most importantly, it is necessary to provide high humidity and heat for the medinilla. That's why some flower growers use a showcase or florarium to grow such a perennial. In order to successfully take place the laying of new flower buds, from the last days of November to the end of February, the medinilla should always be in a cool place (no higher than 17 degrees). When the bush has bloomed, cut back the branches on which the inflorescences were growing and reduce watering.

Medinilla.

Care, watering, fertilizing at home.

Medinilla care at home

Medinilla: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Medinilla is extremely difficult to adapt to room conditions. It is very demanding in both care and growing conditions. That is why not every grower will be able to grow it.

Temperature regime

The bush may not bloom at all or flowering will be scarce if the temperature regime is disrupted.

During the summer, the optimum temperature for growing the bush is 21-25 degrees. If the room is too hot, it has a negative effect on the ornamentality of the bush, its foliage becomes shallow. Remember that the hotter the room, the higher the level of humidity should be.

Since this evergreen plant loves fresh air, in the summer time it is recommended to move it to the balcony. In doing so, it should be protected from sudden changes in temperature and draughts.

With the onset of the autumn months begin to gradually reduce the temperature in the room. During the winter months medinilla is kept at a temperature of about 17 degrees. For flowering to be long and showy, wintering should definitely be cool.

Air Humidity

Medinilla: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The plant needs increased air humidity, with an optimal level of about 75 percent. High humidity makes it easier for the flower to tolerate the heat and less likely to be attacked by pests.

Most often, to increase the level of humidity, growers resort to spraying the shrubs with water from a sprayer, which should be just above room temperature. The procedure is carried out regularly about three times a day. When spraying, take care not to get water droplets on the flowers as this will cause unsightly streaks to form.

Wipe the leaf plates frequently with a soft cloth which has been moistened beforehand. A household humidifier is also recommended to increase humidity.

The pot with the plant is also recommended to put in a deep tray filled with moist pebbles. You can also use a double pot to grow such a flower. Place the plant in a bigger pot and fill the empty space between the walls with sphagnum moss that needs to be moistened regularly. It needs plenty of bright, diffused light. A window sill oriented east or west is best for the plant.

If the plant is on a southern window sill, it needs to be shaded from direct sunlight. If there is only room for the medinilla on a northern window sill, then in the autumn and winter period it needs obligatory additional extra light. However, the northern window is not suitable for this capricious tropical beauty; the lack of sunlight has a negative effect on the appearance and flowering of the bush.

Pouring

Medinilla: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This plant should also try to provide the right watering regime. The potting soil should be moistened as soon as the top layer is dry.

The plant reacts equally negatively to both drying out the substrate and to stagnant moisture in it.

In spring and summer watering should be abundant. During the winter months, moisten the substrate in the pot once every 1.5-2 weeks. To prevent excessively rapid evaporation of moisture, the surface of the soil mixture should be covered with a layer of mulch (sphagnum moss or coconut substrate).

Well drained, slightly warm water is best for watering.

Substrate

Medinilla: home care, replanting and propagation, species

When growing the indoor medinilla it is important to choose a substrate that best fits its needs. If the potting soil is of poor quality, it can lead to the death of the plant. Friable fertile soil is suitable for the cultivation of the flower. For its planting you can buy ready-made soil mixture for epiphytes in a specialized store.

Substrate can also be made with your own hands. To do this combine leafy soil, perlite, humus and peat (2:1:1:2).

Mixed with a little vermiculite or brick chips to increase the friability of the substrate. It is also recommended to add some chopped sphagnum and charcoal to improve the quality of the mixture. To avoid water stagnation in the substrate, make a thick drainage layer of clay pebbles on the bottom of the pot.

Fertilizer

Feeding in a timely and systematic manner is necessary to maintain the high decorative value of the plant. Fertilize every two weeks from the last days of March to the first days of August. Mineral fertilizer in liquid form is used for this.

The dosage of fertilizer for the medinilla is reduced by a factor of two, and the fertilizer itself is done immediately after watering. In summer, if desired, the bush can be fed once or twice with organics, and the nutrient mixture should be diluted.

No fertilizing during the winter.

Potting out medinilla

Medinilla: home care, replanting and propagation, species

These perennials should be replanted regularly using a larger pot. Replanting stimulates the development of the shrub. Young plants need to be transplanted every year in the spring. Mature shrubs need to be replanted less often, usually every 2.

5 years. Try not to traumatize the root system and the growing point, it must not be submerged because this could cause the bush to stop growing. Taking the bush out of the pot, inspect its roots and cut out any that are rotten. Repotting is recommended by the method of transplanting, this helps to reduce stress.

The medinilla root system is poorly developed, so plant the shrub in a low but wide container.

If you want the flowers to fall down in a beautiful way, either place the container with the flower on a stand or in a hanging basket.

MEDINILLA CARING AND TRANSLATION 4K

Trimming

Potting and pruning is better done after the shrub has finished flowering. Proper pruning makes the crown of the plant neater and more beautiful. Cut off all branches that have elongated, as well as dried inflorescences. The stems are then shortened.

The shoots that remain after pruning can be used as cuttings for rooting. The pruned plant begins a new life. A few days after this procedure, you can fertilize with a mineral complex.

Flowering

Medinilla: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This guest from the tropics has an unusual appearance. It blooms very spectacularly, and the flowers have a peculiar shape.

If cared for properly throughout the growing season, the first inflorescences will form as early as March. The beginning of opening of numerous small flowers is in April, but flowering continues up to the second half of July.

Swept inflorescences consisting of star-shaped flowers are formed on the branches. They are similar in appearance to lilac inflorescences. Around the inflorescence, large triangular bracts are arranged in two rows.

The inflorescence is on a long, flexible flower stalk, which can be white, pink or red. They look very delicate against the dense leathery leaf plates. While the shrub is flowering, it must not be moved or turned with the pot around its axis.

Storming period

Blooming takes a lot of energy from the medinilla, so it needs time to recover. The resting period begins in the last days of October and ends in February.

At this time, the shrub is moved to a place where it is always cool.

It is in the cool that new flower buds are established. The plant needs as much bright light in winter as it does in summer. Watering should be infrequent and the substrate should not dry out completely. Do not feed in winter.

Propagation methods

Cuttings

Medinilla: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Taking cuttings of indoor medinilla is recommended from midwinter to the second half of May. Each cuttings should have 3 buds. When rooted they are buried in 15 mm of moistened sand. From above, cuttings are covered with a film. For rooting, cuttings need high humidity and heat (about 25 degrees).

Remember to ventilate the cuttings regularly, and water them as needed.

The spines on the cuttings should grow after about 4 weeks. The cuttings are then planted in individual pots. One pruning of the top should be done during the growth period, this promotes better branching of the bush.

Medenilla dolche vita.

Cuttings.

Growing from seed

Medinilla: home care, replanting and propagation, speciesMedinilla: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Sow medenilla seeds from the second half of February to the first days of March. Use fresh seed and a mixture of sand and peat, which should be moistened beforehand, to sow. On top, cover the seeds with glass or film, then move them to a place where it is always warm. The crops must be systematically aired and timely watered.

In the last days of May, the bushes should form 2 or 3 true leaf plates, and then spend their transplanting into individual pots. After that, they are transplanted into separate pots. A shrub grown from a seed has its first flowering at the age of 5 years. Because of this, flower growers most often propagate it with cuttings.

Possible problems

Medinilla: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Homemade medinilla is relatively often affected by various diseases and pests.

It is also characterized by its capricious nature. Problems such as:

  1. Drying leavescan occur with it. In summertime, low humidity and sparse watering. Spray and water, and place pot on a tray of moist keramzite. In the winter months - stagnant moisture in the substrate under conditions of low temperature.

    Adjust watering regimen and move shrub to a warmer location.

  2. Light colored spots appear on foliage. Excessively bright sunlight, shade the bush.
  3. Flowering and budding. The plant has been moved from one place to another, or the influence of a draught.

  4. Lack of flowering. The plant was not given a dormant period during the winter.
  5. Brown spots on the foliage. A scab has settled. Remove pests with a moistened sponge, treat with an insecticide.

  6. Buds and foliage fly off. Excessively dry air, the flower has been moved from one place to another.
  7. The stems show black or brown spots. Infestation by Botrytis fungus. Cut off the diseased stem and move the bush to a bright, well ventilated location.

    Make sure no moisture gets on the cut spot.

  8. Finishing and curling of leaf plates. Inadequate humidity levels.
  9. Wet black spots appear on shoots and foliage. The plant is affected by gray rot.

    Cut out the affected parts of the bush, treat with a fungicide and complete substrate replacement.

  10. Pests. Spider mites, scales, aphids or mealybugs can settle on the plant. They are eliminated with an appropriate insecticide or acaricide.

Medinilla species with photos

There are 100 species of medinilla in nature.

However, only a few species are grown in room culture, but only two of them are particularly popular.

Medinilla magnifica (Medinilla magnifica)

Medinilla: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The powerful majestic plant is decorated with spectacular large inflorescences. The quadrangular stems have pubescence at the internodes. The petiole-free, leathery foliage reaches about 35 centimeters in length. They are oval in shape, with pronounced light-colored veins on their surface.

Its dense inflorescences are made up of small flowers (up to 1 cm in diameter). The bracts and inflorescences are coral or pearl pink in color and about half a meter long. The bush blooms for two and a half months.

Medinilla venosa (Medinilla venosa, M. venosus, M.

farinose hort)

Medinilla: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The surface of the cylindrical shoots has dense pubescence. The short-petioled, oval, large leaf plates are about 20 cm long. The leaf surface is decorated with clearly distinguishable veins. The drooping, sparse inflorescences include a small number of miniature nude flowers.

Beneficial properties

Medinilla: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Astrobiologists believe that during flowering, medinilla helps relieve stress and tension and calms a person down.

It will also help heal mental wounds. This impressively sized plant has a powerful energy that it shares with the household. It contributes to the replenishment of the soul.

The care of this unusual spectacular shrub helps one to forget about one's own sufferings. It fills the dwelling with harmony and tranquility, and normalizes the energy flows of all those who live in the apartment.

Medinilla. Care and watering under my conditions.

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