Meadowsweet (Meadowsweet): Planting And Care In The Open Ground, Species

The perennial shrub meadowsweet is a medicinal plant. But this is not the only reason why gardeners grow it, but also because it is very decorative.

Peculiarities of meadowsweet

Meadowsweet (meadowsweet): planting and care in the open ground, species

The meadowsweet, also called meadowsweet, is a perennial shrub that can vary in height from 0.6 to 0.8 m.

Its stem is erect. For a long time, this plant was part of the genus Spirea. Today it is a separate genus, uniting several species.

In the flowering period the shrub is decorated with paniculate inflorescences, reaching about 15 centimeters in cross-section. They consist of small (up to 10 mm in diameter) pale yellow flowers.

The broad, pinnate leaf plates have a slight resemblance to the leaves of a fern. Since the leaves are large, they evaporate large amounts of water in the summertime. There are species of meadowsweet in which the leaves dry up on the hottest days for a while, allowing the plant to reduce the amount of water evaporated. The rhizome of the shrub is short. In 12 months the roots of this plant increase in length by only 20-30 mm.

The fragrant flowers have an almond-honey scent. Flowering starts in June and lasts for 6 weeks.

In natural conditions, the meadowsweet prefers to grow in swampy areas. Most often it can be found on the banks of ponds. It also grows on mountain slopes, in forests and in meadows.

In nature the shrub can be found in the Caucasus, Asia, Siberia and also in the temperate latitudes of Europe. It is capable of forming huge thickets lasting sometimes hundreds of hectares.

Putting meadowsweet in the open ground

Meadowsweet (meadowsweet): planting and care in the open ground, species

Selection of location

For growing meadowsweet in the open ground the best choice is a moist area but it must not have water stagnating. If the ground water is very close to the surface of the plot then it is recommended to make a high bed for the shrub and not to forget a thick layer of drainage.

A site suitable for such a plant can be slightly shaded.

Note that it should not be grown in the shade. You would better choose a sunny, open site or one slightly shaded by nearby plants.

Ground

Sauvola is not very demanding. However, it grows best in neutral, nutritious soil. If the soil on the plot is acidic, then before planting the shrub in it is recommended to make wood ash or lime.

Also during the digging of the plot it is desirable to make compost or humus into the soil.

Also the plant prefers a well-drained soil. So if the soil is heavy, sand should be added.

Several meadowsweet (meadowsweet) planting - 7 dachi

Spreading methods

Several meadowsweet can be spread in several ways: by splitting the bush, by seeds and by parts of the rhizome.

Growing from seed

Meadowsweet (meadowsweet): planting and care in the open ground, species

Seeds of meadowsweet need natural stratification and hardening.

That is why it is recommended that they be sown under the winter. First remove all weeds from the area you want to sow, and then moisten it. The seeds of this plant are highly photosensitive. So it is recommended to sow them in a shady place (not in the shade). The seedlings will later be able to be planted in a permanent position.

Depth the seed into the soil by no more than 50 mm. Otherwise, the seedlings will not be able to break through the thick layer of soil. The distance between the seeds should be 0.3 to 0.4 m.

Thanks to this sparse planting, the young plants can grow and develop normally without disturbing each other. They are characterized by very slow growth. As a rule, up to five leaf plates are formed on each bush by the end of the season. As such, they overwinter under the snow. The first flowering will not appear until the second or third year.

If the plant is not allowed to grow in the right conditions, it will flower much later.

Seeding can take place in the spring if you like. The seed needs to be prepared before sowing. For this purpose, it is immersed for some time in a solution of a growth stimulant such as Novosil or Zircon. Seeds need timely and proper moisture, and shade, which can be artificial or natural.

But even if you do everything correctly, be prepared for the fact that the seeds will not germinate during spring sowing.

Seeds of meadowsweet remain germinating, as a rule, for 6 years. However, the germination period can be considerably reduced, this is greatly influenced by the place of collection or cultivation.

If you do decide to sow meadowsweet in spring then please note that the resulting bushes will grow extremely slowly and their first flowering will not take place before the third or fourth year. So even though you sow meadowsweet in spring, it will bloom much later than the bushes that grew after sowing them in the winter.

Septembering

Meadowsweet (meadowsweet): planting and care in the open ground, species

Saint meadowsweet is more popular with gardeners than seeds. The shrub can be divided into parts in the fall, when it is in bloom, or in the very early spring, from March to April. When choosing the time of division of the bush, remember that after spring transplanting, the meadowsweet will flower later than after fall transplanting.

Dig the bush out of the ground and divide its rhizome into several parts. The divisions are recommended to be planted in the soil immediately after dividing.

If you divide the plant in the autumn and are not going to plant the dividers until spring, it is advisable to bury the parts in moistened sawdust or soil to preserve them.

When planting the dividers, keep a distance of at least half a metre between them. They should be buried in the soil by no more than 50 mm. In the pit the roots should be horizontal with the pointed tips of the buds pointing upwards. Remember that there should be no weeds or plant debris near the young bushes.

Also do not forget about good drainage and constant moisture in the soil. The young plants take root rather well and bloom much earlier than the ones grown from seed. The shrubs are watered abundantly, avoiding stagnant liquid in the root system, as this can provoke the development of fungal disease. On average, it is watered once every 7 days.

Feeding

When growing meadowsweet in nutritious soil, you can do without feeding.

However, for better growth and lush flowering, experts advise, 1 or 2 times during the season to feed it with organic or mineral fertilizer (e.g. potassium sulfate, superphosphate). Remember not to apply large amounts of nitrogen to the soil as this could cause the shrub to flower much later.

Trimming

Meadowsweet (meadowsweet): planting and care in the open ground, species

To ensure a neat appearance at all times, do not forget to trim back any fading flower stems.

To do this, cut off the shoot that has blossomed completely or pluck off the wilted inflorescence by hand.

Wintering

The meadowsweet is quite frost-resistant. Shortly before the first frosts, shorten all the stems of the bush to 50-100 mm. It does not need to be covered for the winter. However, if severe frosts are not uncommon in your region in winter, then it is recommended to cover the area after pruning with a layer of mulch about 10 centimeters thick, you can use compost or peat for this.

Neproductive flowers for the garden Labaznik. Garden World Website

Therapeutic properties

Meadowsweet (meadowsweet): planting and care in the open ground, species

In both official and folk medicine, the meadowsweet is considered a medicinal plant that has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. It is popularly called "the cure for forty diseases". This plant also has a pronounced antitumor effect, and also the ability to strengthen the immune system. In folk medicine, meadowsweet is often used to treat flu and colds.

Also this shrub is used to regulate acidity by preparing an infusion of flowers, which helps get rid of heartburn. In addition this tincture prevents blood vessels from clotting.

Labasnik species and varieties with photos

Labasnik has been cultivated in the open field since the 18th century. There are eight different species cultivated as an ornamental plant. However, only four of the meadowsweet species are considered medicinal, namely, the hexapetal, lantern-shaped, cornflower and Kamchatka.

The roots, leaves and flowers of this plant are considered medicinal. The most popular among gardeners is the meadowsweet, or variegated meadowsweet. Various types of meadowsweet are used for garden decoration, as well as a variety of varieties.

Elegans

Meadowsweet (meadowsweet): planting and care in the open ground, species

This herbaceous compact plant is a perennial. It varies in height from 0.

5 to 1 meter. The deeply palmate-incised, graceful leaf plates are green in color. During flowering, lush panicles of small pinkish-purple flowers are formed. This species blooms from June to August.

Ambrella

Meadowsweet (meadowsweet): planting and care in the open ground, species

This variety is good because it has not only spectacular flowers, but also very beautiful foliage.

The bush can reach a height of 0.7 to 0.8 meters and up to half a meter across. The toothed leaves are greenish in color and have a serrated edge. This variety differs from the others in that the veins and midrib of its leaves are colored either purplish or dark brown.

Its long, loose paniculate inflorescences are made up of very small, pink flowers. It flowers from July to September. However, it retains its high decorative value throughout the season.

Pink

Meadowsweet (meadowsweet): planting and care in the open ground, species

This garden form of pink meadowsweet is grown in the open field as a beautiful flowering plant. It is relatively rarely cultivated by gardeners.

Specialists believe that this plant is a hybrid of one of the rose-flowered species of meadowsweet. The inflorescences are colored in a pale pink hue.

Venusta

Meadowsweet (meadowsweet): planting and care in the open ground, species

This is a variety of red meadowsweet. The plant reaches a height of about 170 centimeters. During flowering, it forms luxuriant inflorescences on the tops of the shoots, which consist of red-pink or pinkish-cream flowers.

The rhizome of the plant is short. The shrub grows many sturdy stems, which are decorated with pinnate leaf plates consisting of large-toothed lobes. The duration of flowering is about a month and a half, and is observed in July and August.

Magnifica

Meadowsweet (meadowsweet): planting and care in the open ground, species

This plant is a variety of red meadowsweet. Large, lush inflorescences are formed at the ends of the stems, and they consist of dark pink-colored flowers.

The shrub can reach a height of about 170 cm. The powerful branching shoots grow many green leaf plates, which have large lobes with a serrated edge. The shrub blooms for about 1.5 months in July and August.

Early-leaved mottled

Meadowsweet (meadowsweet): planting and care in the open ground, species

The shrub forms dense thickets, with stems varying in height from 100 to 170 cm.

  The large, pinnately dissected leaf plates consist of five or three-lobed lobes. Their front surface is a dark green shade and is decorated with dashes and specks of yellow. The lower part of the leaves is colored in a paler shade. The leaves give off a very pleasant scent. Strong upright shoots are brownish-red in color.

The horizontally arranged branching rhizomes are as thick as a finger and have many buds. Flower stems form from them in summertime and after a while form dense thickets.

The little flowers smell like honey and are colored either beige or white. The flowers consist of 5 petals and rather long stamens. The shrub blooms for 3 to 3.

5 weeks in June and July. Lush panicles reach 15 to 20 centimeters in length. The shrub only looks very impressive when flowering and turns a darker shade during the fruit formation stage. This plant is also commonly called white grass, meadowsweet, honeydew, wet raspberry, whitehead, magpie, marsh honeydew.

Kamchatka, or shelomaynik

Meadowsweet (meadowsweet): planting and care in the open ground, species

In natural conditions this species is found on the Kuril Islands, Kamchatka, Sakhalin as well as in the northern part of Japan.

This sturdy plant can range in height from 120 to 300 cm. Its thick rhizome is quite strong. It has pubescence on the surface of straight shoots, they are strong and ribbed, colored pale red, and reach about 25 mm across. The large, broadly budded root leaves are pinnate with shallowly palmate terminal lobes. The foliage reaches a length of about 0.

3 m and a width of about 0.4 m. The green, glossy front surface of the leaves is smooth, while the underside has felted hairy pubescence. The stem leaves are smaller, and those in the upper part of the shoot may be solid or trifoliate.

The large, loose corymbiform inflorescences consist of fragrant cream or white flowers that are about 8 mm across.

Flowering occurs in July and August. When the shrub has finished flowering, they become fuzzy as they bear many oblong shaped fruits which are densely covered by cilia. The fruits ripen in August.

Purple

Meadowsweet (meadowsweet): planting and care in the open ground, species

This hybrid, which is highly ornamental, has been widely distributed in Northeast China, Japan and Korea. It is becoming more and more popular with gardeners in other countries every year.

The height of the shrub varies from 0.5 to 1 meter. The leaf plates are green in color and deeply palmate notched into pointed, lanceolate-ovate segments, of which there are 5 to 7 pieces. They have underdeveloped lateral processes. The large root plates are much more numerous than the small stem ones.

The panicles include small, dark pink or purple flowers. As a rule, the fruits are underdeveloped and stand out clearly on the petioles. They have cilia on the edge.

There is a garden form, Elegance. The white florets are decorated with stamens of a rich red color.

The bush blooms for 3.5 to 4 weeks, from about the last days of June until August.

Red Venusta

Meadowsweet (meadowsweet): planting and care in the open ground, species

This strong-growing perennial forms large thickets. The green, large, pinnate leaflets grow on shoots that can reach 150-250 cm in height. Large, lush panicles are made up of pinkish or pinkish small flowers.

At the end of the flowering process, attractive crimson colored fruits are produced. Flowering lasts for 30 to 45 days in July and August. Grows well in well-lit, open areas as well as in the shade of large shrubs and trees. If the light is too scarce, flowering may stop.

Lanternate

Meadowsweet (meadowsweet): planting and care in the open ground, species

This variety is highly decorative and began to be cultivated in 1823.

It forms single-species dense thickets. The name of the variety is due to the large palm-shaped leaf plates that look like the palm of a hand. Their underside surface has a dense grey felt pubescence. The height of the stems is up to 100 cm. It differs from other species in that its rhizome is located in the soil at a greater depth.

Its luxuriant inflorescences are about 25 centimeters long and consist of numerous very small pale pink or white flowers that smell like honey. At the end of flowering they become lighter in color. No more than eight paniculate inflorescences are formed on a single plant. Blossoms for 3.5 to 4 weeks in June and July.

In nature the plant can be found in Eastern Siberia, Mongolia, the Far East as well as China and Japan. It prefers to grow in scrub thickets and forest meadows.

Six-petalled or common

Meadowsweet (meadowsweet): planting and care in the open ground, species

This perennial may vary in height from 0.3 to 0.7 m.

This species is the most stunted, and it is also very popular with gardeners. In nature, it prefers to grow in fields, in glades and glades, in forest-steppes, along rivers, in shrub thickets.

This plant is valued for its thin cord-shaped rhizome with tuber-like oblong-oval thickenings of dark color. At the very top, the stem is simple, erect, branching weakly. In the root rosette, the stem is intermittently pinnate.

The rosette is composed of many deeply incised pinnately dissected or dentate leaf plates, with smaller leaflets growing between them. The stem is covered with few small leaf laminae, which have semi-cordate toothed leafstalks.

The luxuriant panicles are about 15 centimeters long. They contain white or pinkish-white flowers, which reach about 10 mm across. The shape of their petals is obovate.

Blossoms from June to July. The fruit contains 9 to 12 hairy seeds, which are tightly pressed together. Their ripening is observed in July and August.

In non-conventional medicine, only the rhizomes with thickenings are widely used. They contain tannins, vitamin C, glycoside gaulterin and starch.

Raw material is harvested in September and October or in April (before the beginning of the growing season). Remove the tubers from the soil and rinse them under cold water. Place them on a flat surface in a cool, well-ventilated room. Put them in linen bags or paper bags for storage. Shelf life is about three years.

Dried roots have a tart bitter taste. Raw materials are anti-inflammatory, hardening, diaphoretic and diuretic. It is used to prepare decoctions and infusions that help with inflammation of the bladder and kidneys, with skin diseases, and it is also used to improve the activity of the GI organs.

Tavolga common captive is a garden form of this species. It has white, swollen inflorescences that are very fragrant.

The plant is about 1.5 meters tall. Over time, bareness of the lower part of the stems is observed. That is why this plant is planted in the background of the flower bed. The flowering bushes look like "snow caps" because of the many large, swollen, paniculate inflorescences.

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