Lycoris: Planting And Care In The Open Field, Species And Varieties With Photos

The flowering perennial plant Lycoris is a member of the Amaryllis family. This genus includes more than 20 species. This plant is native to South and East Asia: Thailand, South Korea, Pakistan, the southern part of China, Japan, Laos, Nepal and from the east of Iran. Some Lycoris species were introduced to North Carolina, Texas and other American states, some of them naturalized in the new place. In English-speaking countries such a plant is called the "spider lily" or the "hurricane lily".

In scientific literature you can find the Japanese name of lycoris - "higanbana". This crop is also called "flower of death", the reason being that it is often planted in cemeteries.

Properties of lycoris

Lycoris: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Length of leaf plates vary from 0.3 to 0.6 m and their width is about 0.

5 to 2 cm. The erect stem varies in height from 0.3 to 0.9 m. Such a plant is capable of producing about 7 flower stalks on which there are fragrant flowers.

They may be orange, golden, white, red, yellow or purple. The flowers of this plant are of two different kinds:

  • stamens several times longer than the perianth;
  • stamens are only slightly elevated above the petals.

The fruit is a three-channel box that contains the seeds. Most Lycoris species are sterile, therefore they propagate only vegetatively.

This plant has a biological feature, its leaf plates and flowers do not meet each other.

At what time does such a crop flower? In the summertime, the bulbs in the ground have a dormant period. Flower stalks begin to grow in the first days of September, and they gain height very quickly. So, after 4 or 5 days, the height of the arrows can reach about 0.5 m or even more. On a single flower stalk there will be 4 or 5 lily-like flowers, all funnel-shaped and with lots of stamens.

This makes the flowers look like spiders. Flowering lasts about 15 days and then the flowers fade. Only when the plant is finished flowering does it begin to form arrow-shaped leaf blades that will not fade during the whole winter but only during the first few weeks of summer.

Perennial planting

Lycoris: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

When to plant

Perennial planting is recommended during the autumn 4 weeks before frost sets in. During this time, the bulbs will have time to adapt to their new location and grow roots.

If there is such a need, the planting of bulbs can be made in the spring, but you should note that in this case, there is a high probability that the flowers will be very sick. Flowering of this plant in the next year after planting almost certainly will not come the fact that it is very capricious.

Growing this culture is relatively difficult. It is necessary to carefully choose a suitable site for growing, and also lycoris will need to provide growth conditions that will be very similar to the natural ones. The best place to grow this plant is in a site that is protected from draughts and wind gusts and in the penumbra of large deciduous trees.

Planting rules

Lycoris: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

This crop grows very well in sandy soils. Prepare the plot by removing all weeds and digging it up, if necessary adding sand, peat, and also humus. At the end, the surface of the plot should be leveled. On the surface of large bulbs are scales of dark brown color, in the soil they should be planted to a depth of not less than 14 centimeters, otherwise they can freeze in a very cold winter. Between planting holes should be observed at a distance of 0.

25-0.3 m, the fact is that every year on the bulbs appear infants, and each of them needs a feeding area.

Before the hole should be filled with a layer of sand, then the bulb is placed in it and slightly pressed into the substrate. After that, the bulb should be covered with the previously prepared sand, and regular soil should be used to fill the remaining empty space. When the lycoris is planted, the soil in the hole should be tamped down and then the planting is well watered.

Garden care for lycoris

Lycoris: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Growing lycoris in your garden plot is not at all difficult. It will require timely watering, weeding, loosening the soil near the bushes and fertilizing. The shrubs also need to be prepared for overwintering. If necessary, lycoris should be replanted as well as pests should be eliminated.

How to water and feed

Particular attention should be paid to watering lycoris during intensive growth of the leaf plates and flower stems.

During this period, the surface of the soil under the plants should be constantly moist, while you should try to avoid complete drying of the soil. During the dormant period, which is observed in winter and in summer, watering such a culture is not necessary.

It does not need compulsory feeding of such a plant. If the bush has a spectacular appearance and looks healthy, it means that it has enough nutrients. However, if the bushes look dull or limp, it is advisable to fertilize them with a special fertilizer for bulbous plants.

Repotting

Lycoris: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Compared with most bulbous plants, you should not replant lycoris every year. You can grow it in the same place for about 5 years, but then you have to take the bulbs out of the ground, divide them and plant them in a new place. To begin with, it is necessary to prepare new planting holes. Then the bulbs must be removed from the soil, separate the offspring, and then the breaks must be treated with wood ash or pounded charcoal. After that, the bulbs are planted in the open soil (planting order described above).

If lycoris is transplanted in the autumn, the site is not watered. Keep in mind that transplanted plants may not bloom the first 1-2 years after this procedure. You should also remember that excessively frequent transplants and division of lycoris bushes lead to their strong weakening. Work with such a plant should be in gloves, because all its parts contain poisonous substances.

How to propagate

Lycoris: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Often daughter bulbs are used to propagate such a culture.

The fact is that it is quite difficult to get lycoris seeds all the more so when you consider that some species do not form them at all. To propagate such flowers vegetatively, more precisely, by daughter bulbs is very simple, and how to do it is described above.

After flowering

The formation of leaf plates is observed after the fading of flowers. In the last weeks of fall, the withered parts of the bush are pruned. It is not necessary to remove the bulbs from the soil for wintering, as they are deeply rooted and are not afraid of severe frosts.

If winters in the region have little snow and very cold, the surface of the site should be covered with a layer of lapnik or dried leaves. In spring time, the covering is removed from the plot.

Diseases and pests

Licoris has a high resistance to diseases and pests. However, narcissus flies can settle on it, so for preventive purposes, the area is sprinkled with an insecticide solution during intensive bush growth.

Licorice species and varieties with photos and names

A comparatively small number of lycoris species are cultivated by gardeners.

The ones that are most popular will be described below.

Licoris golden (Lycoris aurea)

Lycoris: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Home to China and Japan. The plant has a low frost-resistance, it is not afraid of temperature drops as low as minus 5 degrees Celsius. That's why in middle latitudes this species is cultivated only in home conditions. The height of the shrub is about 0.

6 m, the diameter is about 0.2 m. The rich yellow flowers are tubular and reach about 10 centimeters across. They open during the last spring or first summer weeks. The inflorescences consist of 5 or 6 flowers.

Licoris scaly (Lycoris squamigera)

Lycoris: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

Native to Japan. The bush varies in height from 0.6 to 0.7 m. The broadly linear, strap-shaped foliage plates grow after the flowers have faded.

The flowers are bundled in groups of 6-8 funnel-shaped, lilac-pinkish flowers, the central part yellow, the perianth lobes bent back. It is a seedless plant and therefore uses daughter bulbs for propagation.

Licoris radiata

Lycoris: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

In nature this species can be found in Korea, Nepal and China and is also naturalized in Japan, the United States of America and other countries. The leaves of this perennial grow later than the flowers. Flower arrows are 0.

3 to 0.7 m high. Leaf blades are placed parallel to each other, their width does not exceed 10 mm, in some cases they curve from the center of the blade. The shape of the flowers is irregular, their side petals resembling long and slender whiskers bent backwards, with a bunch of broad and short petals in the middle, the shape of which is wavy and arc-shaped.

Licoris blood-red (Lycoris sanguinea)

Lycoris: planting and care in the open field, species and varieties with photos

The height of this compact bush is about 0.

45 m. This species forms very small leaves in April, dying in June. Flowering is observed in August. The flowers are a deep scarlet color and reach 50 mm across.

The flowers are very small.

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