Lychee: Growing From A Stone At Home, Useful Properties

The litchi fruit tree (Litchi chinensis), also called litchi chinensis, is a member of the Sapidae family. It is also called lishi, Chinese plum, liji or laishi. It has been documented that such a plant was cultivated in China as early as the second century B.C. It is now cultivated throughout Southeast Asia.

Juan Gonzalez de Mendoza wrote that this fruit is similar to a plum, it is not burdensome to the stomach and can be eaten in any quantity, that is why he called such a plant "Chinese plum". On the territory of Europe this culture was introduced to the French botanist Pierre Sonner, who traveled through China and Southeast Asia. It was introduced in the 18th century.

The litchi fruit is consumed as fresh or preserved, used for jellies, ice cream and other desserts, and used to make traditional Chinese wine.

Peculiarities of the litchi

Lychee: growing from a stone at home, useful properties

Litchi is an evergreen tree with a spreading crown.

Growing in natural conditions, such a tree can reach 10-30 meters in height. The compound pinnate leaflets are made up of 4 to 8 leaf lamellae of elongate-ovate or lanceolate shape with a pointed apex. The front surface of the plates is dark green and shiny, while the reverse is pale gray. Lush umbrella-like inflorescences reach up to 0.7 m in length and consist of pale yellow or pale green flowers without petals.

Inflorescences contain a large number of flowers, but no more than 15 of all the ovaries develop into fruits, with the remainder dying off. The fruits, covered with a red rind, may vary in length from 25 to 40 mm, with many sharp tubercles on the surface. Inside there is a light coloured and sweet jelly-like pulp, which peels off very easily and has a slightly tangible tartaric flavour. It has a dark brown, oval-shaped pit in the center of the fruit. Tropical litchi fruit ripens in May or June.

Growing litchi from a stone

Lychee: growing from a stone at home, useful properties

In the middle latitudes, litchi is considered an outlandish plant, making it difficult to buy seedlings of this crop in the garden pavilion. However, you can try to grow such a tree from a seed in room conditions. To do this, buy a ripe fruit, which has a strong smell, translucent juicy flesh and red skin. The pit should be extracted from the pulp, it should be wrapped in moistened gauze or cloth. For 7 days make sure that the wrapping is always slightly moist.

The swollen stone should be removed from the cloth, then planted in a pot with a drainage hole at the bottom. At the bottom of the pot you should first lay out a drainage layer of clay pebbles, and then fill it with flower potting soil. Deepen the seedpot into the substrate by only 20 mm. If several pips are planted, the chances of a seedling appearing increase several times. When the seed is planted, the substrate in the container should be moistened with lukewarm water.

The seedling should germinate at a temperature of 25 to 30 degrees, it is very important to ensure that the substrate in the pot was always a little damp. The first seedlings should appear in about 7-30 days, but it can happen later.

When the first leaf plates of light red color in the seedling will grow, the container should be moved to a sunny window sill, but the plant should be protected from direct sunlight. Transplanting the plant into a larger pot is made during the formation of its 4 or 5 leaf plate. To seedlings develop normally, they need a long day of light, not less than 12 hours.

The room temperature during the whole year should not drop below 20 degrees.

How to water

Lychee: growing from a stone at home, useful properties

How to water

Litchi is a tropical plant loving moisture, that is why you should water the young plant twice a day with boiled or filtered water from a sprinkler. Water the plant should be moderate and systematically, you should use filtered or settled for two days, and it must be room temperature. Experienced florists advise to use bottom watering by adding water regularly to the water tray.

Water the bush in such a way that it is not affected by a lack or excess of moisture in the root system.

The humidity in the room must be constantly high.

Fertilizer

The first fertilization of the litchi should be done 3 months after the seedling has emerged. Thereafter, fertilization should be discontinued until the tree is at least 1 year old. From the second year of life, fertilization spend 1 or 2 times in 4 weeks, for this use a solution of complex mineral fertilizers in moderate concentration. Also for feeding the litchi can be used and organic fertilizers, such as a good solution of cowpea (1:15).

Feeding improves bud formation and encourages the bush to bear fruit.

Trimming

Lychee: growing from a stone at home, useful properties

This plant is a slow grower, so it should be pruned very rarely. For the first 2 years, the plant's crown should be shaped. After that, it will only need to maintain its shape by systematically shortening the excessively long stems. If a lot of time has passed, and there is still no fruit on the tree, you should not be upset, because anyway such an exotic tree is quite rare.

Diseases

Litchi has a rather high resistance to diseases. A tree can only get sick if it is not cared for properly. If you water too much, it can cause rotting of the roots. If the plant does not get enough water, it will become sluggish and wither. By providing the litchi with proper care, you can protect it from all diseases.

Pests

This crop is also highly resistant to pests. However, spider mites, whiteflies, mealybugs, aphids, thrips or scale may move to the bush from other room flowers. In this regard, the plant needs systematic and thorough inspection, if it will be noticed pests or signs of their presence, try to proceed to eliminate them immediately. Spray the infested plant with either acaricide or insecticide, making sure to prepare the solution according to the package directions.

Why is the lychee getting sick? It's not growing, the leaves are turning yellow.

And first about the weather))))

Litchi species and varieties

Lychee: growing from a stone at home, useful properties

A large number of varieties and hybrids have been developed, but this plant is only widely grown in Asia. The following cultivars are the most popular:

  1. Green dangling. The tree is covered with leafy plates of pale green color. There is a faintly discernible streak of green on the surface of the fruit. The fruits remain fresh and do not lose their flavor even three days after the peel is removed.

  2. Gummy rice balls. The dense flesh of such fruits has a sweet honey flavor. They are covered with a red-colored rind, on which there are no tubercles. The stone of such fruits is much smaller in comparison with other varieties or there is none at all.
  3. Sweet osmanthus.

    Sweet fruits have the aroma of osmanthus. They are covered with a strongly bumpy rind of deep red color.

  4. Green Yatoo. The fruit has a mottled dark green coloration on the rind.
  5. Black Leaf.

    This variety is an early maturing variety. The fruit is fleshy and covered with a rind that secretes a juice similar to red ink.

  6. Mayan Red. This variety is the earliest. It is harvested as early as May.

  7. Smile of the concubine. This variety is very ancient and early maturing. The fruit and the rind with which it is covered give off red colored sap.

Properties of the litchi fruit: harms and benefits

Lychee: growing from a stone at home, useful properties

Beneficial properties

The litchi fruit contains many substances that are good for the human body, such as: vitamins E, K, C, H, PP and group B (B1, B3, B6), magnesium, sodium, phosphorus, iodine, manganese, zinc, selenium, iron, calcium, potassium, pectins and organic acids. In Oriental medicine, such fruits are used to normalize sugar levels in diabetes, improve liver, kidney and lung function, and they also help in the treatment and prevention of atherosclerosis.

In case of cardiovascular diseases, it is also recommended to eat lychee, because the pulp of the fruit contains potassium. They are also very useful for high blood cholesterol, anemia, intestinal disorders and pancreatic diseases. In Hindu medicine, this fruit is considered an aphrodisiac which improves male potency and libido.

Lichi Fruits Benefits and Harms | What are the benefits of lychee, lychee calorie benefits

Contraindications

Lichi fruits are only contraindicated to those with an individual intolerance. There are no other contraindications to this fruit.

However, stale fruits with dark colored rinds should not be eaten because they can cause intestinal upset.

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