Lobivia: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation, Species

The genus Lobivia (Lobivia) includes between 70 and 100 different species of cacti (according to various sources). It is currently included in the genus Echinopsis (Echinopsis), but there are reference books that place an outdated classification. In natural conditions, such plants can be found only in certain places, namely in the highland areas of Peru, Bolivia and Argentina. An interesting fact is that these plants were named after Bolivia, but their name is an anagram.

This plant has the appearance of a "classic" cactus.

A young plant has a symmetrical ball-shaped stem. Over time, it becomes cylindrical in shape. The stem of the cactus is little branched, but over time it forms a lot of root divots. Due to this peculiarity 1 cactus growing in natural conditions can form rather large pillow-like formations-colonies. The ribs of these plants come in varying degrees of roundness or sharp.

On small tubercles of ribs there are areoles, from which bundles of rather stiff prickles emerge. Separate-petal solitary florets are funnel-shaped and formed in areoles on top of the stem (from the side). As a rule, the pedicels are rather densely pubescent, but sometimes they are covered with prickles. The corolla tube is quite long (about 30 centimeters) and the opening is 15 centimeters in diameter. Flowers can be of a variety of colors, even multicolor is found.

Approximately 25 flowers can open at the same time on an adult cactus, and each can last from 1 to 3 days.

Home care for lobivia

Lobivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Practically, like all cacti, this plant is undemanding in care and not capricious. However, for it to grow and develop properly in the home you need to know and follow a few rules related to its care.

Light conditions

This plant is very demanding. So, the cactus needs a lot of sunlight in order to flower successfully.

It is recommended to put it near a south-facing window. In the case if it is not possible to place lobivia on the southern window, then she will need to provide additional light with the use of phytolamps. Thus, experts involved in growing cacti, advise using high-intensity lamps designed for greenhouses, the power of which is 100 watts. In this case, 1 bulb is enough to illuminate 0.1 m2 .

However, you should be aware that this plant needs drastic changes in day and night temperatures. Because of this, it is recommended to move it outside, where it should be from mid-spring to mid-autumn. The place should be chosen well protected from precipitation.

The cactus has a dormant period in winter. At this time, the recommended temperature for it is 8-10 degrees.

It is on the cold wintering that the intensity of flowering depends.

How to water

Lobivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Water lobivia very carefully during intensive growth. So, moisten the soil generously only after the soil in the pot has dried out. Overwatering is not allowed, because it can provoke the rotting of the stem and the death of the plant. In the middle of the summer period, you should not water the plants for 4 weeks, and then you need to resume normal watering.

In autumn, however, watering is less and less frequent each time. In November, stop watering the cactus again. The "dry" period lasts until the spring, watering is resumed only after the formation of flower buds. Otherwise the plant will drop the buds.

Humidity

Feels well when the humidity is low.

Mud

Lobivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Suitable soil should be neutral, loose, good air and water permeable. A special soil mixture for cacti can be purchased for planting, but a small amount of fine gravel and also coarse sand should be added.

Potting out lobivia

Potting out in the spring and only when the overgrown cactus has become crowded into the old pot.

Cactus echinopsis, the people's favorite ! A lesson in cactus transplanting.

Echinopsis genus.

Fertilizer

Fertilize twice a month during intensive growth (March-September). Use a special fertilizer for cacti. During the dormant period (October-February), no fertilizer should be added to the soil.

Propagation of lobivia

Lobivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Can be propagated by seeds and root shoots.

For vegetative propagation, a side shoot should be carefully separated from the mother plant. It should then be left in the air to dry out. After 24 hours, it should be planted in an earth mixture with more sand added. When the cactus is rooted, it is transplanted into a permanent pot.

To propagate with seeds, follow the instructions on the package.

Cactus. Propagation. Rooting in the ground.

Pests and diseases

Aphids, scabs, spider mites or mealybugs often settle on the plant. If you find pests, treat the plant with a special insecticide.

Root rot can occur due to overwatering.

Lobivia species with photos

Lobivia arachnacantha)

Lobivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

It is a compact dwarf cactus that grows to 4 centimeters in height. The stem has smooth, blunt ribs, of which there are about 14. They are densely covered with prickles tightly pressed to the surface, which grow out of tiny tubercles. The flowers are 2 or 3 times larger in diameter than the stem.

They have a rich yellow color. There are also varieties with red flowers that have spectacular stamens with white anthers.

Lobivia golden (Lobivia aurea)

Lobivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The plants of this species are quite tall. Thus, an adult specimen can grow to 20-50 centimeters in height with a stem diameter of 12 centimeters. The pronounced ribs have rather sharp edges.

Each areola has 4 central thorns fairly thick (2 to 6 centimeters long) and 8 to 10 radial thorns (about 1 centimeter long). The large flowers are 10 centimeters in diameter. They are colored in lemon-yellow, with a spot of rich yellow inside the calyx. Varieties with pink, white and red flowers have appeared thanks to breeders.

Lobivia tiegeliana (Lobivia tiegeliana)

Lobivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

It is 10 centimeters high and 4 to 6 centimeters in diameter.

It has broad yet low ribs. Each areole has needle-shaped spines (10 to 20). The central spines are from 1 to 3 and are 10 mm long, all other are thin radial spines are from 6 to 10 mm long. The purple-red little flowers are 2.5 centimeters long and have a diameter of 4 centimeters.

Lobivia famatimensis (Lobivia famatimensis)

Lobivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This cactus differs in having a large number of clearly distinguishable sharp ribs. Thus, there are often about 24 of them on the stem. The short, thin prickles are very difficult to see, as they are tightly pressed against the surface. The flowers of a rich yellow color reach 3 centimeters in length and have a diameter of 6 centimeters.

Lobivia jajoiana (Lobivia jajoiana)

Lobivia: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This cactus is also quite compact.

The spherical shaped stem reaches 8 to 10 centimeters in diameter. It has very many compressed ribs, on which there are prominent areola tubercles with dark, thin prickles (15 in number) on them. The longest central spines reach 7 mm in length. This species is widespread because of its extraordinarily beautiful and rather large, cup-shaped flowers. They can be colored deep red or yellow with a wide, dark purple pupil and have spectacular stamens with white anthers.

I am shocked­čśŹLobivia blooms!!!

.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *