Lion's Hives: Growing From Seeds, Planting And Care, Species And Varieties

Lion's tooth (Antirrhinum), also called antirrhinum, is directly related to a genus of herbaceous plants belonging to the plantain family. This genus includes about 50 perennial species, including climbing plants. In the wild, these plants can be found in warm climates, and most species are found in North America. In Russia, these flowers are referred to as "doggots", in England as "snapdragon" (biting dragon), in France as "wolf's mouth", and in Ukraine as "mouths". "Antirrhinum" in Greek means "nose-like," "nose-like.

" The ancient Greek myth that tells of Hercules, or rather his first feat, tells of how he defeated the Nemean lion, whose ferocity was known to all. The goddess Flora gave Hercules a gift in honor of his victory: it was a beautiful flower called the lion's yawn. Since then, the Greeks have a tradition to give heroes lions' yawns. Cultivate this plant about five hundred years, and the German experts took up its breeding only in the 19th century. During this time, they were able to create about 1,000 varieties of lion's willow, with the interesting fact that only 1 species was used to create a variety of varieties, namely Antirrhinum major (Antirrhinum majus).

Peculiarities of the lion's yawn

Lion's hives: growing from seeds, planting and care, species and varieties

This flower is represented by semi-shrubs as well as herbaceous plants that have straight, thin-bearded shoots, they are branched and colored green. They can vary in height from 15 to 100 centimeters. The shrubs are pyramidal in shape. The leaf plates are alternate on top and opposite on the bottom. They can be lanceolate or oval elongated in shape and vary in color from dark to pale green, with red veins.

The fragrant florets are relatively large, bipartite and irregularly shaped. There are both macerate and simple flowers (it depends on the variety), they are part of the inflorescences, which have the form of a spike. Their color can be yellow, pale pink, white, pink, red (all shades), but there are also varieties with two- and three-color flowers. The fruit is a two-nested multiseed boll. One g contains 5-8 thousand seeds.

Flowering of this plant begins in July and ends after the first autumn frosts. Often the grapevine, which grows as a perennial in the wild, is grown by gardeners as an annual. However, if well cared for and if conditions are favorable, the frost-resistant lion's-throat can survive wintering in the open ground. At the same time, its flowering will be more spectacular the following year. In garden design, this flower is grown as a border flower, but it can also decorate the flowerbed and green lawn (if the lion's seed is planted in groups).

Still such a plant decorate terraces and balconies. Nowadays the ampelous varieties of this flower are becoming more and more popular among florists. They can be used for growing in suspended structures and will be a nice decoration of galleries and terraces as well.


Growing cowslip from seed


Lion's hives: growing from seeds, planting and care, species and varieties

Growing this plant can be done either by seed or vegetatively.

The seeds have a good germination period of several years. If you live in an area with a relatively mild climate, you can sow the seeds of such a flower directly into the open soil. The first shoots can be seen after 2.5-3 weeks, and the seedlings are not afraid of cold weather, which occurs at night. In the same places, where the spring is relatively cold, this plant is recommended to grow through seedlings.

It is very easy to grow in seed.

Sow the seeds in the first days of March. You will need a pot with a diameter of at least 10 centimeters and with holes at the bottom for drainage. At the bottom you need to pour coarse sand, and on top of it compost soil mixed with sand. Lightly tamp down and level the surface, then moisten it a little with a sprayer and distribute the seeds mixed with the sand and pour a thin layer of the same substrate on top.

Water the seeds with a fine sprayer and then cover the container with clear glass. Every day the condensate must be removed from the surface of the glass, while ventilating the seedlings and, if necessary, moistening the surface of the substrate with a sprayer. If there is moderate humidity and heat (23 degrees) in the place where the container stands, the first seedlings can be seen after half a month. Once the first seedlings appear, the container should be moved to a well-lit, but protected from direct sunlight (so that the plants do not stretch out). Once the snapdragons starts to sprout en masse (after 3-4 days), the cover should be taken away for good.


Lion's hives: growing from seeds, planting and care, species and varieties

The plants will take quite a long time to grow at first and it is very important to properly moisten the soil at this time. Water in the morning so that the plants have enough water, but not too much. The fact is that overwatering can cause the development of "black leg". If the seedling fell, it should be carefully removed using tweezers, and the place where it was growing should be covered with crushed charcoal or use for this purpose calcined cold river sand. After the formation of 2 true leaves, you need to perform the picking of seedlings in a box or container, and they need to be placed so that they were not pressed against each other.

You can also use individual pots for the nesting of seedlings or you can plant 3 seedlings in 1 pot of larger volume. The plants should then be placed in a well-lit, but protected from direct sunlight. After that you can start hardening the seedlings. To do this, open the window for a while during the day, but avoid draughts. When the plant will have 4-5 true leaves, it should be pruned to increase the bushiness and if the side shoots are growing quite fast, they should be pruned too.

Propagating in the open air

Lion's hives: growing from seeds, planting and care, species and varieties

What time should the lion cress be planted

Spring should be planted in the last days of May and first days of June. There is no need to worry about night frosts, as the plant can take them easily. These flowers can be planted in sunny and shady sites, but you should note that it must be protected from gusts of wind and be well drained. Suitable soil should be light and rich in nutrients. The best for growing such a flower is a mixture consisting of compost, sand, and peat, which are taken in equal proportions.

The acidity of the soil should be pH 6-8.

How to plant

The distance between bushes during planting depends on the variety of the lion's yawn. For example, a distance of 15 centimeters should be kept between dwarf varieties, about 20 centimeters between stunted varieties, 30 centimeters between medium-growing varieties and 40 to 50 centimeters between tall varieties. After the transplanted bush in the open ground takes root, it will rather quickly grow and become a spectacular flowering plant. It should be remembered that the seedlings should be planted in well-watered soil beforehand.

Lion's-throat. How best to sow, how to properly care for.

Care Features


Lion's hives: growing from seeds, planting and care, species and varieties

This flower is undemanding in care and needs only timely watering, weeding, fertilizing, and you should also systematically loosen the soil surface. Watering should only be done during dry weather, but remember that this procedure must not be done in the evening. After watering it will be necessary to loosen the soil surface and to do the weeding, it can be done the same day or every other day.

Specialists advise to make a garter of high-growing varieties to the support. Once the flower begins to fade, it should be removed from the bush, as it takes away the strength of the plant. For a long flowering season, you should not allow the plant to set seeds and you should cut the stems off as soon as the last flowers have faded. The flower stalks must be cut back under the lowest flower bud so that new arrows and flowers can grow. The first time you should fertilize the Lion's Nectar should be after it has taken root after transplanting into open soil, and nitrophoska and organic fertilizers are used for this purpose.

The second feeding should be done during budding, in which case a nutrient solution consisting of potassium sulphate, urea and superphosphate should be used, with 1 big spoonful of each substance per bucket of water.

Diseases and pests

Lion's hives: growing from seeds, planting and care, species and varieties

It happens that the bushes are affected by rust, with spots of red color on their surface. This plant is also susceptible to blackleg, root rot, grey rot, septoriosis. Diseased plants should be killed as soon as possible, then it is necessary to make a treatment of the soil area where they grew with fungicide (antifungal) agents. Such pests as fly larvae, scabies, caterpillars and butterflies, which are capable of laying eggs, are dangerous for the lion's yawn.

Keep in mind that it is much harder to get rid of diseases or pests than to prevent infection of the plant. To prevent this, it is necessary to follow all the recommendations for the care of the lion's yawn, thus, it is necessary to destroy sick and infected copies in a timely manner; the flowers should not be planted very close to each other; it is necessary to water correctly, not allowing the soil to overwater; watering should be done under the root, making sure that water does not get to the surface of the leaf plates.

After flowering

Lion's hives: growing from seeds, planting and care, species and varieties

Flowering of such a plant may continue until the first frost in the fall. After the fall sets in, those lion's-throat shrubs that are cultivated as perennials should be cut back very short so that the shoots are about 5-8 centimeters high. Then mulch the area with a layer of dried leaves or sawdust mixed with peat.

If you have annual cowslip, remove it as soon as the flowers wither, so you can avoid self-sowing. Once all the flowers on the arrow have wilted, you should cut it back as short as possible. This prevents the seeds from ripening and scattering over the soil. After deep autumn, the soil where the flowers grew should be turned over and the lion's grass seed should be burned as it is a pest infestation.

How and when to collect lion's grass seed

Lion's hives: growing from seeds, planting and care, species and varieties

In most plants, the seeds are usually not collected until they are completely ripe.

However, lion's grass seeds should be harvested when they are not fully mature. Then they are placed in a dry, well-ventilated room to ripen. The seeds should be collected in a long paper baggie (like for baguette). Only start harvesting seeds when the fruits at the bottom of the flower stalk are fully ripe. To do this, cut off the top of the flower stalk, which still has green fruit on it, and throw it away.

On the part of the flower stalk, which remains, you need to put a bag of paper, thread it below the fruit. Then you will only have to cut the stem below the place of tying. Then you should hang the bag upside down in a warm and dry place and just wait for the ripe seeds to fall into the bag. You have to put the ripened seeds into a small cardboard box and store them in a dry place, where the air temperature will be 3 to 5 degrees. The boxes should be protected from water.

Main types and varieties

Lion's hives: growing from seeds, planting and care, species and varieties

Today experts have several classifications of this plant according to different characteristics. The most popular classification is by bush height. According to the height of the shrub, the lion's grass varieties are divided into 5 groups:

  1. Spolitan--The shrub is 90-130 centimeters high. This plant has a centrally located stem that is much higher than the stems of the second order, with no stems of the third order. Popular varieties: 'Arthur' 90 to 95 cm high with cherry-colored flowers; 'F1 Red XL' and 'F1 Pink XL' reach up to 1.

    1 meter in height with red and pink flowers. They are cultivated for cuttings and as a vertical accent in groups or in mixborders. The central stem is much higher than the side ones. When cut, the flowers of this plant can last about 7 days or even longer. The most fragrant varieties are those whose flowers are colored in various shades of yellow.

    Popular varieties: "Anna Herman" - flowers are colored in light pink; "Canary" - flowers are colored in deep yellow; "Madame Butterfly" mixture of varieties - the macerated flowers can be colored in a variety of colors.

  2. Medium (half-high) - bush is tall from 40 to 60 centimeters. The varieties are versatile and are cultivated both as cuttings and as flowerbed decorations. They are distinguished by strong branching. The central stem is not much taller than the side ones.

    Popular varieties: "Golden Monarch" has yellow color; "Ruby" has deep pink flowers; "Lipstick Silver" has whitish-pink color.

  3. Low - bush height of 25-40 centimeters. They are cultivated as border or bedding plants. These varieties have a number of flowering stems of the second and third order, with the central stem being either as tall as or slightly shorter than the first order. Popular varieties are "Tip-top", "Hobbit", ampelic hybrid plant "Lampion".

  4. Dwarf - the height of the bush varies from 15 to 20 centimeters. The varieties are designed for carpet flower beds, rainbows, borders, alpinaries. Grow them also as a potted flower. There is strong branching to stems of the third and fourth order, with the central stem being lower or having the same height as the stems of the second order. Popular varieties are 'Sakura blossom', the whitish-pink flowers have a spot on them; 'Candy Showers' is an ampelina variety.

Lion's hives: growing from seeds, planting and care, species and varieties

Also there is a very popular Sanderson and Martin classification for year-round cutter varieties. However, this classification is of interest only to florists who grow lion's grass for sale.


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