Ledum: Planting And Care, Species, Medicinal Properties

The cinquefoil is an evergreen shrub which is part of the Heather family. Scientifically, it is called Ledum, which makes it closer to Frankincense. Its thick leaf plates, like incense, have a pungent woody smell. In translation from Old Russian, "bagulnik" means poisonous, intoxicating, stupefying. This plant is also commonly called hemlock, bogovnik, oregano, bagula.

In nature, rosemary is widespread enough. It can be found on the territory of the Northern Hemisphere, more precisely, in the temperate subarctic zone. Most often, the rosemary is grown as a medicinal plant, but some gardeners decorate their garden plots with it.

Properties of the rosemary

Ledum: planting and care, species, medicinal properties

The rosemary is a shrub or bush that is a perennial. Its height varies from 0.

5 to 1.2 m. Its rhizome is superficial and branched, with short offshoots. The thin branching shoots are quite strong and stiff. Depending on the species, the stems can be ascending, upright, or even stalked.

While the shoots are young, they are greenish-olive in color and have rust-colored pubescence on their surface. After a while, smooth, dark-colored bark appears on their surface.

Leaf blades with short petioles do not fall off throughout the year. They are alternately leathery to the touch and dark green in color. They are lanceolate or elongated in shape, with a knurled edge and a prominent median vein on the surface.

If the shrub is exposed to direct sunlight for a long time, its foliage takes on a brownish-brown hue. If you rub the leaf between your fingers, you can feel a stupefyingly strong fragrance.

Dense umbrellas form on last year's stems, with flowering lasting from April to June. Each flower has a short pedicel. The bell-shaped calyx is formed of oval white petals.

Each flower has a multiple of five elements. The flowers are pollinated by insects, followed by the formation and maturation of dry seed bolls, which have five sections. Each contains winged seeds of very small size.

Particularly note that there is poison in any of the parts of this plant! Remember to wash your hands well after any work with rosemary. But the harm from the shrub can be obtained even without touching it, but just standing nearby and inhaling its smell.

This can lead to a feeling of weakness and the appearance of dizziness. Although this plant can be classified as a honeywort, you should know that both the pollen and the honey also contain poison. This honey can only be tasted after a long heat treatment and only a little bit.

Growing in the garden

Ledum: planting and care, species, medicinal properties


Redroot is unpretentious and undemanding in its care. It is recommended to plant the seedling in the garden in the springtime.

However, if it has a closed root system, it can also be planted from spring to autumn.

This plant has a superficial root system. In this regard, the depth of the planting hole should not exceed 0.4-0.6 m.

Do not forget to make a layer of 50 to 80 mm of drainage at the bottom, you should use pebbles or sand. In this case, the site should be chosen with loose and acidic soil. For growing rosemary, a moist soil, in which pine needles should be added, will do an excellent job. When planting several bushes in the ground between them, maintain a distance of 0.6 to 0.

7 m. When the bush is planted, firm the soil surface around it and water the plant well. Once the water has been completely absorbed into the soil, cover the surface with a layer of mulch (peat).


Fogweed is very water-loving because it naturally prefers to grow near water bodies. Therefore the plant should be watered regularly, it is not necessary only if it rains frequently.


Ledum: planting and care, species, medicinal properties

When choosing a location for planting it should be considered that rosemary grows and develops very well in the shade as well as in a well-lit area. It can also be grown in the shade, but in this case its flowering will be irregular and the bush itself will look less spectacular.

Weeding and loosening

Weeding as needed and do not forget to systematically loosen the soil surface near the shrubs. However, this must be done very carefully as their root system is shallow.


Fertilize rosemary trees only during the growing season, more precisely during spring and summer.

Mineral compound fertilizer is used.


The shrub should be pruned twice a year: in March and in October. At this time, all injured, diseased and withered branches are cut back. Also at this time, formative pruning is done as well, shortening strongly elongated stems if necessary.


Ledum: planting and care, species, medicinal properties

Fogweed has a good resistance to frost.

Even frosty winters do not harm it. However, the tops of young bushes may freeze in snowy winters. In the spring, new shoots will soon appear after the frost-damaged branches have been cut off.

Diseases and pests

This plant is highly resistant to various diseases. Even standing water in its roots will not harm it, but only if you will systematically loosen the soil surface.

If you don't do this, fungus may develop on the plant.

Spider mites and bedbugs are the most rare pests to attack rosemary. To exterminate them, use insecticide preparations. However, most of the pests this crop is able to scare away on its own, both from itself and from the bushes growing in the neighborhood.

Propagation methods

Ledum: planting and care, species, medicinal properties

In order to propagate the rosemary, both vegetative and seed methods are used.

Growing from seeds

In natural conditions this shrub most often grows from seeds. In order to collect seeds with your own hands, you need to pick the right number of matured small seed capsules. If they are not collected in time, they will crack on their own from bottom to top, and the seeds will spill out on the ground. Such bolls look like very small chandeliers.

Collect the seeds in the fall and sow them only in early spring.

Take a container and fill it with a substrate consisting of sand and garden loose soil. The soil mixture should definitely be acidic, moist and loose. Spread the seeds evenly on the surface of the substrate and only press them slightly into the soil mixture. Cover the seeds with glass or cling film and put them in a place where it is always cool. Provide systematic watering and airing for the seeds.

You will be able to see the first seedlings after about 3.5 to 4 weeks. In individual peat pots, the seedlings should be sprouted when they are older and stronger. Instead, the seedlings can be put in a larger crate and the distance between bushes should be quite large, to avoid entangling the roots.

Growing from offshoots

If you already have rosemary in your garden, it is much easier to propagate it from offshoots.

Select a few stems and bend them to the surface of the ground, in which a depression of about 20 centimeters is made in advance. Fix the shoot in this position and cover it with soil, making sure that the top is above the surface of the plot. Once the shoot has grown roots, it should be separated from the mother plant and replanted permanently.

Splitting the bush

Ledum: planting and care, species, medicinal properties

If the bush is overgrown, it can be split into several parts when transplanted in spring. Dig up the bush and remove all soil from its roots, then cut the bush into several divisions.

Take charcoal powder and sprinkle it over the cuts. Immediately after the plant is divided, the pieces should be planted in a permanent place.

Propagation by cuttings

Preparing cuttings is done in the summer time, using half-timbered stems. Note that each cutting should have 2 or 3 leaf blades. Treat the lower cut with a growth stimulating solution.

Plant the cuttings for rooting in containers filled with fertile and friable earth mixture. Those leaf plates that are close to the surface of the substrate should be shortened or removed entirely. It will take time for the cuttings to take root and get stronger, so they should be planted in a permanent place only with the onset of the spring period.

Species of Ledum with photos

The genus Ledum is not numerous and includes only six species. However, most, namely four species can be found in Russia.

Marsh rosemary (Rhododendron tomentosum)

Ledum: planting and care, species, medicinal properties

This species is a typical representative of the genus, and it prefers to grow in areas with a temperate climate. This dense shrub is about 120 cm tall. The surface of the branching raised stems is pubescent with a short, rust-colored pile. The glossy dark green foliage has a rather pleasant fragrance. The start of flowering is in the last weeks of spring, at which time dense umbrella or umbrella-shaped inflorescences open on the branches.

They consist of very small flowers with a pinkish or white tint.

Grenlandian rosemary (Rhododendron groenlandicum)

Ledum: planting and care, species, medicinal properties

The shoots are lobed and rather stiff and may grow to about 0.9 m in length. They are colored with a brownish tint. The narrow leaflets are linear in shape and arranged very close together on the stalks.

At first glance, it may seem that the branches are covered with soft needles of deep green color. On the underside surface of the curled leaf plates there is pubescence, represented by felted pile. The flowering shrub is decorated with small (about 60 mm) umbellate inflorescences with cream or white flowers. This species is very frost-resistant.

Ledum macrophyllum (Ledum macrophyllum)

Ledum: planting and care, species, medicinal properties

In natural conditions this species grows in Japan, the Far East and Korea.

The height of the shrub can vary from 0.4 to 0.8 m. It prefers to grow on mountain slopes and rocky embankments. The oval leaflets are 30 to 40 mm long and 8 to 15 mm wide.

The underside surface of the leaves and young shoots are pubescent with a dense tuft of reddish color.

Rhododendron zabaikalis (Rhododendron dauricum)

Ledum: planting and care, species, medicinal properties

Not so long ago, rosemary and rhododendron were synonyms. Even today, however, some gardeners think that Transbaikal wild rosemary is part of the genus Bagulnik. In fact, however, it is only a very distant relative of the Ledum, which is scientifically called "rhododendron daurian". The height of this strongly branching shrub can vary from 0.

5 to 2 meters. The branches have dense, narrow, dark green leafy plates. The inflorescences are colored in a bright pink hue. It is often the kind of plant that can be seen as a "mulberry" in various bouquet compositions in vases.

Use of mulberry in the garden plot

Ledum: planting and care, species, medicinal properties

Mulberry has a dense crown consisting of dark green, narrow leaves, and it also has a light reddish-colored down.

All this makes the shrub very attractive. Most often such a plant is used for landscaping the banks of rivers and other reservoirs, wet soil, free space between large trees and stony embankments. In a group planting the rosemary looks the most spectacular. Often the shrub is used for zoning a garden plot or to create a hedge. Close to rosemary it is recommended to grow cranberry, rhododendron, stachys, heather, whortleberry, hablotry or cereals.

Medicinal properties

Ledum: planting and care, species, medicinal properties


Like its leaves and flowers it contains many bioactive substances: tannin, vitamin C, volatile production, essential oils, flavonoids and gum. This plant is used in both non-traditional and official medicine.

Boat of rosemary has antimicrobial and antiseptic properties. For external use, it was used to make compresses and also poured into baths. Inside, it was used for treating acute respiratory infections, coughs and intestinal infections.

Sedative effect has a tea with the leaves of this plant. It also improves sleep. More treatment with rosemary helps with whooping cough, kidney and liver diseases, eczema, chicken pox, pneumonia, bronchitis, gastritis, boils and cholecystitis. Beneficial effect on the plant and women's health. It is used in the treatment of venereal diseases and to strengthen muscles.

At home, the shrub's leaves are used to repel moths and blood-sucking insects.

Borage Medicinal Properties


Do not take balderdash-based products if you are individually intolerant and allergic. Even if there are no contraindications, they should be taken under the doctor's supervision since an overdose can have dire consequences.

Suggestions and omens

There are many legends and many superstitions and omens about the rosemary. Most florists hesitate to decorate their homes with it because of this.

However, this plant is quite useful: it promotes the recovery of the body and cleans the air from pathogenic microbes. But be careful, because if the bush is in the room during flowering, then all the people living there will have severe headaches. With this is associated with the omen that because of this plant, the housemates become irritable, nervous and they begin to have various problems. However, if you leave a few flowers on the shrub, it can clear the house of negative energy.

Two kinds of rosemary.

rhododendron . БОЛОТНЫЙ БАГУЛЬНИК.


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