The plant genus Lachenalia belongs to the hyacinth family. These plants are native to South Africa. There are more than 100 species.
Lachenalia aloides Lachenalia aloides is most popular with florists. This potted flower has long, rosette-shaped or lanceolate leaves which are about 20 centimeters long.
The leaves are dark green in color and have small brownish spots on their surface. The richly colored multi-flowered inflorescences are towering on long peduncles (up to 30 centimeters long), gathered in clusters. The three-cm-long, drooping flowers are greenish-yellow in color, with light red speckles on their surface. Flowering is observed in winter. There are varieties with flowers that are green, deep red or olive in color.
Home care for Lachenalia
This flower is not suitable for beginner flower growers. It requires special conditions for normal growth and development. Also, a cool resting period is mandatory for it. Water it very carefully to avoid overwatering the soil. Also, this plant extremely negatively reacts to the stale air and smoke from cigarettes.
The room in which it is located should be aired quite often.
In the spring and summer, a moderate temperature is recommended. The plant cannot tolerate hot weather. When it is hot and the air is too dry (no rain for a long time), and if the temperature is still 28 degrees, air the room very frequently or take the plant onto a balcony and shade it from the sun. In winter it can be put in a quite cool place (12 degrees Celsius).
Make sure that during the cold season the temperature in the room is not less than 6 degrees.
It is very fond of light. The flower needs bright light, but the light should be diffused. A small amount of direct sunlight in the morning and evening hours is allowed. It is recommended to place it on a window of eastern or northwestern orientation.
On a south window sill, it can grow only with shading from sunlight.
How to water
In winter, watering should be moderate. During the flowering period, the plant should be watered after the top layer of substrate has dried. During the cold dormancy period, stop watering altogether. The plant reacts equally negatively to over-drying and over-watering.
Feeding during budding and also during flowering once a week. Composite fertilizer for ornamental-flowering plants is suitable for this purpose, using ½ or 1/3 of the dosage recommended on the package (NPK ratio - in equal parts). Reacts negatively to large amounts of salts in the soil.
The flower needs regular moistening from a sprayer. The leaf surface should be systematically wiped with a moistened sponge.
Potting once a year in the fall. The soil mixture consists of leaf, sod and peat soil and sand. It is necessary to choose a fairly compact pot for planting. To get a lush bush in a container with a fifteen-centimeter diameter plant 7 or 8 bulbs simultaneously. The bulbs should be completely covered with soil.
To avoid the appearance of rot on the bulbs, you need to make upper drainage. To do this, bury the bulb ½ in the soil mixture and top it up with drainage, which can consist of gravel or washed claydite.
Daughter bulbs can be separated during replanting. They are planted in the autumn by burying them in the soil one and a half or two centimeters. Such lachenalia begin to flower in the 2nd year of life.
A plant grown from seeds flowers for the first time in the 3rd year of life. A wide and low container filled with coarse sand is used for sowing. The seeds are buried 2 or 3 millimeters into the soil.