Krassula: Home Care, Propagation And Transplantation, Species With Photos

The succulent plant Crassula, also called Thistle, is part of the Thistle family. According to information taken from various sources, this genus includes from 300 to 500 different species. More than 200 species are found in South Africa, many more in Madagascar and tropical Africa. Some species can be found in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula, but this plant is widespread mainly in the southern hemisphere. Its name is derived from the word "crassus" which translates as "thick", this is because most species have fleshy foliage.

At home, the most commonly grown species is crassula portulaca, it is also called the "lucky tree", or "money tree". However, many other species of crassula are also grown in indoor conditions.

Brief description of growing

Krassula: home care, propagation and transplantation, species with photos

  1. Flowering. Crassula is grown as an ornamental leafy plant.
  2. Brightness.

    Grows well in bright sunlight, and also in bright but diffused light, as well as in shade. East, south and southwest oriented windows will do.

  3. Temperature. In summer, the usual room temperature, and in winter, from 10 to 15 degrees.
  4. Pouring.

    Immediately after the surface of the soil mixture in the pot has dried to a depth of 20 to 30 mm.

  5. Humidity of air. Anything is suitable.
  6. Fertilizer. During intensive growth, fertilize once every 4 weeks with a solution of succulent and cactus fertilizer.

    In the autumn-winter period the plant is not fed.

  7. Dormant period. It is not pronounced. However, it will be better if such a succulent rests in winter.
  8. Repotting.

    Approximately once every couple of years. Transplanting is carried out in the spring time at the beginning of intensive growth of the bush.

  9. Propagation. Seed (generative) method and cuttings.
  10. Pests.

    Mealy and rootworms, scales, spider mites.

  11. Diseases. Grey rot, root rot, trunk base rot, phytophthora.
  12. Properties. This succulent is capable of releasing substances into the air that are characterized by antiviral, antifungal and antibacterial effects.

    In alternative medicine, its juice is used externally in the same cases as aloe juice, with the same effectiveness. But note that this juice should not be taken internally as it contains arsenic.

Krassula (Thistle). Planting and care.

Peculiarities of the crassula

Krassula: home care, propagation and transplantation, species with photos

In culture as well as in nature you can find the crassula represented by herbaceous and aquatic plants, tree-shrubs, there are both very small succulents and large ones, but they have one common feature: their leaf plates are placed crosswise to each other on the shoot.

Such a succulent plant when grown in room conditions has a smaller size compared to those instances that grow in nature is the fact that such a crassula is limited by the volume of soil mixture, space and other conditions that are needed for active growth. However, over time, such a flower still becomes a tree with a thick trunk. Leaf laminae are entire-edged and simple, in some species they are ciliate. Lateral or terminal inflorescences may be cystic or umbrella-shaped panicles, they include flowers of yellow, red, white or pale blue. But it should be taken into account that in room conditions Thistle almost never blooms.

This plant is very popular among florists because it is not demanding, hardy and very easy to look after.

Home care for Thistleberry

Krassula: home care, propagation and transplantation, species with photos

Growing a Thistle in a room is very easy, you just water it not very often, wash the leaves regularly and give it plenty of nutrition.

Brightness

Most of the Krassulas species cannot be harmed by direct sunlight, so a container with a flower can be placed on a window sill with a southern orientation. However, such a culture will grow best on an eastern or southwestern window. If the bush will feel a lack of light, it will have an extremely negative effect on its decorativeness, namely: the leaves will fly off, and the shoots will become elongated.

In summer it is recommended to take the Thistleberry outside where it will feel great.

Temperature regime

Krassula: home care, propagation and transplantation, species with photos

The Thistleberry is heat-loving, so it feels fine in summer on sweltering days. And in winter it can grow quite normally next to heating appliances. However, in winter such a culture feels quite comfortable and in the cool (10 to 15 degrees). Indoor humidity may be high or low, the shrub will grow equally well.

How to water properly

Krassula: home care, propagation and transplantation, species with photos

Summer watering should be done immediately after the top layer of potting soil has dried. In winter you should wait until the substrate dries out to a depth of 20 to 30 mm. Such a plant is not as afraid of drying out the substrate as stagnant water in it. Therefore it can easily stand for 20-30 days while you are away or on a summer vacation.

Feeding

Feeding in spring and summer once every 4 weeks with a solution of cactus or succulent fertilizer.

In autumn and winter, stop all nutrition.

Forming the Tolstice

Start shaping the tree when it is still relatively young. The thing is that if you shape an already mature plant, stumps will remain where the stems were truncated or the leaf plates were cut, which will have an extremely negative effect on the decorative value of the shrub.

First, you should choose the right container for planting. If the pot is too large, the root of the shrub will tend to go deeper and it will actively grow upwards, which will make the trunk become elongated, thin and weakened.

In this regard, it is recommended to use a fairly small and low pot for planting. It is important to prepare and the right soil mixture, which should consist of leaf, humus and sod soil, and also of brick crumbs (small gravel) and sand (1:1:3:1:1). Once the height of the bush will be 15 centimeters, it is necessary to nip out 2 of the smallest leaf plates, located at the very top, in this place he and begin to branch, namely, instead of one pair of leaves will grow two. You should systematically snip off the top leaves from the growing shrub in places where you want the stems to branch. This way you will be able to give the growing tree the shape you want.

Potting the Krassula

Krassula: home care, propagation and transplantation, species with photos

Potting should be done as needed after the root system becomes very crowded in the pot. Repotting is not necessary every year, but in order for it to flower, transplanting should definitely be done once every couple of years. This procedure is recommended to do in the springtime at the beginning of intensive growth.

New pot should be only a little larger than the old one, at the bottom it is necessary to make a fairly thick layer of drainage, you can use chopped shards or expanded clay. Then the flower is transplanted into a new container by transplanting, and it is taken with the root ball, then all the voids are filled with fresh potting soil.

If the root system of the bush strongly expanded in length, then it must be shortened during transplanting, so that it can fit into the new container. If you want your shrub to have a compact size, you should try not to replant it at all, changing the top layer of potting soil once a year.

Money tree. Crassula. How to transplant.

The properties of the crassula

The money tree is able to keep everyone in the house where it grows healthy. Such a flower is able to release substances into the air that have a powerful antiviral, antibacterial and antifungal effect. In addition, the juice of the leaves is widely used in alternative medicine for lotions in the treatment of wasp and bee stings, bruises, herpes, abscesses and cuts. It is also used to gargle in the treatment of inflammation of the gums and sore throat. Also in arthritis the juice is used for rubbing at night.

But note that this juice should not be taken internally, because it contains arsenic in high concentration. Since ancient times it is believed that colostrum brings prosperity to the house and good luck in business. And thanks to the unpretentiousness in the care it is often found not only in apartments, but also in shopping centers and even in offices.

Seeding methods

Seeding Crassula

Seeding Crassula seeds in a wide pot filled with a substrate of sand and leaf soil (1:2). Container top covered with glass, with every day with him to remove condensation, and do not forget to regularly air the seeds.

The first seedlings should show after 15 days. Once the seedlings are a little to grow, they should unpack in a large container, keeping between bushes at a distance of 10 mm, and it should be filled with a substrate consisting of light turf and leaf soil and sand (1:2:1). After picking the container with the plants placed in a well-lit place, and the light should be bright and diffused. After the bushes will grow and get stronger, they should be unpacked in individual pots, which in cross section reach 50-70 mm, and they should be filled with substrate, which includes turf and leaf soil, and sand (1:1:1). As long as they do not take root, they should be kept at a temperature of 16 to 18 degrees and then put in a permanent place.

Raising Crassula by cuttings

Krassula: home care, propagation and transplantation, species with photos

Raising Crassula by cuttings is much easier and faster than by seeds. Leaf plates as well as stem sections can be used as cuttings. A large leaf plate or a large shoot should be cut with a very sharp knife and the cuts should be covered with crushed charcoal. They should be wilted for 2-3 days and then planted in a substrate made up of leaf soil and sand for rooting. You can also put them in water mixed with charcoal for rooting.

After the cuttings grow roots, they should be planted in individual pots, reaching 50-70 mm across. To fill them, use a substrate consisting of turf and leaf soil, and also sand (1:1:1). The bushes are then put back in their original location and cared for in the same way as an adult plant.

MEMBERSHIP OF A GREAT PLANT-Money Tree FROM A TO Z! HOW TO REPLACE A BENEFIT TREE.

Pests and Diseases of Crassula

Krassula: home care, propagation and transplantation, species with photos

The biggest danger to Crassula is fluid retention in the substrate because this can lead to rotting of the root system and the base of the trunk.

The fact is that this culture is among those plants that can be harmed less by over-drying the ground clod than by frequent watering. Still such a flower is strongly harmed by draughts, if he gets a cold, he will begin to dry out and the leaves will fall off.

In such a plant can settle powdery worms, in order to remove them from the leaves, use absorbent cotton, which is moistened in alcohol. In some cases, it is inhabited by scabies, to get rid of them, the bush should be sprayed with Actellic. In the case if the bush is not watered for a long time, it can be occupied by spider mites, this can be recognized by the thin cobwebs that are formed on the leaf plates.

Fytoverm or Actellic can be used to control them.

Money tree is DEAD. Diseases and cures for Thistles!

The species of Crassula with photos and names

As mentioned above, there are a very large number of species of Crassula. Below will be given a description of those species that are most popular with flower growers. Representatives of the tree-like Thistles, called "money trees":

Crassula ovata, or egg-shaped

Krassula: home care, propagation and transplantation, species with photos

This species is most popular with florists.

It is native to southwestern Africa. In nature, the bush can reach a height of 300 cm, but when grown at home, it is never taller than 150 cm. The oval, glossy leaflets are green or gray-silver in color. It is a fast-growing plant with a large number of shoots. The apical umbrellas consist of small pink or white flowers.

This species is the most shade-loving of all the others, which is very important when cultivated at home. Breeders use this species as the main one for breeding a large number of varieties, which are very simple and easy to grow even for novice florists. For example:

Krassula: home care, propagation and transplantation, species with photos

  • Krassula Minor is a compact form of Crassula ovata, the Crosby's Compact variety especially stands out, its pale red leaf plates reach up to 15 mm in length and 10 mm in width, this variety is good for mini gardens;
  • Krassula Hobbit and Krassula Gollumthese two American hybrids of Crassula milfoil and Crassula ovata are very similar to one another, they have the unusual leaflets that seem to be turned upside down, with the leaflets folded together from base to middle in Hobbit and the funnel-shaped leaflets folded up towards the tips in Gollum;
  • Crassula SunsetThis tricolor cultivar has foliage whose surface is decorated with stripes of yellow or white, and it also has a red border.

Crassula arborescens

Krassula: home care, propagation and transplantation, species with photos

This species is similar to Crassula ovoid. Its trunk and branches are glabrous, the shape of the flat fleshy leaf plates is round-obovate, they have a grayish color with a pale blue cast and red edging, their length can vary from 35 to 70 mm.

The panicle-like inflorescences consist of white or pinkish flowers, but flowering is very rare in indoor cultivation. For this species to grow and develop well, it needs bright sunlight, while it does not like shade. The following varieties are cultivated by growers:

Krassula: home care, propagation and transplantation, species with photos

  • Krassula undulatifolia - flat, narrow foliage of bluish-silver color has red tips, there is also a mottled form;
  • Krassula curly - with wavy large leaf plates.

Crassula portulacea, or silver

Krassula: home care, propagation and transplantation, species with photos

In appearance, this species strongly resembles Crassula arboreal and oval, but it is more compact in size.

Crassula lycopodioides or Crassula muscosa

Krassula: home care, propagation and transplantation, species with photos

This small shrubby plant is very compact and grows not taller than 25cm.

The crumbling, fleshy stems have a tetrahedral shape and wrapped tops. In the placement and structure of the leaf plates, this species is very similar to the sycamore. It is undemanding and grows well in the shade, and in bright sunlight its foliage becomes slightly reddish.

Crassula pseudolycopodioides)

Krassula: home care, propagation and transplantation, species with photos

Stems of this species are more curved, and they are not very much pressed against the shoots. There are forms with silvery, yellow or mottled foliage.

Crassula lactea or milky (Crassula lactea)

Krassula: home care, propagation and transplantation, species with photos

This large ampelike plant has stems about 0.3 m long. The greenish grey rounded leaves, pointed at the tips, are 30-40 mm long and 20-30 mm wide.

Crassula picturata

Krassula: home care, propagation and transplantation, species with photos

This species is highly decorative. The loping, branched stems have leaves with an unusual coloring: on the green surface there are many red dots, on the underside of the plate they appear purple.

On the edge of the leaves there are transparent cilia.

Besides these stalked species, growers also cultivate Cooper's and tetrahedral Crassula.

In culture, the most popular are the colony-shaped crassulas such as:

Crassula perforata, or pierced (Crassula perforata)

Krassula: home care, propagation and transplantation, species with photos

The small bush is decorated with diamond-shaped leaves that cover the shoot as if it were strung on it. The foliage is greenish with a bluish patina and has a gristly red border around the edge.

Buddha's Temple Crassula

Krassula: home care, propagation and transplantation, species with photos

This hybrid of Crassula perfoliata and Crassula pyramidal is more properly called Buddha's Temple Crassula.

Such a bush looks similar to columns, which consist of tightly pressed triangular-shaped and dark green leaf plates strung on the shoot. Once such a "column" exceeds 15 centimeters in height, it is capable of tumbling sideways under its own weight. The short apical inflorescences consist of red flowers.

Also cultivated under room conditions are species such as: Crassula marginalis (or fringed), Spatula, rocker, rounded, scion, roseate, sickle-shaped, grouped, piercing-leaved, woolly, Schmidt's, etc. In specialized stores, in some cases, you can meet a plant called "crassula mix".

In this case you have to take into consideration that this is not the name of the form or variety, but simply the marking on the batch of Krassulas, which means that it consisted of various species and varieties.

Trassulas species and varieties in common ! Varieties of Money Tree!"

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