Kalanchoe: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation, Species

The plant Kalanchoe is a member of the Tolstiaceae family. This genus includes more than 200 different species, and is represented by semi-shrubs, succulents and herbaceous perennials. In nature this plant can be found in tropical regions of Asia, Australia and America. The foliage can vary from species to species. The leaves are usually thick, sessile or petioled and can be either weakly or strongly dissected.

During flowering, an umbrella is formed which includes white, purple, red or yellow flowers. Almost all types of this plant grow well at home as long as the grower follows the rules of cultivation care.

Brief description of cultivation

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

  1. Flowering. Starts in the last winter weeks and lasts about 30 days.
  2. Brightness.

    Needs bright but scattered light, light day duration about 12 h.

  3. Temperature. In winter 14-18 degrees and in summer 18-28 degrees. Make sure that the temperature in the room where the flower is located is not less than 10 degrees.
  4. Watering.

    Lower watering is recommended. During the growing season, it should be moderate and carried out as soon as the top layer of substrate in the pot dries out. During the winter, water the flower only after the soil has dried to a depth of 1/3.

  5. Humidity of the air. Grows well at the normal humidity of living rooms.

    On hot days, however, it is recommended that the flower be moistened systematically from a sprayer with lukewarm water.

  6. Fertilizer. In summer and autumn (during the formation of the buds) fertilize the shrub once a week, using fertilizer for succulent plants and cacti. Organic fertilization of kalanchoe is possible not more than 1 time in 2 weeks.
  7. Trimming.

    When the bush has bloomed, remove all flower stalks.

  8. Dormant period. Starts immediately after the end of flowering and lasts approximately 30-45 days.
  9. Potting. This procedure is only carried out if necessary if the root system becomes too cramped in the pot.

    The flower is transplanted at the beginning of the growing season.

  10. Mixed soil. To grow the culture you can use ready-made soil mixture, designed for cacti and succulent plants. Also a substrate consisting of leaf and sod soil, sand and peat (2:4:1:1) is suitable.
  11. Propagation.

    By cuttings and by seed.

  12. Pests. Mealybugs, scales, spider mites, aphids.
  13. Diseases. Powdery mildew, phytophthora, gray rot, stem rot, leaf ring spot.

  14. Properties. Such a plant is medicinal. It has antimicrobial, styptic, anti-inflammatory, wound healing and disinfectant properties.

Calanhoe is a sun-lover | Why does the plant not bloom [simple rules to follow]

Home care for calanhoe

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Brightness

The optimum day length for indoor cultivation is about 12 hours. So during the warm months it is better to plant on a window sill oriented towards the west or east.

In winter time it is recommended to put the bush on a southern window. If the daylight time is not long enough in the cold season, the flower will need extra light: Use additional artificial light. But do not go to extremes! In summer the temperature can range from 18 to 28 degrees and in winter from 14 to 18 degrees. If the room temperature drops to 10 degrees (and below), then the plant can get sick and die. Cold overwintering (14-18 degrees) sets flower buds.

Watering

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Warm, soft, well-drained water is used for watering. Water after the top layer of soil has dried, but take care not to allow the soil to dry out as this will cause the leaves to fall off en masse. In winter, watering is carried out after three or four days after the soil mixture has dried. Specialists recommend watering the flower through a tray.

Spraying

The culture does not need spraying because it grows well at the humidity usual for living rooms.

However, it responds very well to watering with a sprayer on hot days. But if you do not spray it in the heat, nothing bad will happen. The leaf plates of such a plant are fleshy, sometimes there is pubescence on their surface, so the moisture evaporates very slowly.

Fertilizer

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Fertilize the bush only in summer, and also in the fall, when it has buds forming. Special cactus fertilizer can be used for this purpose.

In summertime, feed calanhoe twice a month with organic fertilizers and once every 7 days with mineral fertilizers.

Trimming

Since most species of calanhoe discard old leaf plates, these shoots can be cut and planted in the same or in an individual container if desired. Other species can have their stems fall over the edge of the planting container and in this case you can cut them off and plant beside them, but leave them be.

Flowering

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

In order for the callanhoe to flower in profusion, the day length in spring and summer should not exceed 10-12 hours. However, the light must always be very bright.

In some species the flowers can be cut and put in a vase with water, there they can stand for a relatively long time. After flowering is over, some of the shoots can be cut off, which will allow you to form a neat bush. If necessary, the cut stems can be rooted.

CALANCHOE. How to reach abundant reflowering.

Potting out calanhoe

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Potting out calanhoe only when it is very big and has become crowded in the pot. Make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the pot with small pieces of brick or claydite. This will avoid stagnant water in the substrate. For transplanting young bushes suitable soil mixture, which includes peat, sand, deciduous and turf soil in a ratio of 1:1:2:4. If desired, you can buy ready-made substrate for succulents in the store.

If you are transplanting an epiphytic calanhoe it is advisable to put a little humus in the mix.

Right transplanting of the calanhoe! How and when to transplant!

Transplantation methods

Repropagation with cuttings

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

A leaf plate or a scion can be used as cuttings. They are very easy to root. For example, in the first weeks of summer, tear off a leaf from the parent bush and plant it in a fertile soil mixture. Then cover it with a jar and periodically moisten it with a sprayer.

After a short time, roots will form on the leaf.

SPROLLING CALANCHOE BY CREWS. Multiplication by seed

Growing from seed

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

It is also quite easy to propagate this plant by seed. They are sown in the last winter or first spring weeks. To do this you take a container and fill it with leafy soil.

Then the seeds should be evenly distributed on its surface and then pressed into the substrate with a finger, but it is not necessary to cover them with soil mixture. Containers should be covered with glass and paper sheets, the seeds need regular airing in the morning and evening. They need to ensure the right temperature of 16 to 20 degrees, as well as timely watering with lukewarm water, making sure that it does not dry out completely. After the sprouts appear, the cover from the container should be removed. When they will be 20-30 days old, they should be unpacked in a larger container.

Repot another plantlets transplanted after they have formed the third or fourth true leaf plate. Do not forget to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the pots, and to plant seedlings use a substrate consisting of turf soil, peat and sand (2:4:1). After the transplanted seedlings are well acclimated, they should be pruned from the top, thanks to this the bush will be more lush and branchy. The next transplanting is carried out only after the plant becomes cramped in the pot. This time, use a soil mixture that includes humus, compost, sand and leafy soil.

The first time the young bush will flower the next year.

What if you plant many baby calanhoe degremont in one pot. //Valentina Zemskova

Therapeutic properties of calanhoe

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The sap of calanhoe peristhoe has an anti-inflammatory effect and is used in dentistry and gynecology. This juice also helps burns, ulcers and frostbite heal faster. It is also used in the treatment of tonsillitis and stomatitis.

It is also very widely used in traditional medicine.

Diseases and pests of calanhoe

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

If calanhoe is kept in a cool place and watered too much, mold can form on it. Also, powdery mildew can affect the shrub if it is kept in a very warm place and watered too abundantly. Some species can elongate and bare their shoots but you don't need to worry because this is a natural process for this type of plant.

Calanhoe is sick! Diseases and problems of growing calanhoe! How to treat?

Species of kalanchoe with photos and names

Kalanchoe Benta (Kalanchoe bentii)

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Native to this species is the Arabian Peninsula.

Its representatives are powerful semi-shrubs, about 100 cm in height. The thick leaf plates reach about 50 cm in length, grow in 6 pairs and have a rounded shape. During flowering, an umbrella-shaped inflorescence of white flowers is formed. Flowering is observed in the second half of the spring period. This species grows very well in a cool place.

Kalanchoe beharensis (Kalanchoe beharensis)

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

In nature, the species is found in the southern part of Madagascar and its representatives are shrubs. In shrubs, the lower parts of the stems eventually become bare. The surface of the leaf plates is covered with hairs, and their edge may be slightly serrated or solid. The flowers also have pubescence on their surface and are slightly less than 1 centimeter long.

Kalanchoe blossfeldiana (Kalanchoe blossfeldiana)

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

A species native to the island of Madagascar.

Its representatives are low upright shrubs, about 0.3 m high. The shape of the green naked leaf plates with a red edge is ovate, they are about 40 mm wide and up to 70 mm long. The umbrellas consist of erect red flowers. Thanks to breeders, there are forms whose flowers are colored yellow, pink, orange, white, and other colors.

Calanchoe tomentosa (Kalanchoe tomentosa)

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Native to this plant is Madagascar, its representatives are semi-shrubs. There is pubescence on the surface of erect stems. The shape of the full-edged sessile leaf plates is elongate-ovoid, they are about 15 mm wide and up to 60 mm long. The umbrellas consist of small flowers.

Kalanchoe degremontiana (Kalanchoe daigremontiana)

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

In nature, the species is found in Madagascar.

This herbaceous perennial is about 50 cm tall. The foliage is mottled from top to bottom. The upper part of the leaf blade is greenish-gray in color and elongated elliptical in shape, it is about 10 centimeters long and has an uneven edge. There are numerous purple spots on the surface of the foliage. During flowering, a panicle-like inflorescence is formed.

The flower corolla tube is about 15 mm long and the pink petals are up to 5 mm long. The species blooms in winter.

Kalanchoe large-flowered (Kalanchoe grandiflora)

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Like Kalanchoe marble (Kalanchoe marmorata). Native to India, the species is represented by semi-shrubs that can reach a little over 50 cm in height. The short, serrated green leaves can turn a pale red when exposed to direct sunlight.

During flowering, umbrellas are formed consisting of yellowish flowers that have a pleasant odor. Flowering is observed in May.

Kalanchoe manginii (Kalanchoe manginii)

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This ampelike species has many similarities to Blossfeld's Kalanchoe. However, its flowers are larger, and they are dangling rather than erect. Flowering is usually seen in the springtime.

Calanchoe melodious (Kalanchoe thyrsiflora)

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This herbaceous perennial is about 0.6 m tall. The silvery white leaflets are ovate in shape, tapering to the base, about 70 mm wide and up to 15 centimeters long. Leaves grow very densely at the base of the bush, the closer to the top, the smaller and more sparse the leaf plates. Flowering is observed in the last spring weeks, with yellow flowers about 15 mm long and petals 5 mm across.

After flowering, babies are formed and this species can be very easily propagated.

Kalanchoe marble (Kalanchoe marmorata)

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Either Kalanchoe grandiflora or Kalanchoe somaliensis. The species can be found in the mountains of Ethiopia. It is a semi-shrubby shrub, about 50 cm tall. Green leaves over time changes its color to gray, its surface has spots of brown or lilac color.

Leaf blades are ovate, tapered to the base, with notches on the edge. The umbrellas are composed of white flowers. The corolla tube is about 80 mm long, the petals have an elongated egg shape.

Calanchoe pinnata (Kalanchoe pinnata)

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Borrows this species from Madagascar. This herbaceous perennial plant reaches about 100 cm in height.

The lower leaf plates are simple, usually having a heart-shaped base and ovate shape, while the other leaves are pinnate, consisting of 3-5 leaflets. The coloration of all leaves is green. The corolla tube is greenish-white, with the petals pale red.

Kalanchoe flamea (Kalanchoe flammea)

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Like Kalanchoe glaucescens (Kalanchoe glaucescens). A species native to Somalia.

This herbaceous perennial is about 0.4 m tall. Ovate leaflets are tapered toward the base, broadly rounded at the top, about 80 mm long and up to 30 mm wide, with a serrated edge. Umbels consist of deep red or bright orange flowers. The corolla tube is slightly dilated, the petals reach 20 mm across.

Calanchoe tubiflora (Kalanchoe tubiflora)

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

In nature, the species can be found in Madagascar. It is a tall herbaceous perennial or semi-shrub with a height of about 0.7 m. Narrow grayish-green leaflets are about 12 centimeters long and have numerous brown spots on their surface. The red corolla tube is about 25 mm long.

Calanchoe split (Kalanchoe laciniata), or Kalanchoe laciniata

Kalanchoe: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This herbaceous perennial plant is native to Africa. Over time, the fleshy stems become bare and slope toward the soil surface. The greenish fleshy and dense leaf plates are covered with a waxy patina, they are strongly dissected, and they have a serrated edge. The tubular flowers have an orange-yellow coloration.

The species and varieties of calanhoe! Pictures and descriptions of the varieties!

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